On This Day

1957 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 314


MurderAssassination Attempt

May 2 Gangster Frank Costello escapes an assassination attempt made by rival mobsters

Gangster Frank Costello
Gangster
Frank Costello

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 4 Anne Frank Foundation forms in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • May 5 Adolf Scharf elected president of Austria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Italian government of Antonio Segni resigns

Prime Minister of Italy Antonio Segni
Prime Minister of Italy
Antonio Segni

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Pulitzer prize awarded to John F. Kennedy (Profiles in Courage)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 8 South Vietnamese President, Ngô Đình Diệm, arrives in the United States on a state visit

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • May 10 1st meeting of legislative of Cameroon
  • May 11 Gabriel Paris forms government of Colombia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Evangelist Billy Graham launches his "crusade" in front of 18,000 people at Madison Square Garden in NYC

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham

UKUK Tests a Hydrogen Bomb

May 15 Operation Grapple: Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb near Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean

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The first British hydrogen bomb test, Operation Grapple
The first British hydrogen bomb test, Operation Grapple
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BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

May 16 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Invicti Athletae

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • May 16 US launches its 3rd atomic submarine, USS Skate, at Groton, Connecticut
  • May 17 Prayer Pilgrimage, biggest civil rights demonstration to date (DC)
  • May 17 School desegregation law, Brown v Board of education
  • May 19 Adone Zoli forms Italian government
  • May 21 French government of Mollet resigns

  • May 22 South Africa's government approves race separation in universities
  • May 24 Anti-American riots breakout in Taipei, Taiwan
  • May 24 Heavy earthquake strikes Colombia
  • May 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 29 Algerian rebels kill 336 collaborators
  • May 29 Laos government of prince Suvanna Phuma resigns
  • May 31 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
  • Jun 1 Don Bowden becomes first American to run a sub-4 minute mile (3:58.7) at the Pacific Association AAU Meet in Stockton, California

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 US TV interviews Nikita Khrushchev

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Jun 4 1st commercial coal pipeline placed in operation
  • Jun 4 May & Cowdrey make 411 stand v WI Ramadhin bowls 98 overs
  • Jun 9 First ascent of Broad Peak (the world's 12th highest mountain).

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jun 10 John Diefenbaker (C) elected Prime Minister of Canada

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • Jun 11 12 die in a train crash in Vroman, Colorado
  • Jun 12 Paul Anderson of US back-lifts a record 2850 kg (6,270 lbs)
  • Jun 13 Mayflower II from Plymouth, England, reaches Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • Jun 14 42.0 cm rain falls on East St Louis, Illinois (state record)
  • Jun 15 42.01 cm (16.54") of rainfall, East St Louis, Ill (state record)
  • Jun 16 French offensive in Algeria
  • Jun 17 Tuskegee boycott begins (Blacks boycotted city stores)

  • Jun 21 John Diefenbaker (C) takes office as Prime Minister of Canada
  • Jun 21 Ellen Louks Fairclough is sworn in as Canada's first woman Cabinet Minister

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Louis St. Laurent resigns as Prime Minister of Canada, ending the longest uninterrupted run at the federal level in Canadian history

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent
  • Jun 22 Kansas City stops using streetcars in its transit system
  • Jun 24 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment in Roth v. United States
  • Jun 27 Hurricane Audrey, kills 526 in Louisiana & Texas
  • Jun 27 The British Medical Research Council publishes a report suggesting a direct link between smoking and lung cancer.
  • Jun 28 Reds' fans stuff ballot box, electing 8 Reds as All Star starters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 Malenkov, Molotov, Kaganowitsj and Sjepilov leave USSR communist party

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov
Soviet Foreign Minister
Vyacheslav Molotov
  • Jul 1 International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
  • Jul 2 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
  • Jul 2 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
  • Jul 4 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 Harry S. Truman Library forms in Independence, Missouri

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • Jul 7 Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 8 Irish premier Eamon de Valera arrests Sinn Féin leaders

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 8 First Pugwash Conference, the "Thinkers Lodge" held on nuclear disarmament at Pugwash, Nova Scotia, Canada, founded by Joseph Rotblat and hosted by Cyrus Eaton

Steel Magnate Cyrus Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus Eaton
  • Jul 9 Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jul 12 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • Jul 14 Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
  • Jul 15 Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
  • Jul 15 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site

Historic ExpeditionJohn Glenn Orbits Earth

Jul 16 US Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)

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John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, getting into his spacecraft Friendship 7 in 1962
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  • Jul 19 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
  • Jul 19 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 24 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 Monarchy in Tunisia abolished in favor of a republic
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 26 USSR launches 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile
  • Jul 26 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala, is assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies
  • Jul 28 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, western Kyūshū, Japan, kill 992
  • Jul 29 International Atomic Energy Agency formed by UN
  • Aug 1 1st commercial building heated by Sun (Albuquerque, New Mexico)
  • Aug 1 US and Canada create North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
  • Aug 3 British offensive against imam Galeb Ben Ali of Oman
  • Aug 5 Comic strip "Andy Capp" makes its debut
  • Aug 5 WJZ-TV in Baltimore MD begins radio transmissions
  • Aug 7 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 7 Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957
  • Aug 8 USSR offers Syria economic/military aid
  • Aug 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 15 David Simons reaches 30,942 m in Man High 2 balloon
  • Aug 15 USAF Capt Joe B Jordan reaches 31,513 m in F-104 jet fighter
  • Aug 18 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 19 US Major David Simons reaches 30,933m in a balloon
  • Aug 20 USAAF balloon breaks an altitude record at 102,000' (310,896 m)
  • Aug 21 1st launching in Baikonur, Kazakhstan (R7 "Semiorka"-rocket)
  • Aug 23 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 25 Prince Suvanna Phuma forms government in LAOS, with Pathet Lao
  • Aug 26 USSR announces successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile
  • Aug 27 Hickory Smoke wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • Aug 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 27 The Constitution of Malaysia comes into force
  • Aug 28 US Senator James Thurmond (Rep, SC) begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill
  • Aug 29 Strom Thurmond (Sen-D-SC) ends 24 hr filibuster against civil rights
  • Aug 30 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 30 US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 Federation of Malaya gains independence from Great Britain

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • Sep 1 Excursion train crashed into a ravine killing 175, injuring 400
  • Sep 2 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Sep 4 Ford Motor Co introduces Edsel

USALittle Rock Crisis

Sep 4 Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out National Guard to prevent 9 black students from entering a Little Rock's Central High School

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The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
The 101st Airborne Division escort the nine black students into Little Rock School in Arkansas
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 5 Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista bombs an uprising in Cienfuegos

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 15 Kate Kellaway, English literary critic
  • Jul 16 Alan Donnelly, British Labour Party politician, born in Jarrow, England
  • Jul 16 Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer (Igra Na Chuzhom Pole), born in Lviv, Ukraine
  • Jul 21 Stefan Lofven, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (2014-18), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Jul 25 Daniel W. Bursch, NASA astronaut (STS 51, 68, 77), born in Bristol, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 25 Ray Billingsley, American comic strip cartoonist (Curtis), born in Wake Forest, North Carolina
  • Jul 27 Hansi Muller, German footballer, born in Stuttgart
  • Jul 29 Virginia Maria "Ginni" Rometty, American chairwoman, president and CEO of IBM, born in Chigago, Illinois
  • Jul 30 Nery Pumpido, Argentine footballer (played in World Cup 1986, 90), born in Monje, Santa Fe, Argentina
  • Aug 4 Robert E Andrews, (Rep-D-New Jersey)
  • Aug 4 Brooks D. Simpson, American historian
  • Aug 5 Pavel V Vinogradov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-26, Commander of the International Space Station 2013), born in Magadan, Soviet Union
  • Aug 6 Jim McGreevey, American politician
  • Aug 11 Masayoshi Son, Korean-Japanese chief executive of SoftBank Mobile and chairman of Sprint Corporation, born in Tosu, Saga
  • Aug 16 Phil Murphy, American financier and politician, Governor of New Jersey (2018-), born in Needham, Massachusetts
  • Aug 19 Li-Young Lee, Indonesia-born American poet
  • Aug 21 Janice Thomas, WBL guard (NY Stars)

Person of interestAi Weiwei

Aug 28 Ai Weiwei, Chinese artist and activist (Sunflower Seeds, Remembering), born in Beijing, China

Artist and Activist Ai Weiwei
Artist and Activist
Ai Weiwei
  • Sep 3 Garth Ancier, American television executive
  • Sep 6 Michaëlle Jean, 27th Governor-General of Canada, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • Sep 6 José Sócrates, Prime Minister of Portugal (2005-11) indicted for corruption, born in Porto, Portugal
  • Sep 7 Melvin Edward Mays, one of FBI's most wanted
  • Sep 9 Gabriele Tredozi, Italian engineer
  • Sep 13 John G. Trueschler, American politician (member of the Maryland House of Delegates), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Sep 17 David Bintley, choreographer
  • Sep 19 Dennis Cowan, British rocker (The Bonzo Dog Band), born in London, England
  • Sep 19 Richard M. Linnehan, American astronaut (STS 78, sk: 90), born in Lowell, Massachusetts
  • Sep 20 Rich DiSilvio, American new media developer & artist
  • Sep 21 Kevin Rudd, Australian politician, Prime Minister (2013), born in Nambour, Queensland
  • Sep 24 Brad Bird, American director (The Iron Giant, The Incredibles), born in Kalispell, Montana
  • Sep 30 Gladys Portugues, American atress, Mrs Jean-Claude Van Damme (It's Alive 3), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 3 Tim Westwood, Pimp My Ride UK presenter and DJ
  • Oct 4 Gregory T. Linteris, American astronaut and payload specialist (STS-83, STS-94), born in Demarest, New Jersey
  • Oct 5 Mark Geragos, American attorney
  • Oct 8 Joe Castiglione, American college athletic director, born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • Oct 9 Yuri Usachyov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-18, TM-23), born in Donetsk, Russia
  • Oct 10 Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist, born in Niigata, Japan
  • Oct 11 Paul Sereno, American paleontologist (discovered several new dinosaur species), born in Aurora, Illinois
  • Oct 14 Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • Oct 15 Stacy Peralta, American director (Dogtown and Z-Boys), born in Venice, California
  • Oct 18 Doug Isaacson, Alaskan politician
  • Oct 19 Ray Richmond, American columnist and critic
  • Oct 19 Doug Kirby, American author and travel guide
  • Oct 21 Wolfgang Ketterle, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • Oct 23 Paul Kagame, Rwandan leader, head of Rwandan Patriotic Front, President of Rwanda (2000-), born in Tambwe, Ruanda-Urundi
  • Oct 30 Aleksandr Lazutkin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-25), born in Moscow, Russia
  • Nov 4 Tony Abbott, Australian Prime Minister (2013-15), born in London, England
  • Nov 6 Klaus Kleinfeld, German industrialist, born in Bremen, Germany
  • Nov 12 Tim Samaras, Lakewood, Col., tornado chaser (Storm Chasers), (d. 2013)
  • Nov 13 Ronald Shusett, author (Project Mankind), born in Hamburg, Germany
  • Nov 13 Greg Abbott, American politician, Governor of Texas (2015-), born in Wichita Falls, Texas
  • Nov 14 Michael J Fitzgerald, American writer
  • Nov 16 Frank Milton "Pete" Higgins II, VP (Microsoft Desktop)
  • Nov 18 Seán Mac Falls, Irish-born poet
  • Nov 18 J.C. Watts (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Oklahoma's 4th district, in office Jan 3, 1995 - Jan 3, 2003
  • Nov 19 Kathy Sanborn, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • Nov 19 Sharon Farrah, WBL guard (NY Stars)
  • Nov 25 Bob Ehrlich, Jr., former Maryland governor
  • Nov 27 Caroline Kennedy. American attorney and diplomat ,daughter of JFK & Jackie Kennedy, born in New York City
  • Nov 27 Terri R Adams, educator (teacher in space)
  • Nov 27 Kevin O'Connell, American sound re-recording mixer ( Hacksaw Ridge), born in Long Island, New York
  • Nov 29 Matthew Rubel, CEO of Collective Brands Licensing
  • Nov 30 Joël Champetier, French Canadian author
  • Dec 2 Dagfinn Høybråten, Norwegian politician (leader of the Christian Democratic Party 2004–2011), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Dec 4 Eric S. Raymond, American open source advocate, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Person of interestAndrew Cuomo

Dec 6 Andrew Cuomo, American politician and Governor of New York (2011-), born in NYC, New York

NY Governor Andrew Cuomo
NY Governor
Andrew Cuomo
  • Dec 7 Tom Winsor, British lawyer and economic regulator, born in Broughty Ferry, Dundee, Scotland
  • Dec 10 Prem Rawat "Guru Maharajji and Maharaji", American-Indian spiritual leader and speaker, born in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India
  • Dec 12 Robert Lepage, French Canadian playwright, born in Quebec, Canada
  • Dec 13 Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman, born in Grenoble, France
  • Dec 15 Mike McAlary, American journalist (d. 1998)
  • Dec 22 Susan Powter, Australian-born American motivational speaker, nutritionist, personal trainer, and author (The Susan Powter Show), born in Sydney, Australia
  • Dec 22 Carole James, Canadian politician, born in Dukinfield, United Kingdom
  • Dec 24 Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan, born in Kandahar, Afghanistan

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Sep 22 Soemu Toyoda, Japanese admiral during World War II, dies at 72
  • Sep 28 Albert Ascoli, Italian developed anti-tuberculosis vaccine, dies
  • Oct 10 Karl Genzken, Nazi physician, Chief of the Medical Office of the Waffen-SS, dies at 72
  • Oct 17 John HA Eman, founder of Aruban Peoples Party, dies at 70
  • Oct 19 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, dies at 65
Fashion Designer Christian Dior
Fashion Designer
Christian Dior
  • Oct 25 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), dies at 94
  • Oct 25 Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods), dies at 79

MurderAlbert Anastasia

Oct 25 Albert Anastasia [Umberto Anastasio], American gangster (murder Inc), murdered at 55

  • Oct 26 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), dies at 74
  • Oct 29 Rosemarie Nitribitt, German call girl (b. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Wilhelm Reich, Austria/US psycho analyst (sexual), dies at 60
  • Nov 4 Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1897)
  • Nov 12 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Roman Law), dies at 78
  • Nov 14 Jacobus Hendrik Pierneef, South African painter, dies at 71
  • Nov 20 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, dies at 82
  • Nov 21 Francis Burton Harrison, American political figure (b. 1873)

Person of interestDiego Rivera

Nov 24 Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (En el Arsenal) and husband of Frida Kahlo, dies at 70

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera
  • Nov 26 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian author (Iveren), dies at 80
  • Nov 27 Margo Scharten-Antink, Dutch writer (Catherina, Sprotje), dies at 88
  • Dec 2 Manfred Sakel, Polish neurophysiologist and psychiatrist, dies at 57
  • Dec 3 Frank Gannett, American newspaper publisher (Gannett), dies at 81
  • Dec 6 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, dies at 76
  • Dec 17 Dorothy L. Sayers, English novelist (The Nine Tailors), dies at 66
  • Dec 19 John Van Druten, English playwright (I Remember Mama, I am a Camera) and theater director, dies at 56
  • Dec 25 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr, US landscape architect and advocate for wildlife conservation, dies at 87