On This Day

On This Day in History for April 13

Events in History

  • 837 Best view of Halley's Comet in 2,000 years
  • 989 Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas
  • 1055 Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II
  • 1059 Papal bull "In nomine Domini" (In the Name of the Lord) issued by Pope Nicholas II establishing popes elected by Bishops and Cardinals not appointed by their predecessor
  • 1111 After months of controversy Pope Paschal II crowns Henry V, the King of Germany and Italy, as the Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1180 Diet of Gelnhausen; Henry the Lion deprived of the Duchy of Saxony
  • 1204 Crusaders occupy Constantinople
  • 1241 Battle of Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV
  • 1250 The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France captured
  • 1256 The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae
  • 1346 Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy
  • 1517 Ottoman army occupies Cairo
  • 1520 Raphaels' final influential masterpiece "The Transfiguration" is put on display a week after the artist's death
  • 1556 Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope


1560 Giovanni, son of Italian mathematician Girolamo Cardano is executed for poisoning his wife, despite his father's efforts to save him

Mathematician Girolamo Cardano
Girolamo Cardano
  • 1598 Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots
  • 1640 English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1668 John Dryden (36) appointed first English poet laureate by Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1741 Dutch people protest poor quality of bread
  • 1741 Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich, England
  • 1759 French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen
  • 1796 First elephant arrives in US from India

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Battle of Millesimo, Italy: Napoleon's forces defeat allied armies of Austria and of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1829 The Roman Catholic Relief Act passed by the British Parliament; it was the culmination of the process of Catholic Emancipation throughout the UK.
  • 1834 HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia
  • 1842 Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 1860 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California

Battle of InterestBattle of Fort Sumter

1861 After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)

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The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
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  • 1863 Battle of Irish Bend, Louisiana (Fort Bisland)
  • 1863 Society for the Relief of the Ruptured and Crippled is incorporated in the State of New York
  • 1865 Raleigh, North Carolina, captured by Union forces

Battle of InterestEthiopian Emperor Commits Suicide

1868 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor Tewodros II commits suicide

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British soldiers discover the body of Emperor Tewodros II after he committed suicide following the Battle of Magdala
British soldiers discover the body of Emperor Tewodros II after he committed suicide following the Battle of Magdala
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InventionHistoric Invention

1869 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • 1870 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • 1873 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish, Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 1882 Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 1883 US prospector Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
  • 1904 Battle of Oviumbo (in modern Namibia): Herero tribesmen rise up against German colonists

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 US Congress authorizes Lewis and Clark Expo $1 gold coin

Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
William Clark
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition Meriwether Lewis
Explorer and Leader of Lewis & Clark Expedition
Meriwether Lewis
  • 1904 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men
  • 1906 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama
  • 1909 In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • 1911 Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames in Manhattan, New York City
  • 1911 The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy
  • 1912 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • 1914 1st Federal League Game: Baltimore Terrapins beat Buffalo Blues 3-2
  • 1918 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
  • 1919 British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India, killing 350
  • 1919 Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea
  • 1920 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • 1921 Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party.
  • 1923 US Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
  • 1924 Greek plebiscite for a republic
  • 1925 Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St NYC
  • 1928 1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl)
  • 1933 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)
  • 1934 4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments
  • 1934 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act
  • 1936 Ioannis Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece
  • 1938 Clifford Goldsmith's play "What a Life" premieres at The Biltmore Theater, NYC
  • 1939 W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC
  • 1939 The Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British.
  • 1940 Second battle of Narvik; 3 German destroyers and one U-boat sunk by the Royal Navy, 5 more German destroyers scuttled
  • 1941 Heavy German assault on Tobruk
  • 1941 Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed.
  • 1943 Catholic University Nijegen closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943 Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn
  • 1944 South Carolina rejects black suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Transport #71 departs Drancy (France) internment camp, taking 1,500 French Jews to Auschwitz concentration camp in Nazi German occupied Poland; an estimated 91 survived

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1944 New Zealand and the Soviet Union establish diplomatic relations
  • 1945 Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen, Netherlands, from Nazis
  • 1945 Red Army occupies Vienna
  • 1945 US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa
  • 1945 Canadian soldier Léo Major single-handedly liberates Dutch town of Zwolle by fooling Germans into thinking a raid had begun
  • 1946 Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over
  • 1948 Hadassah Convoy Massacre: Vehicles bringing Jewish staff and medical supplies to Hadassah Hospital and University on Mount Scopus, Jerusalem attacked by Arab forces; 79 killed by bombs, grenades, and sniper fire
  • 1949 Philip S. Hench at Mayo Clinc announces discovery of cortisone to treat rheumatoid arthritis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1955 20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record)
  • 1957 11th Tony Awards: "Long Days Journey into the Night" & "My Fair Lady" win
  • 1957 Saturday postal delivery in US is temporarily halted due to lack of funds
  • 1958 12th Tony Awards: "Sunrise at Campobello" and "Music Man" win
  • 1958 Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow.
  • 1959 USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit
  • 1959 Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
  • 1959 Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics from voting for communists
  • 1960 US Department of Defense places "Transit 1B", 1st navigational satellite, in orbit around Earth
  • 1961 UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid
  • 1962 US steel industry forced to give up price increases
  • 1963 Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game
  • 1964 Ian Smith becomes Prime Minister of Rhodesia
  • 1964 New Zealander Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day
  • 1965 1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by New York Senator Jacob Javits
  • 1966 Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s
  • 1969 Closure of the Brisbane tramway network.
  • 1970 Apollo 13 announces "Okay, Houston, we've had a problem here", as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon
  • 1970 Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener: Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation
  • 1975 Chad military coup by General Odingar
  • 1975 Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war

Birthdays in History

  • 1229 Louis II, Duke of Bavaria, ruler of upper Baveria, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1294)
  • 1506 Peter Faber, French Jesuit theologian (co-founder of Society of Jesus), born in Villaret, Duchy of Savoy Holy Roman Empire (d. 1546)

Person of interestCatherine de' Medici

1519 Catherine de' Medici, Italian born Queen consort to Henry II of France and later regent to her sons, born in Florence (d. 1589)

Queen Consort and Regent of France Catherine de' Medici
Queen Consort and Regent of France
Catherine de' Medici
  • 1545 Elisabeth of Valois, daughter of King Henry II of France and 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain, born in Fontainbleau, France (d. 1568)

Person of interestGuy Fawkes

1570 Guy Fawkes, English Catholic conspirator who was convicted in the "Gunpowder Plot" to blow up the British Parliament, born in York, England (d. 1606)

English Catholic Conspirator Guy Fawkes
English Catholic Conspirator
Guy Fawkes
  • 1573 Christina of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen consort of Sweden as the wife of King Charles IX, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1625)
  • 1584 Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria, born in Munich (d. 1666)
  • 1593 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford and Viceroy of Ireland, born in London, England (d. 1641)
  • 1618 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer, born in Epiry, France (d. 1693)
  • 1626 Aert Jansse van Nes, Dutch naval commander, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1693)
  • 1648 Jeanne Guyon, French mystic, born in Montargis, Orléanais (d. 1717)
  • 1729 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, born in Bridgnorth, Shropshire, England (d. 1811)

Person of interestFrederick North

1732 Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of Great Britain (Tory: 1770-82), "who lost America", born in London (d. 1792)

British Prime Minister Frederick North
British Prime Minister
Frederick North
  • 1735 Isaac Low, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Piscataway, Province of New Jersey, British America (d. 1791)

Person of interestThomas Jefferson

1743 Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (1801-09), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1826)

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1747 Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, born in Château de Saint Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1793)
  • 1749 Frederik Sigismund van Bylandt, Dutch count and vice-admiral, born in Wageningen, Netherlands (d. 1828)
  • 1756 Louis Henri, Prince of Condé, born in Hôtel de Condé, Paris (d. 1830)
  • 1764 Laurent, 1st Marquis of Gouvion Saint-Cyr, French marshal, born in Toul, Three Bishoprics, France (d. 1830)
  • 1769 Thomas Lawrence, English portrait painter, born in Bristol, England (d. 1830)
  • 1771 Frans Adam van der Duyn van Maasdam, Dutch governor (South Holland), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • 1771 Richard Trevithick, English inventor (steam locomotive), born in Tregajorran, England (d. 1833)
  • 1780 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), born in Dublin (d. 1868)
  • 1784 Cornelis Smit, Dutch ship builder, born in Alblasserdam, Netherlands (d. 1858)
  • 1784 Friedrich Graf von Wrangel, Prussian field marshal, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1877)
  • 1787 John Robertson, American politician, born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1791 Félix de Mérode, Earl of Merode, Belgian minister of War and Finance, born in Maastricht, Belgium (d. 1857)
  • 1802 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist, born in Vienna (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Orange County, North Carolina (d. 1868)
  • 1808 Antonio Meucci, Italian inventor (invented a telephone-like device), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1889)
  • 1817 Alphonse Wauters, Belgian historian and archivist (Brussels), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1898)
  • 1822 Leroy Augustus Stafford, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Cheneyville Rapides Parish, Louisiana (d. 1864)
  • 1822 William Stephen Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1899)
  • 1825 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, born in Carlingford, County Louth, Ireland (d. 1868)
  • 1828 J. B. Lightfoot, English theologist and bishop of Durham, born in Liverpool, Lancashire (d. 1889)
  • 1828 Josephine Butler, English feminist and social reformer (campaigned against human trafficking), born in Milfield, England (d. 1906)
  • 1832 James Wimshurst, British designer and inventor (electrostatic generator), born in Poplar, England (d. 1898)
  • 1832 Juan Montalvo, Ecuadorian author (Siete Tratados), born in Ambato, Ecuador (d. 1889)
  • 1841 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor, born in Paris (d. 1905)
  • 1847 Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk, Dutch jurist and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1888-93), born in Wadenoijen, Netherlands (d. 1908)
  • 1849 Enrique José Varona, Cuban author, born in Puerto Principe, Cuba (d. 1933)
  • 1850 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British mathematician and astronomer, born in County Carlow, Ireland (d. 1917)
  • 1851 Robert Abbe, American surgeon and radiologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1928)
  • 1852 Frank W. Woolworth, American businessman, founder of F. W. Woolworth Co, born in Rodman, New York (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Richard T. Ely, American economist and author (Hard Times), born in Ripley, New York (d. 1943)
  • 1860 James Ensor, Flemish painter and etcher (De lampenjongen), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1949)

Person of interestButch Cassidy

1866 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1908)

  • 1872 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • 1873 John W. Davis, American politician and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, born in Clarksburg, West Virginia (d. 1955)
  • 1875 Ray Lyman Wilbur, American politician and 3rd President of Stanford University, born in Boonesboro, Iowa (d. 1949)
  • 1883 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • 1885 Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer and Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1940-45), born in Goënga, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1885 Georg Lukács, Hungarian philosopher and literary critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1971)
  • 1887 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association, born in Gladstone, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • 1889 Herbert Yardley, American cryptologist, born in Worthington, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • 1890 Frank Murphy, American politician and 56th United States Attorney General, born in Harbor Beach, Michigan (d. 1949)
  • 1891 Maurice Buckley, Australian soldier and winner of the Victoria Cross, born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 1921)
  • 1891 Nellallitea "Nella" Larsen [Nellie Walker], African-American Harlem Renaissance novelist (Quicksand, Passing), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1964)

Person of interestRobert Watson-Watt

1892 Robert Watson-Watt, Scottish physicist and developer of the radar and radio direction finding in WWII, born in Brechin, Scotland (d. 1973)

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1892 Arthur Harris, British RAF Commanding Chief known as "Bomber/Butcher Harris" for commanding the bombing campaign against Nazi Germany, born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire (d. 1984)
  • 1895 Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Ingham, Queensland, Australia (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Werner Voss, German World War I flying ace, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1899 Alfred Mosher Butts, American architect and game inventor (Scrabble), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1899 Alfred Schütz, Austrian-American architect and philosopher, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer, born in Agen, France (d. 1976)
  • 1901 René Pleven, Prime Minister of France (1950-52), born in Rennes, France (d. 1993)
  • 1901 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist, born in Paris (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Georges Yves Marie Congar, Dominican theologian cardinal, born in Sedan, Ardennes, France (d. 1995)

Person of interestSamuel Beckett

1906 Samuel Beckett, Irish novelist and playwright (Waiting for Godot, Nobel 1969), born in Foxrock, Ireland (d. 1989)

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1907 Harold Stassen, American politician (25th Governor of Minnesota) and perennial presidential candidate, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), born in Jackson, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • 1909 Mervyn Hugh Cowie, wildlife conservationist, born in Nairobi (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Stanislaw Ulam, Polish mathematician, born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1984)
  • 1911 Jean-Louis Lévesque, Canadian entrepreneur and philanthropist, born in Nouvelle, Quebec, Canada (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Roy Winsor, American producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • 1913 Bernard Chacksfield, British Air Vice-Marshal, born in Ilford, Essex (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Bert Peleman, Flemish writer, born in Puurs, Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Rederic Coote, British Anglican Bishop (Colchester) (d. 2000)
  • 1915 Stephan Hermlin, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Tom Greenshields, English sculptor, born in Devon, England (d. 1994)
  • 1918 A. L. [Audrey] Barker, English writer, born in St Pauls Cray, Kent (2002)
  • 1919 Madalyn Murray O'Hair, American atheist who opposed prayer in school and was murdered in 1995, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Roland Gaucher, French journalist, born in Paris (d. 2007)
  • 1920 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • 1920 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, Dutch-Swiss industrialist, born in Scheveningen, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1921 Maxwell Henley Harris, Australian poet and publisher (Gift of Blood), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 John Braine, English novelist (Life at the Top), born in Bradford, Yorkshire (d. 1986)
  • 1922 Julius Nyerere, Tanzanian politician and 1st President of Tanzania (1964-1985), born in Butiama, Tanganyika (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Neville Robinson, English physicist, born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • 1926 John Spencer-Churchill, 11th duke of Marlborough, English large landowner, born in Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Bill Wedderburn, Baron Wedderburn of Charlton, British politician, born in London (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Joyce Plesters, British conservation scientist, born in Studley, Warwickshire (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Alan Clark, English politician (Minister for Defence Procurement), born in Paddington, London (d. 1999)
  • 1930 Jeremiah Harman, British Judge "the kicking Judge", born in Kensington, London
  • 1931 Beverley Cross, English playwright, born in London
  • 1932 Orlando Letelier, Chilean economist and politician, born in Temuco, Chile (d. 1976)
  • 1933 Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Cheyenne-American politician (Sen-D Colorado), born in Auburn, California
  • 1935 Kenneth Hayr, Air Marshal, born in Whangarei, New Zealand (d. 2001)

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1992 Nelson Mandela announces he will seek divorce from Winnie Madikizela

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician Winnie Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician
Winnie Mandela

Deaths in History

  • 799 Paul the Deacon [Paulus Diaconus Warnefred], Italian Benedictine monk and chronicler of the Lombards, dies at 70
  • 814 Krum, Khan of Bulgaria (803-814), dies during siege of Constantinople
  • 1093 Vsevolod I, Grand Prince of Kiev, dies at 63
  • 1517 Tuman bay II, last Mamelukken sultan of Egypt, dies at 40
  • 1612 Sasaki Kojirō, Japanese samurai, dies at 27
  • 1635 Fakhr-al-Din II, Druze Prince of Lebanon, dies at 62
  • 1641 Richard Montagu, English clergyman, dies at 64
  • 1695 Jean de la Fontaine, French poet (Fables), dies at 73
  • 1722 Charles Leslie, Irish Anglican priest, dies at 71
  • 1793 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French revolutionary, dies at 30
  • 1794 Nicolas Chamfort, French writer, dies at 53
  • 1806 Jean-Jacques Bachelier, French painter, dies at ~82
  • 1807 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Holy Roman Empire Empress, dies at 34
  • 1853 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), dies at 64
  • 1853 James Iredell, Jr., American politician, dies at 64
  • 1855 Henry De la Beche, English geologist, dies at 59
  • 1868 Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, commits suicide at 50
  • 1880 Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist, dies at 67
  • 1882 Bruno Bauer, German theologian, dies at 72
  • 1886 John Humphrey Noyes, American preacher and founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists), dies at 74
  • 1890 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), dies at 61
  • 1904 Vasily Vereshchagin, Russian painter (War & Peace), dies at 61
  • 1909 Whitley Stokes, British lawyer, dies at 79
  • 1910 William Orchardson, British painter, dies at 78
  • 1911 George Washington Glick, American politician, dies at 83
  • 1911 John McLane, American politician, dies at 59
  • 1912 Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author, dies at 26
  • 1918 Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian military officer, dies at 47
  • 1919 Phoebe Hearst, American philanthropist & suffragist, dies at 76
  • 1925 Elwood Haynes, American automotive pioneer (built one of 1st US autos), dies at 67
  • 1932 Johannes T de Visser, 1st Dutch Min of Education, dies at 75 [or 14th]
  • 1936 Konstantinos Demertzis, Greek premier, dies at 60
  • 1938 Grey Owl [Archibald Belaney], Canadian conservationist, dies at 49

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

1941 Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Annie Jump Cannon
  • 1942 Henk Sneevliet, Dutch Communist, executed at 58
  • 1944 Paul Hazard, French critic and literature historian, dies at 65
  • 1945 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher & educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • 1954 Angus Lewis Macdonald, Canadian politician, dies at 63
  • 1959 Rigardus "Rijn" Rijnhout, Giant of Rotterdam (2.375m), dies at 38
  • 1961 John A. Bennett, American convicted rapist, dies at 26
  • 1962 Culbert Olson, American lawyer & politician (Gov-D-Cal), dies at 85
  • 1966 Abdul Salam Arif, Iraqi politician & President of Iraq (1963-66), killed in a plane crash at 45
  • 1966 Georges Duhamel, French author (Vie et aventures de Salavin, 5 vol.), dies at 81
  • 1967 Luis Somoza Debayle, President of Nicaragua (1956-63), dies at 44
  • 1971 Juhan Smuul, Estonian author, dies at 49
  • 1973 A. A. M. Stols, Dutch publisher (Schoone Book), dies at 73
  • 1975 N'garta Tombalbaye, Chadian politician (President, 1962–1975), dies at 56
  • 1978 Jack Chambers, Canadian artist, dies at 47
  • 1981 Prince Asaka Yasuhiko of Japan, Japanese military commander, dies at 93
  • 1983 Theodore Stephanides, Greek doctor & naturalist, dies at 87
  • 1983 Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (La plaça del diamant), dies at 74
  • 1984 Christopher Wilder, Australian serial killer, dies at 39
  • 1992 Wallace Stegner, American novelist (Pulitzer 1972), dies at 84
  • 1993 Max Tripels, Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • 1994 Donald Benjamin Harden, British researcher, dies at 92
  • 1994 P. J. Engels, Dutch politician (KVP), dies at 70
  • 1994 Taleb Ali al-Suheil, Iran sheik, murdered in Lebanon at 64
  • 1995 Edward Henderson, British diplomat, dies at 77
  • 1996 Denis Sargan, British econometrician, dies at 71
  • 1996 George Mackay Brown, Scottish poet, dies at 74
  • 1996 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish-American gangster, dies at 64
  • 1996 Vjekoslav Kaleb, Croatian writer (Splendor of the Fabric), dies at 90
  • 1997 Dorothy Frooks, American author & military figure, dies at 101
  • 1999 Willi Stoph, German politician (Prime Minister of German Democratic Republic, 1964-73), dies at 84
  • 2000 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer, dies at 84
  • 2001 Robert Moon, American postal inspector, dies at 83
  • 2005 Nikola Ljubičić, President of the Presidency of Serbia (1982-84) & Communist politician, dies at 89

Person of interestMuriel Spark

2006 Muriel Spark, Scottish author (The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie), dies at 88

Author Muriel Spark
Muriel Spark
  • 2008 John Archibald Wheeler, American physicist (first American involved in the theoretical development of the atomic bomb), dies at 96
  • 2015 Eduardo Galeano, Uruguayan journalist & writer, dies at 74

Person of interestGünter Grass

2015 Günter Grass, German writer (The Tin Drum) and playwright and Nobel Prize laureate (1999), dies at 87

Writer and playwright Günter Grass
Writer and playwright
Günter Grass
  • 2016 Ray Thornton, American politician (Democratic U.S. Representative for Arkansas), dies at 87
  • 2017 Zareh Baronian, Armenian theologian, dies at 75
  • 2018 Miloš Forman, Czech-American award-winning director (One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, Amadeus, The Firemen's Ball), dies at 86