On This Day

1985 in History (Part 3)

Events in History

Events 201 - 300 of 420

  • Jun 29 STS 51-F vehicle moves to launch pad
  • Jun 30 39 remaining hostages from Flight 847 are freed in Beirut
  • Jun 30 LA Dodger Pedro Gonzalez sets NL record of 15 HRs in June
  • Jul 2 Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR
  • Jul 2 European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 5 Robert Mugabe's Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) party wins re-election in Zimbabwe for a second term

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • Jul 5 Nicholas Mark Sanders (England) begins circumnavigation of globe, covering 13,035 road miles in 78 days, 3 hr, 30 min
  • Jul 9 South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
  • Jul 10 Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

Sinking ShipThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

Jul 10 French foreign intelligence agents blow up the Greenpeace boat Rainbow Warrior in Auckland harbor, New Zealand to prevent it interfering with French nuclear tests in the South Pacific. Dutch photographer Fernando Pereira is killed.

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The Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour
The Rainbow Warrior sunk in Auckland harbour
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  • Jul 11 Refurbished space shuttle Columbia moves overland from Palmdale to Dryden
  • Jul 11 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • Jul 12 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
  • Jul 14 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
  • Jul 14 Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24

  • Jul 16 Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
  • Jul 18 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
  • Jul 19 Christa McAuliffe chosen as 1st school teacher to fly aboard the space shuttle
  • Jul 19 The Val di Stava Dam collapse killing 268 people in Val di Stava, Italy.
  • Jul 20 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
  • Jul 20 The government of Aruba passes legislation to secede from the Netherlands Antilles
  • Jul 21 Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 24 Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi signs a peace accord with Sikh leader Harchand Singh Longowai to settle the three-year Punjab crisis [1]

Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi
Indian Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
  • Jul 24 French DGSE officers Dominique Prieur and Alain Mafart are arrested and charged with murder over the bombing of the Rainbow Warrior
  • Jul 25 Steve Cram runs world record mile (3:46.32)
  • Jul 25 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 25 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 25 Uganda suspends constitution following coup
  • Jul 28 Alan Garcia sworn in as President of Peru
  • Jul 29 19th Space Shuttle Mission (51-F)-Challenger 8-launched
  • Jul 30 Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-I mission
  • Jul 30 Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
  • Aug 1 15.4 cm rainfall at Cheyenne, Wyoming (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Russian KGB officer Vitaly Yurchenko defects to the US in Rome, naming Americans Ronald Pelton and Edward Lee Howard as KGB agents

Alleged Soviet Spy Edward Lee Howard
Alleged Soviet Spy
Edward Lee Howard
  • Aug 2 5 die in a train crash in Westminster Colo

  • Aug 2 Delta Lockheed L-1011 crashes at Dallas-Fort Worth Airport, 137 die
  • Aug 3 "Nihilator" set harness pacing mile (1:49.6) in East Rutherford, NJ
  • Aug 3 Train crash at Flaujac, France: 35 killed
  • Aug 5 Establishment of a Rock & Roll Hall of Fame is announced
  • Aug 5 Flexible-wing glider altitude record (214,250') set by Larry Tudor
  • Aug 6 19th space shuttle mission (51-F), Challenger 8, lands at Edwards AFB
  • Aug 6 STS 51-I vehicle moves to launch pad
  • Aug 7 Takao Doi, Mamoru Mohri and Chiaki Mukai are chosen to be Japan's first astronauts

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Aug 7 A delegation of the South African Council of Churches meets with President P. W. Botha, following calls by the church for urgent discussions on the causes of unrest, forced removals and the emergency regulations in the country

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • Aug 8 Japan launches Planet A, a probe to Halley's comet
  • Aug 11 Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz
  • Aug 12 520 people die when Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes in Ueno, Japan, the second-deadliest aviation disaster of all time
  • Aug 13 South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts
  • Aug 14 Political violence by the youth begins after the funeral of assassinated Victoria Mxenge, a civil rights lawyer, who was respected and liked by the Congress of South African Students
  • Aug 15 P. W. Botha gives the "Rubicon" Speech in Durban, South Africa, disappointing many by refusing to consider immediate and major reforms in the country's apartheid system
  • Aug 15 First Iraqi air raid on Iran's main oil export terminal, Kharg Island
  • Aug 17 1,400 meatpackers walk off the job at a Geo A Hormel & Co plant
  • Aug 17 Rajiv Gandhi announces Punjab state elections in India
  • Aug 17 Sara Trollinger forms House of Hope in Orlando
  • Aug 18 Suisei Launch (Halley's Comet Flyby)
  • Aug 19 Japan launches its 2nd probe of Halley's Comet, Suisei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 Following the Rubicon speech four days earlier, Archbishop Desmond Tutu snubs P. W. Botha's invitation to attend a meeting to discuss the role and actions of the police and security forces in South Africa

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu
President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • Aug 20 Israel ships 96 TOWs to Iran on behalf of US
  • Aug 20 Libya throws out 1000s Tunisian/Egyptian gas workers
  • Aug 20 Hanspeter Beck of South Australia, finishes a 3,875 mile, 51 day trip from Western Australia to Melbourne on a unicycle
  • Aug 21 Mary Decker Slaney runs mile in world record 4:16.71
  • Aug 21 NY Lotto pays $41 million to three winner (#s are 14-17-22-23-30-47)
  • Aug 22 Airtours Boeing-737 crashes at Manchester airport, 55 killed
  • Aug 23 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
  • Aug 23 South African attorney/UDF leader "Dulah" Omar arrested
  • Aug 23 West German top counter espionage Hans Tiedge moves to German DR
  • Aug 24 STS 51-I mission scrubbed at T -5m because of bad weather
  • Aug 25 STS 51-I scrubbed at T -9m because of an onboard computer problem
  • Aug 26 French government denies knowledge of attack on Rainbow Warrior
  • Aug 27 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 27 General Ibrahim Babangida overthrows Major General Muhammadu Buhari's regime in Nigeria

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
General and President of Nigeria Ibrahim Babangida
General and President of Nigeria
Ibrahim Babangida
  • Aug 29 Atlantis moves to launch pad for 51-J mission
  • Aug 31 "Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Illinois
  • Aug 31 Night Stalker suspect that terrorized California captured in East Los Angeles
  • Sep 1 US-French expedition locates wreckage of Titanic off Newfoundland
  • Sep 3 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-returns to Earth
  • Sep 6 Midwest Express Airlines Flight 105, a Douglas DC-9 crashes just after takeoff from Milwaukee, Wisconsin, killing 31.
  • Sep 7 Mary Decker Tabb Slaney runs US 3K female record (8:25.83)
  • Sep 8 "USA Weekend's" 1st issue, appears in 255 newspapers
  • Sep 8 7 die in a car & train crash in San Jose, California
  • Sep 8 Alayson Gibbons sets 24 hr women swim record of 42.05 mi in 25 m pool
  • Sep 8 Shuttle Discovery flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB
  • Sep 9 President Reagan orders sanctions against South Africa
  • Sep 9 Race riot in Birmingham, England
  • Sep 10 U.S. 7th Circuit Court rules Soviet defector Walter Polovchak can't be forcibly returned to parents' country if it's deemed "not in the best interests" of underage defectors
  • Sep 11 Intl Cometary Explorer (ISEE 3) passes Giacobini-Zinner by 7900 km
  • Sep 12 Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
  • Sep 13 John Williams introduces new Today Show theme
  • Sep 13 Super Mario Bros game first appears, created by Shigeru Miyamoto at Nintendo
  • Sep 14 10th Toronto International Film Festival: "The Official Story" directed by Luis Puenzo wins the People's Choice Award
  • Sep 15 Olof Palme forms Sweden minority government
  • Sep 15 US Senate judiciary committee begins Robert Bork confirmation hearings
  • Sep 17 Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
  • Sep 18 BBC Radio reports prime # 2^216091-1 found in Houston
  • Sep 19 8.1 earthquake in Mexico City kills an estimated 10,000 and leaves 250,000 homeless
  • Sep 21 American CIA case officer Edward Lee Howard flees to Russia after being identified as a KGB agent
  • Sep 22 French Prime Minister Laurent Fabius appears on TV to confess "Agents of the DGSE sank this boat [Rainbow Warrior]. They acted on orders.”
  • Sep 22 The Plaza Accord was signed in New York City.
  • Sep 24 Apollo Computer Inc lays off 300 employees

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Deaths in History