October 1984 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Gary Trudeau's Doonesbury comic strip resumes after 2-year hiatus
  • Oct 2 3 cosmonauts return after a record 237 days in orbit
  • Oct 2 Papa John's Pizza is founded by John Schnatter in Jeffersonville, Indiana; it would go on to become the fourth-largest pizza delivery restaurant chain in the United States
  • Oct 2 Richard Miller becomes 1st (former) FBI agent to be charged with espionage
  • Oct 3 US government shuts down due to lack of agreement over passage of bills

Event of Interest

Oct 5 13th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41G): Challenger 6 launches with Marc Garneau, the first Canadian in space, on board

  • Oct 9 Astronaut Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st US woman to walk in space during a Space Shuttle Challenger mission (STS-41-G)
  • Oct 11 1st space walk by US woman (Dr Kathryn D Sullivan)

Event of Interest

Oct 11 August Wilson's "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 11 NASA launches space vehicle S-208

Event of Interest

Oct 11 US Vice Presidential candidates' debate - Geraldine Ferraro (D) and George H. W. Bush (R), in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Event of Interest

Oct 12 IRA bombs the Grand Hotel, Brighton, where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die

  • Oct 13 STS 41-G mission; lands at Kennedy Space Center
  • Oct 15 Central Intelligence Agency Information Act passes
  • Oct 15 Centrum party expels 2nd Member of parliament Janmaat due to fraud

Nobel Prize

Oct 16 Desmond Tutu, South African Anglican Archbishop, wins Nobel Peace Prize

  • Oct 17 Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
  • Oct 18 Discovery moves to Vehicle Assembly Building at Kennedy Space Center (Florida) for mating of STS 51A mission
  • Oct 18 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 20 Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed
  • Oct 20 The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.
  • Oct 23 STS 51-A launch vehicle moves to launch pad
  • Oct 24 11 members of Colombo crime family arrested
  • Oct 24 Intelsat 5 re-enters Earth's atmosphere 5 months after it failed
  • Oct 25 "Give My Regards to Broad Street" premieres (Gotham Theater-NYC)
  • Oct 25 King Boudouin opens Museum for Modern Art in Brussels
  • Oct 25 Rangers beat Devils 11-2
  • Oct 25 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • Oct 25 West German Chancellor Rainer Barzel resigns due to corruption
  • Oct 26 Stephanie Fae Beauclair ("Baby Fae") gets baboon heart transplant, lives 21 days
  • Oct 27 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Oct 27 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 30 Tigers reliever Willie Hernandez wins AL Cy Young Award


Oct 31 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by her bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh at her home in New Delhi

  • Oct 31 Puerto Rican tanker 'San Francisco' explodes spilling 2 million gallons of oil as ship caught fire


Oct 31 Rajiv Gandhi takes office as India's 6th Prime Minister succeeding his mother Indira Gandhi who was assassinated

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 9 Marie Kondo, Japanese organizational guru (The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Oct 17 Randall Munroe, American webcomic author

Deaths in History

  • Oct 6 George Gaylord Simpson, American paleontologist, dies at 82
  • Oct 8 Frederick Brisson, Danish-born film and theater producer, dies at 71 after a stroke
  • Oct 12 Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
  • Oct 13 Alice Neel, American painter dies ages 84
  • Oct 14 Martin Ryle, English radio astronomer (Astronomer Royal 1972-82, Nobel Prize for Physics 1974), dies at 66 [1]
  • Oct 18 Florence Rinard, TV panelist (20 Questions), dies at 82
  • Oct 19 Henri Michaux, Belgian-born French poet and writer (Miserable Miracle), dies at 85
  • Oct 19 Jerzy Popieluszko, Polish priest/dissident, kidnapped & murdered
  • Oct 20 Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American bio-chemist (Nobel 1947-discovery of how glycogen (animal starch) – a derivative of glucose – is broken down and resynthesized in the body, for use as a store and source of energy), dies at 87

Paul DiracPaul Dirac (1902-1984)

Oct 20 English physicist (quantum electrodynamics, Nobel 1933), dies at 82

  • Oct 21 Francois Truffaut, dir (Fahrenheit 451), dies of brain cancer at 52
  • Oct 26 Laurie Langenbach, author, dies at 37

Indira GandhiIndira Gandhi (1917-1984)

Oct 31 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), assassinated by two of her bodyguards at 66