On This Day

July 1959 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 Heinrich Lubke elected President of West Germany
  • Jul 1 Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West Germany
  • Jul 1 World Refugee Year begins
  • Jul 1 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • Jul 4 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • Jul 4 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • Jul 4 Island Records founded in Jamaica

Historic Event

Jul 5 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • Jul 5 Indonesia restores constitution
  • Jul 5 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • Jul 6 Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
  • Jul 14 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Massachusetts
  • Jul 15 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • Jul 17 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis
  • Jul 17 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • Jul 17 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)

Scientific Discovery

Jul 17 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • Jul 21 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ
  • Jul 22 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands

Historic Event

Jul 23 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit to the USSR

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Kitchen Debate

Jul 24 US Vice President Richard Nixon argues with Nikita Khrushchev, known as "Kitchen Debate"

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Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev (left) and US Vice President Richard Nixon (right) debate each other in Moscow
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev (left) and US Vice President Richard Nixon (right) debate each other in Moscow
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  • Jul 25 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • Jul 27 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut
  • Jul 28 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • Jul 28 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
  • Jul 29 First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.
  • Jul 31 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Wendy B Lawrence, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Jul 5 Veronica Guerin, Irish crime journalist, born in Dublin (d. 1996)
  • Jul 7 Ben Linder, American engineer, born in California (d. 1987)
  • Jul 9 Clive Stafford Smith, British human-rights lawyer, born in Cambridge
  • Jul 12 Rolonda Watts, talk show hostess (Rolanda)
  • Jul 14 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • Jul 17 Janet Lynn Kavandi, American scientist and NASA astronaut (sk:STS 91), born in Carthage, Missouri
  • Jul 26 Rick Bragg, American journalist and writer, born in Piedmont, Alabama
  • Jul 29 Ruud Janssen, Dutch writer and artist
  • Jul 30 Abdullah of Pahang, sixth Sultan of Pahang, King of Malaysia (2019-), born in Pekan, Malaya

Weddings in History

  • Jul 2 Belgian Albert, Prince of Liège marries Dona Paola, Princess Ruffo di Calabria in Brussels

Deaths in History

  • Jul 6 George Grosz, German cartoonist and painter (Ecce Homo), dies at 65
  • Jul 8 Dale Buisand & Chester Ovnand killed in Viet Cong attack, becoming the second and third Americans killed in the Vietnam War
  • Jul 14 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, dies at 79
  • Jul 15 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (The Dream), dies
  • Jul 15 Vance Palmer, Australian author, dies at 73
  • Jul 17 Henri Pourrat, French writer (Le chasseur de la nuit), dies at 72
  • Jul 17 Eugene Meyer, American businessman and newspaper publisher (b. 1875)
  • Jul 20 William D. Leahy, American admiral and chief of staff during WWII, dies at 84
  • Jul 25 Isaac Halevi Herzog, chief rabbi of Israel (1936-59), dies at 71
  • Jul 26 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet and publisher (Amor), dies at 54