On This Day

2004 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Jul 3 Official opening of Bangkok's subway system.
  • Jul 4 The cornerstone of the Freedom Tower is laid on the site of the World Trade Center in New York City. (This was largely a symbolic event; actual construction would not start for several weeks)
  • Jul 5 First Indonesian presidential election by the people - first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
  • Jul 16 Millennium Park, considered the first and most ambitious architectural project in the early 21st century for Chicago, is opened to the public by Mayor Richard M. Daley.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Former South African President Nelson Mandela calls for commitment by the world to take action against AIDS

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Jul 21 The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's armed forces
  • Aug 1 A supermarket fire kills 396 people and injures 500 in Asunción, Paraguay

USAStatue of Liberty

Aug 3 The pedestal of the Statue of Liberty reopens after being closed since the September 11, 2001 attacks

Learn More
The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
Learn More
  • Aug 3 MESSENGER spacecraft launches from Cape Canaveral

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Lee Hsien Loong succeeds Goh Chok Tong as Prime Minister of Singapore

Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong
Prime Minister of Singapore
Lee Hsien Loong
  • Aug 12 New Jersey Governor James McGreevey comes out publicly as gay
  • Aug 13 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi
  • Aug 13 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • Aug 13 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • Aug 17 MD5 collision found by Chinese researchers.

Person of InterestThe Scream

Aug 22 "The Scream" (1910 painted version) and "Madonna", two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from the Munch Museum in Oslo, Norway.

Learn More
The Scream, pastel on cardboard by Edvard Munch
The Scream, pastel on cardboard by Edvard Munch
Learn More

  • Aug 24 89 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions were caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya.

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Aug 31 Barbara Pierce Bush gives a speech to the Republican Convention

Twin daughter of US President George W. Bush Barbara Pierce Bush
Twin daughter of US President George W. Bush
Barbara Pierce Bush
  • Sep 1 Beslan school hostage crisis begins as armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia
  • Sep 3 The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.
  • Sep 7 Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane hitting Grenada, killing 39 and damaging 90% of its buildings.
  • Sep 8 The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
  • Sep 9 Bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people
  • Sep 11 All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria)
  • Sep 17 Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
  • Sep 18 29th Toronto International Film Festival: "Hotel Rwanda" directed by Terry George wins the People's Choice Award
  • Sep 21 The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
  • Sep 21 Construction of the Burj Dubai starts
  • Sep 23 At least 1,070 in Haiti reported killed by floods due to Hurricane Jeanne
  • Sep 29 The asteroid 4179 Toutatis passes within four lunar distances of Earth.
  • Sep 29 The Burt Rutan Ansari X Prize entry SpaceShipOne performed a successful spaceflight, the first of two needed to win the prize
  • Sep 30 The first images of a live giant squid in its natural habitat are taken 600 miles south of Tokyo
  • Sep 30 The AIM-54 Phoenix, the primary missile for the F-14 Tomcat, retired from service. Almost two years later, the Tomcat retires.
  • Oct 2 American Samoa joins the North American Numbering Plan
  • Oct 3 Final game in Montreal Expos team history is played in NYC against the Mets at Shea Stadium, an 8-1 defeat; Jamey Carroll scores the final Expos run and Endy Chavez is the last Expos batter
  • Oct 4 SpaceShipOne wins Ansari X Prize for private spaceflight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates

King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk
King of Cambodia
Norodom Sihanouk

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Oct 8 Kenyan Wangari Maathai is the first African woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for "her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"

Environmentalist Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
  • Oct 19 Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption
  • Oct 19 Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq
  • Oct 23 A powerful earthquake and its aftershocks hit Niigata prefecture, northern Japan, killing 35 people, injuring 2,200, and leaving 85,000 homeless or evacuated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Fidel Castro, Cuba's President, announces that transactions using the American Dollar will be banned by November 8

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Oct 29 In Rome, 25 European heads of state sign a Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Arabic news network, Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 George W. Bush is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John Kerry

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • Nov 3 With no sign the lockout of its players will end in the near future, the National Hockey League cancels 2005 All-Star Game scheduled for February in Atlanta
  • Nov 4 12 French soldiers, 3 UN personnel and hundreds of civilians die during the Côte d'Ivoire civil war.
  • Nov 6 An express train collides with a stationary car near the village of Ufton Nervet, England, killing 6 and injuring 150.
  • Nov 7 War in Iraq: The interim government of Iraq calls for a 60-day "state of emergency" as U.S. forces storm the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • Nov 8 War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
  • Nov 9 Video game Halo 2 a first person shooter first released on Xbox by Bungie Studios
  • Nov 11 New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 11 Yasser Arafat's death through unidentified causes confirmed by Palestine Liberation Organization, Mahmoud Abbas elected PLO chairman minutes later.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas
Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • Nov 17 Kmart Corp. announces it is buying Sears, Roebuck and Co. for $11 billion USD and naming the newly merged company Sears Holdings Corporation.
  • Nov 18 Russia officially ratifies the Kyoto Protocol.
  • Nov 21 The second round of the Ukrainian presidential election is held, unleashing massive protests and controversy over the election's integrity.
  • Nov 21 Island of Dominica hit by the most destructive earthquake in its history. Damage concentrated in the north and the town of Portsmouth. Also felt in neighboring Guadeloupe, where one person is killed.
  • Nov 21 The Paris Club agrees to write off 80% (up to $100 billion) of Iraq's external debt.
  • Nov 22 The Orange Revolution begins in Ukraine, resulting from the presidential elections
  • Nov 23 World of Warcraft, multiplayer online role-playing video game released, world's most subscribed game
  • Nov 26 Ruzhou School massacre: a man stabs and kills eight people and seriously wounds another four in a school dormitory in Ruzhou, China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Pope John Paul II returns the relics of Saint John Chrysostom to the Eastern Orthodox Church.

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • Nov 28 Male Poʻo-uli dies of Avian malaria in the Maui Bird Conservation Center in Olinda, Hawaii before it could breed, making the species in all probability extinct
  • Nov 30 Department of Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge resigns
  • Nov 30 Lion Air Flight 538 crash lands in Surakarta, Central Java, Indonesia, killing 26
  • Dec 8 Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the Union of South American Nations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 13 Former Chilean dictator, General Augusto Pinochet is put under house arrest, after being sued under accusations over 9 kidnapping actions and manslaughter. The house arrest is lifted the same day on appeal.

General and Dictator Augusto Pinochet
General and Dictator
Augusto Pinochet
  • Dec 14 The Millau viaduct, the highest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened
  • Dec 16 NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft is the 1st to cross the termination shock, where solar and interstellar winds merge
  • Dec 23 Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean is hit by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake.
  • Dec 25 Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005.

Historic CommunicationBoxing Day Tsunami

Dec 26 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and edges of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people

Learn More
The tsunami hits Ao Nang, Thailand
The tsunami hits Ao Nang, Thailand
Learn More
  • Dec 27 Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.
  • Dec 30 A fire in the República Cromagnon nightclub in Buenos Aires, Argentina kills 194.
  • Dec 31 Official opening of Taipei 101, then the tallest skyscraper in the world, at a height of 509 metres (1,670 feet)

Birthdays in History

Weddings in History

Divorces in History

Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 200 of 251

  • Jun 2 Loyd Sigmon, American amateur ("ham") radio broadcaster, dies at 95
  • Jun 3 Frances Shand Kydd, mother of Diana, Princess of Wales (b. 1936)
  • Jun 6 Kate Worley, American comic book writer (Omaha the Cat Dancer), dies of cancer at 46
  • Jun 7 William Cramond, Scottish psychiatrist and vice-chancellor (Stirling University), dies at 83
  • Jun 9 Brian Williamson, Jamaican Gay Activist (b. 1945)
  • Jun 11 Egon von Fürstenberg, Swiss fashion designer, dies at 57
  • Jun 11 Xenophon Zolotas, Greek politician (b. 1904)
  • Jun 13 Dick Durrance, American skier, dies at 89
  • Jun 14 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide, dies at 103
  • Jun 16 Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1912)
  • Jun 21 Leonel Brizola, Brazilian politician (b. 1922)
  • Jun 22 Mattie Stepanek, American poet (b. 1990)
  • Jun 22 Bob Bemer, American computer scientist (b. 1920)
  • Jun 22 Kim Sun-il, South Korean translator (b. 1970)
  • Jun 22 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), dies from complications due to heart disease at 84
  • Jun 27 George Patton IV, American general in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, dies of Parkinson's disease at 80
  • Jun 28 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), dies at 92
  • Jun 29 Bernard Babior, American physician and biochemist, dies at 68
  • Jun 30 Jamal Abro, Sindhi writer, dies at 80
  • Jul 1 Peter Barnes, English writer (b. 1931)
  • Jul 2 John Cullen Murphy, American comic strip artist, dies at 85
  • Jul 2 Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese poet and children's author (The Sea Girl), dies at 84
  • Jul 2 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer and editor (Twilight in Jakarta), dies at 82
  • Jul 3 Andrian Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1929)
  • Jul 4 Frank Robinson (Xylophone Man), an eccentric street entertainer in Nottingham, England (b. 1932)
  • Jul 5 Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)
  • Jul 6 Thomas Klestil, President of Austria (1992-2004), dies at 71
  • Jul 8 Paula Danziger, American author (b. 1944)
  • Jul 9 Chuck Cadman, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • Jul 9 Paul Klebnikov, American journalist (b. 1963)
  • Jul 11 Laurance Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank) and philanthropist, dies at 94
  • Jul 12 Jean Ruth Adams, American entomologist (insect pathogens and viruses), dies at 75 or 76
  • Jul 12 Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • Jul 16 George Busbee, Governor of Georgia (b. 1927)
  • Jul 17 Julian Hodge, British financier and multi-millionaire (Hodge Group), dies at 99
  • Jul 18 Paul Foot, British journalist (b. 1937)
  • Jul 18 Émile Peynaud, French oenologist, dies at 92
  • Jul 19 Reverend Francis Marzen, American Catholic prelate (b. 1924)
  • Jul 19 Zenko Suzuki, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1911)
  • Jul 20 Adi Lady Lala Mara, Fiji chieftainess, wife of Kamisese Mara (b. 1931)
  • Jul 21 Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1918)
  • Jul 21 Julian Ridsdale, British politician (C), Member of Parliament for Harwich (1954-92), dies at 89
  • Jul 22 George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)

Person of interestFrancis Crick

Jul 28 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (1962), dies of colon cancer at 88

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • Jul 28 Tiziano Terzani, Italian journalist (b. 1938)
  • Aug 1 Philip Abelson, American physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, dies at 91
  • Aug 2 François Craenhals, Belgian comics artist (b. 1926)
  • Aug 4 Sir Kenneth Couzens, British Deputy Chairman of British Coal Board and significant figure during Miners Strike, dies at 79
  • Aug 7 Red Adair, American oil field firefighter (b. 1915)
  • Aug 7 Colin Bibby, English ornithologist (b. 1948)
  • Aug 9 Robert Lecourt, French politician and president of the European Court of Justice (b. 1908)
  • Aug 12 Sir Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • Aug 14 Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (b. 1918)
  • Aug 14 Czesław Miłosz, Polish-American writer (Bells in Winter, Nobel 1980), dies at 93
  • Aug 15 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician, dies at 63
  • Aug 15 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1916)
  • Aug 16 Carl Mydans, American photographer (b. 1907)
  • Aug 17 Thea Astley, Australian novelist and short-story writer, dies at 78
  • Aug 18 Hiram Fong, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Hawaii), dies at 97
  • Aug 21 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, dies at 88
  • Aug 24 Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926)
  • Aug 24 Kees [Cornelis Johannes] Ouwens, Dutch writer and poet (Intimate Acts), dies at 60
  • Aug 25 Helen Copley, American newspaper publisher (The San Diego Union-Tribune), dies at 81
  • Aug 30 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (dirty-snowball theory), dies at 97
  • Aug 30 Indian Larry, American motorcycle builder and stuntman (b. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, dies at 88
  • Sep 1 Ahmed Kuftaro, Grand Mufti of Syria (b. 1915)
  • Sep 2 Joan Oró, Catalan scientist (b. 1923)
  • Sep 4 James O. Page, American paramedic (b. 1936)
  • Sep 10 Brock Adams, American politician (b. 1927)
  • Sep 11 Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria, Greek Orthodox Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, dies at 55
  • Sep 11 David Mann, U.S. artist (b. 1939)
  • Sep 13 Luis E. Miramontes, Mexican chemist, co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill (b. 1925)
  • Sep 15 Walter Stewart, Canadian writer and journalist, dies at 73
  • Sep 18 Norman Cantor, Canadian historian (b. 1929)
  • Sep 18 Marvin Mitchelson, American celebrity attorney, dies at 76
  • Sep 19 Eddie Adams, American photographer (photograph of execution of a Viet Cong soldier, Pulitzer Prize 1969), dies at 71
  • Sep 19 Árpád Bogsch, Hungarian-born American civil servant (b. 1919)
  • Sep 20 Townsend Hoopes, American politician (b. 1922)
  • Sep 21 Barry Noble Wakeman, American naturalist and educator (b. 1939)
  • Sep 23 Tabish Dehlvi, Pakistani poet, dies at 90
  • Sep 24 Françoise Sagan [Quoirez], French novelist (Bonjour Trieste), dies at 69
  • Sep 24 Marvin Davis, CEO (Davis Oil Company), dies at 79
  • Sep 27 John E. Mack, American psychiatrist and author (b. 1929)
  • Sep 28 Geoffrey Beene, American fashion designer (8 Coty Awards), dies at 77
  • Sep 28 Scott Muni, American disc jockey (b. 1930)
  • Sep 28 Victor Rosow, Russian dramatist, dies at 91
  • Oct 1 Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • Oct 4 Gordon Cooper, American astronaut (b. 1927)
  • Oct 5 Maurice Wilkins, New Zealand-born English physicist (Nobel 1962-X-ray diffraction studies of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) proved crucial to the determination of DNA’s molecular structure by James D. Watson and Francis Crick), dies at 87
  • Oct 5 William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2013 nominee), dies at 62
  • Oct 7 Ken Bigley, British civil engineer, kidnapped and murdered in Iraq (b. 1942)
  • Oct 8 Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (b. 1930)
  • Oct 8 James Chace, American historian (b. 1931)
  • Oct 10 Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
  • Oct 10 Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (Season of the Jew), dies at 72
  • Oct 13 Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, dies at 89
  • Oct 14 Conrad Russell, 5th Earl Russell, British historian, dies at 67
  • Oct 18 Veerappan, Indian bandit and smuggler (b. 1945)