May 1955 in History

Events in History

Miss Atomic Pageant

May 1 Showgirl Linda Lawson is crowned "Miss-Cue" in the Atomic Pageant, after the Operation Cue test is repeatedly delayed by high winds

  • May 2 India proposal to discrimination against Dalits or "Untouchables" punishable

Historic Event

May 2 Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)

  • May 5 Indian parliament accepts Hindu divorce
  • May 5 US performs nuclear test at Nevada test Site
  • May 5 West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers
  • May 6 West Germany joins NATO
  • May 7 USSR signs peace treaty with France & Great Britain
  • May 7 West European Union established
  • May 9 German Federal Republic (West Germany) joins NATO
  • May 11 Israel attacks Gaza
  • May 14 US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
  • May 14 Warsaw Pact is signed by the Soviet Union, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
  • May 15 Building of space travel center at Baikonur Kazakhstan begins
  • May 15 The first ascent of Makalu, the world's fifth highest mountain
  • May 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 15 Vienna Treaty: Britain, France, US & USSR restore Austria's independence
  • May 16 King Baudouin of Belgium visits Congo
  • May 17 Dutch government of Drees resigns
  • May 18 28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya New Mexico (state record)
  • May 18 Atkinson & Depeiaza take West Indies from 6-187 to 6-494 in day v Australia
  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens E55 fair in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • May 19 Atkinson & Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI v Australia
  • May 20 Argentine parliament accepts separation of church and state
  • May 21 1st transcontinental round-trip solo flight-sunrise to sunset
  • May 25 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall, Kansas and most of Blackwell, Oklahoma

Election of Interest

May 26 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

Historic Event

May 26 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

  • May 28 Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria
  • May 29 Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
  • May 30 Said el-Mufti forms Jordan government
  • May 30 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • May 31 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • May 31 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike
  • May 31 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"

Birthdays in History

  • May 2 Donatella Versace, Italian fashion designer, born in Reggio di Calabria, Italy
  • May 4 Renate Bruemmer, Swiss cosmonaut, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland
  • May 5 Robert Feld, National Scrabble Champion (1990), born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • May 6 Donald A Thomas, PhD/Astronaut (STS 65, 70, 83, 94), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • May 6 John Hutton, British politician and cabinet minister (L), born in London
  • May 6 Tom Bergeron, American game show host
  • May 7 Kevin Reed, American Presbyterian theologian
  • May 9 Meles Zenawi, Ethiopian politician (President, 1991-95; Prime Minister, 1995-2012), born in Adwa, Ethiopian Empire (d. 2012)
  • May 10 Mark David Chapman, American assassin (John Lennon), born in Fort Worth, Texas
  • May 11 John DeStefano, Jr., American politician
  • May 19 Pierre J Thuot, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 36, 49, 62), born in Groton, Connecticut
  • May 20 Nigel Griffiths, MP (Labour)
  • May 22 Philip Dybvig, American economist (2022 Nobel Prize - for research on banks and financial crises)
  • May 22 Sam Coppersmith, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 1st district), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania
  • May 25 Alistair Burt, British Conservative Party politician, born in Bury, Lancashire, England
  • May 26 Masaharu Morimoto, Japanese chef
  • May 29 John Hinckley Jr., American man who attempted to assassinate US President Ronald Reagan in 1981, born in Ardmore, Oklahoma
  • May 29 Sut Jhally, Kenyan-born American educator

Brian KobilkaBrian Kobilka (67 years old)

May 30 American physiologist who won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (G protein-coupled receptors), born in Little Falls, Minnesota

  • May 31 Ben de Lisi, American-British fashion designer, born in New York City

Deaths in History

  • May 3 Philips C Visser, explorer/ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • May 3 Rudolf Schlichter, German artist and writer, dies at 64
  • May 4 Louis Charles Breguet, French aviation pioneer (founded the Compagnie des messageries aĆ©rienne which became Air France), dies at 75
  • May 9 Kate Booth, English Salvationist & evangelist, dies at 97
  • May 10 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, dies at 89
  • May 16 James Agee, American author (African Queen, Death in Family), dies at 45
  • May 17 Camilla Wedgwood, English anthropologist (Malekula: A Vanishing People in the New Hebrides), dies of cancer at 54
  • May 18 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, dies at 79
  • May 29 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector, dies at 78