On This Day

1959 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 281

  • May 6 Iceland gunboats shoot at British fishing vessels
  • May 8 3-deck Nile excursion steamer springs a leak panicking passengers who capsized ship. 200 drown just yards from shore
  • May 10 Soviet forces arrive in Afghanistan
  • May 10 Giants Jim Hearn allows 2 runs against Pirates, game is suspended, Hearn is released & charged with loss 2 months after his retirement

PortugalSanctuary of Christ the King

May 17 Sanctuary of Christ the King inaugurated, a 28 meter (92 ft) high monument and shrine overlooking Lisbon, Portugal by sculptor Francisco Franco de Sousa

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The Sanctuary of Christ the King in Almada, Portugal
The Sanctuary of Christ the King in Almada, Portugal
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  • May 19 Jan de Quay becomes premier of Netherlands
  • May 19 The USS Triton, the first submarine with two nuclear reactors, is completed
  • May 20 Ford wins battle with Chrysler to call its new car "Falcon"
  • May 20 Japanese-Americans regain their citizenship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Shah of Persia Mohammad Reza Pahlavi visits Netherlands

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • May 21 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo Children's Petting Farm opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • May 22 Benjamin O Davis Jr becomes 1st black major general in US Air Force
  • May 24 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills, Pennsylvania)
  • May 24 Empire Day renamed Commonwealth Day in Great Britain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 Russian premier Nikita Khrushchev visits Angola

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • May 26 Harvey Haddix pitches 12 perfect innings, loses in 13th

  • May 28 Congressional Committee of Astronautics meets Project 7 astronauts
  • May 28 Monkeys Able & Baker zoom 300 miles (500 km) into space on Jupiter missile, become 1st animals retrieved from a space mission

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Charles de Gaulle forms French government

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 29 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first engine run
  • May 30 Iraq withdraws from the Baghdad Pact (Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, and the United Kingdom)
  • May 30 President Luis Somoza Debayle ends emergency crisis in Nicaragua
  • May 30 President Stroessner disbands Paraguay's parliament
  • May 30 The Auckland Harbour Bridge is officially opened in Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Jun 1 Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Allen Ginsberg writes his poem "Lysergic Acid", San Francisco

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • Jun 3 1st US Air Force Academy graduation in Colorado Springs, Colorado

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Jun 3 US President Eisenhower routes Canadian premier Diefenbaker a message off the Moon

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • Jun 3 Singapore adopts constitution
  • Jun 5 Bob Dylan graduates from Hibbing High School in Minnesota

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 The first independent government of the State of Singapore is sworn in with Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister

Founder of Modern Singapore Lee Kuan Yew
Founder of Modern Singapore
Lee Kuan Yew
  • Jun 7 KLX-AM in Oakland California changes call letters to KEWB (now KNEW)
  • Jun 8 1st official "missile mail" lands (Jacksonville, Florida)
  • Jun 8 X-15 makes 1st unpowered flight, from a B-52 at 11,500 m
  • Jun 9 1st ballistic missile sub launched (George Washington-Groton, Ct)
  • Jun 10 Rocky Colovito hits 4 consecutive HRs in 1 game

  • Jun 11 Saunders-Roe SR.N1, the first practical hovercraft, performs its first public flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Postmaster General bans D H Lawrence's book, Lady Chatterley's Lover (overruled by US Court of Appeals in Mar 1960)

  • Jun 16 South African Apartheid government efforts to remove Black people from Cato Manor close to the Durban city center to newly established black township Kwa Mashu, on outskirts met with violent resistance

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jun 17 Eamon de Valera elected President of Ireland

Revolutionary and President of Ireland Éamon de Valera
Revolutionary and President of Ireland
Éamon de Valera
  • Jun 18 1st telecast transmitted from England to US
  • Jun 18 Governor of Louisiana Earl K. Long is committed to a state mental hospital; he responds by having the hospital's director fired and replaced with a crony who proceeds to proclaim him perfectly sane
  • Jun 19 Senate rejects Ike's appointment of Lewis Strauss for Secetary of Commerce
  • Jun 22 Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
  • Jun 22 Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to SF voyage
  • Jun 22 Vanguard SLV-6 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • Jun 23 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany (where he resumed a scientific careerhistory of ultrasounds
  • Jun 23 A fire in a resort hotel in Stalheim, Norway kills 34 people
  • Jun 26 Queen Elizabeth & President Eisenhower open St Lawrence Seaway
  • Jun 27 Players vote Henry Aaron unanimously for the All-Star Game
  • Jun 28 Meldrim trestle disaster; freight train derails over Ogeechee River in Georgia causing IPG tanks to explode killing 23

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

Jun 29 Pope John XXIII publishes his 1st encyclical "On truth, unity, & peace, in charity"

  • Jun 30 During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
  • Jul 1 Heinrich Lubke elected President of West Germany
  • Jul 1 Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West Germany
  • Jul 1 World Refugee Year begins
  • Jul 1 The Party of the African Federation (PFA) holds its constitutive conference.
  • Jul 4 America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
  • Jul 4 Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
  • Jul 4 Island Records founded in Jamaica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 5 Ben-Gurion's Israeli government resigns

1st Prime Minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion
1st Prime Minister of Israel
David Ben-Gurion
  • Jul 5 Indonesia restores constitution
  • Jul 5 Jack Gelber's "Connection" premieres in NYC
  • Jul 6 Saar becomes part of German Federal Republic
  • Jul 14 USS Long Beach, first nuclear powered cruiser launched at Quincy, Mass
  • Jul 15 The US steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.
  • Jul 17 2,000 ft long by 1,300 foot wide section of ridge falls into Madis
  • Jul 17 Tibet abolishes serfdom
  • Jul 17 River Canyon extending man-made Lake Hebgen by 5 miles. (Montana)

InventionScientific Discovery

Jul 17 Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey discovers partial skull of a new species of early human ancestor, Zinjanthropus boisei or 'Zinj' (now called Paranthropus boisei) lived in Africa almost 2 million years ago

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • Jul 21 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ
  • Jul 22 Natural gas found at Slochteren, Groningen, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 23 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit to the USSR

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Historic CommunicationKitchen Debate

Jul 24 US Vice President Richard Nixon argues with Nikita Khrushchev, known as "Kitchen Debate"

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Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev (left) and US Vice President Richard Nixon (right) debate each other in Moscow
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev (left) and US Vice President Richard Nixon (right) debate each other in Moscow
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  • Jul 25 SR-N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover in just over 2 hours.
  • Jul 27 Abbas Ali Baig scores 112 for India v England on debut
  • Jul 28 United Kingdom starts using postal codes
  • Jul 28 Hawaii's 1st US election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
  • Jul 29 First United States Congress elections in Hawaii as a state of the Union.
  • Jul 31 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • Aug 1 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Sacerdotii nostri primordia
  • Aug 3 50 killed in uprising in Guinea-Bissau
  • Aug 5 42.4 cm rainfall in Decatur Co, Iowa (state record)
  • Aug 7 Explorer 6 transmits 1st TV photo of Earth from space
  • Aug 12 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
  • Aug 12 Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
  • Aug 13 US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
  • Aug 16 USSR introduces installment buying
  • Aug 17 7.1 quake strikes Yellowstone National Park
  • Aug 17 USSR & Iraq signs contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor
  • Aug 19 Doctor X beats Wilber Snyder in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • Aug 19 Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League
  • Aug 19 Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit
  • Aug 20 Belgium shortens military conscription to 12 months
  • Aug 21 Hawaii becomes the 50th US state
  • Aug 24 England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India
  • Aug 24 Hiram L Fong sworn in as 1st Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye sworn in as 1st Japanese-American Rep (Both from Hawaii)

Historic InventionMorris Mini-Minor

Aug 26 British Motor Corporation introduces the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis, it was only 10 ft long but seated 4 passengers

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The 1959 Mini
The 1959 Mini
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  • Sep 2 US President Eisenhower arrives in Paris
  • Sep 5 Wash Senator Jim Lemon is 7th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (3rd)

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 6 Brian Higgins, American politician, Member of US House of Representatives
  • Oct 7 Lourdes Flores, Peruvian politician, born in Lima, Peru
  • Oct 7 Jean-Marc Fournier, French-Canadian politician, born in Châteauguay, Canada
  • Oct 8 Carlos I. Noriega, Peruvian-American astronaut (STS 84, sk 97), born in Lima, Peru
  • Oct 9 Boris Nemtsov, Russian politician, born in Sochi, Soviet Union (d. 2015)
  • Oct 9 Bill Lee, American politician, Governor of Tennessee (2019-), born in Franklin, Tennessee
  • Oct 11 Bob Inglis, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina), born in Savannah, Georgia
  • Oct 12 Abigail Kingsley Alling, American executive (Biosphere 2), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 12 Anna Escobedo Cabral, 42nd Treasurer of the United States, born in San Bernardino, California
  • Oct 15 Sarah Margaret Ferguson, Duchess of York, born in London, England
  • Oct 15 Emeril Lagasse, American chef (Emeril Live), born in Fall River, Massachusetts
  • Oct 17 Ron Drummond, American writer
  • Oct 17 Mark Peel, Australian historian and academic
  • Oct 18 Kirby Chambliss, Aerobatic pilot and Red Bull Air Racer
  • Oct 18 Steve Swayne, Dartmouth Professor
  • Oct 20 Shuping Wang, Chinese doctor who exposed China's HIV crisis, born in Fugou County, Henan, China (d, 2019)
  • Oct 22 Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)
  • Oct 24 Michelle Lujan Grisham, American politician, Governor of New Mexico (2019-), born in Los Alamos, New Mexico

Person of interestEvo Morales

Oct 26 Evo Morales, Bolivian politician and 80th President of Bolivia (2006-2019), born in Isallawi, Bolivia

1st Indigenous President of Bolivia Evo Morales
1st Indigenous President of Bolivia
Evo Morales
  • Oct 29 John Magufuli, Tanzanian politician (President of Tanzania (2015-2021), born in Chato, Tanganyika (d. 2021)
  • Oct 31 Neal Stephenson, American author, born in Fort Meade, Maryland
  • Nov 9 Nick Hamilton, American wrestling referee, born in Lakeland, Florida
  • Nov 11 Lee Haney, American bodybuilder (8x Mr. Olympia), born in Fairburn, Georgia

Person of interestBryan Stevenson

Nov 14 Bryan Stevenson, American social justice activist and founder of the Equal Justice Initiative, born in Milton, Delaware

Lawyer and Social Justice Activist Bryan Stevenson
Lawyer and Social Justice Activist
Bryan Stevenson
  • Nov 19 Jean-Francois Clervoy, Longeville France, astronaut (STS 66, 84)
  • Nov 20 James P. McGovern, American politician (Rep-D-Mass 1997-), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • Nov 24 Alejandro Mayorkas, American lawyer, Secretary of Homeland Security (2021-), born in Havana, Cuba
  • Nov 25 Charles Kennedy, British politician (Liberal Democrat leader 1999-2006), born in Inverness, Scotland
  • Nov 28 R Glynn Holt, Plainveiw Texas, PhD/astronaut (STS 73 alt)
  • Nov 28 Stephen Roche, bicylist
  • Nov 30 Lorraine Kelly, British presenter and journalist
  • Dec 1 Rick Leventhal, American broadcast journalist
  • Dec 4 Susan W. Krebs, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Dec 5 Nikki Gianulias, American ten-pin bowler (LPBT Rookie of Year 1979), born in Vallejo, California
  • Dec 6 Satoru Iwata, President and CEO of Nintendo (Nintendo DS and Wii), born in Sapporo, Hokkaido (d. 2015)
  • Dec 8 Jim Yong Kim, South Korean-American physician, anthropologist and President of the World Bank, born in Seoul, South Korea
  • Dec 11 Lisa Gastineau, American reality show star, born in Rockland County, New York
  • Dec 12 Scott D. Vangen, American astronaut, born in Granite Falls, Minnesota
  • Dec 14 Bob Paris, Canadian-American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate, born in Columbus, Indiana
  • Dec 20 Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Prime Minister of Poland, born in Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland
  • Dec 23 Geoff Willis, British engineer, born in Southampton, United Kingdom
  • Dec 25 Michael P Anderson, Plattsburgh NY, major USAF/astronaut (STS 89)
  • Dec 27 Gerina Dunwich, American author
  • Dec 30 Josée Verner, French Canadian politician
  • Dec 31 Phill Kline, American politician, born in Kansas City, Kansas

Weddings in History


Deaths in History