On This Day

October 2018 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology awarded to James Allison and Tasuku Honjo for cancer treatment innovations
  • Oct 1 French photographer Jean-Claude Arnault, at the center of a Nobel prize sexual assault scandal, sentenced to two years in prison for rape
  • Oct 1 New trade deal announced between United States, Canada and Mexico (USMCA), replacing NAFTA
  • Oct 1 The United States, Mexico and Canada agree a new trade deal to replace NAFTA
  • Oct 1 More than 80,000 American died of the flu during 2017-2018 winter, highest in ten years, according to US heath officials

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Saudi American journalist Jamal Khashoggi enters the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, never to be seen again prompting a diplomatic crisis

Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • Oct 2 Nobel prize in Physics awarded to Arthur Ashkin (optical tweezers), Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland (both for laser beams)
  • Oct 3 Wife of former Malaysian Prime Minister Datin Seri Rosmah Mansor arrested on corruption charges
  • Oct 3 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances H. Arnold, George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter for discoveries in enzyme research
  • Oct 3 Cervical Cancer could be eliminated in Australia within decades because of government vaccination program, according to report in "The Lancet Public Health"
  • Oct 3 First exomoon, moon outside the solar system, discovered 8,000 years away (size of Neptune) by astronomers at Columbia University
  • Oct 3 259 people have died taking selfies since 2011 according to study in "Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care"
  • Oct 3 Most expensive whisky ever sold at auction for $1.1 million, the Macallan Valerio Adami 1926, in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Oct 3 Nobel Prize for Chemistry awarded to Frances Arnold, Gregory Winter and George Smith for their use of evolution to produce new enzymes and antibodies
  • Oct 5 Nobel Peace Prize awarded jointly to Congolese gynaecologist Denis Mukwege and Yazidi activist Nadia Murad for "efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war"
  • Oct 5 US unemployment figures hit lowest level since 1969 - 3.7% according to Department of Labor

  • Oct 5 Banksy work "Girl With Balloon" automatically shreds moments after being sold for 1 million pounds in London, re-named "Love is in the Bin"
  • Oct 6 Brett Kavanaugh is confirmed and sworn onto the US Supreme Court amid protests and after an FBI investigation
  • Oct 6 Oil tanker collision with a car leaves at least 50 people dead and one hundred with serious burns near Kisantu, Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Oct 7 Romanian referendum to ban same sex marriage fails with only 20.4% voting
  • Oct 7 China confirms it has detained Interpol chief Meng Hongwei, who resigns from his position after being reported missing
  • Oct 7 Limousine crash kills 20 people, including two pedestrians in Schoharie, New York
  • Oct 8 Major climate report by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change for the UN says planet will warm 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius) by 2040 with dire results
  • Oct 8 Nobel prize for Economics awarded to William Nordhaus for climate change and Paul Romer for endogenous growth theory
  • Oct 9 President Trump’s ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley says she is resigning at the end of the year
  • Oct 10 Hurricane Michael makes landfall near Mexico Beach, Florida, as a category 4 hurricane with winds of 155 mph (250 km/h), going on to kill 27, having killed 15 in Central America
  • Oct 10 Flash floods kills at least 10 in Sant Llorenç des Cardassar, Majorca, Spain
  • Oct 11 World's new longest flight flies from Singapore to Newark Airport, New Jersey takes 17 hours 52 mins
  • Oct 11 Russian Soyuz spacecraft makes emergency landing when rocket fails two minutes after liftoff, with American astronaut and Russian cosmonaut aboard
  • Oct 12 US air strike in central Somalia kills about 60 al-Shabab militants
  • Oct 13 Oldest known human remains from Poland at 115,000 years from revealed to be Neanderthal child from Ciemna Cave eaten by a large bird

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 13 Pope Francis defrocks two Chilean bishops for alleged sexual abuse of minors

  • Oct 14 Flash floods in Aude region, France kill at least 10 people
  • Oct 15 Caravan of up to 4,000 Central American migrants that started in Honduras reaches Guatemala, heading for Mexico and the US
  • Oct 15 American retailer Sears files for bankruptcy
  • Oct 15 At least 180,000 migrants driven out of Anglo and back into the Democratic Republic of Congo

  • Oct 15 Indian minister and editor MJ Akbar files a defamation case after being accused of sexual harassment by multiple women in #MeToo case

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Saudi Arabian Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman denies knowledge of the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi according to President Trump

Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia Mohammed bin Salman
Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
Mohammed bin Salman
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • Oct 16 Man Booker Prize is won by Anna Burns' "Milkman", the first winner from Northern Ireland
  • Oct 16 Chairman of China's Xinjiang’s government defends its detention camps for Uighur Muslims saying they provided “vocational education and training”
  • Oct 17 India's junior foreign minister MJ Akbar is highest official to resign in #MeToo case after sexual harassment accusations by numerous women
  • Oct 17 Canada legalizes the sale of recreational cannabis, the second country after Uruguay
  • Oct 17 Australian state of Queensland decriminalizes abortion
  • Oct 17 Student shoots and detonates a bomb killing 20 with 40 injured at Kerch polytechnic college, Crimea
  • Oct 20 Australia's center-right coalition government loses its 1-seat majority by losing the Wentworth by-election
  • Oct 20 12,000 year old fossil called "Luzia", oldest known fossil in South America announced found mostly intact after devastating fire at Brazil's National Museum

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Oct 20 President Trump threatens to pull the US out of an arms control agreement with Russia because Russia has violated its terms

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump
  • Oct 21 Train derails in Yilan County, Taiwan, killing 18 and injuring 178
  • Oct 21 Sectarian fighting between Muslim and Christian youths kill 55 at Kasuwan Magani, Nigeria
  • Oct 22 Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison makes a public apology to victims of child sexual abuse in institutions
  • Oct 22 Cameroon's President Paul Biya wins seventh term in office, extending his 36 years in office, in election marred by intimidation and low turnout

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Pipe bomb sent to George Soros' New York home address, first Democrat to receive series of pipe bombs in US

Investor and Political Activist George Soros
Investor and Political Activist
George Soros
  • Oct 23 Microplastics found in human stools for the first time by Austrian scientists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 23 World's longest sea-crossing bridge, the Hong Kong Macau Zhuhai bridge at 55km, opened by Chinese President Xi Jinping

Paramount Leader of China Xi Jinping
Paramount Leader of China
Xi Jinping
  • Oct 23 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan rejects Saudi claim journalist Jamal Khashoggi killed accidentally, says it was premeditated murder
  • Oct 23 World's oldest intact shipwreck, ancient Greek vessel 2,400 years old, found at bottom of the Black Sea by archaeologists
  • Oct 23 European Commission rejects Italy's budget, first country to be rejected
  • Oct 24 Largest jackpot in US history at $1.6 billion won by one person in South Carolina
  • Oct 24 Scientists confirm East Island in Hawaii, half a mile long, has been wiped out after contact with Hurricane Walaka
  • Oct 24 EU directive bans single-use plastics by 2021
  • Oct 25 First work of art produced by artificial intelligence "Edmond de Belamy" conceived by Obvious sells for $432,500 at Christie's in New York
  • Oct 25 Flash floods near the Red Sea in Jordan kill 17 as a school bus is washed away
  • Oct 25 Super Typhoon Yutu strikes the Northern Mariana Islands of Saipan and Tinian with winds of 180mph (290km/h)
  • Oct 25 Sahle-Work Zewde becomes Ethiopia's first female President and Africa's only female head of state after being elected by parliament
  • Oct 25 Google says it has fired 48 people for sexual harassment after New York Times reveals Android creator Andy Rubin got $90 package when let go for sexual harassment
  • Oct 26 Trump supporter Cesar Sayoc arrested for sending 14 pipe bombs to prominent US Democrats
  • Oct 26 Rhine River in drought with lowest levels since 1920s forces German government to release oil reserves after barge shipments disrupted
  • Oct 27 Gunman shoots and kills 11 people and injures six at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in an anti-Semitic attack
  • Oct 27 Australian 7-year old mare Winx wins unprecedented fourth consecutive Cox Plate at Moonee Valley in Melbourne; her record 29th-straight win and her 22nd Group 1 racing success
  • Oct 28 Michael D. Higgins is re-elected Irish president
  • Oct 28 Political crisis in Sri Lanka after President Sirisena sacks Prime Minister Ranil Wickramasinghe and the cabinet, suspends parliament for two weeks with one man killed in protests

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 29 Far-right politician Jair Bolsonaro wins Brazil's presidential election defeating Fernando Haddad

President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro
President of Brazil
Jair Bolsonaro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 New mega airport opened in Istanbul by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, planning to be world' busiest with 90 million passengers by 2021

President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 German Chancellor Angela Merkel announces she will not seek re-election in 2021 and step down as party leader

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • Oct 29 Japanese Princess Ayako of Japan marries commoner Kei Moriya at Meiji Shrine in Tokyo, giving up her royal status
  • Oct 29 World Scrabble Championship won for the fourth time by New Zealand Malaysian Nigel Richards with the word "groutier" (bad-tempered)
  • Oct 29 New research says cacao tree first used in Ecuador by Mayo Chinchipe culture, 5000 years ago, not in central America as previously thought
  • Oct 29 Storms in Italy kill at least 11 with 75% of Venice flooded and two tornadoes striking Terracina
  • Oct 29 Lion Air flight JT 610 crashes into the sea just after takeoff near Jakarta, Indonesia, with the loss of all 189 on board
  • Oct 30 Boston mob boss James "Whitey" Bulger killed in prison at the Penitentiary Hazelton in Bruceton Mills, West Virginia
  • Oct 30 WWF conservation group says "exploding human consumption" has caused a 60% decline in all wildlife between 1970 and 2014
  • Oct 30 US Pentagon sends 5,200 troops to Mexican border in advance of migrant caravan from Central America
  • Oct 30 German ex-nurse Niels Högel admits in court to killing over 100 patients, making him one of the world's worst serial killers
  • Oct 31 In landmark verdict, Pakistani Supreme Court acquits Christian woman of blasphemy against the prophet Mohammed after eight years on death row
  • Oct 31 US and Great Britain call for a cease-fire in Saudi-led war in Yemen, in 3-year war that has claimed over 10,000 lives and created famine conditions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 Worlds biggest statue, the Statue of Unity is unveiled of Indian independence leader Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel at 182 meters in Gujarat state

Indian Freedom Fighter and Politician Sardar Patel
Indian Freedom Fighter and Politician
Sardar Patel

Weddings in History

  • Oct 12 Britain's Princess Eugenie marries Jack Brooksbank at St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

Deaths in History


MurderJamal Khashoggi

Oct 2 Jamal Khashoggi, Saudi Arabian dissident, author, Washington Post columnist and editor in chief (Al-Arab News Channel), assassinated in the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul at 59, reportedly on the orders of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman

Dissident, Author and Columnist Jamal Khashoggi
Dissident, Author and Columnist
Jamal Khashoggi
  • Oct 3 Leon M. Lederman, American experimental physicist (1982 Nobel Prize for research on quarks and leptons) and author (The God Particle), dies from complications of dementia at 96
  • Oct 9 Thomas A. Steitz, American Biochemist (2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for ribosome discoveries), dies at 78
  • Oct 13 Patricia Hollis, Baroness Hollis of Heigham, English Labour politician, dies at 77
  • Oct 16 Berthold Leibinger, German entrepreneur (Trumpf) and philanthropist, dies at 87
  • Oct 27 Vichai Srivaddhanaprabha, Thai businessman, sports team owner (Leicester City FC), dies in helicopter crash at 60

Person of interestWhitey Bulger

Oct 30 Whitey Bulger [James Bulger Jr.], American mob boss, killed in prison at 89

Gangster Whitey Bulger
Gangster
Whitey Bulger
  • Oct 30 Hardy Fox, American member of avant-garde band The Residents, dies at 73
  • Oct 30 Jin Young [Louis Cha Leung-yung], Chinese Wuxia novelist, dies at 94