March 1957 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
  • Mar 3 Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul of Canada
  • Mar 3 Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by David Jenkins of the USA
  • Mar 3 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Colorado Springs won by Carol Heiss (US)
  • Mar 4 Gold Coast officially changes its name to Ghana ahead of its independence
  • Mar 4 The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.

Election of Interest

Mar 5 Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland

  • Mar 5 Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)

Dred Scott v. Sandford

Mar 6 Centenary of Dred Scott slavery court decision marked by rediscovery of Scott's grave

  • Mar 6 Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) declares independence from UK
  • Mar 8 Egypt reopens the Suez Canal after Israel withdraws from occupied Egyptian territory
  • Mar 8 Israeli troops leave Egypt
  • Mar 8 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • Mar 9 8.1 earthquake shakes Andreanof Islands, Alaska
  • Mar 12 German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions

Historic Publication

Mar 12 Random House and Houghton-Mifflin co-publish "The Cat in the Hat" by Dr. Seuss

Battle of Interest

Mar 13 Bloody battles in Cuba after the student led "Revolutionary Directorate" attacks the presidential palace in Havana in an unsuccessful attempt to depose dictator Fulgencio Batista

  • Mar 14 Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
  • Mar 17 Dutch ban on Sunday driving lifted

Plane Crash

Mar 17 Presidential plane crashes on Mt. Manunggal in Cebu, Philippines killing 25 including Filipino President Ramon Magsaysay

  • Mar 20 Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it

Event of Interest

Mar 21 Tennessee Williams' "Orpheus Descending" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 22 Earthquake shakes San Francisco
  • Mar 22 Republic of India adopts Saka calendar along with Gregorian
  • Mar 23 US army sells last homing pigeons
  • Mar 25 Treaty of Rome establishes European Economic Community (Common Market)

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Jim Dwyer, American journalist and Pulitzer Prize winner, born in NYC, New York (d. 2020)
  • Mar 5 Tim Holden, American politician (Rep-D-Pennsylvania 1993-2013), born in St. Clair, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 7 Robert Harris, British TV reporter, journalist and author (Fatherland, Enigma), born in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England
  • Mar 9 Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician, leader of Swedish Social Democratic Party, born in Sollefteå, Västernorrland County, Sweden

Osama bin LadenOsama bin Laden (1957-2011)

Mar 10 Islamic militant and founder of al-Qaeda, born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  • Mar 11 Qasem Soleimani, Iranian major general of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, born in Kerman, Iran (d. 2020)
  • Mar 11 The Lady Chablis [Benjamin Knox], American transgender entertainer (Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil), born in Quincy, Florida (d. 2016)
  • Mar 13 John Hoeven, American politician (Senator-R-North Dakota 2011-, Governor of North Dakota 2000-10), born in Bismarck, North Dakota
  • Mar 14 Andrew Robinson, British author (Times Higher Education Supplement), born in England
  • Mar 14 Mark Gordon, American politician, Governor of Wyoming (2019-), born in New York City
  • Mar 14 Tad Williams, American fantasy and science fiction author, born in San Jose, California
  • Mar 15 Janet Cardiff, Canadian sound artist (Forty Part Motet), born in Brussels, Ontario
  • Mar 16 Pearl Moore, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • Mar 18 Christer Fuglesang, physicist/astronaut (Mir backup), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Mar 20 David Foster, Australian woodchopper (21 x World 600mm Double-handed Sawing C'ship), born in Devonport, Tasmania, Australia
  • Mar 24 Scott J Horowitz, PhD/Capt USAF/astronaut (STS 75, 82), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Mar 27 Nicholas Hawkins, British politician (Conservatives 1992-2005)
  • Mar 30 Yelena Kondakova, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM 20, STS 84, 1st woman to make a space flight of long duration), born in Mytishchi, Russia
  • Mar 31 Patrick G Forrester, Army Lt Colonel and astronaut, born in El Paso, Texas

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Harry E Soref, inventor (padlock), dies at 70
  • Mar 7 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, dies at 74

Richard E. ByrdRichard E. Byrd (1888-1957)

Mar 11 American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), dies at 68

  • Mar 14 Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (b. 1938)
  • Mar 15 Ernst Nobs, Swiss politician (Mayor of Zurich, 1942-44; Federal Council, 1943-51), dies at 70
  • Mar 16 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor, dies at 81
  • Mar 16 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian communist politician who worked with Tito, dies at 67
  • Mar 23 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, dies at 77
  • Mar 25 Max Ophüls, German director (The Earrings of Madame de...), dies at 54
  • Mar 26 Édouard Herriot, French politician (served 3 times as Prime Minister of France), dies at 84
  • Mar 28 Christopher Morley, American author (Kitty Foil), dies at 66
  • Mar 28 Gheorge Tatarescu, Romanian politician (Prime Minister. 1933-37 and 1939-40; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1945-48), dies at 70
  • Mar 29 Joyce Cary, English writer (Horse's Mouth), dies at 68