October 1963 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Nigeria enacts a new constitution and becomes a republic

Event of Interest

Oct 2 West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer condemns western grain shipments to USSR

  • Oct 3 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti; about 5,000 die & 100,000 injured
  • Oct 4 -8] Hurricane Flora, kills 6,000 in Cuba & Haiti
  • Oct 4 Gambia achieves full internal self-government
  • Oct 5 Hyde St Pier re-opens as State Historical Park
  • Oct 7 Bobby Baker resigns as Senate Democratic secretary
  • Oct 7 Hurricane Flora hits Haiti & Dominican Republic, kills 7,190

Treaty of Interest

Oct 7 JFK signs ratification for nuclear test ban treaty

  • Oct 8 Sultan of Zanzibar cedes his mainland possessions to Kenya
  • Oct 9 French air force gets first nuclear weapons
  • Oct 9 Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
  • Oct 9 Vajont Dam disaster, landslide creates 50 million cubic metre wave killing around 2,000 in the Piave Valley in Northern Italy

Nobel Prize

Oct 10 American chemist and anti-nuclear weapons campaigner Linus Pauling wins the Nobel Peace Prize the same day the first nuclear test treaty comes into effect [1]

  • Oct 10 France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia
  • Oct 10 Netherlands population hits 12,000,000
  • Oct 12 Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
  • Oct 12 San Francisco's Oakland Bay Bridge converted to 1-way on each deck
  • Oct 14 Algeria & Morocco border conflict
  • Oct 15 Ludwig Erhard succeeds Konrad Adenauer as Chancellor of West Germany
  • Oct 16 2 secret US military satellites launched from Cape Canaveral
  • Oct 16 NY newspaper "Mirror" last edition
  • Oct 20 Alec Douglas-Home's Conservative Party forms British government
  • Oct 20 France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker, Algeria

Event of Interest

Oct 20 South Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy charges

  • Oct 22 225,000 students boycot Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
  • Oct 22 BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.
  • Oct 24 Dutch KRO-TV shows first episode of American western series "Bonanza"
  • Oct 25 Anti-Kennedy "WANTED FOR TREASON" pamphlets scattered in Dallas
  • Oct 26 US performs underground nuclear test at Fallon, Nevada

Event of Interest

Oct 29 Edgar Kaufmann Jr. deeds his family property Fallingwater (1935), designed by Frank Lloyd Wright, to the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy [1]

  • Oct 30 Morocco & Algeria sign cease fire
  • Oct 31 Leaking propane gas explodes kills 64 at 'Holiday on Ice' in Indiana

Birthdays in History

Maria RessaMaria Ressa (59 years old)

Oct 2 Filipino-American journalist (co-founder of Rappler, 2021 Nobel Peace Prize), born in Manila, Philippines

  • Oct 3 Marion Peck, American artist and painter
  • Oct 4 Koji Ishikawa, Japanese children's book author and illustrator, born in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
  • Oct 10 Daniel Pearl, American journalist (kidnapped and murdered in Pakistan), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • Oct 11 Faisal bin Al Hussein, Prince of Jordan, son of King Hussein and Princess Muna, born in Amman, Jordan
  • Oct 12 Lane Frost, American professional bull rider, born in La Junta, Otero County Colorado (d. 1989)
  • Oct 13 Colin Channer, Jamaican writer (often referred as "Bob Marley" with a pen), born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • Oct 19 Prince Laurent of Belgium, Château de Belvédère, Laeken, son of King Albert II and Queen Paola
  • Oct 20 Julie Payette, Canadian scientist, astronaut and Governor General (2017-2021), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Oct 26 Ted Demme, American film and television director, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • Oct 28 James Miller, the "Fan Man" (d. 2002)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 8 Remedios Varo, Spanish-Mexican surrealist artist (Eyes on the table, Useless Science or the Alchemist), dies of a heart attack aged 54 [1]
  • Oct 10 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer, dies at 70
  • Oct 15 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss-French writer (Ecoute Israel), dies at 88
  • Oct 17 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (proved the prime number theorem), dies at 97
  • Oct 21 George Cressey, American geographer (Crossroads), dies at 66
  • Oct 21 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, dies in a firefight with 35 functionaries of a ZOMO (paramilitary riot police) at 45
  • Oct 22 Elvin M. Jellinek, American physiologist and pioneer in the study of alcoholism, dies at 73