July 1959 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Heinrich Lubke elected President of West Germany
  • Jul 1 Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West Germany
  • Jul 1 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • Jul 1 World Refugee Year begins
  • Jul 3 1st exhibition of Karen, the bongo antelope, at Cleveland Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • Jul 4 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • Jul 4 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • Jul 4 Island Records founded in Jamaica

Event of Interest

Jul 5 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns

  • Jul 5 Indonesia restores constitution
  • Jul 5 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • Jul 6 Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
  • Jul 14 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Massachusetts
  • Jul 15 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • Jul 17 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis

Scientific Discovery

Jul 17 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

  • Jul 17 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)
  • Jul 17 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • Jul 21 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ
  • Jul 22 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands

Event of Interest

Jul 23 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit to the USSR

Kitchen Debate

Jul 24 US Vice President Richard Nixon argues with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev in Moscow, known as the "Kitchen Debate"

  • Jul 25 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • Jul 27 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut
  • Jul 28 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
  • Jul 28 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • Jul 29 First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Wendy B Lawrence, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jul 5 Veronica Guerin, Irish crime journalist, born in Dublin (d. 1996)
  • Jul 7 Ben Linder, American engineer, born in California (d. 1987)
  • Jul 9 Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer, born in Cambridge
  • Jul 12 Rolonda Watts, talk show hostess (Rolanda)
  • Jul 12 Tupou VI, King of Tonga (2012-), born in Nukuʻalofa, Tonga
  • Jul 14 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • Jul 17 Janet Lynn Kavandi, American scientist and NASA astronaut (sk:STS 91), born in Carthage, Missouri
  • Jul 23 Carl Phillips, American poet ("Then the War" - 2023 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry), born in Everett, Washington
  • Jul 23 Li Qiang, Chinese politician (Premier of China 2023-), born in Rui'an, Zhejiang, China
  • Jul 26 Rick Bragg, American journalist and writer, born in Piedmont, Alabama
  • Jul 28 Kelly Hoppen, South African-born British interior designer, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • Jul 28 Mark Meadows, American politician (Rep-R-North Carolina 2013-20, Donald Trump's Chief of Staff 2020-21), born in Verdun, France
  • Jul 29 Ruud Janssen, Dutch writer and artist
  • Jul 30 Abdullah of Pahang, sixth Sultan of Pahang, King of Malaysia (2019-), born in Pekan, Malaya

Weddings in History

  • Jul 2 Belgian Albert, Prince of Liège marries Dona Paola, Princess Ruffo di Calabria in Brussels

Deaths in History

  • Jul 6 George Grosz, German cartoonist and painter (Ecce Homo), dies at 65
  • Jul 8 US Army Maj. Dale Buis & MSgt. Chester Ovnand killed in Viet Cong attack, becoming the first and second Americans killed in combat in the Vietnam War
  • Jul 14 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, dies at 79
  • Jul 15 Peter Egge, Norwegian writer (The Dream), dies at 90
  • Jul 15 Vance Palmer, Australian author, dies at 73
  • Jul 17 Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (b. 1875)
  • Jul 17 Henri Pourrat, French writer (Le chasseur de la nuit), dies at 72
  • Jul 20 William D. Leahy, American admiral and chief of staff during WWII, dies at 84
  • Jul 25 Isaac Halevi Herzog, chief rabbi of Israel (1936-59), dies at 71
  • Jul 26 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet and publisher (Amor), dies at 54