On This Day

October 1962 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 James Meredith becomes the 1st black student at the University of Mississippi

Civil Rights Activist James Meredith
Civil Rights Activist
James Meredith
  • Oct 1 The Lucy Show premieres
  • Oct 1 UN gives Netherlands control of New Guinea
  • Oct 1 US National Radio Astronomy Obs gets a 300' (91m) radio telescope
  • Oct 2 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 3 Wally Schirra in Sigma 7 launched into Earth orbit
  • Oct 4 USAF Maj Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 32,300m
  • Oct 6 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 7 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 8 Algeria admitted as 109th member of UN
  • Oct 8 North Korea reports 100% election turnout, miraculously 100% vote for the Workers' Party
  • Oct 8 Spiegel scandal: Der Spiegel publishes article "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ("Conditionally prepared for defense") about NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", uncovering sorry state of West German army. Magazine soon accused of treason.
  • Oct 9 Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
  • Oct 9 NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
  • Oct 9 Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
  • Oct 10 Indies assault up Chinese positions in North-India attack

  • Oct 11 1st appearance of a Gabor sister on Merv Griffin Show

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII

  • Oct 12 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 12 US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
  • Oct 12 Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
  • Oct 14 Houston Oiler George Blanda throws for 6 TD passes vs NY Titans 56-17
  • Oct 14 US U-2 espionage planes locate missile launchers in Cuba
  • Oct 14 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 15 Byron R White appointed to Supreme Court
  • Oct 16 Byron R White becomes a Supreme Court Justice

Battle of InterestCuban Missile Crisis

Oct 16 Cuban Missile Crisis begins as JFK is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba

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Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
Reconnaissance photo of Soviet missiles in Cuba shown to John F. Kennedy on October 16, 1962
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Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Oct 18 JFK meets Soviet Minister of Foreign Affairs Andrei Gromyko

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Oct 18 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
  • Oct 18 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Oct 18 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson
  • Oct 19 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 20 Chinese army lands in India
  • Oct 20 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 22 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis
  • Oct 22 JFK receives Ugandan premier Milton Obote

  • Oct 22 Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
  • Oct 22 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

United Nations <b>Speech</b>United Nations Speech

Oct 23 Adlai Stevenson speaks at the United Nations about the Cuba crisis

US Governor and Presidential Candidate Adlai Stevenson II
US Governor and Presidential Candidate
Adlai Stevenson II
  • Oct 23 USAF Major Robert A Rushworth takes X-15 to 40,800m
  • Oct 24 Cuban Missile Crisis: Soviet ships approach but stop short of the US blockade of Cuba
  • Oct 25 110th member of UN admitted (Uganda)
  • Oct 25 1st Belgian nuclear reactor begins operation

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Oct 25 American author John Steinbeck awarded Nobel Prize for Literature

  • Oct 25 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"
  • Oct 26 JFK warns Russia that the USA will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 26 Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closed its bases in Turkey: offer is rejected

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Oct 26 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

The Man Who Saved The WorldThe Man Who Saved The World

Oct 27 Black Saturday during the Cuban Missile Crisis: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines

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Trial of strength: How a cartoonist saw the confrontation between Kruschev and Kennedy
Trial of strength: How a cartoonist saw the confrontation between Kruschev and Kennedy
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  • Oct 27 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • Oct 27 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 27 The plane of Enrico Mattei, Italian oil industry's most powerful figure, crashes in mysterious circumstances
  • Oct 28 Radio Moscow reports nuclear missiles in Cuba deactivated
  • Oct 28 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 28 Cuban Missile Crisis: US President JFK receives letter from Soviet Leaderr Khrushchev suggesting agreement
  • Oct 30 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 7 Dave Bronconnier, Canadian politician, born in Calgary, Canada
  • Oct 10 Rex J. Walheim, U.S. Air Force officer and NASA astronaut, born in Redwood City, California
  • Oct 12 Branko Crvenkovski, 3rd President of Macedonia, born in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia
  • Oct 17 Mike Judge, Ecuadorian born American cartoonist, born in Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • Oct 19 Tracy Chevalier, American author
  • Oct 23 Daria Scagliola, Italian/Dutch photographer (vuurtorenpostzegels)
  • Oct 28 Bobby Tate, fictional character on Soap
  • Oct 28 Scotty Nguyen, professional poker player

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Boris Y. Bukreev, Russian mathematician (b. 1859)
  • Oct 7 Maurits Dekker, Dutch writer (Boots in Jail), dies at 66
  • Oct 9 Lulu McConnell, comediene (It Pays to be Ignorant), dies at 80
  • Oct 11 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, dies at 90
  • Oct 16 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (Water & Dreams), dies at 78
  • Oct 17 Natalia Goncharova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, dies at 81
  • Oct 27 Enrico Mattei, Italian oil magnate (Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi), dies at 58
  • Oct 27 Rudolph Anderson, U-2 pilot, shot down over Cuba