On This Day

1961 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 380

  • Apr 16 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 17 1,400 Cuban exiles land in Bay of Pigs in a doomed attempt to overthrow Fidel Castro

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Apr 18 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule
  • Apr 20 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
  • Apr 21 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • Apr 21 French army revolts in Algeria
  • Apr 21 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • Apr 22 Uprising of French parachutist of General Salan and Challe in Algeria
  • Apr 23 Algiers putsch by French generals.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 24 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Sinking ShipThe Sinking of the Vasa

Apr 24 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

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Swedish warship Vasa sinking in Stockholm harbor
Swedish warship Vasa sinking in Stockholm harbor
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • Apr 25 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • Apr 25 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
  • Apr 25 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
  • Apr 25 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit

  • Apr 25 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
  • Apr 26 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
  • Apr 27 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • Apr 27 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • Apr 28 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • Apr 30 1st shuttle flights between Washington, D.C., Boston & NYC begin (Eastern)
  • Apr 30 Premier Fidel Castro of Cuba receives Lenin-Peace Prize
  • May 1 1st US airplane hijacked to Cuba
  • May 1 Fidel Castro announces there will be no more elections in Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel "To Kill a Mockingbird"

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • May 1 Tanganyika granted full internal self-government by Britain
  • May 4 1st on-the-road Spacemobile lecture given.
  • May 4 CORE begins freedom rides from Washington, D.C.
  • May 4 Malcolm Ross & Victor Prather reach 34,668 m (record) in balloon
  • May 4 South Africa ANC leader John Nkadimeng arrested
  • May 5 Alan Shepard becomes 1st American in space (aboard Freedom 7)
  • May 6 Omer Vanaudenhove chosen chairman of Belgium Liberal Party
  • May 8 1st practical sea water conversion plant-Freeport, Texas
  • May 8 Alan Shepard receives NASA Distinguished Service Medal, Washington
  • May 9 FCC Chairman Newton N Minow criticizes TV as a "vast wasteland"

  • May 9 Jim Gentile is 4th to hit grand slams in consecutive innings
  • May 10 "Beyond the Fringe" premieres in London
  • May 14 Bus with 1st group of Freedom Riders bombed & burned in Alabama
  • May 15 36 Unification church couples wed in Korea

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

May 15 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et Magistra

  • May 17 Fidel Castro offers to exchange Bay of Pigs prisoners for 500 bulldozers
  • May 19 New pier opens in Scheveningen, the Netherlands
  • May 20 Mauritania adopts constitution
  • May 20 White mob attacks "Freedom Riders" in Montgomery, Alabama
  • May 21 Governor Patterson declares martial law in Montgomery
  • May 22 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle) opens
  • May 24 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi
  • May 24 NASA Explorer Ionosphere research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • May 24 Cyprus joins the Council of Europe.
  • May 25 JFK announces US goal of putting a man on the Moon before the end of decade

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 25 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A. Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m

Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot Joseph A. Walker
Experimental Physicist, Astronaut and NASA Test Pilot
Joseph A. Walker
  • May 26 Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee establishes in Atlanta
  • May 26 USAF bomber flies Atlantic in a record of just over 3 hours
  • May 27 1st black light is sold
  • May 28 Amnesty International founded (Nobel Peace Prize 1977)

TrainThe Orient Express

May 28 Last trip (Paris to Bucharest) on the Orient Express (after 78 years)

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Poster advertising the Orient Express schedule
Poster advertising the Orient Express schedule
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  • May 28 Record 27 HRs hit in 7 AL games
  • May 30 Dutch DC-8 crashes after takeoff at Lisbon, 62 die
  • May 30 Maris hits his 10th & 11th of 61 HRs
  • May 30 Long time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
  • May 31 Arthur Michael Ramsey appointed the 100th Archbishop of Canterbury

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

May 31 JFK visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • May 31 Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
  • May 31 Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
  • Jun 1 FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
  • Jun 3 JFK & Khrushchev meet in Vienna

Conference meetingSummit of Interest

Jun 4 US President John F. Kennedy and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev meet at the Vienna Summit in Austria

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jun 11 Norm Cash becomes 1st Detroit Tiger to hit a ball out of Tiger Stadium
  • Jun 12 Dutch Lockheed Electricity "Sirius" accident at Cairo, kills 20
  • Jun 14 106°F, hottest temperature in San Francisco
  • Jun 15 Expansion Washington Senators are 30-30, latest date an expansion team will be at .500, Washington will lose their next 10 games
  • Jun 16 Dave Garroway is fired as Today Show host
  • Jun 16 Discoverer 25 launched
  • Jun 19 Charlie Finley, changes A's manager Joe Gordon (26-33) for Hank Bauer
  • Jun 19 Kuwait declares independence from UK
  • Jun 19 US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God
  • Jun 22 Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
  • Jun 23 The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force
  • Jun 23 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 32,830 m
  • Jun 24 Iraq demands dominion over Kuwait
  • Jun 25 Iraq announces that Kuwait is a part of Iraq (Kuwait disagrees)
  • Jun 27 Ghana imposes a total ban on exports to South Africa and South West Africa
  • Jun 28 Phils and San Francisco set then record longest night game (5h11m) 7-7 15 innings tie
  • Jun 29 Launch of Transit 4a, with 1st nuclear power supply (SNAP-3)
  • Jun 29 The International Labour Organisation (ILO) calls for South Africa's withdrawal at the Geneva Conference in protest of the racial policies of the South African government
  • Jun 30 Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
  • Jun 30 NASA Explorer Micrometeoroid research mission fails to reach Earth orbit
  • Jul 1 Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
  • Jul 5 80 die in collisions in Algiers
  • Jul 6 Portuguese ship explodes near Mozambique, kills 300
  • Jul 7 James R Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
  • Jul 8 Fred Trueman takes 5-0 in 24 balls to rip through Aussies
  • Jul 8 Portuguese steamer "Save" breaks up off Mozambique, 227 die
  • Jul 11 Gene Kiniski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
  • Jul 14 Finland's Miettunen government forms
  • Jul 15 Spain accepts equal rights for men and women
  • Jul 17 John Chancellor becomes news anchor of "Today Show"
  • Jul 18 Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 HR in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
  • Jul 20 French military forces break the Tunisian siege of Bizerte

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 13 Edwin "Rick" Bakker, Dutch author: Rick's Report, AIDS Diary
  • Nov 15 Ian Reid, Australian educator
  • Nov 17 Robert Stethem, U.S. Navy Seabee diver murdered by terrorists on TWA Flight 847 (d. 1985)

Person of interestChanda Kochhar

Nov 17 Chanda Kochhar, Indian business woman (CEO of ICICI Bank), born in Jodhpur, India

Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank Chanda Kochhar
Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank
Chanda Kochhar
  • Nov 22 Randal L. Schwartz, American computer programmer
  • Nov 22 John Schnatter, American businessman (founder of Papa John's Pizza), born in Jeffersonville, Indiana [or November 23]
  • Nov 23 Keith Ablow, American psychiatrist and author
  • Nov 24 Matt Hayes, British TV angler (Discovery Real Time), born in Smethwick, England
  • Nov 24 Carlos Carnero, Spanish member of parliament
  • Nov 24 Arundhati Roy, Indian activist and writer (The God of Small Things), born in Shillong, Meghalaya
  • Dec 1 Armin Meiwes, German cannibal
  • Dec 8 Ann Coulter, American author, political commentator, and attorney
  • Dec 11 Marco Pierre White, English chef and restaurateur (youngest chef ever to have been awarded three Michelin stars), born in Leeds, England
  • Dec 15 Reginald Hudlin, director (House Party)
  • Dec 15 Karin Resetarits, Austrian journalist
  • Dec 18 Thomas Strittmatter, writer
  • Dec 22 Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian cosmonaut (1st person to marry in space), born in Khrushchev, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
  • Dec 22 Andrew Fastow, US convicted criminal and businessman (former CFO of Enron), born in Washington, D.C., United States
  • Dec 24 Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan Republic, born in Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Dec 24 Mary Barra, American CEO of General Motors (1st woman to head a global automotive company), born in Waterford, Michigan
  • Dec 25 Ingrid Betancourt, Colombian senator
  • Dec 29 Robert Tewdwr Moss, British journalist, born in Congleton, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Dec 30 Douglas Coupland, Canadian author
  • Dec 30 Bill English, New Zealand politician and Prime Minister (National: 2016-17), born in Lumsden, New Zealand

Weddings in History


Deaths in History

  • Nov 1 Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist and author, dies at 97
  • Nov 9 Antonius Coolen, Dutch author (Village by the River), dies at 64
  • Nov 13 Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr., American diplomat (b. 1897)
  • Nov 16 Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the House for 17 years, dies at 79
  • Nov 19 Dorothy Heyward, American playwright (Porgy), dies at 71
  • Dec 6 Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), dies of leukemia at 36
  • Dec 12 Daiun Sogaku Harada, Zen founder of Sanbo Kyodan lineage, dies at 91

Person of interestGrandma Moses

Dec 13 Anna Mary "Grandma" Moses, American painter, dies at 101

Primitive Painter Grandma Moses
Primitive Painter
Grandma Moses
  • Dec 17 Marion Perkins, sculptor (Man of Sorrow), dies at 53

Person of interestMoss Hart

Dec 20 Moss Hart, American dramatist (You can't take it with you), dies at 57

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart
  • Dec 20 Earle Page, eleventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1880)
  • Dec 23 Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (b. 1910)
  • Dec 25 Rheinhold Rudenberg, inventor of electron microscope, dies
  • Dec 25 Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • Dec 25 Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (b. 1888)
  • Dec 28 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, 1st lady (1915-21), dies at 89