On This Day

1956 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 306

  • May 4 Queen Juliana unveils National Monument to Dams in Amsterdam
  • May 4 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • May 5 Jim Bailey (US) runs mile a record 3:58.6 in LA Calif
  • May 6 Gus Bell (Reds) homers off Bob Miller in both ends of a double header
  • May 7 Battle at Oran, Algeria, kills 300
  • May 7 NY Giant Bill White, homers in his 1st at bat
  • May 7 Pulitzer prize awarded to Frances Goodrich & Albert Hackett
  • May 8 John Osborne's "Look Back in Anger" premieres in London
  • May 9 First ascent of Manaslu, the world's eighth-highest mountain in the Nepalese Himalayas by Japanese climbers Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 9 War Reparations and Peace Settlement between Philippines and Japan was finally signed at Malacañang Palace under Magsaysay administration

7th President of the Philippines Ramon Magsaysay
7th President of the Philippines
Ramon Magsaysay
  • May 10 French government sends 50,000 reservists to Algeria
  • May 12 East Pakistan struck by cyclone and tidal waves
  • May 13 Pachyderm Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • May 16 Egypt recognizes People's Republic of China
  • May 16 Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • May 16 Kraft Theater presents an act from "Profiles in Courage"

  • May 18 Hungarian party leader Matyas Rákosi enforces his own policy
  • May 18 Queen Juliana opens Rembrandt fairs in Amsterdam
  • May 19 Pirate Dale Long hits 9th-inning HR, 1st HR in 8 straight games
  • May 20 Atomic fusion (thermonuclear) bomb dropped from plane at Bikini Atoll
  • May 20 Jordan government of Samir resigns
  • May 21 Jordan government of Said el-Mufti forms
  • May 21 US explodes 1st airborne hydrogen bomb over Bikini Atoll
  • May 23 World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco
  • May 24 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

May 25 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • May 26 A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew
  • May 27 French raid in Algiers
  • May 27 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • May 28 Dale Long becomes 1st to hit HRs in 8 straight games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Eisenhower signs farm bill allows government to store agricultural surplus

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 30 Bus boycott begins in Tallahassee Florida
  • May 30 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Yugoslav president Tito visits Moscow

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • Jun 3 3rd class travel on British Railways ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 'Secret speech' by Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev criticising Joseph Stalin is made public

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev

  • Jun 5 Fed court rules racial segregation on Montgomery buses anti-Constitutional
  • Jun 6 David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.
  • Jun 7 Singapore government of Marshall resigns
  • Jun 8 Lim Yem Hock forms Singapore government
  • Jun 8 Richard B. Fitzgibbon, Jr. killed by another USAF airman in Vietnam, becoming the first American killed in the Vietnam War
  • Jun 9 Heavy earthquake strikes Afghanistan, 400 killed
  • Jun 13 The last British troops leave the Suez Canal Zone in Egypt
  • Jun 13 Parliamentary election: Dutch Democrats 50/KVP 49

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 17 Golda Meir begins her term as Israel's foreign minister

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • Jun 20 Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
  • Jun 21 Anti-protons detected in the atmosphere
  • Jun 21 German DR frees almost 19,000 prisoners
  • Jun 21 Oriole Connie Johnson beats WS Jack Harshman (1-0) in dual 1 hitters

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jun 23 Gamal Abdel Nasser elected President of Egypt

President of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser
  • Jun 28 1st atomic reactor built for private research operates (Chicago Illinois)
  • Jun 28 Riots break out in Poznan, Poland, 38 die
  • Jun 29 US Federal interstate highway system act signed
  • Jun 29 Dutch PM Drees refuses resignation of queen Juliana (Greet Hofmans)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jun 30 Lenin's politics testament (1923) published in Moscow

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jun 30 United DC-7 & TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
  • Jul 1 Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
  • Jul 2 US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
  • Jul 4 Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
  • Jul 4 US most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville Maryland
  • Jul 5 France raises tobacco tax 20% due to war in Algeria
  • Jul 7 Fritz Moravec reaches the peak of Gasherbrum II (8,035 m).
  • Jul 8 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • Jul 10 650,000 US steel workers go on strike
  • Jul 10 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 10 Solomon Kalushi Mahlangu, Mamelodi, east of Pretoria, South Africa, a soldier of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), the armed wing of the ANC
  • Jul 15 Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
  • Jul 16 Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
  • Jul 16 King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
  • Jul 16 Last Ringling Bros, Barnum & Bailey Circus under a canvas tent
  • Jul 18 Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rákosi as party leader of Hungary
  • Jul 19 US refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • Jul 20 France recognizes Tunisian independence
  • Jul 20 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
  • Jul 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
  • Jul 20 Confirmation of the first detection of the neutrino by Clyde Cowan, Frederick Reines, F. B. Harrison, H. W. Kruse, and A. D. McGuire published in "Science" (Cowan–Reines neutrino experiment)
  • Jul 21 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak
  • Jul 23 Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
  • Jul 23 The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 Brendan Behan's "Quare Fellow" premieres in London

Irish Poet and Playwright Brendan Behan
Irish Poet and Playwright
Brendan Behan
  • Jul 25 46 die in collision of the SS Andrea Doria and the MS Stockholm off the coast of Nantucket
  • Jul 25 Jordan attacks UN Palestine force
  • Jul 26 Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announces plan to nationalize Suez Canal, initiating the "Suez Crisis"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Jacques Cousteau's Calypso anchors in 7,500 m of water (record)

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • Jul 30 US motto "In God We Trust" authorized
  • Aug 4 German Wilhelm Herz becomes first to ride motorcycle at 200mph (210mph/338kph) at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah
  • Aug 4 Indonesia says it will not pay debts to the Netherlands
  • Aug 7 British government sends 3 aircraft carriers to Egypt
  • Aug 7 Dynamite transport explodes in Colombia; about 1200 die
  • Aug 8 Fire & explosion kill 263 miners at Marcinelle, Belgium
  • Aug 9 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • Aug 9 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • Aug 10 23rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 26, All-Stars 0 (75,000)
  • Aug 11 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
  • Aug 16 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as US Democratic presidential candidate
  • Aug 16 Indians' Rocky Colavito hits his 1st grand slam, Cleveland 5, Tigers 4
  • Aug 17 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • Aug 17 One of the largest demonstrations in South Africa's history, 20,000 women marched to Pretoria's Union Buildings to present petition against carrying of passes by women to the Prime Minister
  • Aug 20 Republicans convene at Cow Palace
  • Aug 22 US President Eisenhower and VP Richard Nixon renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 10 Tom McClintock, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in White Plains, New York
  • Jul 17 Julie Bishop, Australian Liberal Party politician and Minister for Foreign Affairs (2013-present), born in Lobethal, South Australia
  • Jul 20 Jim Prentice, Canadian politician, Premier of Alberta (2014-15), born in South Porcupine, Ontario (d. 2016)
  • Jul 21 Michael Connelly, American crime writer (Hieronymus "Harry" Bosch novels), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 24 Charles Crist, Governor of Florida
  • Jul 25 Frances Arnold, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Edgewood, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 29 Ronnie Musgrove, Former Governor of Mississippi
  • Jul 30 Anita Hill, American academic and attorney, accused Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment, born in Lone Tree, Oklahoma
  • Jul 30 Soraida Martinez, American painter and creator of Verdadism, born in Manhattan, New York City
  • Jul 31 Deval Patrick, 71st Governor of Massachusetts (2007-15), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 1 Tom Leykis, American radio personality (The Tom Leykis Show), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Aug 1 Doug Burgum, American businessman (Great Plains Software) and politician, Governor of North Dakota (2016-), born in Arthur, North Dakota
  • Aug 2 Fulvio Melia, Italian-American physicist/astrophysicist and author, born in Gorizia, Italy
  • Aug 3 Abhisit Vejjajiva, 27th Prime Minister of Thailand (2008-11), born in Wallsend, Northumberland, England
  • Aug 7 Kent Rominger, American astronaut (STS 73, 80, 85), born in Del Norte, California
  • Aug 11 Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician
  • Aug 15 Gordon Bruks, England, Dr/cosmonaut
  • Aug 23 David Wolf, American astronaut (STS 58, sk: 89/91), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Aug 23 Andreas Floer, German mathematician (Floer homology), born in Duisburg, Germany (d. 1991)
  • Aug 23 Valgerd Svarstad Haugland, Norwegian politician, born in Kvam, Norway
  • Aug 24 John Culberson, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas), born in Houston, Texas

Person of interestTsai Ing-wen

Aug 31 Tsai Ing-wen, Taiwanese politician, academic and 7th President of the Republic of China (Democratic Progressive Party: 2016-), born in Taipei, Taiwan

7th President of the Republic of China Tsai Ing-wen
7th President of the Republic of China
Tsai Ing-wen
  • Aug 31 Masashi Tashiro, Japanese television performer
  • Sep 2 Angelo Fusco, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
  • Sep 3 Patrick McGeown, Irish IRA member, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1996)
  • Sep 6 Bill Ritter, American politician (41st Governor of Colorado), born in Denver, Colorado
  • Sep 8 David Carr, American journalist (New York Times), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • Sep 9 Anatoli Pavlovich Artsebarsky, Russian colonel/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-12)
  • Sep 12 Sam Brownback, American attorney and politician (46th Governor of Kansas), born in Garnett, Kansas
  • Sep 13 Alain Ducasse, French-born Monégasque chef, born in Orthez, France
  • Sep 13 Oribe Canales, Cuban American celebrity hairdresser, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 2018)
  • Sep 14 Kostas Karamanlis, Greek politician (Prime Minister of Greece 2004-09), born in Athens, Greece
  • Sep 14 Lefteris Zagoritis, Greek lawyer and politician, born in Rhodes, Greece

Person of interestDavid Copperfield

Sep 16 David Copperfield [Kotkin], American magician, born in Metuchen, New Jersey

  • Sep 16 Kevin R. Kregel, American pilot and astronaut (STS 70, 78, 87), born in Amityville, New York
  • Sep 16 Mark Daniel Gearan, American campaign manager (Al Gore), born in Gardner, Massachusetts
  • Sep 16 Nick Banton, founder of Body Positive (d. 1994)
  • Sep 17 Brian Andreas, American writer, sculptor, painter and publisher
  • Sep 18 Chris Hedges, American journalist and author (War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning), born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont
  • Sep 23 Peter David, American writer
  • Sep 25 Jamie Hyneman, American visual effects technician (MythBusters), born in Marshall, Michigan
  • Sep 29 James Donald Halsell Jr, American retired USAF officer and astronaut (STS 65, 74, 83, 94), born in West Monroe, Louisiana
  • Sep 30 Maria Esmeralda, Belgian princess/daughter of Leopold III/Lilian Baels

Person of interestTheresa May

Oct 1 Theresa May, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 2016-19), born in Eastbourne, England

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May
  • Oct 1 Gina Haspel, American intelligence officer, First female director of the US CIA, born in Ashland, Kentucky
  • Oct 2 Murphy Morobe, South Afr UDF leader (spent 3 yrs in Robbeneiland Jail)
  • Oct 6 Kathleen Webb, American comic book writer and artist
  • Oct 8 Scott Michael Pellaton, barefoot water ski champ
  • Oct 8 Janice Voss, American astronaut (shuttle radar topography mission), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 2012)
  • Oct 11 Nicanor Frutos, 47th President of Paraguay (2003-08), born in Coronel Oviedo, Paraguay
  • Oct 16 James H Newman, Trust Territory of Pacific, PhD/Astronaut (STS 51, 69)

Person of interestMae Jemison

Oct 17 Mae Jemison, 1st African American woman in space (STS 47), born in Decatur, Alabama

Astronaut and Physician Mae Jemison
Astronaut and Physician
Mae Jemison
  • Oct 17 Robin LO Linschoten, Dutch ass. secretary of Social Affairs (VVD)
  • Oct 18 Jim Talent, Des Peres, Missouri, American politician (Rep-R-Missouri)
  • Oct 24 Dale Maharidge, American author (And Their Children After Them), born in Ohio
  • Oct 25 Danny Gans, American entertainer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2009)
  • Oct 26 Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman (1st CEO of Australian Defence Materiel Organisation)
  • Oct 26 Regina Benjamin, 18th US Surgeon General (2009-13), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • Oct 27 Jaq D. Hawkins, British author, occultist and lecturer, born in California

Person of interestMahmoud Ahmadinejad

Oct 28 Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, President of Iran (2005-13), born in Aradan, Iran

Iran President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Iran President
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • Oct 30 Tim Roemer, American politician (Rep-D-Indiana), born in South Bend, Indiana
  • Oct 31 Charles Moore, British editor-in-chief (Sunday Telegraph), born in Hastings, Sussex, England
  • Oct 31 Anders Lago, Swedish Social Democratic politician, born in Jönköping, Sweden
  • Nov 10 Mohsen Badawi, Egyptian entrepreneur and political activist, born in Cairo, Egpyt
  • Nov 13 Charlie Baker, American politician, Governor of Massachusetts (2015-), born in Elmira, New York
  • Nov 14 Kenneth D Bowersox, Portsmouth Va, USN/astro (STS 50, 61, 73, 82)
  • Nov 15 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (d. 2003)
  • Nov 19 Eileen Marie Collins, Elmira NY, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 63, 84)
  • Nov 19 Ann Curry, American journalist
  • Nov 25 Ena Heese, South African costume designer (Willem of Orange)
  • Nov 25 Hélène Goudin, Swedish politician
  • Nov 26 Nico Slothouwer, Dutch poet (Man & his Bag)
  • Dec 10 Michael VerMeulen, American journalist and magazine editor (British GQ), born in Lake Forest, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Dec 17 Amado Carrillo Fuentes, Mexican drug lord (Juárez Cartel), born in Guamuchilito, Mexico (d. 1997)
  • Dec 18 Reinhold Ewald, German cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25)
  • Dec 20 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, Mauritanian 8th President of Mauritania (2009-present), born in Akjoujt, French West Africa
  • Dec 26 Gail Tatterson, WBL center (NY Stars)
  • Dec 26 Karen Smith, WBL forward (NY Stars)
  • Dec 26 David Sedaris, American essayist, born in Binghamton, New York
  • Dec 30 Chéri Samba (Mbimba N'zinga), Congolese contemporary artist, born in Kinto M’Vuila, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Dec 31 Martin Joseph Fettman, American researcher & astronaut (STS 58), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Dec 31 Steve Rude, American comics artist, born in Madison, Wisconsin

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Dec 27 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, dies at 86
  • Dec 28 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), dies at 76
  • Dec 29 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Jesus Christ's Church) and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime, dies at 73