On This Day

November 1955 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont, Colorado

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 2 David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Nov 3 Scientists Carlton E. Schwerdt and Fred L. Schaffer announce they have crystallized the pure polio virus, meaning they can better determine the virus' chemical and biological properties

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • Nov 3 First virus crystallized (announced)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 Argentine ex-president Juan Perón arrives in Nicaragua

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • Nov 3 Australia takes control of Cocos Islands
  • Nov 3 Bernardus J Alfrink installed as archbishop of Utrecht
  • Nov 5 Date returned to in "Back to the Future" by Marty McFly
  • Nov 6 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 7 Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas
  • Nov 9 Michael Gazzo's "Hatful of Rain" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 9 NZ all out for 70 v Pakistan at Dacca
  • Nov 9 UN disapproves of South Africa's apartheid politics
  • Nov 12 1st West German officers sworn in
  • Nov 13 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba
  • Nov 13 Argentine general Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as president
  • Nov 15 Poland & Yugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • Nov 16 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Ben Yussuph V returns to Morocco
  • Nov 18 Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for 1st powered flight
  • Nov 19 National Review publishes its first issue.
  • Nov 21 Argentina asks Panama for return of ex-president Peron
  • Nov 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Nov 23 Britain transfers the Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean to Australia
  • Nov 24 1st test flight of Fokker's F-27 Friendship
  • Nov 25 Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 25 Clement Attlee resigns as leader of the UK Labour Party

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Nov 26 Emergency crisis proclaimed in Cyprus
  • Nov 29 Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • Nov 30 Argentine government disbands Peronistic party

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 4 Matti Vanhanen, 40th Prime Minister of Finland (2003-10), born in Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Nov 5 Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst and commentator, born in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Nov 6 Paul Romer, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, endogenous growth theory), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Nov 9 Bob Nault, French Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Kenora—Rainy River), born in Ste. Anne, Manitoba
  • Nov 10 James Chapman, American novelist (Stet)
  • Nov 11 Jigme Singye Wangchuk, king of Bhutan (1972- )
  • Nov 15 Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • Nov 16 Pierre Larouche, Canadian National Hockey League player
  • Nov 19 Gloria Guida, Merano Italy, Miss Teenage Italy (1974)
  • Nov 20 Timothy Kristian Charles Mace, British cosmonaut
  • Nov 23 Steven Brust, [Karl Zoltan], American sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg)
  • Nov 23 Mary Landrieu, American politician, senior senator of Louisiana
  • Nov 24 Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer
  • Nov 24 Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician
  • Nov 26 Tracy Hickman, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Nov 28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • Nov 30 Richard Burr, American politician

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 23 Physicist William Shockley (45) weds psychiatric nurse Emmy Lanning

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley

Deaths in History

  • Nov 1 W H van Eemlandt, [Haasse], author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel), dies
  • Nov 1 Dale Carnegie, American writer (b. 1888)
  • Nov 5 Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • Nov 6 Charley Toorop, [Annie CP Fernhout-Toorop], Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • Nov 6 Cornelis GN de Vooys, translator, dies at 82
  • Nov 11 Jean-Louis Curtis [Albert Laffitte], French novelist (The Forests of the Night), dies at 38
  • Nov 11 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1913-18), dies at 87
  • Nov 12 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Robert E Sherwood, dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois), dies at 59
  • Nov 15 Lloyd Bacon, director (Fuller Brush Girl, 42nd Street), dies at 65
  • Nov 16 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), dies at 88
  • Nov 27 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), dies at 74