On This Day

1999 in History (Part 2)

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Petronas Towers officially opened in Kuala Lumpur as the world's tallest building by Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad at 451.9 m (1483 ft)

Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad
Malaysian Prime Minister
Mahathir bin Mohamad

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • Aug 9 Charles Kennedy wins the race to succeed Paddy Ashdown as the leader of the Liberal Democrats, UK
  • Aug 11 Total solar eclipse in India-North -France (2m23s)
  • Aug 11 The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
  • Aug 15 Beni Ounif massacre in Algeria; some 29 people are killed at a false roadblock near the Moroccan border, leading to temporary tensions with Morocco.
  • Aug 17 A 7.4-magnitude earthquake strikes İzmit, Turkey, killing more than 17,000 and injuring 44,000.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 In Belgrade tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Slobodan Milošević as president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milošević
  • Aug 26 Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • Aug 30 East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.
  • Aug 31 The first of a series of apartment bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others.
  • Aug 31 A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground.
  • Sep 7 A 5.9 magnitude earthquake rocks Athens, rupturing a previously unknown fault, killing 143, injuring more than 500, and leaving 50,000 people homeless.
  • Sep 12 Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor.
  • Sep 13 Bomb explodes in Moscow, Russia. At least 119 people are killed.
  • Sep 14 Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United Nations.

  • Sep 16 1st ever season of "Big Brother" reality show begins on the Veronica channel in The Netherlands
  • Sep 21 Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead
  • Sep 23 NASA announces that it has lost contact with the Mars Climate Orbiter.
  • Sep 23 Qantas Flight 1 overruns the runway in Bangkok during a storm. While some passengers only received minor injuries, it is still the worst crash in Qantas's history to date.
  • Sep 30 Japan's worst nuclear accident at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tōkai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
  • Oct 5 The Ladbroke Grove rail crash in west London kills 31 people.
  • Oct 8 New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
  • Oct 9 The last flight of the US aircraft Lockheed SR-71 "Blackbird"

BattleCoup d'état

Oct 12 Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup

General and 10th President of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf
General and 10th President of Pakistan
Pervez Musharraf
Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif
  • Oct 12 The Day of Six Billion: the proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born
  • Oct 13 The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Oct 13 Canadian Robert Mundell is named the winner of the 1999 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics

Economist/Nobel Laureate Robert Mundell
Economist/Nobel Laureate
Robert Mundell
  • Oct 22 Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
  • Oct 26 Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.
  • Oct 27 Gunmen open fire in the Armenian Parliament, killing Prime Minister Vazgen Sargsyan, Parliament Chairman Karen Demirchyan, and 6 other members.
  • Oct 29 Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical super cyclone hits Odisha, India, death toll 9,885, wind speed of 300 mph
  • Oct 31 Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation.
  • Oct 31 EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board.
  • Nov 6 Australians vote to keep the British monarch as their head of state in the Australian republic referendum.
  • Nov 9 TAESA Flight 725, crashes a few minutes after leaving the Uruapan airport en-route to Mexico City. 18 people were killed in the accident.

  • Nov 11 Last upside down date until January 1, 6000
  • Nov 12 The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
  • Nov 15 Next transit of Mercury visible in North America
  • Nov 18 In College Station, Texas, 12 are killed and 27 injured at Texas A&M University when a massive bonfire under construction collapses.
  • Nov 19 Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
  • Nov 19 In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.
  • Nov 21 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, departs from Cuba with his mother
  • Nov 22 Elian Gonzalez, Cuban boy at the center of a heated 2000 controversy involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, and his mother are sighted off of Florida's coast by U.S. Coast Guard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22 Fortune Magazine names General Electric CEO Jack Welch 'Manager of the Century"

Businessman and CEO of GE Jack Welch
Businessman and CEO of GE
Jack Welch

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 27 New Zealand's Labour Party defeats the National-led government after 9 years in power, Helen Clark becomes the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand's history

New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark
New Zealand Prime Minister
Helen Clark
  • Nov 30 In Seattle, Washington, United States, protests against the WTO meeting by anti-globalization protesters catch police unprepared and force the cancellation of opening ceremonies
  • Nov 30 British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merge to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defence contractor and fourth largest aerospace firm in the world
  • Dec 2 The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive
  • Dec 3 NASA loses radio contact with the Mars Polar Lander moments before the spacecraft enters the Martian atmosphere
  • Dec 3 Worcester cold storage and warehouse fire in Worcester, Massachusetts claims lives of 6 firefighters
  • Dec 7 The RIAA files a lawsuit against the Napster file-sharing client, on charges of copyright infringement.
  • Dec 14 Flash floods in Venezuela after torrential rainfall results in the deaths of thousands of people and causes a total collapse in the state's infrastructure
  • Dec 17 The United Nations General Assembly passes resolution 54/134 designating November 25 as the annual International Day to Eliminate Violence Against Women
  • Dec 18 NASA launches into orbit the Terra platform carrying five Earth Observation instruments, including ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS and MOPITT.
  • Dec 20 Portugal returns Macau to China
  • Dec 21 The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a van loaded with 950 kg of explosives that ETA intended to use to blow up Torre Picasso in Madrid.
  • Dec 22 The Spanish Civil Guard finds near Calatayud (Zaragoza) another van loaded by ETA with 750 kg of explosives (see related event on December 21, 1999).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24 Opening of St Peter's Holy Door by Pope John Paul II in approach of 3rd millennium

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Dec 25 Opening of doors of St. John Lateran Pope John Paul II
  • Dec 26 Severe weather in France kills over 100 people and causes extensive damage to property, trees and the French national power grid (see Lothar).
  • Dec 28 Saparmurat Niyazov is proclaimed President for Life in Turkmenistan
  • Dec 31 Control of Panama Canal reverts to Panama
  • Dec 31 Boris Yeltsin resigns as President of Russia, leaving Prime Minister Vladimir Putin as acting President

Birthdays in History


Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History

  • Aug 12 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, dies at 75
  • Aug 15 Sir Hugh Casson, British architect and artist (b. 1910)
  • Aug 21 Leo Castelli, Italian-American art dealer, dies at 91
  • Aug 23 James White, Northern Irish writer (b. 1928)
  • Aug 26 Lilo Hardel, German writer, dies at 85
  • Aug 27 Hélder Câmara, Brazilian Roman Catholic archbishop (b. 1909)
  • Aug 30 Raymond Poïvet, French comics artist (b. 1910)
  • Sep 1 W. Richard Stevens, Zambian computer scientist (b. 1951)
  • Sep 5 Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician, dies at 78
  • Sep 5 Albert Oram, Baron Oram, British Labour politician, dies at 86
  • Sep 5 Alan Clark, English politician (Minister for Defence Procurement), dies at 71
  • Sep 7 Jim Keith, American conspiracy theorist (b. 1949)
  • Sep 9 Chan Parker, American author; wife of Charlie Parker and Phil Woods (b. 1925)
  • Sep 9 David Stafford-Clark, English psychiatrist, dies at 83
  • Sep 11 Belkis Ayón, Cuban printmaker (collography), commits suicide of at 32
  • Sep 13 Benjamin Bloom, American educational theorist (b. 1913)
  • Sep 20 Raisa Gorbachyova, wife of Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1932)
  • Sep 22 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, dies at 81
  • Sep 25 Marion Zimmer Bradley, American writer, dies at 69
  • Sep 26 Oseola McCarty, American philanthropist (b. 1908)
  • Oct 2 Heinz G. Konsalik, German novelist (b. 1921)
  • Oct 3 Akio Morita, Japanese businessman (b. 1921)
  • Oct 4 Bernard Buffet, French painter (Expressionism), dies at 71
  • Oct 6 Francis Turner, American civil engineer (oversaw the Interstate Highway System), dies at 90
  • Oct 7 David A. Huffman, American computer scientist, creator of Huffman coding, dies at 74
  • Oct 7 Rev. Bruce Ritter, American Catholic priest and controversial founder of charity New York City based Covenant House, dies of cancer at 72
  • Oct 9 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (b. 1914)
  • Oct 9 Morris West, Australian novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman), dies at 83

Person of interestJames Franklin Hyde

Oct 11 James Franklin Hyde, American inventor who created silica, dies at 96

  • Oct 12 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, dies at 80
  • Oct 14 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), dies at 77
  • Oct 17 Nicholas Metropolis, Greek-American mathematician, physicist and computer scientist, dies at 84
  • Oct 17 Ralph Grey, Baron Grey of Naunton, Governor of Northern Ireland (1968-73), dies at 89
  • Oct 18 Herbert Heckmann, German writer, dies at 69
  • Oct 19 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), dies at 99
  • Oct 19 James C. Murray, American politician (b. 1917)
  • Oct 20 Jack Lynch, Irish politician and Taoiseach (1966-73 and 1977-79), dies at 82
  • Oct 21 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, assassinated at 60
  • Oct 27 Robert Mills, American physicist (quantum field theory), dies at 72
  • Oct 27 Charlotte Perriand, French architect and designer (b. 1903)
  • Oct 29 Greg [Michel Régnier], Belgian comic-book writer and artist (Achille Talon), dies at 68
  • Nov 1 Theodore Hall, American physicist and Atomic Spy for the Soviet Union, dies at 74
  • Nov 4 Charles Wintour, English editor (The Evening Standard), dies at 82
  • Nov 4 Daisy Bates, American civil rights activist and publisher, dies at 84
  • Nov 8 Francis D. Foley, American Rear Admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal), dies at 89
  • Nov 11 Jacobo Timmerman, Argentine writer and journalist (b. 1923)
  • Nov 16 Daniel Nathans, American microbiologist (Nobel 1978 - discovery of restriction enzymes and their application in restriction mapping), dies at 71
  • Nov 18 Patrick Bowles, American writer and translator, dies at 88
  • Nov 18 Paul Bowles, American novelist (The Sheltering Sky), dies at 88
  • Nov 19 Alexander Liberman, Russian-American magazine editor, painter and photographer (639), dies at 87
  • Nov 20 Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician and 5 x prime minister of Italy, dies at 91
  • Nov 27 Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and author (b. 1925)
  • Nov 28 Bethel Leslie, American entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), dies at 70
  • Nov 29 Gene Rayburn, American game show host (b. 1917)
  • Dec 3 Jarl Wahlström, 12th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1918)
  • Dec 4 Rose Elizabeth Bird, California Supreme Court Justice (1977-87), dies at 63
  • Dec 8 Péter Kuczka, Hungarian writer (b. 1923)

Person of interestFranjo Tuđman

Dec 10 Franjo Tuđman, Croatian politician and President of Croatia (1990-1999), dies of stomach cancer at 77

President of Croatia Franjo Tuđman
President of Croatia
Franjo Tuđman
  • Dec 12 Paul Cadmus, American artist (b. 1904)
  • Dec 12 Joseph Heller, American author (Catch-22), dies at 76
  • Dec 13 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, dies of a heart attack while suffering from lung cancer, at 72
  • Dec 24 João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo, President of Brazil (b. 1918)
  • Dec 24 Bill Bowerman, American track and field coach
  • Dec 24 Maurice Couve de Murville, French politician, Prime minister of France (b. 1907)
  • Dec 26 Shankar Dayal Sharma, Indian politician, ninth President of India (1992-97), dies at 81
  • Dec 27 Bernard Chacksfield, British Air Vice-Marshal, dies at 86
  • Dec 29 Leon Radzinowicz, British criminologist (b. 1906)
  • Dec 30 Fritz Leonhardt, German structural engineer, dies at 90
  • Dec 30 Sarah Knauss, American, once considered the world's oldest living person (b. 1880)
  • Dec 31 Elliot Richardson, American politician (b. 1920)