On This Day

October 1977 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 US Department of Energy established
  • Oct 2 Pakistani general Zia ul-Haq bans all opposition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 Indira Gandhi arrested

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • Oct 6 DL Coburns "Gin Game" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 6 In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
  • Oct 7 USSR adoption of the Fourth Soviet Constitution.
  • Oct 9 Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock
  • Oct 11 Soyuz 25 returns to Earth

InventionHistoric Invention

Oct 11 American inventor Gordon Gould issued his first US patent for a optically pumped laser amplifier, 20 years after first claiming to have invented the laser

Physicist Gordon Gould
Physicist
Gordon Gould
  • Oct 12 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • Oct 12 Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
  • Oct 12 US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School
  • Oct 14 Princess Beatrice opens Amsterdam metro
  • Oct 15 Arkansas' Steve Little kicks a record tying 67 yard field goal
  • Oct 15 Don Ritchie runs world record 100 mile (11:30:51)
  • Oct 17 Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament

  • Oct 17 West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
  • Oct 18 1st Islander 0-0 tie-Kings at Nassau-25th time shutout-Resch's 15th
  • Oct 18 West German commandos liberate Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu
  • Oct 19 Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found
  • Oct 19 Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 David Mamet's "Life in the Theater" premieres in NYC

Playwright David Mamet
Playwright
David Mamet
  • Oct 20 Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 21 US recalls William Bowdler, ambassador to South Africa
  • Oct 21 The European Patent Institute is founded.
  • Oct 22 International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
  • Oct 23 Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve new Canal treaties
  • Oct 23 Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, one of the earliest life forms on Earth
  • Oct 25 Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
  • Oct 26 5th & final test of space shuttle Enterprise
  • Oct 26 Dr Clifford R Wharton Jr named chancellor of State University of New York
  • Oct 26 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Oct 26 Last natural case of smallpox discovered in Merca district, Somalia. Considered the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination
  • Oct 27 Amsterdam businessman M Caransa kidnapped
  • Oct 27 NASA launches space vehicle S-200
  • Oct 29 Texas' Russell Erideben kicks his 3rd 60 yard field goal of the season
  • Oct 29 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 30 Panama 747SP lands after polar flight around Earth in record 54:07

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 8 Anne-Caroline Chausson, French mountain-bike rider, born in Dijon, France
  • Oct 11 Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist, born in Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia
  • Oct 19 Louis-José Houde, Canadian stand-up comic
  • Oct 30 Charmian Faulkner, Australian crime victim (went missing with her mother from St Kilda, Victoria, Australia, in 1980), born in Colac, Victoria, Australia

Deaths in History

  • Oct 10 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, dies at 77
  • Oct 11 Mason Gross, professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
  • Oct 11 MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
  • Oct 12 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter, dies at 86
  • Oct 16 Michael Balcon, producer, dies at 81
  • Oct 18 Andreas Baader, German left-wing militant and leader of the Red Army Faction, commits suicide along with other RAF leaders at 34
  • Oct 18 Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist and founder of the Red Army Faction, commits suicide along with other RAF leaders at 37
  • Oct 18 Jan-Carl Raspe (b. 1944)
  • Oct 27 James M. Cain, American writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), dies at 85