On This Day

August 1991 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 2 Hedy Lamaar is arrested for shoplifting in LA
  • Aug 2 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) launched
  • Aug 2 Pan Am games open in Havana
  • Aug 3 Giant Victory driven by Jack Moiseyev wins Hambletonian, 2nd $1m purse in 22 days for Moiseyev after winning Meadowlands Pace
  • Aug 4 The Greek cruise ship Oceanos sinks off the Wild Coast of South Africa

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Aug 6 Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet

Computer Scientist Tim Berners-Lee
Computer Scientist
Tim Berners-Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 7 Court rules Manuel Noriega, may access some secret US documents

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • Aug 7 Manhattan Cable final day of amnesty to return illegal cable boxes
  • Aug 8 Billy Preston charged with exhibiting pornography to a minor
  • Aug 8 Shi'ite Muslims release British hostage John McCarthy
  • Aug 8 The Warsaw radio mast, at one time the tallest construction ever built, collapses.
  • Aug 9 British radio show "On the Hour" debuts on BBC Radio 4 with first appearance of Alan Partridge character
  • Aug 11 400,000 demonstrate for democracy in Madagascar, 31 killed
  • Aug 11 Shiite Muslims release US hostage Edward Tracy
  • Aug 11 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) lands
  • Aug 11 Wilson Alvarez hurls a no-hitter in his 1st big league start

  • Aug 12 Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan
  • Aug 13 US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers
  • Aug 15 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Aug 16 Belgium census is 10,000,963 inhabitants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16 US President George H. W. Bush declares recession is near an end

41st US President George H. W. Bush
41st US President
George H. W. Bush

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16 John Gutfreund announces his resignation as chief executive of Salomon Brothers amid illegal bidding scandal

Investment Banker John Gutfreund
Investment Banker
John Gutfreund
  • Aug 17 ArenaBowl V, Joe Louis Arena, Detroit: Tampa Bay Storm beats Detroit Drive 48-42, Stevie Thomas MVP
  • Aug 18 Hurricane Bob hits NC with 115 MPH wind
  • Aug 18 Pan American games close in Havana
  • Aug 19 -20] Hurricane Bob hits US

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 19 Conservative members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union attempt to depose Mikhail Gorbachev in a coup d'état

Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev
Soviet General Secretary
Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Aug 20 Estonia formally declares its independence from the USSR
  • Aug 20 The United Democratic Front, one of the most prominent anti-apartheid movements, comprising of over 400 workers', church, civic and student organisations, dissolves

BattleCoup d'état

Aug 21 Conservative coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin in three days

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • Aug 21 Latvia declares its independence from USSR
  • Aug 24 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of USSR Communist Party
  • Aug 24 Silky Stallone, wins the Cane Pace at Yonkers Raceway
  • Aug 24 Ukraine declares independence from USSR
  • Aug 25 91st US Golf Amateur Championship won by Mitch Voges
  • Aug 25 Norway & Denmark recognize independence of former USSR Baltic republics
  • Aug 25 White-Russia declares its independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 25 Linux was born when Linus Torvalds sent off the email announcing his project to create a new operating system

Software Engineer Linus Torvalds
Software Engineer
Linus Torvalds
  • Aug 27 Moldavia declares independence from USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 27 Nigerian President Ibrahim Babangida creates nine states: Abia, Enugu, Delta, Jigawa, Kebbi, Osun, Kogi, Taraba, and Yobe

General and President of Nigeria Ibrahim Babangida
General and President of Nigeria
Ibrahim Babangida
  • Aug 28 Lexington Ave IRT subway train derails at Union Square, 5 die
  • Aug 29 JFK Jr wins his 1st battle as an attorney
  • Aug 29 USSR suspends Communist Party activities
  • Aug 30 Tamil Tigers capture Sri Lanka poet Selvi
  • Aug 31 Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • Aug 31 Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning
  • Aug 31 William H. Webster ends term as 14th director of CIA
  • Aug 31 Uzbekistan declares independence from the Soviet Union following the failed coup in Moscow

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 2 Gabriel Anthony Cohen, son of journalists Meredith Viera & Richard Cohen

Deaths in History

  • Aug 4 Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet (Hodyne), dies at 80
  • Aug 5 Soichiro Hondo, CEO & founder (Honda), dies of liver cancer at 84
  • Aug 6 Shapour Bakhtiar, premier Iran (1979), dies in Paris
  • Aug 6 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), dies at 91
  • Aug 7 Shapur Bahktiar, Prime Minister of Iran (1979), assassinated
  • Aug 8 James B Irwin, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 15), dies at 61
  • Aug 8 John Brasser, Zaans resistance fighter (White Ko), dies
  • Aug 8 Magdalena G Schenk, historical (Vorstenhuizen of our time), dies
  • Aug 10 Josef Lipski, Polish politician, dies
  • Aug 11 Jef Contryn, Flemish pioneer puppet theatre, dies at 89
  • Aug 13 Jack Ryan, inventor (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels), dies at 65
  • Aug 15 Marietta Tree, ambassador (UN Comm of Human Rights), dies at 74
  • Aug 16 Shamu the Whale, dies of respiratory failure at 16
  • Aug 16 Stuart Karl, CEO (Karl Home Video), dies at 38 of skin cancer
  • Aug 17 Leo Geerts [Marcel van der Linden], Belgian writer/critic, dies
  • Aug 17 Mervyn Nelson, American stage director (Some of My Best Friends Are...), dies at 76
  • Aug 18 Vaughn Shoemaker, US cartoonist (John Q Public, Pulitzer), dies
  • Aug 20 Lenore Strunsky Gershwin, widow of Ira Gershwin, dies at 90
  • Aug 21 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, dies at 101
  • Aug 21 Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German-Swiss architect and writer (Mozart biographer), dies at 74
  • Aug 22 Boris Pugo, USSR minister of Interior (1990), commits suicide
  • Aug 23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • Aug 24 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Neth/Indon writer (Camp Diary), dies at 86
  • Aug 24 Bernard Castro, patented convertible couch, dies at 87
  • Aug 25 Sergei Ajromeiev, soviet general, commits suicide
  • Aug 29 Kathryn Cravens, American early news correspondent, dies at 92
  • Aug 29 Libero Grassi, Italian underwear manufacturer/anti mafia, dies
  • Aug 30 Hans Koetsier, Dutch sculptor artist (KLM-Schiphol), dies at 61
  • Aug 30 Jean Tinguely, Swiss sculptor artist (moving objects), dies at 66
  • Aug 31 Leigh Watson, US aviation pioneer/air force general, dies at 93