On This Day

January 1983 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 World Communications Year begins
  • Jan 1 TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET, replacing the earlier NCP protocol
  • Jan 2 Gary Trudeau takes a 20-month break from writing "Doonesbury"
  • Jan 2 Several African National Congress (ANC) members detained in Swaziland decide to leave the country voluntarily for Mozambique.
  • Jan 4 US Football League holds its 1st player draft

Historic Event

Jan 7 President Reagan ends US arms embargo against Guatemala

Historic Event

Jan 9 British PM Margaret Thatcher visits Falkland Islands

  • Jan 15 Dutch political party DS'70 disbands
  • Jan 15 Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours

Historic Event

Jan 17 Alabama Governor George Wallace, becomes governor for a record 4th time

  • Jan 17 Nigeria expels 2 million illegal aliens, mostly Ghanaians

Historic Event

Jan 19 Klaus Barbie, SS chief in Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, arrested in Bolivia

Murder of Interest

Jan 20 American gangster Roy DeMeo is found murdered in his car trunk after disappearing a few days earlier

  • Jan 21 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht
  • Jan 21 President Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid
  • Jan 22 2nd flight readiness firing of Challenger's main engines; 22 seconds
  • Jan 23 Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $14.7 million
  • Jan 23 Russian radioactive satellite falls into Indian Ocean
  • Jan 23 Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:40.97)
  • Jan 25 China's supreme court commutes Chiang Ch'ing's death sentence to life
  • Jan 25 Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit
  • Jan 25 Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia
  • Jan 26 Dutch British infrared satellite IRAS launched from California
  • Jan 27 Seikan Tunnel, the world's longest tunnel with an underwater segment (53.90 km in total) opens connecting Honshu-Hokkaido. The Channel Tunnel remains the longest underwater tunnel.
  • Jan 31 In an effort to reduce driving deaths, a new law in UK requires drivers and front-seat passengers to wear seatbelts

Birthdays in History

Kim Jong-un

Jan 8 Kim Jong-un, Supreme Leader of North Korea (2011-), born in Pyongyang, North Korea

  • Jan 10 Li Nina, Chinese aerial free-style skier, born in Benxi, China
  • Jan 22 Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
  • Jan 23 Adam Mosseri, American head of Instagram, born in New York

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 August Cool, Belgian trade union leader, dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Tom McCall, Governor of Oregon (b. 1913)
  • Jan 8 Gerhard Barkhorn, German fighter pilot (b. 1919)

Murder of InterestRoy DeMeo

Jan 10 Roy DeMeo, American gangster (Gambino crime family), murdered at 40

  • Jan 11 Nikolaj V Podgorny, president USSR, dies at 79
  • Jan 11 Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator, dies at 88
  • Jan 13 D Mack Reynolds, American writer (Amazon Planet, Once Departed), dies

Meyer Lansky

Jan 15 Meyer Lansky, Polish-born American mobster known as the "Mob's Accountant", dies of lung cancer at 80

  • Jan 28 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (the shortest-serving prime minister in Australia's history-8 days), dies at 92
  • Jan 30 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), dies at 65
  • Jan 30 Alan Cunningham, British general and last High Commissioner of Palestine (1945-48), dies at 95