On This Day

December 1955 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • Dec 4 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • Dec 5 American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) merge to form the AFL-CIO, with George Meany as President
  • Dec 5 Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 5 Montgomery Improvement Association formed by Ralph Abernathy, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Edgar Nixon to support the Montgomery bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Ralph Abernathy
Civil Rights Activist
Ralph Abernathy
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Dec 8 Turkish government of Menderes forms
  • Dec 12 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
  • Dec 14 Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman/wife as vicar
  • Dec 14 Tappan Zee Bridge in NY opens to traffic
  • Dec 14 16 countries join the United Nations, including Austria, Finland, Italy, and Spain
  • Dec 19 Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • Dec 20 Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Author Aldous Huxley takes LSD for the first time

  • Dec 26 RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 31 The General Motors Corporation becomes the first U.S. corporation to make over $1 billion USD in a year.

President of General Motors Harlow Curtice
President of General Motors
Harlow Curtice

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 3 Warren Jeffs, American convicted polygamist
  • Dec 7 John Watkins, Australian politician (Deputy Premier of New South Wales), born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Dec 10 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and novelist (The Deep End of the Ocean), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 16 Carol M Browner, US Administrator (EPA)
  • Dec 16 Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
  • Dec 20 Sammy Mitchell, US programmer (Qedit/TSE/Semware)
  • Dec 23 Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet (British Poet Laureate 2009-), born in Glasgow
  • Dec 24 Clarence Gilyard Jr., American actor (Chips, Duck Factory), born in Moses Lake, Washington
  • Dec 26 Evan Bayh, American politician, born in Shirkieville, Indiana
  • Dec 27 Barbara Olson, American political commentator (d. 2001)

Person of interestLiu Xiaobo

Dec 28 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, born in Changchun, China (d. 2017)

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • Dec 31 Dawood Ibrahim, Indian crime boss (D-Company), born in Khed, Ratnagiri, India

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 17 Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall (47) weds Cecilia Suyat

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall

Deaths in History

  • Dec 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, dies at 70
  • Dec 11 Johan C. Altorf, sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • Dec 13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • Dec 27 Alfred Carpenter, English Royal Navy soldier, dies at 74
  • Dec 30 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (b. 1913)