On This Day

January 1957 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep
  • Jan 1 International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Jan 1 An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest.
  • Jan 3 1st electric watch introduced, Lancaster Pa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 5 US President Eisenhower asks Congress to send troops to the Middle East

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jan 6 Yeshiva Kol Ya'ackov opens in Moscow Russia
  • Jan 7 Algerian militant and National Liberation Front member Djamila Bouhired sets off a bomb in an Algiers cafe killing 11 civilians, precipitating the Battle of Algiers
  • Jan 9 Checheno-Ingush ASSR reformed in RSFSR
  • Jan 9 Dutch Newspaper Society expels communist daily paper "Truth"
  • Jan 9 Kalmyk Autonomous Region reformed in RSFSR
  • Jan 9 Karachayevo-Cherkess Autonomous Region reestablished in RSFSR

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 10 After Anthony Eden's resignation Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • Jan 11 The African Convention is founded in Dakar.
  • Jan 11 Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded with Martin Luther King Jr. as leader at Ebenezer Church in Atlanta

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Jan 13 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
  • Jan 14 Kripalu Maharaj is named fifth Jagadguru (world teacher)
  • Jan 16 3 B-52s leave California for 1st non-stop round world flights
  • Jan 17 9-county commission recommends creation of BART
  • Jan 18 3 B-52's set record for around-the-world flight, 45 hr 19 min
  • Jan 19 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Jan 20 Gomulka wins Poland's parliamentary election
  • Jan 20 Morton Gould's "Declaration" premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 22 Israeli forces withdraw from Sinai Peninsula
  • Jan 22 Mad Bomber (George P Metesky) accused of 30 explosions, arrested
  • Jan 23 Indian nationalist V. K. Krishna Menon begins the longest ever speech defending India's stand on Kashmir at the UN - 8 hours over 2 days
  • Jan 25 FBI arrests Jack & Myra Sobel, charged with spying for USSR
  • Jan 26 Dutch Pacifist Socialist Party forms
  • Jan 26 India annexes Kashmir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29 Graham Greene's "Potting Shed" premieres in NYC

  • Jan 30 US Congress accepts "Eisenhower-doctrine"
  • Jan 31 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
  • Jan 31 Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer, professor and politician
  • Jan 6 Michael Foale, British-American astrophysicist and astronaut (STS 45, 56, 63, 84/86), born in Louth, England
  • Jan 7 Nicholson Baker, American novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 10 Greg Walden, U.S. Congressman from Oregon, born in The Dalles, Oregon
  • Jan 13 Lorrie Moore, American writer
  • Jan 14 Anchee Min, Chinese writer, born in Shanghai, China
  • Jan 15 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur, born in London, United Kingdom
  • Jan 15 David Inge, American politician, Governor of Hawaii (2014-), born in Pearl City, Hawaii
  • Jan 17 Ann Nocenti, American comic book writer
  • Jan 19 Kenneth McClintock, Puerto Rican politician, born in London, United Kingdom
  • Jan 22 Francis Wheen, English writer & journalist, born in England
  • Jan 23 Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, daughter of Princess Grace and Prince Rainer, born in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • Jan 23 Lou Schuler, American fitness journalist, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jan 25 Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician, born in Kronoberg County, Sweden
  • Jan 25 Andrew P. Harris, American politician & physician, born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 25 Luis Garavito [The Beast, Tribilín], Colombian serial killer described as "the world's worst serial killer" (138-300+ victims), born in Génova, Quindío, Colombia
  • Jan 29 Grazyna Miller, Italian poet, translator, and journalist

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jan 10 Poet T. S. Eliot (68) marries his 2nd wife editor Esmé Valerie Fletcher (30)

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid
  • Jan 4 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, 5th President of Austria (1951-57), dies at 84
  • Jan 10 Gabriela Mistral, Chilean poet (Nobel Prize 1945), dies at 67
  • Jan 11 Sir Robert Garran, Australian lawyer and early leading expert in Australian constitutional law (b. 1867)
  • Jan 16 Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Canada, dies at 82
  • Jan 19 József Dudás, Romanian/Hungarian resistance fighter (b. 1912)
  • Jan 20 James Connolly, 1st Oly winner (1896) since Barasdates (369 CE), dies
  • Jan 21 Arthur L Bowley, English statistician/economist, dies at 87
  • Jan 22 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), dies at 93
  • Jan 23 Willie Edwards, US African American, murdered by KKK at 25
  • Jan 25 Kiyoshi Shiga, Japanese physician and bacteriologist (b. 1871)
  • Jan 25 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese industrialist and Minister of Commerce and Industry (b. 1873)
  • Jan 28 Fred Stein, TV panelist (Live Begins at 80), dies at 88
  • Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu, Romanian minister of Foreign Affairs (1938-39), dies at 65