On This Day in History for April 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 191

  • 374 Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

527 Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne

Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I
Eastern Roman Emperor
Justinian I
  • 705 Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
  • 1064 Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
  • 1318 Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
  • 1340 Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
  • 1504 English guilds/corp goes under state control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1515 Portuguese fleet under Afonso de Albuquerque captures the Persian fortress of Ormuz, renaming it the Fort of Our Lady of the Conception

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1572 Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1581 Portuguese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1663 Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1693 Cotton Mather's four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed

Puritan Minister Cotton Mather
Puritan Minister
Cotton Mather

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters

Author, Poet and Satirist Jonathan Swift
Author, Poet and Satirist
Jonathan Swift
  • 1748 Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre
  • 1776 Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1778 New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the "$" symbol
  • 1789 US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
  • 1792 Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
  • 1803 French law rules the use of intention
  • 1826 Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
  • 1826 Samuel Morey is issued the first U.S. patent for an internal-combustion engine, which he calls a “Gas or Vapour Engine"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1850 SF County government established
  • 1853 Cincinnati becomes 1st US city to employ fulltime professional firefighters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, "Household Words"

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1857 Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • 1862 Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • 1863 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • 1865 -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
  • 1865 Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
  • 1866 US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
  • 1867 Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
  • 1867 International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 1867 Singapore, Penang & Malacca become British crown colonies
  • 1868 Hampton Institute opens
  • 1872 1st edition of The Standard
  • 1873 British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • 1873 Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • 1881 Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
  • 1881 Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
  • 1889 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
  • 1891 London-Paris telephone connection opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 French painter Paul Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti

Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1891 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 1899 NC Mutual opens doors for business
  • 1900 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
  • 1905 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • 1905 "SOS" first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
  • 1910 Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
  • 1916 1st US national women's swiming championships held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC

Author Henry Miller
Author
Henry Miller
  • 1918 United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
  • 1920 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • 1924 Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1924 Imperial Airways forms in Britain
  • 1924 The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
  • 1925 1st transmission of Danish state radio
  • 1925 Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]
  • 1927 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1929 Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls
  • 1929 Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens
  • 1929 Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
  • 1929 Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film
  • 1929 Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
  • 1931 Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • 1933 Hammond scores 336* v NZ at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1933 Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses
  • 1934 Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers

MurderMurder of Interest

1934 Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders helps turn public perception against the gang for good

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • 1935 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
  • 1936 Orissa constituted a province of British India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

  • 1937 Aden becomes a British crown colony
  • 1938 Nescafé introduces their flagship brand in Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Filipino President Quezon officially authorizes the printing and publication of the grammar and dictionary prepared by the Institute of the National Language.

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • 1941 Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • 1941 Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés
  • 1941 Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
  • 1941 The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted.
  • 1942 Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
  • 1942 Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
  • 1944 Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India
  • 1945 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
  • 1945 Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
  • 1945 Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
  • 1945 US forces invade Okinawa during WW II
  • 1946 400,000 US mine workers strike
  • 1946 Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii
  • 1946 Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP)
  • 1946 The Malayan Union is formed as a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements of Penang and Malacca
  • 1947 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
  • 1948 H H H Johnson's debut as a bowler for West Indies to win v England 10-96
  • 1948 Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
  • 1952 Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow

Birthdays in History

  • 1220 Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (d. 1272)
  • 1283 Ludwig IV of Baveria, Roman Catholic Bavarian emperor (1314-47)
  • 1543 François de Bonne, duc de Lesdiguières, Constable of France (d. 1626)
  • 1578 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), born in Folkestone, Kent (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (d. 1703)
  • 1621 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, ninth Nanak, 9th of 10 Guru of the Sikhs, born in Amritsar, India (d. 1675)
  • 1640 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
  • 1647 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, English poet (d. 1680)
  • 1697 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • 1753 Joseph de Maistre, French diplomat and writer (d. 1821)
  • 1755 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • 1765 Luigi Schiavonetti, Italian engraver (d. 1810)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1776 Sophie Germain, French mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1831)

Mathematician Sophie Germain
Mathematician
Sophie Germain
  • 1785 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter
  • 1807 Fredrik Cygnaeus, Finnish poet/literature critic
  • 1809 Willem Ruys J Dz, Dutch ship owner

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815 Otto von Bismarck, German chancellor (1866-90) who helped unify Germany, born in Schönhausen, Prussia (d. 1898)

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • 1817 Johannes J van Oosterzee, Dutch theologist
  • 1823 Simón Bolívar Buckner, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1914)
  • 1834 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • 1843 Ludwig Enneccerus, German jurist
  • 1847 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer (South America)
  • 1852 Edward Austin Abbey, American painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 1854 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • 1856 Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)
  • 1858 Arnold Aletrino, Dutch physician-criminologist/author (From Life)
  • 1858 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • 1864 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
  • 1865 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 1866 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist
  • 1868 Edmond Rostand, French poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
  • 1869 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • 1875 Edgar Wallace, English novelist/playwright/journalist (Terror)
  • 1878 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
  • 1880 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • 1885 Clementine Ogilvy Spencer-Churchill (Hozier), British barones
  • 1887 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • 1897 Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
  • 1898 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
  • 1898 Roger Bastide, French sociologist
  • 1898 William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
  • 1899 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (d. 1968)
  • 1900 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Maria Polydouri, Greek poet (d. 1930)
  • 1904 Juan Gil-Albert, Spanish poet and writer, born in Alcoy (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
  • 1905 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • 1908 Abraham H Maslow, US psychologist (humanistic psychology)
  • 1911 Ferdinand J Kranenburg, Dutch Secretary of Defense (soc dem)
  • 1919 Joseph Murray, American surgeon, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 William Manchester, Attleboro Mass, historian (Death of a President)
  • 1924 Brendan Byrne, Governor of New Jersey
  • 1925 Sala Burton, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Anne [Inez] McCaffrey, American sci-fi author (Dragonflight, Dragondrums), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2011)

Sci-Fi Author Anne McCaffrey
Sci-Fi Author
Anne McCaffrey
  • 1928 Dimitri Frenkel Frank, Dutch writer/director (Hadimassa)
  • 1929 Milan Kundera, Czech poet and writer (Joke, Unbearable Lightness of Being), born in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1929 Payut Ngaokrachang, Thai animator
  • 1931 Rolf Hochhuth, German playwright (Deputy)
  • 1931 Charles Price, American Businessman and diplomat, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Dan Flavin, US minimalist sculptor
  • 1933 Stan Weston, American toy licensing agent, had concept for G.I. Joe, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Vladimir Posner, Russian/French/American journalist who represented and explained the views of the Soviet Union during the Cold War, born in Paris
  • 1935 Larry McDonald, American politician (d. 1983)
  • 1936 Jean-Pascal Delamuraz, Swiss politician, president of the Confederation in 1989 and 1996 (d. 1998)
  • 1940 Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1942 Samuel R[ay] Delany Jr, American sci-fi author (Towers of Toron, Neveryona)
  • 1946 William Frederick Fisher, MD/astronaut (STS 51-I), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1946 Arrigo Sacchi, Italian football coach
  • 1947 Alain Connes, French mathematician
  • 1949 Gérard Mestrallet, French businessman
  • 1950 Ed[uardus] HTM Nijpels, Dutch minister of Environment (VVD)
  • 1950 Leonard van Spirit, Dutch-British food magnate
  • 1950 Samuel Alito, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
  • 1951 John Philip Abizaid, U.S. Army General, former CENTCOM commander
  • 1952 Abdel Basset Ali Al-Megrahi, Tripoli Libya, bomber (Pan Am 103), (d. 2012)
  • 1952 Bernard Stiegler, French philosopher
  • 1953 Barry Sonnenfeld, director (Get Shorty, Men in Black), born in NYC, New York
  • 1955 Gregg Jarrett, American television anchor
  • 1957 Peter Deutsch, (Rep-D-Florida)
  • 1962 Dave Ulliott, English poker player
  • 1966 Chris Evans, English disc jockey
  • 1973 Rachel Maddow, American radio personality and political analyst
  • 1979 Ivano Balić, Croatian handballer
  • 1981 Aimee Chan, Miss Hong Kong 2006
  • 1987 Ding Junhui, Chinese snooker player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1778 Poet Phillis Wheatley (24) weds grocer and advocate for black rights John Peters

  • 1959 American sci-fi writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 3rd wife Anne Williams Rubinstein
  • 1961 Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
  • 1993 Stephane Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais
  • 2006 Miss Costa Rica 2001 Piarella Peralta weds Dutch banker Tiemo Wesseling at Iglesia de Orosi in the Cartago province of Costa Rica
  • 2006 Miss Puerto Rico 2003 Joyceline Montero weds architect Hansell Bajuelo at la Iglesia de la Misericordia in Guaynabo City
  • 2014 Media personality Willard Scott (80) weds Paris Keena in Fort Myers, Florida

Deaths in History

  • 1085 Emperor Shenzong of China (b. 1048)
  • 1132 St-Hugues, Bishop of Grenoble (b. 1053)
  • 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine, wife of Louis VII & Henry II, dies at 81
  • 1205 Amalrik II, King of Cyprus/Jerusalem, dies
  • 1548 Sigismund I, the Elder, King of Poland, dies at 81
  • 1611 Gillis van Valkenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 72
  • 1621 Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
  • 1637 Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
  • 1682 Franz Egon of Fürstenberg, Bavarian Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1787 Floyer Sydenham, English classical scholar (b. 1710)
  • 1791 Richard Butler American soldier (b. 1743)
  • 1814 Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian general/cartographer, dies at 87
  • 1832 Robert the Hermit, US ex-slave/hermit in Massachusetts, dies
  • 1839 Benjamin Pierce, American politician (b. 1757)
  • 1866 Johannes C H de Meijere, Dutch zoologist, dies
  • 1869 Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
  • 1870 Patrick Gass, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
  • 1872 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England, dies at 66
  • 1872 William Frederick Horry, English convicted murderer (b. 1843)
  • 1878 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • 1890 David Wilber, American politician (b. 1820)
  • 1901 Francois M Raoult, Fren physicist/chemist (Law of Raoult), dies at 70
  • 1910 Andreas Aschenbach, German painter/engraver, dies at 94
  • 1916 Gabrielle Petit, Belgian resistance fighter, executed
  • 1922 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • 1930 Zawditu, 1st reigning female monarch of Ethiopia, dies
  • 1933 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), dies at 64
  • 1941 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian, dies at 81
  • 1947 George II, King of Greece (1922-1924, and 1935-1947), dies of arteriosclerosis at 56

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Charles R. Drew, American surgeon (developer of the blood bank concept), dies in a car crash at 45

Surgeon and Medical Researcher Charles R. Drew
Surgeon and Medical Researcher
Charles R. Drew
  • 1955 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
  • 1957 Gheorge Tatarescu, premier Romania (1933-37, 39-40), dies
  • 1960 Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch journalist/writer (Ciske), dies at 62
  • 1965 Henry D G Crerar, Canadian general (WW I, Normandy), dies at 76
  • 1965 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer (b. 1870)
  • 1966 Karl B Adam, German theologist (Jesus Christ), dies at 89
  • 1968 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59
  • 1975 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher and glass painter, dies at 95
  • 1976 Max Ernst, German/French surrealist painter/sculptor, dies at 85
  • 1976 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal, dies at 75
  • 1981 D[ennis] F[eltham] Jones, sci-fi author (Colossus), dies at 65
  • 1985 Douglass Wallop, American novelist and playwright (b. 1920)
  • 1988 Marius Holtrop, Dutch economist and President of Netherlands Bank, dies at 85
  • 1989 Henk Gortzak [Hendricus Gortzak], Dutch carpenter and politician (CPN/PSP), dies at 57
  • 1991 Martha Graham, American choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96
  • 1991 Paulo Muwanga, chief of Uganda (1980), dies
  • 1991 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (b.1946)
  • 1993 Ihsan Mohamed Salem, [Yunis Awad], Palestinian Al-Fatah leader, killed
  • 1993 Juan of Borbon y Battemberg, father of king Juan Carlos I, dies
  • 1994 Leon Degrelle, Belgium general, dies
  • 1994 Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), dies at 81
  • 1994 Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix, dies at 86
  • 1994 Stuart Sloan, war hero/test pilot, dies at 72
  • 1995 Lucie Rie, Austrian-born British potter, dies at 93
  • 1995 Richard Pool, naval Officer, dies at 75
  • 1995 Lucy Rie, American potter (b. 1902)
  • 1995 H. Adams Carter, American Alpine Club President, 10th Mountain Division trainer (b. 1914)
  • 1996 Alfredo Nobre Coast, PM of Portugal (1978), dies
  • 1996 John Alwyne Kitching, zoologist, dies at 87
  • 1996 John McSheery, dies of heart attack while umpiring a game, at 51
  • 1996 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director (b. 1926)
  • 1997 Jolie Gabor, mother of Zsa Zsa & Eva, dies at 97
  • 1997 Nancy Woodhull, news editor (USA Today), dies of cancer at 52
  • 2000 Alexander Mackenzie Stuart, Baron Mackenzie-Stuart, Scottish jurist (b. 1924)
  • 2001 Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (b. 1919)
  • 2002 Simo Hayha, Finnish marksman (b. 1905)
  • 2004 Aaron Bank, American OSS officer and founder of the US Army Special Forces (b. 1902)
  • 2005 Harald Juhnke, German entertainer (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Robert Coldwell Wood, American educator (b. 1923)
  • 2006 In Tam, Cambodian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2012 Miguel de la Madrid, Mexican President, dies from complications of pulmonary emphysema at 77
  • 2015 John Paul Hammerschmidt, (Rep-R-AR, 1967-93 ), dies at 92
  • 2017 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), dies at 83