On This Day

October 1961 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 A volcanco believed to be extinct erupts in Tristan da Cunha
  • Oct 1 East & West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon
  • Oct 1 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 2 USSR performs 250 kilo-ton nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • Oct 4 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 5 China & Nepal sign treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 JFK advises Americans to build fallout shelters

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Oct 6 USSR performs nuclear tests at Kapustin Yar & Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 8 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya, USSR
  • Oct 9 Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
  • Oct 9 US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to police
  • Oct 9 Volcanic eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
  • Oct 10 Otis M Smith appointed to Michigan Supreme Court
  • Oct 10 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 11 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 66,100m
  • Oct 11 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 12 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 17 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
  • Oct 17 Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m

Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot Joseph A. Walker
Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot
Joseph A. Walker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17 NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Oct 18 Emergency crisis proclaimed in South Vietnam due to communist attack
  • Oct 21 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 22 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium
  • Oct 23 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 26 First test flight of Saturn launch vehicle
  • Oct 27 1st Saturn launch vehicle makes an unmanned flight test
  • Oct 27 Outer Mongolia & Mauritania become 102nd & 103rd members of United Nations
  • Oct 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya & Sary Shagan USSR
  • Oct 29 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 30 Soviet Union tests a 58 megaton hydrogen bomb named Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 Soviet Party Congress unanimously approves a resolution removing Stalin's body from Lenin's tomb in Red Square as part of de-Stalinization efforts

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Oct 31 Hurricane Hattie kills 400 in British Honduras
  • Oct 31 Federal judge rules that laws in Birmingham, Alabama, against integrated playing fields are illegal

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Gary Ablett Snr, Australian Rules Football forward (All Australian 1992-95; Norm Smith Medal 1989; Coleman Medal 1993-95; Geelong), born in Drouin, Victoria
  • Oct 4 Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese author
  • Oct 5 Matthew Kauffman, American journalist and George Polk Award winner
  • Oct 7 Matthew Roloff, American reality star, born in San Francisco, California
  • Oct 7 Thomas "Tom" Perez, American Chair of the Democratic National Committee, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Oct 16 Marc Levy, French novelist
  • Oct 20 Les Stroud, Canadian survival expert (Survivorman), born in Etobicoke, Ontario
  • Oct 23 Laurie Halse Anderson, American writer
  • Oct 24 Susan Kilrain [Still], USN commander and astronaut (STS 83, 94), born in Augusta, Georgia
  • Oct 24 Mary Bono, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California 1998-2013), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Oct 24 Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist and sports historian, born in New York

Person of interestUhuru Kenyatta

Oct 26 Uhuru Kenyatta, Kenyan Prime Minister (2013-) and son of Jomo Kenyatta, born in Nairobi, Kenya

Prime Minister of Kenya Uhuru Kenyatta
Prime Minister of Kenya
Uhuru Kenyatta

Weddings in History

  • Oct 14 Howard Allen Frances (Anne) O'Brien (20) best-selling author (The Vampire Chronicles) marries poet and painter Stan Rice (21)

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 14 Author Anne Rice (20) weds poet/artist Stan Rice (18) in Denton, Texas

Author Anne Rice
Author
Anne Rice

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 14 Author Upton Sinclair (83) weds Mary Elizabeth Willis


Deaths in History

  • Oct 4 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, dies at 80
  • Oct 4 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, dies at 81
  • Oct 12 Eugene Bullard, 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, dies of stomach cancer at 66
  • Oct 14 Paul Ramadier, French politician (b. 1888)
  • Oct 14 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (b. 1876)
  • Oct 19 Benjamin Merkelbach, Dutch architect and city builder of Amsterdam, dies at 60
  • Oct 21 Nils Johan Einar Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn), dies at 62
  • Oct 25 Peter Jensen, co-inventor (loud speaker), dies at 75
  • Oct 26 Milan Stojadinović, Serbian-Yugoslav political figure and 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1935-39), dies at 73
  • Oct 30 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president Italy, dies