On This Day

July 1957 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
  • Jul 2 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jul 2 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • Jul 4 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jul 7 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 8 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 9 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jul 12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • Jul 14 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • Jul 15 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • Jul 15 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Historic ExpeditionJohn Glenn Orbits Earth

Jul 16 US Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

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John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
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  • Jul 19 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • Jul 19 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 24 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 26 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • Jul 26 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala, is assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies
  • Jul 28 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992
  • Jul 29 International Atomic Energy Agency formed by UN

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 1 Grant Dalton, New Zealand sailor (Whitbread Round the World, American's Cup), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • Jul 4 Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand, the youngest daughter of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit, born in Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall Dusit Palace, Bangkok
  • Jul 5 David Hanson, British Labour politician, born in Liverpool
  • Jul 9 Tim Kring, American writer and producer, born in El Dorado County, California
  • Jul 10 Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war and political activist, born in Inglewood, California
  • Jul 12 Rick Douglas Husband, Amarillo Texas, USAF mjr/astronaut
  • Jul 13 Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • Jul 15 Kate Kellaway, English literary critic
  • Jul 16 Alan Donnelly, British Labour Party politician, born in Jarrow, England
  • Jul 16 Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer (Igra Na Chuzhom Pole), born in Lviv, Ukraine
  • Jul 21 Stefan Lofven, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (2014-18), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Jul 25 Daniel W. Bursch, NASA astronaut (STS 51, 68, 77), born in Bristol, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 25 Ray Billingsley, American comic strip cartoonist (Curtis), born in Wake Forest, North Carolina
  • Jul 27 Hansi Muller, German footballer, born in Stuttgart
  • Jul 29 Virginia Maria "Ginni" Rometty, American chairwoman, president and CEO of IBM, born in Chigago, Illinois
  • Jul 30 Nery Pumpido, Argentine footballer (played in World Cup 1986, 90), born in Monje, Santa Fe, Argentina

Deaths in History

  • Jul 5 Charles Sherwood Noble, American-born inventor
  • Jul 8 Grace Goodhue Coolidge, American First Lady (1923-29), dies at 78
  • Jul 8 William Adlington Cadbury, English chocolate maker, dies at 89
  • Jul 10 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), dies at 77

Person of interestAga Khan III

Jul 11 Aga Khan III, Pakistani 48th Shia Iman, dies at 79

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Jul 15 Marie C of Zeggelen, author (Dessajongen), dies at 87
  • Jul 15 James M. Cox, American politician (b. 1870)
  • Jul 15 Vasily Maklakov, Russian orator and liberal politician (b. 1869)
  • Jul 19 Curzio Malaparte [Kurt E Suckert], Italian author (Kaputt), dies at 59
  • Jul 21 Bernard Spooner, US inventor (bulletproof jacket), dies
  • Jul 23 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian Prince and writer (The Leopard), dies at 61
  • Jul 26 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala (1954-57), assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies at 42
  • Jul 28 Edith Abbott, American social worker and educator (University of Chicago Social Sciences), dies at 80