On This Day

August 1960 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • Aug 1 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.
  • Aug 3 Niger gains independence from France
  • Aug 3 Lee Petty and his sons, Richard & Maurice race against each other for the first and only time at Dixie Speedway in Birmingham, Alabama; Richard 2nd, Lee 3rd
  • Aug 4 Rocket propelled USAF research aircraft sets record at 2,150 MPH
  • Aug 5 Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France
  • Aug 6 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo
  • Aug 7 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) gains independence from France
  • Aug 7 Students stage kneel-in demonstrations in Atlanta churches
  • Aug 8 Ivory Coast declares independence
  • Aug 8 South Kasai secedes from the Congo.
  • Aug 8 Charges against 53 of the 76 Africans detained after the Sharpeville massacre in South Africa are dropped
  • Aug 9 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Aug 10 Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space
  • Aug 10 Nicolaas Jouwe forms PANA in New Guinea
  • Aug 11 Chad declares Independence from France
  • Aug 12 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched by NASA
  • Aug 12 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 41,600 m
  • Aug 13 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • Aug 13 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • Aug 14 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • Aug 15 Congo (formerly Congo/Brazzaville) declares Independence from France
  • Aug 15 UFO is sighted by 3 California patrolmen
  • Aug 16 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus
  • Aug 16 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700')
  • Aug 16 Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 17 Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow

Pilot and Spy Francis Gary Powers
Pilot and Spy
Francis Gary Powers
  • Aug 17 Gabon gains independence from France (National Day)
  • Aug 17 Indonesia drops diplomatic relations with Netherlands
  • Aug 18 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Richardson, Texas
  • Aug 19 American CIA pilot Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by USSR (U-2 incident); sentence to 3 years in prison plus 7 in a labor camp, he served 17 months before being exchanged for a captured Soviet KGB spy
  • Aug 19 Soviet Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 2 rats, 40 mice, 1 rabbit and fruit flies into space, 1st animals to return alive from orbit
  • Aug 19 The first commercial atomic energy reactor, owned by the Yankee Atomic Electric Company, achieves a self-sustaining nuclear reaction in Rowe, Deerfield River, Massachusetts
  • Aug 20 Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence
  • Aug 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs, 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Aug 23 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
  • Aug 24 -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • Aug 24 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • Aug 25 Demonstrations against Congolese prime minister Patrice Lumumba
  • Aug 29 Jordan premier Hazza-el-Madjali deadly injured at bomb attack
  • Aug 30 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
  • Aug 31 Agricultural Hall of Fame forms

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Micheál Martin, Irish politician, Prime Minister of Ireland (2020-), born in Cork, Ireland
  • Aug 4 Bernard Rose, English director
  • Aug 4 Tim Winton, Australian author
  • Aug 4 José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, Spanish politician
  • Aug 8 Ulrich Maly, German politician
  • Aug 10 Todd David Hess, First USAF Member inducted into Army's Order of Military Medical Merit.
  • Aug 20 Sally Yates, American lawyer and Acting Attorney General (Jan 2017), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Aug 23 Helen Rees, director (Design Museum)
  • Aug 23 Rodney Alan Greenblat, American graphic artist, born in San Francisco, California
  • Aug 24 Franz Viehböck, Austrian 1st cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Aug 24 Steven Lindsey, U.S. Air Force officer and NASA astronaut (STS 87, sk:95), born in Temple City, California
  • Aug 26 Keith Raniere, American sex cult leader (Nxivm) and felon, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 28 Cunningham T Ngcukana, South African worker's union leader
  • Aug 28 Leroy Chiao, Taiwanese-American engineer and astronaut (STS 65, 72, sk: 92), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Aug 30 Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient, born in Lincoln, Maine (d. 1993)
  • Aug 31 Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese terrorist group Hizbollah, born in Bourj Hammoud, Lebanon

Deaths in History

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • Aug 7 Salvatore Ferragamo, Italian luxury shoe designer (Salvatore Ferragamo S.p.A.), dies at 62
  • Aug 8 Danton Walker, American columnist (Broadway Spotlight), dies at 61
  • Aug 9 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, dies at 88
  • Aug 10 Emil Strauss, German writer (Vaterland), dies
  • Aug 10 Oswald Veblin, mathematician
  • Aug 19 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian, dies at 72
  • Aug 21 David Barnard Steinman, American civil engineer and bridge designer (Hudson, Triborough), dies at 74
  • Aug 29 Hazza el-Majali, Prime Minister of Jordan is assassinated
  • Aug 29 Vicki Baum, Austrian writer (Grand Hotel), dies at 72