1980 in History

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 411

  • Jan 1 Chrysler UK renamed Talbot
  • Jan 1 International Decade of Water & Sanitation begins
  • Jan 1 Mob storms Russian embassy in Tehran
  • Jan 1 Premier Adbou Diouf becomes president of Senegal
  • Jan 1 Sweden changes order of succession to throne
  • Jan 1 Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • Jan 2 British Steel workers go on a national strike
  • Jan 3 Gold hits record $634 an ounce
  • Jan 3 Babrak Karmal defends the Soviet-backed coup in first public appearance since taking power as President of Afghanistan

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 6 Indira Gandhi's Congress Party wins elections in India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • Jan 6 The beginning of the first GPS epoch.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 American President Jimmy Carter authorizes legislation to bail out the Chrysler Corporation with a 1.5 billion dollar loan

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • Jan 9 63 beheaded in Mecca, Saudi Arabia
  • Jan 11 Debut of first Pretenders album "Pretenders"
  • Jan 13 Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium
  • Jan 13 Togo's constitution becomes effective
  • Jan 14 Shakuntala Devi, mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
  • Jan 15 Pam Gems' "Piaf!" premieres in London
  • Jan 17 NASA launches Fltsatcom-3
  • Jan 17 A Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb prematurely detonates on a passenger train near Belfast, killing three and injuring five (including the bombers)
  • Jan 18 Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce
  • Jan 18 Studio 54 owners Steve Rubell & Ian Schrager sentenced to 3½ years in prison for tax evasion & fined $20,000
  • Jan 20 US female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
  • Jan 20 US male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
  • Jan 21 Gold hits record $850 an ounce

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 Russian dissidents Andrei Sakharov & Jelena Bonner arrested in Moscow and banished to Gorky

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • Jan 25 Bani Sadr elected president of Iran
  • Jan 25 Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, USN hovercraft
  • Jan 26 Israel & Egypt establish diplomatic relations
  • Jan 26 Mary Decker became 1st woman to run a mile in under 4½ minutes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27 Robert Mugabe returns to Rhodesia after 5 years in exile

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • Jan 28 USCGC Blackthorn (WLB-391) collides with the tanker Capricorn while leaving Tampa Florida and capsizes killing 23 Coast Guard crewmembers.
  • Jan 29 6 Iranian-held US hostages escape with help of Canadians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 Edward Albee's "Lady from Dubuque" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Edward Albee
  • Jan 31 Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41
  • Feb 2 FBI releases details of Abscam, a sting operation that targeted 31 elected & public officials for bribes for political favors
  • Feb 3 Mohammed Ali tours Africa as President Carter's envoy
  • Feb 4 Bani Sadr sworn in as premier of Iran
  • Feb 4 Studio 54 holds its grand closing party on its last night in business
  • Feb 5 Egyptian parliament votes to end boycott of Israel

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 6 John Wayne Gacy goes on trial for the murder of 33 young men in Cook County, Illinois

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • Feb 10 Ianford Wilsons "Talley's Folly" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 13 Apollo Computer Inc incorporated
  • Feb 14 US launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares
  • Feb 16 Continuous traffic jam extends 176 km north of Lyons, France
  • Feb 18 Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian elections
  • Feb 18 30th Berlin International Film Festival: "Heartland" and "Palermo or Wolfsburg" win the Golden Bear (tie)
  • Feb 22 Afghanistan declares martial law
  • Feb 23 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Feb 23 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spillage
  • Feb 25 Coup ousts PM Henck Arron of Suriname

  • Feb 26 Egypt & Israel exchange ambassadors for 1st time
  • Feb 26 Military coup under Desi Bouterse in Suriname
  • Feb 27 Israel & Egypt exchange ambassadors
  • Feb 27 Terrorists occupies Dominican embassy in Bogota
  • Feb 28 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Feb 29 Michael Bracey ends 59 h 55 m trapped in an elevator, England
  • Mar 1 Commonwealth Trade Union Council established
  • Mar 1 Snow falls in Florida
  • Mar 1 The US enacts the Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act as part of a compromise between the Carter Administration and the Congress over the decontrol of crude oil prices
  • Mar 3 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Mar 3 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus is decommissioned

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Pierre Trudeau sworn in, for the second time, as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • Mar 4 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) comes to power, winning the parliamentary election in Zimbabwe, making Mugabe Zimbabwe's first black prime minister
  • Mar 5 Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
  • Mar 6 Emmy 7th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 1st time
  • Mar 6 Princess Theater (Latin Quarter, Cotton Club) opens at 200 W 48th NYC
  • Mar 6 French Academy, founded in 1635, elects it 1st woman novelist (Marguerita Youcenar)
  • Mar 8 Greg Chappell 235 & Yallop 172, for 217 stand at Faisalabad
  • Mar 8 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Mar 9 Flemish and Walloon battle in Belgium, 40 injured
  • Mar 10 Willard Scott becomes the weather forcaster on the Today Show
  • Mar 12 Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago
  • Mar 13 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)
  • Mar 13 Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
  • Mar 13 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR
  • Mar 13 American John Wayne Gacy receives the death sentence in Illinois for the murder of 12 people
  • Mar 14 Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova & Shakhrai (USSR)
  • Mar 14 Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
  • Mar 18 Vostok rocket explodes on the launch pad while being refueled, killing 50
  • Mar 20 The Mi Amigo ship containing England's pirate radio Caroline sinks
  • Mar 20 US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran
  • Mar 23 France performs nuclear test
  • Mar 23 Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt
  • Mar 23 AIAW Women's Basketball Tournament, Old Dominion beat Tennessee 68-53 at Mount Pleasant
  • Mar 27 Elevator in Vaal Reefs gold mine, South Africa plunges more than 1900m killing all 23 miners aboard
  • Mar 27 Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212
  • Mar 30 Mark Medoff's "Children of a Lesser God" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 31 President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry
  • Mar 31 The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors.
  • Apr 1 Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
  • Apr 1 France performs nuclear test
  • Apr 1 New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.
  • Apr 2 Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st teenager to score 50 goals in a season
  • Apr 3 France performs nuclear test
  • Apr 3 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 4 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Apr 6 Post It Notes introduced
  • Apr 7 Jimmy Carter breaks relations with Iran during hostage crisis

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Mac Danzig, American Mixed martial arts combatant
  • Jan 5 Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end
  • Jan 11 Lovieanne Jung, US softball player, born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Jan 14 Sosuke Sumitani, Japanese announcer
  • Jan 17 Maksim Chmerkovskiy, Ukrainian ballroom dancer
  • Jan 17 Gareth McLearnon, Northern Irish flautist
  • Jan 20 Philippe Cousteau Jr., Freanch oceanographer; grandson of Jacques Cousteau
  • Jan 20 Brigitte Olivier, Belgian judoka, born in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Jan 22 Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese Writer
  • Feb 3 Sarah Lewitinn, American writer
  • Feb 5 Jo Swinson, British politician
  • Feb 5 Brad Fitzpatrick, American programmer
  • Feb 5 Prince Peter, American-born Yugoslav royalty
  • Feb 6 Mamiko Noto, Japanese seiyu
  • Feb 6 Luke Ravenstahl, American politician
  • Feb 19 Neleh Dennis, American Survivor contestant
  • Feb 27 Chelsea Clinton, daughter of President Clinton and Hillary Clinton
  • Mar 1 Rose VBL Windsor, daughter of English prince Richard
  • Mar 8 Stephen Milne, Australian rules footballer
  • Mar 19 Don Sparrow, Canadian illustrator
  • Mar 21 Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian cross-country skier
  • Mar 29 Prince Hamzah bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • Apr 2 Adam Fleming, English news reporter (Daily Politics), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Apr 22 Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour
  • Apr 25 Kazuhito Tadano, Japanese basaball player
  • Apr 27 Talitha Cummins, Australian journalist (Seven News Brisbane), born in Gold Coast, Australia
  • May 3 Marcel Vigneron, American chef (Top Chef), born in Bainbridge Island, Washington
  • May 8 Benny Yau, Canadian entertainer
  • May 16 Melanie Lofton, American Journalist
  • May 17 Davor Džalto, Serbian art historian
  • May 18 Aileen Campbell, Scottish Politician
  • May 22 Steven Baker, Australian rules footballer
  • Jun 3 Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (2013-present), born in Doha, Qatar
  • Jun 5 Yasser Latif Hamdani, Pakistani constitutional lawyer
  • Jun 12 Tamika D Mallory, American activist and founder of Mallory Consulting, born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 16 Brad Gushue, Canadian curler
  • Jun 23 Becky Cloonan, American comic book artist
  • Jul 19 Bender [Alexander Buchanan], Canadian underground hip hop artist (Flight Distance, King of the Dot), born in Ottawa, Canada (d. 2018)

Person of interestJacinda Ardern

Jul 26 Jacinda Ardern, Prime Minister of New Zealand, (2017-present), born in Hamilton, New Zealand

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern
New Zealand Prime Minister
Jacinda Ardern
  • Aug 8 Pat Noonan, American footballer
  • Aug 10 Kaysar Ridha, Iraqi-American reality TV contestant
  • Aug 31 Laura Mulleavy, American fashion designer (Rodarte), born in California
  • Sep 2 Dany Sabourin, French Canadian Goaltender in the National Hockey League
  • Sep 3 Jennie Finch, American softball player
  • Sep 30 Camilla D'Errico, Canadian comic book artist and painter
  • Oct 2 Shane Andrus, National Football League kicker
  • Oct 9 Ibrahim Fazeel, Maldivian Ffotballer
  • Oct 24 Zac Posen, American fashion designer
  • Oct 28 Kanzi, Most Literate Non-Human
  • Nov 10 Calvin Chen, One of the four members of the Taiwanese boy band, Fei Lun Hai/Fahrenhiet
  • Nov 16 Nicole Gius, Italian alpine skier
  • Nov 16 Carol Huynh, 2008 Canadian Gold Medalist,48 kg. wrestling
  • Nov 21 Alec Brownstein, American author, director
  • Nov 22 Shawn Fanning, American Internet entrepreneur (Napster)
  • Nov 23 David Britz, American nano-technologist
  • Nov 25 Kushan Liyanarachchi, Sri Lankan, prominent Live Buddhism Practitioner
  • Dec 17 Eli Pariser, American political activist (MoveOn.org)

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 29 77th Prime Minister of UK Tony Blair (26) weds barrister and lecturer Cherie Booth

British Prime Minister Tony Blair
British Prime Minister
Tony Blair

HeartWedding of Interest

May 1 Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko (49) weds Bobi Ladawa

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko

HeartWedding of Interest

May 27 President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier (28) weds Michele Bennett in Haiti

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 12 US Senator Elizabeth Warren (31) weds law professor Bruce Mann

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 6 81st Prime Minister of UK Theresa May (23) weds investment banker Philip May at the Church of St Mary the Virgin in Wheatley, Oxfordshire

British Prime Minister Theresa May
British Prime Minister
Theresa May

HeartWedding of Interest

Nov 11 Novelist Norman Mailer (57) weds Norris Church (31) in Brooklyn, New York

Novelist Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
  • Nov 24 Ronald Reagan Jr marries Doria Palmieri
  • Nov 27 British playwright (Nobel prize for literature 2005) Harold Pinter (50) marries 2nd wife British writer and historian Antonia Frazer (48)

Divorces in History

  • Sep 5 Lawyer Kathleen St. Johns divorces best-selling author Michael Crichton (37) after nearly 2 years of marriage
  • Oct 9 Princess Caroline of Monaco divorces Philippe Junot

Deaths in History

Deaths 1 - 100 of 127

  • Jan 1 Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88
  • Jan 3 Axel Springer Jr, German photographer, commits suicide at 38

Person of interestJoy Adamson

Jan 3 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), murdered at 69 by her servant

Naturalist and Author Joy Adamson
Naturalist and Author
Joy Adamson
  • Jan 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business), dies at 90
  • Jan 8 John Mauchly, American physicist (b. 1907)
  • Jan 10 George Meany, American labor leader ((AFL-CIO), dies at 86
  • Jan 11 Barbara Pym, English novelist (b. 1913)
  • Jan 14 Robert Ardrey, American author (b. 1908)
  • Jan 16 Anna van Wageningen-Salomons, Dut author (Unspoilt Dream), dies at 94
  • Jan 18 Cecil Beaton, British photographer, dies at 76
  • Jan 19 William O Douglas, member US Supreme court (1939-75), dies at 81
  • Feb 2 William H. Stein, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68
  • Feb 7 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer, dies at 75
  • Feb 9 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect, dies at 106
  • Feb 9 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (b. 1900)
  • Feb 12 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (b. 1913)
  • Feb 16 Erich Hückel, German physicist (b. 1895)
  • Feb 17 Graham Sutherland, English artist (official WWII war artist), dies at 76
  • Feb 20 Alice Longworth Roosevelt, youngest daughter of Theodore, dies at 96
  • Feb 22 Alfred Andersch, German writer (Red Head), dies at 66
  • Feb 22 Oskar Kokoschka, Austria/British painter and graphic artist, dies at 93
  • Feb 23 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62
  • Feb 29 Yigol Alton, Israeli Foreign Minister, dies at 61
  • Feb 29 Gil Elvgren, American artist (b. 1914)
  • Mar 5 Winifred Wagner-William, German World Festival organizer, dies at 82
  • Mar 10 Herman Tarnower, doctor (Scarsdale Diet), killed by Jean Harris
  • Mar 14 Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
  • Mar 16 Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (b. 1898)
  • Mar 18 Erich Fromm, German/US psychoanalyst, dies at 79
  • Mar 21 Peter Stoner, American mathematician, astronomer and Christian apologist (b. 1888)
  • Mar 23 Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (b. 1928)
  • Mar 24 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman Catholic priest, murdered during mass at 62
  • Mar 25 Roland Barthes, French literary critic and writer (b. 1915)
  • Mar 25 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist (b. 1901)
  • Mar 25 James Wright, American poet (b. 1927)
  • Mar 31 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet (b. 1905)
  • Apr 11 Charlotte Henry, dies
  • Apr 12 William R Tolbert Jr, Liberian President & 27 others killed in coup

Person of interestJean-Paul Sartre

Apr 15 Jean-Paul Sartre, existentialist philosopher and writer (Nobel 1964), dies in Paris at 74

  • Apr 21 Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • Apr 21 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)
  • Apr 24 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban/French writer (Guerra del Tiempo), dies at 75
  • Apr 30 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist, and politician (b. 1898)
  • May 4 Josip Broz Tito, Yugoslav communist revolutionary and leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80), dies at 87
  • May 5 Edmond Vandercammen, Belgian writer/poet (Grand Combat), dies at 79
  • May 18 Reid Blackburn, a photojournalist for National Geographic was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1952)
  • May 18 Harry Truman, victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1896)
  • May 18 David A. Johnston, a U.S. Volcanoligist was also a victim of Mount St. Helens eruption (b. 1949)
  • May 28 Rolf Nevanlinna, Finnish mathematician (b. 1895)
  • Jun 1 Arthur Nielsen, American market analyst (b. 1897)
  • Jun 5 Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician, dies at 70
  • Jun 7 Henry Miller, American writer (Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn), dies of circulatory complications at 88
  • Jun 7 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (b. 1883)
  • Jun 9 Leonhard Huizinga, Dutch journalist and writer (Olivier & Adrian), dies at 73
  • Jun 12 Billy Butlin, Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
  • Jun 23 Sanjay Gandhi, Indian politician, dies in a plane crash at 33
  • Jun 23 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian (bomanslag), dies
  • Jun 23 Clyfford Still, American painter (b. 1904)
  • Jun 23 V.V. [Varahagiri Venkata] Giri, Fourth President of India (1969-74), dies at 85
  • Jun 28 Heal Gahagan Douglas, (Rep-D-Ca), lost to Nixon, dies at 79
  • Jul 1 Charles Percy Snow, British writer (Friends & Associates), dies at 75
  • Jul 4 Maurice Grevisse, Belgian grammarian (b. 1895)
  • Jul 12 John W Davis, President (WV State college), dies at 92
  • Jul 13 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), dies of pancreatic cancer at 59
  • Jul 14 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), dies at 49
  • Jul 17 Boris Delaunay, Russian mathematician (b. 1890)
  • Jul 22 Fred Kaps [Abram PA Bongers], magician (world champ 1955), dies at 54
  • Jul 23 Sarto Fournier, Mayor of Montreal (b. 1908)
  • Jul 23 Mollie Steimer, anarchist agitator and American political prisoner (b. 1897)
  • Jul 26 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, dies at 52

Person of interestMohammad Reza Pahlavi

Jul 27 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), dies in Cairo at 60

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
  • Aug 5 Harold Runnels, American politician (b. 1924)
  • Aug 8 Aga Yahya Khan, Pakistan military/politician, dies at 63
  • Aug 8 Jacqueline Cochran, US pilot and 1st woman to break sound barrier, dies at 74
  • Aug 8 Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer, dies at 70
  • Aug 9 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41
  • Aug 11 Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
  • Aug 19 Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank, dies at 91
  • Aug 22 James Smith McDonnell, American aircraft manufacturer, dies of a stroke at 81
  • Aug 22 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz), dies at 89
  • Aug 25 Gower Champion, dancer (Marge & Gower Champion Show), dies at 60
  • Aug 26 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
  • Sep 3 Fabian von Schlabendorff, German resistance fighter/judge, dies at 73
  • Sep 4 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, dies at 74
  • Sep 8 Jean Piaget, Swiss pioneer developmental psychologist and zoologist, dies at 84

Person of interestWillard Libby

Sep 8 Willard Libby, American chemist (radiocarbon dating), dies of pneumonia at 71

Chemist Willard Libby
Willard Libby
  • Sep 9 John Howard Griffin, American photographer, journalist and author (Black Like Me), dies from complications of diabetes at 60
  • Sep 17 Anastasio Somoza Debayle [Tachito], President of Nicaragua (1967-72 and 1974-79), assassinated in Paraguay at 54
  • Sep 17 Katherine A Porter, American author (Ship of Fools, Pulit-66), dies at 90
  • Sep 18 K A Porter, writer, dies at 90
  • Sep 25 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet, dies at 97
  • Sep 25 Earl Curry, American religious author (b. 1890)
  • Oct 2 Valentin Varlamov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 46
  • Oct 15 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian physicist and mathematician (b. 1900)
  • Oct 16 Carl PM Romme, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (KVP), dies at 83
  • Oct 21 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, dies at 74
  • Oct 24 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30
  • Oct 26 Marcello J tie Neves Alves Caetano, premier of Portugal, dies at 74
  • Oct 26 Marcello Caetano, last Portuguese prime minister of the Estado Novo regime (1968-1974), dies in exile of a heart attack at 74
  • Oct 27 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, dies at 81