March 1965 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex in La Salle, Quebec
  • Mar 2 Montcalm Community College founded in Sidney, Mich
  • Mar 2 US Air Force begins Operation Rolling Thunder, a three year sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam
  • Mar 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 3 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Mar 5 March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence
  • Mar 6 1st nonstop helicopter crossing of North America, JR Willford

Event of Interest

Mar 7 Alabama state troopers and 600 black protesters clash in Selma during "Bloody Sunday", protesters, including future congressman John Lewis beaten and hospitalized

  • Mar 7 Bruce Taylor takes 5-86 in debut innings for NZ after ton
  • Mar 7 Christian-democrats win parliament in Chile
  • Mar 8 First US combat forces arrive in Vietnam, on the beaches of Da Nang
  • Mar 10 Dutch Princess Margriet & Pieter van Vollenhoven get engaged

Event of Interest

Mar 11 Indonesia President Sukarno signs the 'Supersemar' order, giving army commander Lt. Gen. Suharto authority to do whatever he "deemed necessary" to restore order

  • Mar 14 Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany
  • Mar 15 T.G.I. Friday's 1st restaurant opens in NYC
  • Mar 18 A truck loses control down Moosic Street, Scranton, Pennsylvania, killing the driver. This accident later inspired the 1974 Harry Chapin song, "30,000 Pounds of Bananas."

1st Person to Walk in Space

Mar 18 Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space

  • Mar 18 Poppin' Fresh Pillsbury Dough Boy introduced
  • Mar 18 USSR launches Voshkod 2
  • Mar 19 Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
  • Mar 19 Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders
  • Mar 19 Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania
  • Mar 19 The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000, said to have been most powerful Confederate cruiser, discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction.

Historic Publication

Mar 20 Civil and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height has her first column published in the weekly African-American newspaper called the "New York Amsterdam News"

  • Mar 20 Venkataraghavan takes 8-72 v NZ at Delhi

Event of Interest

Mar 21 Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama

  • Mar 21 US Ranger 9 launched; takes 5,814 pictures before lunar impact
  • Mar 22 Dudley Senanayake wins his third in general elections in Ceylon (Sri Lanka)

Election of Interest

Mar 22 Nicolae Ceausescu is elected General Secretary of the Romanian Communist Party

  • Mar 22 US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong
  • Mar 23 Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young)
  • Mar 23 Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed
  • Mar 24 US Ranger 9 strikes Moon, 10 miles (16 km) NE of crater Alphonsus
  • Mar 25 Martin Luther King Jr. leads 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama
  • Mar 25 West German Bondsdag extends war crimes retribution
  • Mar 30 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others
  • Mar 31 Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashes into the sea on approach to Tangier killing 47 of 51 occupants

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Lembit Öpik, British politician (Liberal Democrats), born in Bangor, County Down, Northern Ireland

Tedros Adhanom GhebreyesusTedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (58 years old)

Mar 3 Ethiopian politician and heath official (first African Director-General of the World Health Organization), born in Asmara, Eritrea

  • Mar 4 Jonathan Shearer, Scottish winner of reality series Castaway
  • Mar 8 Fátima Lopes, Portuguese fashion designer
  • Mar 11 Jesse Jackson, Jr., American politician (US House of Representative from Illinois, 1995-2012), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Mar 16 Mark Carney, Canadian economist, Governor of the Bank of England, and Chairman of the G20's Financial Stability Board, born in Fort Smith, Canada
  • Mar 21 Xavier Bertrand, French politician
  • Mar 23 Gary Whitehead, American poet
  • Mar 29 Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist, born in Kiato, Greece (d. 2005)
  • Mar 29 William Oefelein, American astronaut (STS-116 Space Shuttle), born in Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  • Mar 31 Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer best known for his solo self-rescue on Annapurna with a broken arm, born in Gap, Hautes-Alpes (d. 2006)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 5 Chen Cheng, Chinese politician (b. 1897)
  • Mar 9 Kazys Boruta, Lithuanian writer, dies at 60
  • Mar 11 James Reeb, American minister and civil rights activist, dies from head injuries after being beaten in Selma, Alabama at 38
  • Mar 13 Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • Mar 13 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • Mar 13 George Călinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
  • Mar 13 Vittorio Jano, Italian automobile designer, dies at 73
  • Mar 17 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, dies at 69
  • Mar 18 Farouk I, last King of Egypt (1936-52), dies at 45
  • Mar 25 Viola Gregg Liuzzo, American civil rights activist, murdered by Ku KLux Klan members in Selma, Alabama at 39
  • Mar 28 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (b. 1888)
  • Mar 28 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood and daughter of George V, dies at 67
  • Mar 30 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), dies at 69