On This Day

October 1956 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Zestienhoven airport at Rotterdam official opens
  • Oct 2 1st atomic power clock exhibited-NYC
  • Oct 4 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia

Historic DiscoveryPolio

Oct 6 Scientist Albert Sabin announces that his oral polio vaccine is ready for testing; it would soon supplant Jonas Salk's vaccine in many parts of the world

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • Oct 10 Fazal Mahmood takes 13-114 for match v Australia in Karachi
  • Oct 11 1st Pakistan v Australia Test 95 runs scored on 1st day
  • Oct 11 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia
  • Oct 11 AL President Will Harridge bars Washington Senators move to West Coast, unless unanimously approved by the other AL owners
  • Oct 12 Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister
  • Oct 14 Charles Ives' overture "Robert Browning" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Indian social reformer B.R. Ambedkar and 500,000 supporters convert to Buddhism in Nagpur

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • Oct 15 Pyotr Bolotnikov runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Oct 15 William J. Brennan, Jr. is appointed to US Supreme Court
  • Oct 15 First plane to land safely on water - Pan Am Flight 6 San Francisco to Honolulu, all 24 passengers and 7 crew survive
  • Oct 17 England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
  • Oct 17 Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt

  • Oct 20 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
  • Oct 20 Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
  • Oct 22 France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
  • Oct 22 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
  • Oct 22 A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Oct 23 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the government and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
  • Oct 24 AP names Cin manager Birdie Tebbets as NL Manager of the Year
  • Oct 24 Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes Prime Minister of Hungary
  • Oct 24 Margaret Towner becomes first woman to be ordained into the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (PCUSA)
  • Oct 26 UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
  • Oct 26 Vietnam promulgates its constitution

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Oct 28 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Luctuosissimi eventus

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Oct 29 International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
  • Oct 29 Suez Crisis erupts into war as Israel invades the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula, to be followed by a planned airborne assault by France and Britain
  • Oct 30 Israel captures Egyptian military post at El-Thamad
  • Oct 31 Rear Adm GJ Dufek becomes 1st American to land an airplane at South Pole
  • Oct 31 Britain and France join Israeli forces in Egypt and begin to bomb Egypt to reopen Suez Canal
  • Oct 31 Brooklyn, NY ends streetcar service

Birthdays in History


Person of interestTheresa May

Oct 1 Theresa May, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2016-19), born in Eastbourne, England

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • Oct 1 Gina Haspel, American intelligence officer, First female director of the US CIA, born in Ashland, Kentucky
  • Oct 2 Murphy Morobe, South Afr UDF leader (spent 3 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • Oct 6 Kathleen Webb, American comic book writer and artist
  • Oct 8 Scott Michael Pellaton, barefoot water ski champ
  • Oct 8 Janice Voss, American astronaut (shuttle radar topography mission), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2012)
  • Oct 11 Nicanor Frutos, 47th President of Paraguay (2003-08), born in Coronel Oviedo, Paraguay
  • Oct 16 James H Newman, Trust Territory of Pacific, PhD/Astronaut (STS 51, 69)

Person of interestMae Jemison

Oct 17 Mae Jemison, 1st African American woman in space (STS 47), born in Decatur, Alabama

Astronaut and Physician Mae Jemison
Astronaut and Physician
Mae Jemison
  • Oct 17 Robin LO Linschoten, Dutch ass. secretary of Social Affairs (VVD)
  • Oct 18 Jim Talent, Des Peres, Missouri, American politician (Rep-R-Missouri)
  • Oct 24 Dale Maharidge, American author (And Their Children After Them), born in Ohio
  • Oct 25 Danny Gans, American entertainer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2009)
  • Oct 26 Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman (1st CEO of Australian Defence Materiel Organisation)
  • Oct 26 Regina Benjamin, 18th US Surgeon General (2009-13), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • Oct 27 Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer, born in California

Person of interestMahmoud Ahmadinejad

Oct 28 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran (2005-13), born in Aradan, Iran

Iran President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • Oct 30 Tim Roemer, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • Oct 31 Charles Moore, British editor-in-chief (Sunday Telegraph), born in Hastings, Sussex, England
  • Oct 31 Anders Lago, Swedish Social Democratic politician, born in Jönköping, Sweden

Weddings in History

  • Oct 6 South African politician "Kobie" Coetsee marries Helena E Malan

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist, dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Charles E. Merrill, American investment banker (Merrill Lynch), dies at 70

Person of interestClarence Birdseye

Oct 7 Clarence Birdseye, American inventor and founder of the modern frozen food industry (Birdseye), dies of a heart attack at 69

  • Oct 8 Dirk Koster, literary (New noises), dies at 69
  • Oct 16 Jules Rimet, French football administrator (3rd President of FIFA 1921-54), dies at 83
  • Oct 24 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), dies at 100
  • Oct 25 Risto Ryti, Finnish minister/premier/president, dies at 67

Person of interestPío Baroja

Oct 30 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), dies at 83

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja