On This Day

April 1975 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
  • Apr 2 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.
  • Apr 4 138 killed as a USAF plane evacuating Vietnamese orphans crashes on approach during an emergency landing at Tân Sơn Nhứt Air Base in South Vietnam
  • Apr 4 Steve Miller is arrested for burning his girlfriend's clothes

Founding of Microsoft

Apr 4 Microsoft is founded as a partnership between Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

  • Apr 5 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • Apr 6 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colorado
  • Apr 6 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
  • Apr 7 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries
  • Apr 9 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • Apr 12 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland
  • Apr 13 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • Apr 13 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war
  • Apr 15 1st appearance of San Diego Chicken
  • Apr 15 Gabon amends constitution
  • Apr 16 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh
  • Apr 17 The Khmer Rouge captures Phnom Penh, Cambodia marking the end of the Cambodian Civil war (Kampuchea National Day)
  • Apr 19 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • Apr 20 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win

Historic Event

Apr 21 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Theater Premiere

Apr 23 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London

  • Apr 24 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 25 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

Election of Interest

Apr 25 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925 following the Carnation Revolution of 1974

  • Apr 25 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Apr 25 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Apr 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Apr 28 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • Apr 29 Ethiopia nationalizes all land

The Fall of Saigon

Apr 29 Vietnam War: US begins to evacuate its citizens from Saigon in Operation Frequent Wind in response to advancing North Vietnamese forces, bringing an end to US involvement in the war

  • Apr 29 Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the Vietnam War
  • Apr 30 North Vietnamese troops capture Saigon, ending the Vietnam War

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist (Trunk Archive), born in Copenhagen
  • Apr 4 Delphine Arnault, French businesswoman (Louis Vuitton), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • Apr 10 Floris, Prince of Netherlands, son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • Apr 11 Walid Soliman, Tunisian author, born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • Apr 27 Rabih Abdullah, American National Football League player, born in Martinsville, Virginia
  • Apr 29 Béres Zoo, Hungarian radio shock jock DJ, born in Budapest, Hungary

Deaths in History

  • Apr 1 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher and glass painter, dies at 95
  • Apr 5 Inez Courtney, dies at 67
  • Apr 5 Victor GM Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65), dies at 58

Chiang Kai-shek

Apr 6 Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), dies at 87

  • Apr 10 Walker Evans, American photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
  • Apr 13 N'garta Tombalbaye, Chadian politician (President, 1962–1975), dies at 56
  • Apr 15 John B. McKay, American test pilot (X-15), dies at 52
  • Apr 17 Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Indian philosopher and leader, Second President of India (1962-67), dies at 86

Percy Lavon Julian

Apr 19 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, dies at 76

  • Apr 23 R D Brinkmann, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Jan A. de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 48
  • Apr 29 Darwin Judge, USMC-corporal, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • Apr 29 Michael John Shea, USMC-lt/pilot, 1 of last soldiers killed in Vietnam
  • Apr 29 William Craig Nystul, USMC capt, 1 of last US soldiers killed in Vietnam