On This Day

October 1955 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 "Honeymooners" premieres
  • Oct 1 Piet Lieftinck becomes director v/h IMF (World bank)
  • Oct 2 Chiva Stoica becomes premier of Romania
  • Oct 3 "Mickey Mouse Club" premieres
  • Oct 3 Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira becomes President of Brazil
  • Oct 3 Soviet battleship "Novorossiisk" strikes WW II mine in Baltic Sea
  • Oct 4 Rev Sun Young Moon leaves prison in Seoul
  • Oct 7 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga launched at Brooklyn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Beat poet Allen Ginsberg reads his poem "Howl" for the first time at a poetry reading in San Francisco.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Oct 8 World's most powerful aircraft carrier, USS Saratoga, launched
  • Oct 11 All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • Oct 11 Persia signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Oct 13 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
  • Oct 17 Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
  • Oct 18 University of California discovers anti-proton
  • Oct 18 Buganda Agreement between Andrew Cohen, Governor of Uganda Protectorate, and Mutesa II, Kabaka of Buganda

  • Oct 20 Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
  • Oct 25 Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938
  • Oct 25 Branch Rickey steps down as GM of the Pirates
  • Oct 25 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven
  • Oct 26 First edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
  • Oct 26 British troops occupy Saudi Arabian oil field at Boeraimi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Ngô Đình Diệm proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as President

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • Oct 27 Argentine peso devalued
  • Oct 27 Satomi Myodo, renews Zen nun vows & takes Buddhist name of Daien Myodo
  • Oct 28 Egypt and Saudi Arabia sign defense treaty
  • Oct 29 Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • Oct 29 Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
  • Oct 30 Imtiaz Ahmed scores 209 v NZ, the record for a no 8 batsman
  • Oct 30 Businessman and horse breeder William Woodward, Jr. is shot dead by his wife Ann Cromwell after she mistook him for an intruder
  • Oct 31 Mgr Alfrink appointed archbishop of Utrecht

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb
  • Oct 7 Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • Oct 12 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, born in Tkon, Croatia
  • Oct 15 Cathy Ladman, American comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • Oct 17 Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician
  • Oct 17 Kerry James Marshall, American artist whose works seek to challenge the marginalization of African-Americans, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Oct 18 Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
  • Oct 20 David Profumo, English novelist
  • Oct 26 Stephen K Robinson, PhD/astronaut (STS 85, sk:95), born in Sacramento, California
  • Oct 27 Debra Bowen, American politician, 31st Secretary of State of California (2007-15), born in Rockford, Illinois

Person of interestBill Gates

Oct 28 Bill Gates, American businessman and billionaire (founder and CEO of Microsoft, richest person in the world), born in Seattle, Washington

Microsoft Founder Bill Gates
Microsoft Founder
Bill Gates
  • Oct 28 Indra Nooyi, Indian American businesswoman (CEO of PepsiCo), born in Madras, India

Deaths in History

  • Oct 4 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal and supreme commander, dies at 71
  • Oct 12 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, dies of a urinary tract infection at 87
  • Oct 13 Manuel Ávila Camacho, 45th President of Mexico (1940-46), dies at 58
  • Oct 18 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), dies at 72
  • Oct 19 Carlos Dávila, President of Government Junta of Chile (1932), dies at 68
  • Oct 24 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • Oct 31 William Woodward Jr., American businessman and horse breeder (Hanover National Bank), is shot by his wife after being mistaken for an intruder at 35
  • Oct 31 Alban Collignon, Belgian sport journalist, dies at 74