On This Day

May 1956 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 A doctor in Japan reports an "epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system", marking the official discovery of Minamata disease
  • May 2 US Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus
  • May 2 US Methodist church disallows racial separation
  • May 3 A new range of mountains discovered in Antarctica (2 over 13,000')
  • May 4 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
  • May 4 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 5 Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
  • May 6 Gus Bell (Reds) homers off Bob Miller in both ends of a double header
  • May 7 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • May 7 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich & Albert Hackett
  • May 8 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" premieres in London
  • May 9 First ascent of Manaslu, the world's eighth-highest mountain in the Nepalese Himalayas by Japanese climbers Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 War Reparations and Peace Settlement between Philippines and Japan was finally signed at Malacañang Palace under Magsaysay administration

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • May 10 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
  • May 12 East Pakistan struck by cyclone and tidal waves

  • May 13 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • May 16 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
  • May 16 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • May 16 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"
  • May 18 Hungarian party leader Matyas Rákosi enforces his own policy
  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam
  • May 19 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • May 20 Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane at Bikini Atoll
  • May 20 Jordan government of Samir resigns
  • May 21 Jordan government of Said el-Mufti forms
  • May 21 US explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll
  • May 23 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
  • May 24 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

May 25 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • May 26 A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew
  • May 27 French raid in Algiers
  • May 27 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • May 28 Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 30 Bus boycott begins in Tallahassee Florida
  • May 30 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)

Birthdays in History

  • May 3 Marc Bellemare, French-Canadian lawyer and politician, born in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec

Person of interestAkio Toyoda

May 3 Akio Toyoda, Japanese president of Toyota Motor Corporation, born in Nagoya, Japan

President of Toyota Motor Corporation Akio Toyoda
President of Toyota Motor Corporation
Akio Toyoda
  • May 4 Michael L. Gernhardt, American NASA astronaut (STS 69, 83, 94, sk 100), born in Mansfield, Ohio
  • May 4 David Guterson, American author (Snow Falling on Cedars), born in Seattle, Washington
  • May 7 Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (2002-10), born in Biezelinge, Netherlands
  • May 10 Vladislav Listyev, Russian television anchor and journalist (d. 1995)
  • May 11 Theresa Burke, Canadian journalist
  • May 13 Aleksandr Yuriyevich Kaleri, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-14)
  • May 13 Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Indian spiritual leader and founder of the Art of Living Foundation, born in Papanasam, India
  • May 14 Gillian [Marucha] Bradshaw, American sci-fi author (Hawk of May)
  • May 14 Steve Hogarth, Kendal England, vocals (Marillion-Clutching at Straws)
  • May 17 Dave Sim, Canadian cartoonist
  • May 19 Althea Gwyn, WBL center (NY Stars)
  • May 20 Ingvar Ambjørnsen, Norwegian author (Elling tetralogy, Brødre i blodet), born in Tønsberg, Norway
  • May 20 William Michaelian, American novelist and poet
  • May 20 John Carney, American politician, Governor of Delaware (2017-), born in Willington, Delaware
  • May 22 Lucie Brock-Broido, American poet and academic (Noctuary), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2018)
  • May 23 Ursula Plassnik, Austrian politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004-8), born in Klagenfurt, Austria
  • May 24 Michael Jackson, Northern Irish clergyman (Archbishop of Dublin), born in Lurgan, County Armagh, Northern Ireland
  • May 25 Larry Hogan, American politician, Governor of Maryland (2015-), born in Washington, D.C.
  • May 26 Frédéric Dutoit, French politician
  • May 27 Cynthia McFadden, American television anchor
  • May 28 Germaine Montenesdro, 2nd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • May 28 Mark Alexander Lees, rowing Coach
  • May 30 Allison Roe MBE, New Zealand marathon runner (NYC, Boston 1981; Seoul 1982), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • May 30 Jonathan Idema, Poughkeepsie, New York, torturer, kidnapper and con artist (d. 2012)
  • May 30 David-Maria Sassoli, Italian politician and journalist, European President (2019-), born in Florence, Italy

Deaths in History

  • May 5 Karel Rudolph Gallas, Dutch lexicographer (French Dictionary), dies at 88
  • May 7 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect, dies at 85
  • May 11 Walter S Adams, American astronomer & director of Mount Wilson, dies at 79
  • May 12 Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education, dies at 87
  • May 13 Aleksandr A Fadejev, Russ author (Young Guard), commits suicide at 54
  • May 14 Robert Willem Pieter Peereboom, Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper), dies at 64
  • May 15 Austin Osman Spare, English magician (b. 1886)
  • May 16 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's, dies at 76
  • May 20 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), dies at 83
  • May 29 Albert H Edelkoort, theologist (Christusverwachting), dies at 65