On This Day

1955 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 278

  • May 18 28.7 cm rain falls at Lake Maloya New Mexico (state record)
  • May 18 Atkinson & Depeiaza take WI from 6-187 to 6-494 in day v Aust
  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens E55 fair in Amsterdam
  • May 19 Atkinson & Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt WI v Australia
  • May 20 Argentine parliament accepts separation of church and state
  • May 21 1st transcontinental round-trip solo flight-sunrise to sunset
  • May 25 Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas & most of Blackwell Okla

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

May 26 Conservatives led by Anthony Eden win British parliamentary election

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Khrushchev arrives in Belgrade

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • May 28 Henry Bolte becomes Premier of the state of Victoria
  • May 29 Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns
  • May 30 Said el-Mufti forms Jordan government
  • May 30 Tunisia begins domestic self governing
  • May 31 Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
  • May 31 Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to rail strike
  • May 31 US Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"

  • Jun 1 Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • Jun 2 The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

Jun 7 1st President to appear on color TV (Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 India Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visit USSR

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru
  • Jun 9 Temperature reaches 100°F in Seattle, Washington, the then hottest day on record
  • Jun 10 1st separation of virus into component parts reported
  • Jun 11 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • Jun 14 Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Jun 15 Australia score 8-758 v West Indies at Kingston, their best ever
  • Jun 15 The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual "Operation Alert" (OPAL) exercise, an attempt to assess the USA's preparations for a nuclear attack

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Pope Pius XII ex-communicates Argentine President Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 Antonio Segni forms government in Italy

Prime Minister of Italy Antonio Segni
Prime Minister of Italy
Antonio Segni
  • Jun 22 US air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Notre Dame du Haut chapel designed by Le Corbusier is consecrated in Ronchamp, France

Architect and City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect and City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • Jun 26 Freedom Charter signed in South Africa
  • Jun 27 1st automobile seat belt legislation enacted (Illinois)
  • Jun 29 Argentine state of siege ends
  • Jul 5 Six week old British dock strike ends as London dockers return to work
  • Jul 9 E. Frederic Morrow is the first African American executive on US White House staff
  • Jul 9 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London on the need to avoid nuclear war

Philosopher Bertrand Russell
Philosopher
Bertrand Russell
Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 11 Congress authorizes all US currency to say "In God We Trust"
  • Jul 11 New USAF Academy dedicated at Lowry AFB in Colorado with 300 cadets
  • Jul 12 Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
  • Jul 13 The last execution of a woman in Britain, Ruth Ellis, takes place at Holloway Prison, London

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 13 Industrialist Cyrus Eaton first offers to host a conference on dangers of nuclear weapons in Pugwash, Nova Scotia

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 14 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascot racecourse, England
  • Jul 15 18 Nobel laureates sign the Mainau Declaration against nuclear weapons, later co-signed by 34 more laureates
  • Jul 17 Arco, Idaho, becomes 1st US city lit by nuclear power
  • Jul 18 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
  • Jul 18 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • Jul 19 Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 & becomes a floating museum
  • Jul 19 Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
  • Jul 21 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 22 Richard Nixon becomes the first US Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 23 English speed ace Donald Campbell drives Bluebird K7 to new water speed record at Ullswater in English Lakes District; first boat past 200 mph: 202.32 mph (325.60 km/h)
  • Jul 24 Ali Sastroamidjojo of government resigns in Indonesia
  • Jul 26 Ted Allen throws a record 72 consecutive horseshoe ringers
  • Jul 27 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation since WWII
  • Jul 27 Israeli passenger plane shot down above Bulgaria, 58 die
  • Jul 28 The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • Jul 29 Smokey Burgess hits 3 HRs to help Pirates beat Reds 16-5
  • Jul 29 USSR performs nuclear Test
  • Aug 1 1st microgravity research begins
  • Aug 1 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • Aug 2 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Aug 3 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days
  • Aug 4 Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
  • Aug 7 Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • Aug 7 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins selling its first transistor radios in Japan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Fidel Castro forms the "26th of July Movement", a Cuban vanguard revolutionary organization

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Aug 8 Geneva conference held to discuss peaceful uses of atomic energy
  • Aug 11 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • Aug 12 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
  • Aug 12 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour
  • Aug 15 Hurricane Connie dissipates after killing 43 in NC, SC, Virginia & Maryland
  • Aug 16 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • Aug 17 Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage
  • Aug 18 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • Aug 18 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • Aug 18 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • Aug 19 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • Aug 19 Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
  • Aug 20 Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 21 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • Aug 25 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • Aug 27 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published
  • Aug 28 1st NFL preseason sudden death football, Rams beats Giants 23-17
  • Aug 28 Chicago black teenager Emmett Till is kidnapped, beaten and shot dead by white men in Money, Mississippi. His killers are eventually acquitted, but the case helps ignite the US civil rights movement.
  • Aug 31 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)
  • Sep 1 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
  • Sep 5 Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • Sep 6 J van Tilburg appointed governor of Suriname
  • Sep 11 Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
  • Sep 13 Swiss inventor George de Mestral is granted a patent for what would become known as Velcro
  • Sep 14 Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)
  • Sep 16 US Auto Club forms to oversee four major auto racing categories
  • Sep 19 Argentine President Juan Perón resigns & flees
  • Sep 19 Hurricane Hilda, kills 200 in Mexico
  • Sep 21 Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • Sep 21 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Sep 22 -28] Hurricane Janet, kills 500 in the Caribbean
  • Sep 23 Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • Sep 23 All white jury finds Roy Brant and John William Milam not guilty of the brutal murder of black teenager Emmett Till in Sumner, Mississippi, in landmark case that would help inspire civil rights movement in the US

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 193 of 193

  • Jun 24 Gurumayi Chidvilasananda, Guru of Siddha Yoga
  • Jun 27 Frank de Grave [Franciscus Hendrikus Gerardus de Grave], Dutch politician (VVD), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Jun 29 Charles J. Precourt, American NASA astronaut (STS 55, 71, 84, sk:91), born in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • Jun 29 Terence M. O'Sullivan, American labor union activist who is president of the Laborers' International Union of North America (LIUNA), born in San Francisco, California

Person of interestLi Keqiang

Jul 1 Li Keqiang, Chinese Premier of the State Council and China's head of government, born in Dingyuan County, Anhui Province

Premier of China Li Keqiang
Premier of China
Li Keqiang
  • Jul 2 Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • Jul 4 John Waite, English vocalist (Babies/Bad English-Forget Me Not, Missing You), born in Lancaster, England
  • Jul 6 William Wall, Irish writer (This is the Country), born in Cork City, Ireland
  • Jul 6 Sherif Ismail, Prime Minister of Egypt (2015-2018), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jul 9 Sergei Krichevsky, Ukrainian cosmonaut, born in Primorya, Russia
  • Jul 14 L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
  • Jul 17 Paul Stamets, American mycologist and environmentalist, born in Columbiana, Ohio
  • Jul 18 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • Jul 18 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Jul 25 Bantubonke Holomisa, South African Minister of Defense of Transkei, born in Mqanduli, Eastern Cape
  • Jul 25 Ritva Elomaa, Finnish bodybuilder and politician, born in Lokalahti, Finland
  • Jul 26 Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistani politician, President of Pakistan (2008-13), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • Jul 27 Cat Bauer, American novelist (Harley, Like a Person), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Jul 29 Dave Stevens, American illustrator
  • Aug 2 Caleb Carr, American novelist and military historian, born in Manhattan, New York
  • Aug 2 Anne Lacaton, French architect (Lacaton & Vassal, Pritzker Prize 2021), born in Saint-Pardoux-la-Rivière, France
  • Aug 4 Andrew M Allen, Captain USMC/astronaut (STS 46, 62, 75), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 4 Charles D "Sam" Gemar, Yankton SD, army/astronaut (STS 38, 48, 62)
  • Aug 4 Alberto Gonzales, American U.S. Attorney General
  • Aug 7 Vladimir Sorokin, Russian writer, born in Bykovo, Russia
  • Aug 7 Greg Nickels, American politician (Mayor of Seattle, 2002–), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 9 John E. Sweeney, American politician
  • Aug 11 Sylvia Hermon, British politician
  • Aug 11 Marc Bureau, French Canadian politician
  • Aug 12 Ann M. Martin, American author
  • Aug 17 Richard Hilton, American heir, father of Paris and Nicky Hilton, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Aug 18 Taher Elgamal, Egyptian scientist, born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Aug 22 Will Shetterly, American writer (Dogland), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • Aug 24 Mike Huckabee, American politician (Governor of Arkansas (R) 1996-2007), Presidential candidate, born in Hope, Arkansas
  • Sep 1 Billy Blanks, American martial artist
  • Sep 4 Brian Schweitzer, American politician (Governor of Montana, 2005–13), born in Havre, Montana
  • Sep 6 Carl E. Walz, American NASA astronaut (STS 51, 65, 79), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Sep 7 Efim Zelmanov, Russian-American mathematician, born in Khabarovsk, Russia
  • Sep 10 Giannina Facio Franco, Mrs Phillipe Junot, born in San José, Costa Rica
  • Sep 15 Mac Sweeney, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • Sep 15 Željka Antunović, Croatian politician
  • Sep 15 Renzo Rosso, Italian clothing designer
  • Sep 16 Liz Knights, English publisher (Victor Gollancz), born in Hayes Common, England (d. 1996)
  • Sep 17 Mike Parson, American politician, Governor of Missouri (2018-), born in Wheatland, Missouri
  • Sep 20 Christine Oddy, British member European parliament, born in Coventry, England
  • Sep 21 Richard J Hieb, astronaut (STS 39, 49, 65), born in Jamestown, North Dakota
  • Sep 21 Mika Kaurismäki, Finnish director
  • Sep 22 John Brennan, American Director of the CIA (2013-18), born in North Bergen, New Jersey
  • Sep 24 Riccardo Illy, Italian politician and businessman, Born in Trieste, Italy
  • Sep 27 Thelma Aldana, Guatemalan judge and 11th Guatemalan Attorney General, born in Gualán, Zacapa
  • Sep 28 Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician
  • Sep 29 Gwen Ifill, journalist and writer, 1st African American woman to host US public affairs program, born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • Oct 1 Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb politician and war criminal, born in Kozarac, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Oct 7 Ralph Johnson, American computer scientist
  • Oct 12 Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, born in Tkon, Croatia
  • Oct 15 Cathy Ladman, American comedienne (Don't Tell Mom the Babysitter's Dead)
  • Oct 17 Georgios Alogoskoufis, Greek politician
  • Oct 17 Kerry James Marshall, American artist whose works seek to challenge the marginalization of African-Americans, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • Oct 18 Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
  • Oct 20 David Profumo, English novelist
  • Oct 26 Stephen K Robinson, American PhD/astronaut (STS 85, sk:95), born in Sacramento, California
  • Oct 27 Debra Bowen, American politician, 31st Secretary of State of California (2007-15), born in Rockford, Illinois

Person of interestBill Gates

Oct 28 Bill Gates, American businessman and billionaire (founder and CEO of Microsoft, richest person in the world), born in Seattle, Washington

Founder of Microsoft and Computer Scientist Bill Gates
Founder of Microsoft and Computer Scientist
Bill Gates
  • Oct 28 Indra Nooyi, Indian American businesswoman (CEO of PepsiCo), born in Madras, India
  • Nov 4 Matti Vanhanen, 40th Prime Minister of Finland (2003-10), born in Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Nov 5 Karan Thapar, Indian journalist, political analyst and commentator, born in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Nov 6 Paul Romer, American economist (Nobel Prize 2018, endogenous growth theory), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Nov 9 Bob Nault, French Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Kenora—Rainy River), born in Ste. Anne, Manitoba
  • Nov 10 James Chapman, American novelist (Stet)
  • Nov 11 Jigme Singye Wangchuk, king of Bhutan (1972-2006), born in Thimphu, Bhutan
  • Nov 15 Henry Corra, American documentarian
  • Nov 16 Pierre Larouche, Canadian National Hockey League player
  • Nov 19 Gloria Guida, Merano Italy, Miss Teenage Italy (1974)
  • Nov 20 Timothy Mace, British cosmonaut, (d. 2014)
  • Nov 23 Steven Brust [Karl Zoltan], American sci-fi author (Yendi, Jhereg)
  • Nov 23 Mary Landrieu, American politician (US Senator of Louisiana, 1997-2005) born in Arlington, Virgina
  • Nov 24 Takashi Yuasa, Japanese lawyer
  • Nov 24 Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth, Swedish politician
  • Nov 26 Tracy Hickman, American sci-fi author (Dragons of Spring Dawning), born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Nov 28 Adem Jashari, Albanian freedom fighter
  • Nov 30 Richard Burr, American politician
  • Dec 3 Warren Jeffs, American convicted polygamist
  • Dec 7 John Watkins, Australian politician (Deputy Premier of New South Wales), born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
  • Dec 10 Jacquelyn Mitchard, American journalist and novelist (The Deep End of the Ocean), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 16 Carol M Browner, US Administrator (EPA)
  • Dec 16 Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
  • Dec 20 Sammy Mitchell, US programmer (Qedit/TSE/Semware)
  • Dec 23 Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet (British Poet Laureate 2009-19), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Dec 24 Clarence Gilyard Jr., American actor (Chips, Duck Factory), born in Moses Lake, Washington
  • Dec 26 Evan Bayh, American politician, born in Shirkieville, Indiana
  • Dec 27 Barbara Olson, American political commentator (d. 2001)

Person of interestLiu Xiaobo

Dec 28 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, born in Changchun, China (d. 2017)

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • Dec 31 Dawood Ibrahim, Indian crime boss (D-Company), born in Khed, Ratnagiri, India

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Dec 11 Johan C. Altorf, sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • Dec 13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • Dec 27 Alfred Carpenter, English Royal Navy soldier, dies at 74
  • Dec 30 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (b. 1913)