On This Day

March 1961 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 US President JFK establishes the Peace Corps

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Mar 4 Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
  • Mar 6 1st London minicabs introduced
  • Mar 6 Dutch Queen Juliana celebrates 12½ year jubilee
  • Mar 6 Dutch guilder revalued 4.74%
  • Mar 8 Jean Kerr's "Mary, Mary" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 8 US nuclear submarine Patrick Henry arrives at Scottish naval base of Holy Loch from South Carolina in a record underseas journey of 66 days 22 hrs

American Revolutionary and Founding Father Patrick Henry
American Revolutionary and Founding Father
Patrick Henry

Space Dog Laika Launched to her DeathSpace Dog Laika Launched to her Death

Mar 9 Soviet flight Sputnik 9 carries and returns from orbit a dog named Chernushka (Blackie), frogs and a guinea pig

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Laika in her space box, from which she was never to emerge
Laika in her space box, from which she was never to emerge
Read Article
  • Mar 9 Mine cave-in in Japan, kills 72
  • Mar 13 Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes President of US Communist Party
  • Mar 13 JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
  • Mar 13 Landslide in USSR, kills 145
  • Mar 13 Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
  • Mar 15 South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • Mar 17 NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
  • Mar 17 South Africa leaves British Commonwealth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 Jaguar head William Lyons debuts the first E-Type model at the Geneva International Motor Show, creating a sensation

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • Mar 25 Explorer 10 launched into elongated Earth orbit (177/181,000 km)
  • Mar 25 Sputnik 10 carries a dog into Earth orbit; later recovered
  • Mar 27 Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
  • Mar 27 Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
  • Mar 29 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 After a 4½ year trial Nelson Mandela is acquitted of treason in Pretoria

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Mar 29 Economist John Kenneth Galbraith is appointed US Ambassador to India

Economist and Author John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist and Author
John Kenneth Galbraith
  • Mar 30 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 169,600' (51,690 m)
  • Mar 30 The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs is signed at New York
  • Mar 31 Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 10 Laurel B Clark, Ames Iowa, Lt cmdr USN/astronaut
  • Mar 12 Joseph Facal, Quebec politician
  • Mar 14 Gary Dell'Abate, producer (Howard Stern Show)
  • Mar 14 Grigoriy Kornev, Russian speed walker (world record 5 km)
  • Mar 18 Mark Van Thillo, Wilrijk Belgium, co-capt (Biosphere 2)
  • Mar 26 Leigh Bowery, designer
  • Mar 26 William Hague, Secretary of State for Wales

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Mar 25 Playwright Samuel Beckett (54) weds Suzanne Dechevaux-Dumesnil on a secret civil ceremony in England

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett

Deaths in History

  • Mar 7 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter, dies at 42
  • Mar 7 Max Hymans, WW II resistance fighter/Head of Air France, dies at 60
  • Mar 16 Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)
  • Mar 17 Susanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader, dies at 101
  • Mar 23 James Edward Murray, (Sen-D-Montana) (1935-61), dies
  • Mar 23 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut, dies in accident at 24
  • Mar 30 P J Melotte, discovered Jupiter's 8th satellite Pasiphae, dies
  • Mar 31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Modern Art & Degenerating), dies at 85