On This Day

July 1960 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel

  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London
  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands
  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • Jul 12 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 21 Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's 1st female elected head of government, as Prime Minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 5 James M. Kelly, American politician (Maryland), born in Baltimore County, Maryland
  • Jul 7 Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut, born in Portland, Indiana
  • Jul 9 Christopher J "Gus" Loria, Major USMC/astronaut, born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • Jul 9 Wanda Vazquez, Puerto Rico attorney and Governor of Puerto Rio (2019-), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • Jul 11 Ariel Castro, Puerto Rican-born American criminal famous for kidnapping 3 women between 2002-4, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico (d. 2013)
  • Jul 13 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • Jul 14 Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 1st woman Premier of Queensland (2007-12), born in Warwick, Australia
  • Jul 15 Alexander W Dunlap, astronaut, born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Jul 19 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jul 20 Katie Rabbet, Prince Andrew's former girlfriend, born in London, England
  • Jul 27 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King (d. 1995)
  • Jul 28 Yōichi Takahashi, Japanese mangaka of Captain Tsubasa and Hungry Heart Wild Striker
  • Jul 28 Jonathan Gold, American food critic who was the first in his field to win a Pulitzer Prize, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)

Weddings in History

  • Jul 3 Vernon Presley (father of Elvis) weds Dee Alliot

Deaths in History

  • Jul 6 Aneurin Bevan, Welsh politician (launched the NHS), dies at 62
  • Jul 13 Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
  • Jul 13 Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • Jul 13 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, dies at 45
  • Jul 15 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
  • Jul 16 John P. Marquand, American writer (The Late George Apley), dies at 66

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

Jul 16 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), dies of a heart attack at 74

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
  • Jul 26 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • Jul 26 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (b. 1893)
  • Jul 28 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), dies at 60
  • Jul 29 Richard Simon, co-founder (Simon & Shuster), dies