On This Day

On This Day in History for April 10

Events in History

  • 837 Comet 1P/837 F1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0334 AUs of Earth
  • 847 St Leo IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 879 Louis III becomes King of West Francia
  • 1407 Lama Deshin Shekpa visits the Ming Dynasty capital at Nanjing and is awarded the title Great Treasure Prince of Dharma

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 France captures duke Ludovico Sforza of Milan

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1516 1st Jewish ghetto established: Venice compels Jews to live in a specific area
  • 1552 Henri II of France occupies Metz
  • 1589 Spanish troops conquer Geertruidenberg
  • 1607 The British colonial expedition that would found Jamestown departs Puerto Rico for the American mainland
  • 1656 Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
  • 1694 Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
  • 1710 The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain
  • 1741 War of the Austrian Succession: Prussia defeats Austria in the Battle of Mollwitz
  • 1790 US Patent system forms
  • 1815 Austria declares war on Kingdom of Naples

Volcanic EruptionEruption of Mount Tambora

1815 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies experiences a cataclysmic eruption, one of the most powerful in history, killing around 71,000 people, causes global volcanic winter

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The massive Tambora volcano eruption
The massive Tambora volcano eruption
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  • 1816 2nd Bank of US chartered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1816 Samuel Taylor Coleridge recites his poem "Kubla Khan" to fellow poet Lord Byron, who persuades him to publish it

Poet, Critic and Philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poet, Critic and Philosopher
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1821 Patriarch Gregory V of Constantinople is hanged by the Turks from the main gate of the Patriarchate, his body thrown into the Bosphorus
  • 1825 1st hotel in Hawaii opens
  • 1825 Nicaraguan constituent assembly meets at Leon
  • 1826 10,500 inhabitants of the Greek town Messolonghi start leaving the town after a year's siege by Turkish forces. Very few of them survive.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1827 George Canning becomes British Prime Minister upon the resignation of Robert Jenkinson, lives to serve only 119 days

British Prime Minister George Canning
British Prime Minister
George Canning
British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
  • 1841 New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley
  • 1845 More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

InventionHistoric Invention

1849 Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $400

Inventor Walter Hunt
Walter Hunt
  • 1856 The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University, Vermont
  • 1858 "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry
  • 1863 Confederate General Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 At Appomattox, Confederate General Robert E. Lee issues General Order #9, his last

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1866 American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 1868 British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • 1869 Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • 1869 José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • 1871 William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted

  • 1872 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • 1872 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22
  • 1877 Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
  • 1878 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co starts service
  • 1882 Captain William Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • 1884 US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 US President Abraham Lincoln's re-buried with his wife in Springfield, Illinois

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1898 First Navy Law is passed by the German Reichstag

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage

Captain of the Titanic Edward Smith
Captain of the Titanic
Edward Smith
  • 1913 During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • 1917 Munition factory explosion at Eddystone, Pennsylvania, kills 133 workers
  • 1919 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Adolf Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1925 Tsaritsyn renamed Stalingrad (now Volgograd)

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1925 Scribners publishes "The Great Gatsby" by F Scott Fitzgerald

  • 1930 Thiokol synthetic rubber 1st produced in Yardley, New Jersey

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1932 Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected President of Germany in a runoff election against Adolf Hitler

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1936 200" mirror blank arrives in Pasadena

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1938 Second government of Blum replaced by Édouard Daladier's government in France

Prime Minister of France Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France
Édouard Daladier
  • 1938 Austria becomes a state of Germany
  • 1938 NY makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license
  • 1939 Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews
  • 1939 Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Vidkun Quisling forms Norwegian "national government"

Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator Vidkun Quisling
Prime Minister of Norway and Nazi Collaborator
Vidkun Quisling
  • 1941 German troops conquer Libyan county Cyrenaica

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Independent State of Croatia led by Ante Pavelić established as fascist German puppet state

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • 1942 Cigarettes & candy rationed in Holland
  • 1943 12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape Nazis
  • 1943 General Montgomery occupies Sfax, Tunisia
  • 1944 "Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • 1944 Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis
  • 1945 Canadian troops conquer Deventer
  • 1945 General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland"
  • 1945 German troops attack Ijsselbrug
  • 1945 US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa
  • 1945 William Schuman & Antony Tudor's ballet premieres in NYC
  • 1946 1st election for Japanese Parliament
  • 1947 King Frederik IX of Denmark crowned
  • 1948 Jewish Hagana repels an Arab attack on Mishmar HaEmek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Dag Hammarskjöld becomes the 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations

Secretary-General of the United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld
Secretary-General of the United Nations
Dag Hammarskjöld
  • 1955 Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely (last woman to be executed in the UK)
  • 1957 John Osborne's "Entertainer" premieres in London
  • 1957 Jordanian government of Naboelsi resigns
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Northern strip of Spanish Sahara ceded to Morocco
  • 1960 Senate passes landmark Civil Rights Bill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Dutch foreign minister Luns talks to JFK about New Guinea

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1963 USS Thresher, a nuclear powered submarine, sinks 220 miles east of Boston killing 129 men, including 17 civilians
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Iranian motor launch catches fire & sinks killing 113 (Persian Gulf)
  • 1968 Ferry Wahine sinks in Wellington harbour, New Zealand on route from Lyttelton (51 killed)
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1971 US table tennis team arrives in People's Republic of China
  • 1971 The Republican commemorations is held in Belfast of the Easter Rising (in 1916 in Dublin), revealing conflicts between the two wings of the Irish Republican Army
  • 1972 7.0 earthquake kills 1/5 of population of Iranian province of Fars
  • 1972 US, USSR & 70 other nations agree to ban biological weapons
  • 1972 20 days after he was kidnapped in Buenos Aires, Oberdan Sallustro is executed by communist guerrillas
  • 1972 Two British soldiers are killed in a bomb attack in Derry
  • 1973 BEA flight to Basel Switzerland, crashes on landing, killing 104 of 143
  • 1973 Pakistan suspends constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Golda Meir resigns as Israel's Prime Minister

4th Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir
4th Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir
  • 1974 American Boccaccio Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Magicians Penn Jillette and Teller first meet

Magician and Illusionist Teller
Magician and Illusionist
Magician and Author Penn Jillette
Magician and Author
Penn Jillette
  • 1979 Soyuz 33 launched with a Russian & a Bulgarian

Birthdays in History

  • 401 Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor (408-450), born in Constantinople (d. 450)
  • 1512 James V, King of Scotland (1513-42), born in Linlithgow Palace, Linlithgow, Scotland (d. 1542)
  • 1569 Emilia van Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange & Anna of Saxon, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1629)
  • 1583 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist, father of international law, born in Delft, Holland (d. 1645)
  • 1651 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (Tschirnhaus transformation), born in Kieslingswalde, Margraviate Upper Lusatia, Saxony (d. 1708)
  • 1656 René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France, born in Ouanne, Burgundy, France (d. 1718)
  • 1695 Balthazar Huydecoper, Dutch translator and historian, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1778)
  • 1704 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar, born in Exeter, Devon, England (d. 1766)
  • 1713 John Whitehurst, English clockmaker and scientist, born in Congleton, Cheshire, England (d. 1788)
  • 1741 Basílio da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai), born in Tiradentes, Minas Gerais, Colony of Brazil (d. 1795)
  • 1755 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • 1762 Giovanni Aldini, Italian physicist, born in Bologna (d. 1834)
  • 1778 William Hazlitt, English essayist and critic, born in Kent, England (d. 1830)
  • 1783 Hortense de Beauharnais, French Queen of Holland (1806-10), born in Paris (d. 1837)

Person of interestMatthew C. Perry

1794 Matthew C. Perry, Commodore of the United States Navy who opened Japan to Western influence and trade, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1858)

Commodore of the US Navy Matthew C. Perry
Commodore of the US Navy
Matthew C. Perry
  • 1796 James Bowie, American pioneer and soldier (Texas Revolution), born in Logan, Kentucky (d. 1836)
  • 1797 Claude Ambroise Seurat, Frenchman exhibited in England as "Human Skeleton", born in Champaigne France (d. 1826)
  • 1806 Leonidas Polk, Lt. Gen. (Confederate Army), born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • 1823 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Jefferson County, Georgia (d. 1862)
  • 1827 Lewis "Lew" Wallace, American author (Ben-Hur) and Major General (Union Army), born in Brookville, Indiana (d. 1905)
  • 1829 William Booth, English preacher and founder (Salvation Army), born in Sneinton, Nottingham, England (d. 1912)
  • 1833 David McMurtrie Gregg, American diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • 1833 James Edward Rains, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1862)
  • 1837 Forceythe Willson, American poet (The Old Sergeant), born in Little Genesee, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1847 Joseph Pulitzer, Hungarian publisher (St Louis Post-Dispatch, NY World), born in Makó, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1911)
  • 1857 Henry Ernest Dudeney, English mathematician and puzzle maker, born in Mayfield, East Sussex, England (d. 1930)
  • 1865 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, born in Dover Center, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • 1867 George William Russell, Irish nationalist, poet and artist, born in Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland (d. 1935)
  • 1877 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • 1880 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor 1933-45), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1965)
  • 1880 Montague Summers, English clergyman and writer (Malleus Maleficarum), born in Clifton, Bristol, England (d. 1948)
  • 1880 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), born in Dehra Dun, British India (d. 1933)
  • 1882 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • 1887 Bernardo Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1971)
  • 1892 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (classified human into races), born in Jeseritz, Germany (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Ben Nicholson, English painter and sculptor (Circle), born in Denham, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1982)
  • 1894 Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist and educator, born in Pilani, Rajputana, India (d. 1983)
  • 1900 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, born in Les Bons Villers, Belgium (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Clare Boothe Luce, American politician and U.S. ambassador to Italy, born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Jan H. van Roijen, Dutch ambassador to the U.S. and Netherlands Foreign Minister, born in Constantinople (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Kathleen Major, British historian and principal (St Hilda's College, England), born in Lincolnshire (d. 2001)
  • 1908 Aidan Crawley, British journalist and politician (Labour MP 1945-51), born in Benenden, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1910 David Gilroy Bevan, British politician (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Paul Sweezy, American Marxist economist and editor (Monthly Review), born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Maurice Schumann, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (1969-73), born in Paris (d. 1998)
  • 1912 Roy Hofheinz, American judge and engineer (Houston Astrodome), born in Beaumont, Texas (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Stefan Heym, German-American author (Crusaders, Family Benda), born in Chemnitz, German Empire (d. 2001)
  • 1913 Steven Nagy, American bowler (first televised perfect game [300}, 1954; ABC Hall of Fame 1963), born in Shoaf, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • 1915 Leo Vroman, Dutch-American hematologist and poet, born in Gouda, Netherlands (d. 2014)
  • 1917 Robert B. Woodward, American organic chemist (Nobel 1965), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • 1921 Peter Herbert Penwarden, English priest, born in Walthamstow, England (d. 1995)
  • 1924 Kenneth Noland, American Color Field painter, born in Asheville, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • 1926 Johnnie Tillmon, civil rights activist (National Welfare Rights Association), born in Scott, Arkansas (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Jewish-American biochemist and geneticist (Nobel 1968), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1927 Wesley A Clark, American computer designer (first personal computer - LINC), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Hugh Morton, Baron Morton of Shuna, Scottish lawyer and judge, born in Mukden, Manchuria, China (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Dolores Huerta, American civil rights activist (co-founded United Farm Workers), born in Dawson, New Mexico
  • 1931 Marcel van Maele, Belgian poet and playwright, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1933 Robert Rhodes James, British politician historian (Gallipoli), born in India (d. 1999)
  • 1934 David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (Pulitzer 1964), born in NYC, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1935 Patrick Garland, British director (Doll House), born in England (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Michael Naylor, English insurance broker (Endsleigh Insurance), born in Croydon (d. 1995)
  • 1937 Bella Akhmadulina, Russian poet (The String, Fever), born in Moscow (d. 2010)
  • 1939 Alan Rothenberg, American lawyer and sports executive, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1939 Daniel Oliver, American CEO (Federal Trade Commission), born in NYC, New York
  • 1939 Penny Vincenzi [Hannaford], British novelist (An Absolute Scandal, Spoils of Time trilogy), born in Bournemouth, England (d. 2018)
  • 1941 Paul Theroux, American travel book writer and novelist (Mosquito Coast), born in Medford, Massachusetts
  • 1942 Nick Auf der Maur, Canadian journalist and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1998)
  • 1948 Tom Spencer, British politician (Conservative)
  • 1950 Barry M. Riemer, American author (The Great American Con Machine)
  • 1951 Mark Roth, American pro bowler (4-time PBA Player of Year), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1951 David Helvarg, American journalist and environmental activist, born in Long Island, New York
  • 1957 John M. Ford, American sci-fi author and poet, born in East Chicago, Indiana (d. 2006)
  • 1957 Aliko Dangote, Nigerian Chairman and CEO of the Dangote Group, born in Kano, Kano State
  • 1959 Yvan Loubier, Canadian politician and one of founders of the Bloc Québécois, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1961 Joe Cole, American roadie (Black Flag, Rollins Band), born in California (d. 1991)
  • 1963 Doris Leuthard, Swiss politician, President of Switzerland (2017), born in Merenschwand, Switzerland
  • 1965 Tim Alexander, American funk metal drummer (Primus-Pork soda), born in Cherry Point, North Carolina
  • 1973 Christopher Simmons, American graphic designer, born in Canada
  • 1974 Eric Greitens, American former military officer, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1975 Floris, Prince of Netherlands, son of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • 1979 Rachel Corrie, American political activist, born in Olympia, Washington (d. 2003)
  • 1984 Zoe, 1st frozen-embryo child, born in Melbourne Australia
  • 2007 Princess Ariane of the Netherlands, Dutch Princess, daughter of King Willem-Alexander and Queen Máxima, born in The Hague, Netherlands

Weddings in History

  • 1848 British influential art critic and social commentator John Ruskin marries Effie Gray in Perth, Scotland (later annulled).

LoveWedding of Interest

1902 Physicist Robert A. Millikan (34) weds Greta Blanchard

LoveWedding of Interest

1935 Nazi politician Hermann Goering (42) weds Emmy Sonnemann (42) in Berlin

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

LoveWedding of Interest

1951 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (68) weds nurse Alyce Chester

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Henry J. Kaiser

LoveWedding of Interest

1959 Japan's Crown Prince Akihito marries commoner Michiko Shoda

Emperor of Japan Akihito
Emperor of Japan

Deaths in History

  • 879 Louis II the Stammerer, King of the West Franks (877-79)
  • 947 Hugo van Arles, count of Arles/king of Italy, dies
  • 1008 Notger, bishop of Luik (972-1008), dies
  • 1362 Machteld, countess of Holland, dies
  • 1533 Frederik I, King of Denmark and Norway (1523-33), dies at 61

Person of interestGregory XIII

1585 Gregory XIII [Ugo Boncompagni], Italian pope (1572-85) who introduced the Gregorian (New Style) calendar in 1582, dies at 83

  • 1599 Gabrielle d'Estrée, mistress of King Henry IV of France (b. 1571)
  • 1601 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (Sonnet of Venus and Cupid), dies at 39
  • 1619 Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin (b. c1550)
  • 1640 Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
  • 1646 Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
  • 1704 William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • 1706 Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
  • 1712 Yusuf Nabi, Turkish poet (Hayriye), dies at about 77
  • 1742 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, dies at 68
  • 1760 Gerard George Clifford, head of East-Indian Company, dies at 75
  • 1760 Jean Lebeuf, French historian, dies at 1760
  • 1784 Simon Fokke, book illustrator, dies at 71
  • 1786 John Byron, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 62

Person of interestHoratio Gates

1806 Horatio Gates, British-American soldier (general of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War), dies at 78

Military Leader Horatio Gates
Military Leader
Horatio Gates
  • 1813 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician and astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), dies at 77
  • 1823 Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (elementary philosophy), dies at 65
  • 1825 Paul-Louis Courier, (Mere), French writer/interpreter, dies at 53
  • 1848 Godert van der Capellen, Dutch governor-general (Dutch-Indies), dies at 69
  • 1862 William Harvey Lamb Wallace, American lawyer and Brigadier General, dies at 40
  • 1863 Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • 1885 John H Scholten, theologist (Free Want), dies at 73
  • 1906 Georgi Gapon, Russian-orthodox clergyman, and tsarist infromant agent, dies at 36
  • 1909 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), dies at 72
  • 1919 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican leader, murdered at 39
  • 1920 Moritz B. Cantor, German historian of mathematics, dies at 90
  • 1920 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • 1929 Edmond Thieffry, Belgian WW I pilot, dies at 36
  • 1931 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • 1932 André Baillon, Belgian-French author (& sabots), dies at 56
  • 1938 Nana Annor Adjaye, Pan-Africanist, dies in W Nzima Ghana
  • 1939 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Il Bacio de Lesba), dies at 75
  • 1945 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, executed at 63
  • 1945 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • 1954 Auguste Lumière, French photograph and movie pioneer, dies at 81
  • 1954 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79
  • 1955 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), dies at 73
  • 1956 Clarence Beaumont, 1st batter in 1st World Series, dies at 75
  • 1962 Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (b. 1886)
  • 1966 Christian J Modeste, Dutch king of gypsies, dies at 71
  • 1966 Evelyn Waugh, British writer (Black Mischief), dies at 62
  • 1968 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
  • 1969 Harley Earl, American automobile designer (1st head of design at General Motors), dies at 75
  • 1974 Patricia Collinge, dies at 81
  • 1974 Roger Bastide, French sociologist, dies at 76
  • 1975 Walker Evans, American photographer (Fortune Magazine), dies at 71
  • 1981 Howard Thurman, African-American theologian and author (Deep River, Deep is the Hunger), dies at 81
  • 1983 Issam Sartawi, PLO ambassador to Portugal, murdered
  • 1986 Joseph P Addabbo, US defence specialist/(Sen-D), dies at 61
  • 1989 Joan Barry, dies at 85
  • 1992 Ken Ward, dies at 37
  • 1993 Chris Hani, Secretary-General South Africian Communist Party, assassinated at 50
  • 1994 Victor Afanasiev, Rus editor-in-chief of Pravda (1976-89), dies at 71
  • 1994 Sam B. Hall, American politician (b. 1924)
  • 1995 Chen Yun, Chinese political leader during and after the Chinese Civil War, considered one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, dies at 89
  • 1995 Glyn Jones, Welsh writer, dies at 90
  • 1995 Gunter Guillaume, German politician, dies
  • 1995 Morarji Desai, Indian politician and activist, 4th Prime Minister of India (1977-79), dies at 99
  • 1995 Betty Askwith, British writer and biographer, dies at 85
  • 1999 Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, German-born biochemist (b. 1910)
  • 2005 Iakovos, Archbishop of America (b. 1911)
  • 2009 Deborah Digges, American poet (b. 1950)
  • 2010 Ryszard Kaczorowski, Polish statesman is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 90
  • 2010 Maria Kaczyńska, Polish economist and First Lady of Poland, is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 67
  • 2010 Lech Kaczyński, Polish lawyer and politician, then President of Poland is killed in the crash of a Polish Air Force Tu-154 at 60
  • 2012 Raymond Aubrac, French Resistance Leader, dies at 97
  • 2013 Robert Edwards, British physiologist, IVF pioneer, and Nobel laureate, dies at 87
  • 2013 Raymond Boudon, French sociologist, dies at 79
  • 2014 Jim Flaherty, Canadian politician, Minister of Finance (2006-2014), dies at 64
  • 2014 Richard Hoggart, British author (The Uses of Literacy: Aspects of Working Class Life) and warden (Goldsmith's College London), dies at 95
  • 2016 Howard Marks, British drug dealer and author (Mr Nice), dies at 70