On This Day

1980 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 387

  • Apr 16 Delhi beat Bombay by 240 runs to win Ranji Trophy final
  • Apr 16 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 18 Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK
  • Apr 20 Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift
  • Apr 20 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria sees hundreds of Berber political activists arrested

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Cuban President Fidel Castro announces he is opening the Mariel Port for Cubans to leave, about 125,00 leave in next 5-6 months

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Apr 21 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit Mich
  • Apr 23 Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
  • Apr 24 US military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran, fails, 8 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Announcement of US hostage rescue bungle in Iran

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
  • Apr 25 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Wayne Webb
  • Apr 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Apr 26 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Apr 26 Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy
  • Apr 26 Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120 feet
  • Apr 28 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns

  • Apr 28 Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
  • Apr 29 Corazones Unidos Siempre Chi Upsilon Sigma National Latin Sorority Inc. is founded
  • Apr 30 Ronald Harwood's play "The Dresser" premieres in London with Freddie Jones and Tom Courtenay
  • Apr 30 Terrorists seize Iranian Embassy in London
  • Apr 30 Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands, abdicates; Princess Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard becomes Queen
  • May 1 Amer Book Award: William Styron (Sophie Choice)/T Wolfe (Right Stuff)
  • May 2 Joseph Doherty & 3 other IRA men arrested for murder
  • May 2 Pope John Paul II begins African tour
  • May 2 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • May 5 Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends as the SAS and police storm the building
  • May 5 Konstantinos Karamanlis is elected for the first time President of Greece

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 Yugoslav President Josip Tito is buried

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • May 7 Samm-Art Williams' "Home" premieres in NYC
  • May 8 World Health Organization announces smallpox has been eradicated
  • May 8 1st non-stop trans-North American balloon flight departs Fort Baker, California. Maxie Anderson and son Kristian pilot the Kitty Hawk for five days.
  • May 9 35 motorists die as a Liberian freighter rams a Tampa Bay Bridge
  • May 12 1st non-stop trans-North American balloon flight lands at Sainte-Félicité, Quebec. Maxie Anderson and son Kristian piloted the Kitty Hawk for five days.
  • May 14 Department of Health & Human Services begins operation
  • May 16 Former Buggles members Geoff Downes & Trevor Horn replace Jon Anderson & Rick Wakeman in Yes
  • May 17 V. S. Kumar Anandan from Sri Lanka balances on one foot for 33 hours (Guinness World Record)

  • May 17 Major race riot in Miami Florida - 16 killed, 300 injured
  • May 18 Belgium 3rd government of Martens forms
  • May 18 People's Republic of China launches 1st intercontinental rocket
  • May 18 Fernando Belaunde Terry elected president of Peru

Volcanic EruptionMount St. Helens Erupts

May 18 Mount St Helens erupts in Washington state, causing the largest landslide in history, killing 57 people and costing $1 billion in damage

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Mount St. Helens in Washington state erupts
Mount St. Helens in Washington state erupts
Learn More
  • May 18 Gwangju Massacre: Students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations, calling for democratic reforms
  • May 20 710 families in Love Canal area (Niagara Falls NY) are evacuated
  • May 20 Fire in nursing home in Kingston Jamaica, kills 157
  • May 20 In a referendum, 59.5% of Quebec voters reject separatism
  • May 21 Ensign Jean Marie Butler is 1st woman to graduate from US service academy
  • May 24 Iran rejects a call to World Court to release US hostages
  • May 26 Soyuz 36 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Hungarian) to Salyut 6
  • May 27 South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
  • May 27 The Gwangju Massacre: South Korean airborne and army troops retake city of Gwangju from civil militias, killing at least 207 possibly many more
  • May 29 53rd National Spelling Bee: Jacques Bailly wins spelling elucubrate
  • May 29 Attempted assassination on Vernon Jordan Jr National Urban League president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 JMW Turner's "Juliet & Her Nurse" sold for $6,400,000 in NYC

Romantic Painter J. M. W. Turner
Romantic Painter
J. M. W. Turner
  • May 30 1st papal visit to France since 1814
  • May 30 Tiger reliever John Hiller, 37, (who had a 1971 heart attack), retires
  • May 30 Turner's painting "Juliet & Her Nurse" sells for $6.4 million
  • May 30 Twins Ken Landreaux ends his hitting streak after 31 games
  • May 31 Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich
  • Jun 1 ANC sets fire to Sasol oil installations in South Africa
  • Jun 3 Crew of Soyuz 36 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 35
  • Jun 3 Jimmy Carter wins enough delegates for renomination
  • Jun 5 Soyuz T-2 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
  • Jun 7 Jeff Norman runs world record 50k (2:48:06)
  • Jun 8 34th Tony Awards: Children of a Lesser God & Evita win
  • Jun 9 Soyuz T-2 returns to Earth
  • Jun 10 8 Provisional Irish Republican Army prisoners escape from Crumlin Road Gaol in Belfast using handguns smuggled into prison
  • Jun 11 K-Ingleside streetcar converts to METRO service (San Francisco)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Ronald Reagan says he will submit to periodic medical tests

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • Jun 13 Deborah Harry and Meat Loaf film "Roadie" premieres
  • Jun 13 Rep John Jenrette Jr (D-SC) indicted in "Abscam" investigation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 13 UN Security Council calls for South Africa to free Nelson Mandela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Jun 16 US Supreme Court rules that live, human-made micro-organisms created in labs could be patentable, in Diamond v. Chakrabarty
  • Jun 18 Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jun 18 Indian "human computer" Shakuntala Devi sets a world record by mentally multiplying two random 13-digit numbers in 28 seconds; She correctly answered that 7,686,369,774,870 × 2,465,099,745,779 = 18,947,668,177,995,426,462,773,730 !

Writer and Mathematician Shakuntala Devi
Writer and Mathematician
Shakuntala Devi
  • Jun 19 Battle between police and demonstrators in Capetown, 34 killed

BeatificationBeatification

Jun 22 Pope John Paul II beatifies Kateri Tekakwitha, making her the 1st Native American to be beatified

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Jun 22 Jim King begins riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
  • Jun 23 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 South African Prime Minister P. W. Botha warns the country that confrontation will be inevitable if his proposed President's Council fails

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • Jun 27 1st female state police graduates (NJ)
  • Jun 27 Italian plane crashes into Tyrrheense Sea, kills 81
  • Jun 27 US revives draft registration
  • Jun 28 NYC transit fare rises from 50 cents to 60 cents
  • Jun 30 West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visits Moscow
  • Jun 30 British sixpence demonetised after being in used since 1551 and 12 years after introduction of decimal currency
  • Jul 2 Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr
  • Jul 6 France performs nuclear test
  • Jul 7 Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
  • Jul 7 Institution of Sharia law in Iran
  • Jul 7 The Safra massacre in Lebanon
  • Jul 9 7 die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9 Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten sentenced to 10 years

War Criminal Pieter Menten
War Criminal
Pieter Menten
  • Jul 10 Willie Jones hospitalized for heat stroke with record 46.5°C temperature
  • Jul 10 Sam Shepard's play "True West" premieres at the Magic Theatre in San Francisco [1]
  • Jul 10 Alexandra Palace in London burnt down for a second time
  • Jul 11 American hostage Richard Queen freed by Iran militants due to illness
  • Jul 13 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 15 Billy Carter, the brother of US President Jimmy Carter, registers as a foreign agent of the Libyan government after it was revealed they paid him hundreds of thousands of dollars
  • Jul 16 Polish railway workers block railway to Russia
  • Jul 16 Ronald Reagan nominated for US President by Republicans in Detroit

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History

  • Oct 15 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian hydrodynamicist and mathematician, dies at 79
  • Oct 16 Carl PM Romme, Dutch minister of Social Affairs (KVP), dies at 83
  • Oct 21 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, dies at 74
  • Oct 24 Leonid Georiyevich Ivanov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 33), dies at 30
  • Oct 26 Marcello Caetano, last Portuguese prime minister of the Estado Novo regime (1968-1974), dies in exile of a heart attack at 74
  • Oct 27 John Van Vleck, American physicist, mathematician, and Nobel Laureate who pioneered the modern quantum mechanical theory of magnetism, dies at 81
Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • Nov 3 Ludwig Hohl, writer, dies
  • Nov 4 Elsie MacGill, Canadian aeronautical engineer, 1st female in Canada to get bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, dies at 75
  • Nov 7 Wolfgang Weyrauch, German writer, dies at 73
  • Nov 12 Andrei Amalrik, Russian writer/dissident, dies at 42
  • Nov 12 Haya Victoria van Someren-Downer [Gerarda Victoria Downer], Dutch politician, dies at 54
  • Nov 20 John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia (1967-68), dies at 80
  • Nov 22 Norah McGuinness, Northern Irish painter (b. 1901)
  • Nov 23 Thien-an Thich, Zen teacher/Vietnamese Rinzai line, dies in LA at 54
  • Nov 24 Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (b. 1897)
  • Nov 27 F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (b. 1882)

Person of interestDorothy Day

Nov 29 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, dies of a heart attack at 83

Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert Dorothy Day
Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert
Dorothy Day
  • Dec 2 Romain Gary, Lithuanian-born French writer (b. 1914)
  • Dec 3 Oswald Mosley, British politician and founder of British Union of Fascists, dies at 84
  • Dec 4 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, dies at 46
  • Dec 12 Jean Lesage, Canadian politician (19th Premier of Quebec), dies at 68
  • Dec 13 Harm van Riel, Dutch Liberal Party politician, dies at 73
  • Dec 15 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, dies at 86

Person of interestColonel Sanders

Dec 16 Colonel Harland Sanders, American founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken, dies at 90

Businessman and Restaurateur Colonel Sanders
Businessman and Restaurateur
Colonel Sanders
  • Dec 16 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (b. 1900)
  • Dec 18 Alexei N Kosygin, Soviet PM (1964-80), suffers heart attack at 76

Person of interestMarc Connelly

Dec 21 Marc Connelly, American playwright (One Minute Please), dies at 90

Playwright Marc Connelly
Playwright
Marc Connelly

Person of interestKarl Dönitz

Dec 24 Karl Dönitz, German admiral and last leader of Nazi Germany, dies of heart attack at 89

Naval Commander and Nazi leader Karl Dönitz
Naval Commander and Nazi leader
Karl Dönitz
  • Dec 26 Tony Smith, American sculptor (b. 1912)
  • Dec 28 Jersey calf, lived 222 days with an artificial heart
  • Dec 29 Nadezhda Mandelstam, Russian writer (b. 1899)

Person of interestMarshall McLuhan

Dec 31 Marshall McLuhan, Canadian writer (Medium is the Message), dies at 69

Philosopher of Communication Theory Marshall McLuhan
Philosopher of Communication Theory
Marshall McLuhan
  • Dec 31 Raoul Walsh, American director (High Sierra), dies at about 88