On This Day

October 1959 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 4 USSR Luna 3 sent back 1st photos of Moon's far side
  • Oct 6 Soviet Luna 3, 1st successful photographic spacecraft, impacts Moon

Historic DiscoveryFar Side of the Moon Revealed

Oct 7 Far side of Moon seen for the 1st time, courtesy of USSR's Luna 3 space probe

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The first ever photo of the far side of the Moon, taken by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3
The first ever photo of the far side of the Moon, taken by the Soviet spacecraft Luna 3
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  • Oct 8 Conservatives win British general election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 9 Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton, England

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Oct 10 Lee Harvey Oswald signs guestbook in hotel Helsinki
  • Oct 10 Pan Am begins regular flights around the world
  • Oct 12 At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
  • Oct 15 "Untouchables" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 Queen Elizabeth II is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • Oct 17 Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
  • Oct 19 Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel
  • Oct 19 William Gibson's "Miracle Worker" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 20 Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
  • Oct 21 Contra revolutionaries bomb Havana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Guggenheim Museum, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, opens in New York

  • Oct 21 Players Association approves 2 All-Star Games in 1960, to be held in KC & NY
  • Oct 23 Chinese troops move into India, 17 die
  • Oct 27 Rare Pacific hurricane kills 2,000 in Western Mexico
  • Oct 28 Jean Genet's "Les Negres" premieres in Paris

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 29 "Asterix" is first published in the French magazine "Pilote" by Rene Goscinny, illustrated by Albert Uderzo

Author and Cartoonist René Goscinny
Author and Cartoonist
René Goscinny
Cartoonist Albert Uderzo
Cartoonist
Albert Uderzo

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 3 Carmen Russo, Miss Teenage Italy (1972), born in Genoa, Italy
  • Oct 5 Maya Lin, American designer (Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Civil Rights Memorial), born in Athens, Ohio
  • Oct 6 Walter Ray Williams Jr, bowler (twice Player of the Year)
  • Oct 6 Brian Higgins, American politician, Member of US House of Representatives
  • Oct 7 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician, born in Lima, Peru
  • Oct 7 Jean-Marc Fournier, French-Canadian politician, born in Châteauguay, Canada
  • Oct 8 Carlos I. Noriega, Peruvian-American astronaut (STS 84, sk 97), born in Lima, Peru
  • Oct 9 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, born in Sochi, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • Oct 9 Bill Lee, American politician, Governor of Tennessee (2019-), born in Franklin, Tennessee
  • Oct 11 Bob Inglis, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • Oct 12 Abigail Kingsley Alling, American executive (Biosphere 2), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 12 Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States, born in San Bernardino, California
  • Oct 15 Sarah Margaret Ferguson, Duchess of York, born in London, England
  • Oct 15 Emeril Lagasse, American chef (Emeril Live), born in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • Oct 17 Ron Drummond, American writer
  • Oct 17 Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
  • Oct 18 Kirby Chambliss, Aerobatic pilot and Red Bull Air Racer
  • Oct 18 Steve Swayne, Dartmouth Professor
  • Oct 20 Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis, born in Fugou County, Henan, China (d, 2019)
  • Oct 22 Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)
  • Oct 24 Michelle Lujan Grisham, American politician, Governor of New Mexico (2019-), born in Los Alamos, New Mexico

Person of interestEvo Morales

Oct 26 Evo Morales, Bolivian politician and 80th President of Bolivia (2006-2019), born in Isallawi, Bolivia

1st Indigenous President of Bolivia Evo Morales
1st Indigenous President of Bolivia
Evo Morales
  • Oct 31 Neal Stephenson, American author, born in Fort Meade, Maryland

Deaths in History

  • Oct 6 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), dies at 94
  • Oct 10 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, dies at 88
  • Oct 12 Arnoldt Bronnen, writer, dies at 63
  • Oct 15 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1880)
Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • Oct 28 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary (b. 1932)
  • Oct 30 Blonde Dolly [Sybille A J Niemans], Dutch prostitute, murdered at 33
  • Oct 31 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (b. 1885)