On This Day

March 1959 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
  • Mar 3 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
  • Mar 3 British government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
  • Mar 4 US Pioneer IV misses Moon & becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
  • Mar 5 Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
  • Mar 6 Farthest radio signal heard (Pioneer IV, 400,000 miles)
  • Mar 7 1st aviator to fly a million miles (1.61 M km) in a jet (MC Garlow)
  • Mar 7 West Indies all out 76 v Pakistan at Dacca, Fazal Mahmood 6-34
  • Mar 8 Groucho, Chico & Harpo Marx's final TV appearance together
  • Mar 8 Pro-Egyptian coup fails in Mosul Iraq
  • Mar 9 1st known radar contact is made with Venus
  • Mar 9 Barbie makes her debut at the American Toy Fair in New York. Over a billion have been sold worldwide since.

Historic Event

Mar 10 Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 10 Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation force in Lhasa, Tibet
  • Mar 11 "Raisin in the Sun", 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
  • Mar 12 Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
  • Mar 12 US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
  • Mar 15 Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
  • Mar 16 Iraq & USSR sign economic and technical treaty
  • Mar 17 Australia & USSR restore diplomatic relations

Historic Event

Mar 18 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill

  • Mar 24 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact
  • Mar 24 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) is launched by Léopold Sédar Senghor and Modibo Keita.
  • Mar 25 French President De Gaulle acknowledges Oder-Neisse boundary
  • Mar 28 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's government & installs Panchen Lama

Historic Event

Mar 30 Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India


Birthdays in History

  • Mar 4 Rick Ardon, Australian news presenter
  • Mar 5 Vazgen Sargsyan, Armenian politician (d. 1999)
  • Mar 6 Saul Anuzis, American politician
  • Mar 13 Kathy Hilton, American socialite-Hilton Hotels, mother of Nikki Hilton and Paris Hilton, born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 15 Lisa Holton, American writer
  • Mar 16 Michael J Bloomfield, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 86), born in Flint, Michigan
  • Mar 16 Jens Stoltenberg, Norwegian politician and former Prime Minister of Norway (2000-1, 2005-13), born in Oslo, Norway
  • Mar 18 Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director
  • Mar 29 Barry Blanchard, Canadian mountaineer, born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • Mar 30 Peter Ellis, convicted child abuser

Deaths in History

  • Mar 7 Arthur Cecil Pigou, English economist (Economics of Welfare), dies at 81
  • Mar 7 Hinsdale Smith, developer of roll-down auto windows, dies at 88
  • Mar 7 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), dies at 76
  • Mar 8 Abdel Wahab Shawwaf, Iraqi colonel/putschist, murdered
  • Mar 11 Lester Dent, American writer (Doc Savage), dies at 54
  • Mar 15 Duncan Hines, American restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens), dies at 78
  • Mar 16 John B. Salling, second to last documented Civil War veteran, dies at 111
  • Mar 29 Barthelemy Boganda, Central African Republic's 1st president, dies
  • Mar 30 Daniil Andreev, Russian writer, poet and Christian mystic, dies at 52
  • Mar 30 Riccardo Zanella, president of Free State of Fiume (b. 1875)
  • Mar 31 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), dies at 68