On This Day

2008 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Oct 24 Iceland receives a £1.3 billion bailout package from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), 1st European country to require an emergency loan as a result of the financial crisis
  • Oct 27 The banking group BNP Paribas states that Australia is in a risky position with regards to the global financial crisis as foreign liabilities accounted for 60% of the nation's GDP
  • Oct 28 In the UK, 500,000 mortgage holders are left in negative equity after house prices drop 15% since the previous summer
  • Oct 29 Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of US legacy carriers to 5.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 10th century Archimedes Palimpsest, featuring lost works of Archimedes, made freely available on the web, 10 years after bought by unknown tech figure

Mathematician and Inventor Archimedes
Mathematician and Inventor
  • Oct 31 Whitepaper "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System" is published by the pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto. It describes a decentralized peer-to-peer network that could track and verify transactions while producing a transparent, verifiable record.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 4 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be elected President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate John McCain

44th US President Barack Obama
44th US President
Barack Obama
US Senator John McCain
US Senator
John McCain

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 8 John Key leads the National Party to victory in New Zealand's general election, defeating nine year Prime Minister Helen Clark and her Labour-led coalition government

New Zealand Prime Minister John Key
New Zealand Prime Minister
John Key
New Zealand Prime Minister Helen Clark
New Zealand Prime Minister
Helen Clark
  • Nov 11 The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) set sail on her final voyage to Dubai.
  • Nov 13 Germany's economy, Europe's largest, contracts by 0.5% in the third quarter after GDP fell 0.4% in the second quarter, putting it in recession for the first time in five years
  • Nov 13 Equity research by Deutsche Bank states that Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines should not experience a recession, despite potential harm to economic growth from falling commodity prices and possible weaker exports
  • Nov 14 Italy plunges into recession, its first since the start of 2005, after GDP contracts a steeper-than-expected 0.5% in the third quarter
  • Nov 14 Hong Kong becomes the second Asian economy to tip into recession, its exports hit by weakening global demand
  • Nov 14 Eurozone officially slips into recession for the first time since its creation in 1999, pushed down by recessions in Germany and Italy

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

Nov 14 Elizabeth Warren is appointed to chair a Congressional Oversight Panel for the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act

US Senator Elizabeth Warren
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
  • Nov 17 Japan, the world's second-biggest economy, slides into its first recession in seven years

  • Nov 20 After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.
  • Nov 23 Economists at the University of Hawaii report that the state entered recession in the previous quarter based on the drop in tourist figures and growing unemployment, with 8,800 jobs expected to be cut in 2009
  • Nov 25 A car bomb in St. Petersburg, Russia, kills three people and injures one
  • Nov 26 Terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India: Ten coordinated attacks by Pakistan-based terrorists kill 164 and injure more than 250 people in Mumbai, India.
  • Nov 28 Sweden technically enters the recession after experiencing contraction of 0.1% in the second and third quarter
  • Dec 1 The US economy has been in recession since December 2007, the National Bureau of Economic Research announces today
  • Dec 2 Thai Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat resigns after the 2008 Thailand political crisis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 5 Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II

  • Dec 8 Kirsty Williams elected as Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats. The first female leader of a political party in Wales.
  • Dec 9 Governor of Illinois, Rod Blagojevich, is arrested by federal officials for a number of alleged crimes, including attempting to sell the United States Senate seat being vacated by President-elect Barack Obama
  • Dec 11 Bernie Madoff arrested and charged with securities fraud in $50 billion Ponzi scheme
  • Dec 12 Andrei Klepach, a deputy economics minister of Russia, states that Russia has entered the recession, with two quarters of contraction expected, meaning Russia will fall short of reaching the 6.8% growth forecast for 2008

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Dec 14 President George W. Bush make his fourth and final trip to Iraq as president and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a farewell conference in Baghdad

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 19 Chanda Kochhar is named as the successor of K. V. Kamath to the post of CEO and Managing Director of ICICI Bank

Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank Chanda Kochhar
Businesswoman and CEO of ICICI Bank
Chanda Kochhar
  • Dec 27 Israel launches Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza Strip, beginning with an airstrike that hits 100 targets in 220 seconds killing around 250 people

Birthdays in History

Weddings in History

Divorces in History

Deaths in History

Deaths 101 - 200 of 243

  • May 9 Nuala O'Faolain, Irish journalist, dies at 68
  • May 12 Robert Rauschenberg, American artist (b. 1925)
  • May 12 Irena Sendler, Polish social worker, WWII heroine (b. 1910)
  • May 13 Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Sheikh of Kuwait (b. 1930)
  • May 13 Ron Stone, American television reporter (b. 1936)
  • May 15 Willis Lamb, American physicist (Nobel 1955), dies at 94
  • May 18 Joseph Pevney, American television director, dies at 96
  • May 19 Vijay Tendulkar, Indian playwright, (b. 1928)
  • May 20 Ali Sadikin, Indonesian politician and governor of Jakarta (1966-77), dies at 79
  • May 20 Hamilton Jordan, former Carter White House Chief of Staff (b. 1944)
  • May 21 Brian Keenan, Irish Provisional IRA member who played a key role in Northern Ireland's peace process (1998), dies of cancer at 66
  • May 22 Robert Asprin, American author (b. 1946)
  • May 23 David Mitton, British television director (b. 1939)
  • May 25 J. R. Simplot, American potato farmer (b. 1909)
  • May 25 Georgette Amowitz, French choreographer and educator, dies at 78
  • May 27 Franz Künstler, Last remaining Austro-Hungarian Empire World War I veteran (b. 1900)
  • May 28 David Mitton, Scottish-born director (b. 1938)
  • May 28 Beryl Cook, British painter, dies at 81
  • May 29 Dianne Odell, American medical figure (b. 1947)
  • May 30 Lorenzo Odone, American medical figure (b. 1978)
  • Jun 1 Tommy Lapid, Israeli journalist and politician (b. 1931)
  • Jun 1 Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer, dies at 71
  • Jun 7 Mustafa Khalil, 40th Prime Minister of Egypt (1978-80), dies at 87
  • Jun 8 Peter Rohmkorf, German writer, dies at 78
  • Jun 9 Algis Budrys, American writer (b. 1931)
  • Jun 10 Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-Kyrgyz author and best-known figure in Kyrgyzstan's literature (Jamila), dies of pneumonia at 79
  • Jun 10 Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta, Dutch politician (State Secretary for the Interior 1986-94), dies at 78
  • Jun 11 Võ Văn Kiệt, former prime minister of Vietnam (b. 1922)
  • Jun 13 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (Social Democratic Party of Austria), dies at 82
  • Jun 14 Rafael del Pino, Spanish entrepreneur, dies at 87
  • Jun 16 Mario Rigoni Stern, Italian writer, World War II veteran and Nazi concentration camp survivor (b. 1921)
  • Jun 17 Tsutomu Miyazaki, Japanese serial killer (b. 1962)
  • Jun 18 Tasha Tudor, American illustrator and children's books author (Pumpkin Moonshine, Corgiville Fair), dies at 92
  • Jun 19 Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist (b. 1934)
  • Jun 22 Dody Goodman, American comedienne (Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman - "Martha Shumway"; Max Duggan), dies at 93
  • Jun 24 Gerhard Ringel, Austrian mathematician (b. 1919)
  • Jun 27 Michael Turner, American comic book artist (b. 1971)
  • Jun 27 Sam Manekshaw, Indian Field Marshal (b. 1914)
  • Jul 4 Charles Wheeler, British journalist (b. 1923)
  • Jul 4 Jesse Helms, American politician (b. 1921)
  • Jul 4 Thomas M. Disch, American sci-fi author (b. 1940)
  • Jul 7 Bruce Conner, American artist (b. 1933)
  • Jul 7 Hugh Mendl, British record executive (Decca/Deram Records), dies at 88 [1]
  • Jul 9 Séamus Brennan, Irish Fianna Fáil politician and Minister, dies of cancer at 60
  • Jul 10 Hiroaki Aoki, founder of Benihana (b. 1938)
  • Jul 11 Michael DeBakey, Lebanese-American cardiac surgeon and artificial heart pioneer, dies at 99
  • Jul 12 Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H. W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush (b. 1955)
  • Jul 13 Bronisław Geremek, Polish social historian and politician (b. 1932)
  • Jul 19 Dercy Gonçalves, Brazilian comedienne (b. 1907)
  • Jul 21 Lord Stokes [Donald Stokes], English industrialist (British Leyland), dies at 94
  • Jul 23 Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1924)
  • Jul 25 Randy Pausch, American professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, known for his "Last Lecture" (b. 1960)
  • Jul 25 Tracy Hall, American inventor (b. 1919)
  • Jul 25 Jeff Fehring, Australian rules footballer (b. 1955)
  • Jul 25 Jamiel Chagra, American drug trafficker, dies at 63
  • Jul 27 Isaac Saba Raffoul, Mexican Businessman (b. 1923)
  • Jul 27 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, dies at 91
  • Jul 29 Eric Varley, British politician and cabinet minister, dies at 75
  • Jul 30 Anne Armstrong U.S. ambassador to Britain and first female counsel to the President, dies at 80
  • Aug 1 Harkishan Singh Surjeet, Indian politician (b. 1916)
  • Aug 2 Fujio Akatsuka, Japanese cartoonist, dies of pneumonia at 72
  • Aug 2 John F. Seiberling, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1971-86), dies at 89

Person of interestAleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Aug 3 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer, Nobel Prize for Literature 1970, dies at 89

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • Aug 3 Skip Caray, American TV and radio broadcaster (b. 1939)
  • Aug 7 Bernie Brillstein, American talent agent/manager and producer (b. 1931)
  • Aug 7 Andrea Pininfarina, CEO of Pininfarina S.p.A.
  • Aug 9 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer, dies at 66
  • Aug 13 Bill Gwatney, American political figure (b. 1959)
  • Aug 13 Jack Weil, American oldest working CEO (b. 1901)
  • Aug 13 Sandy Allen, American second-tallest woman in the world (b. 1955)
  • Aug 13 Henri Cartan, French Mathematician, dies at 104
  • Aug 15 James Orthwein, American businessman
  • Aug 15 Leroy Sievers, American journalist
  • Aug 17 Franco Sensi, Italian oil tycoon and president of A.S. Roma
  • Aug 19 Levy Mwanawasa, Zambian politician (3rd President of Zambia), dies at 59

Person of interestHua Guofeng

Aug 20 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), dies at 87

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • Aug 20 Stephanie Tubbs Jones, American politician (b. 1949)
  • Aug 22 Gladys Powers, Canadian World War I veteran (b. 1899)
  • Aug 23 John Russell, British-born American art critic and author
  • Aug 25 John Thoday, British geneticist, dies at 91
  • Aug 25 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer (b. 1959)
  • Aug 31 Ike Pappas, American news correspondent (b. 1933)
  • Sep 2 Denis Rooke, British engineer and CEO (British Gas), dies at 84
  • Sep 3 Donald Blakeslee, American aviator who led 4th Fighter Group during World War II, dies at 90
  • Sep 9 Warith Deen Muhammad, American religious leader (b. 1933)
  • Sep 12 Bob Quinn, Australian Football Hall of Fame rover (All Australian captain 1947; SA captain 1945-47; Magarey Medal 1938, 45; Port Adelaide FC), dies at 93
  • Sep 12 David Foster Wallace, American author and essayist (b. 1962)
  • Sep 14 Domagoj Kapeć, Croatian hockeyplayer (b. 1989)
  • Sep 22 Thomas Doerflein, German Zookeeper (b. 1963)
  • Sep 23 Peter Leonard, Australian journalist (b. 1942)
  • Sep 24 Bengt Anderberg, Swedish poet and writer (Kain), dies at 88
  • Sep 29 Hayden Carruth, American poet (The Crow and the Heart), dies at 87
  • Sep 30 Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam, Singaporean opposition leader and former Secretary-General of Singapore's Worker's Party, dies at 82
  • Sep 30 Christa Reinig, German poet and writer (Idleness is the Root of All Love, The Tightrope Walker), dies at 82
  • Oct 2 Rob Guest, New Zealand entertainer (b. 1950)
  • Oct 3 Karam ud Din, Pakistani Navy officer (b. 1941)
  • Oct 7 Leslie Hardman, Jewish Orthodox rabbi (b. 1913)
  • Oct 8 George E. Palade, Romanian-American cell biologist (ribosomen, Nobel 1974), dies at 95
  • Oct 10 Kazuyoshi Miura, Japanese businessman (b. 1947)
  • Oct 11 Jörg Haider, Austrian far-right politician (b. 1950)