On This Day

On This Day in History for April 14

Events in History

AssassinationAssassination of Julius Caesar

43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.

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The Death of Caesar by Jean-Léon Gérôme
The Death of Caesar by Jean-Léon Gérôme
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  • 193 Lucius Septimus Severus crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 754 Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte
  • 966 Christianisation of Poland
  • 972 Notger becomes bishop of Liege
  • 979 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 1028 German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king
  • 1191 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
  • 1341 Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
  • 1361 Henry of Grosmont, the richest peer in England, is buried at the Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of Newarke, Leicester, with the royal family in attendance
  • 1434 The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid
  • 1471 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Barnet - Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 English King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1544 Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
  • 1570 Polish Calvinists, Lutherans and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1574 Battle of Mookerhei - D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau
  • 1611 Word "telescope" is 1st used by Prince Federico Cesi
  • 1629 England and France sign Peace of Susa
  • 1671 Cossacks capture Russian peasant leader Stenka Razin
  • 1699 Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
  • 1756 Governor Glen of South Carolina protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • 1775 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia

BattleDeclaration of War

1792 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1818 US Medical Corps forms
  • 1828 British 18-gun sloop HMS Acorn sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1828 First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Noah Webster
  • 1831 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1836 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1841 1st detective story published, Edgar Allan Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue" (April 1841)

  • 1847 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1849 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1858 Abolitionist John Brown meets Harriet Tubman at a Constitutional Convention convened in Chatham, Ontario

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • 1860 1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St Joseph, Missouri

Battle of InterestBattle of Fort Sumter

1861 Formal Union surrender of Fort Sumter (US Civil War)

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The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
The Confederate bombardment of Fort Sumter, the first battle of the American Civil War
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  • 1862 Battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1863 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • 1865 Mobile, Alabama is captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell as part of the same conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward
16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln

Final Deadly Performance of a Twisted ActorFinal Deadly Performance of a Twisted Actor

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot in the head by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington; he dies a day later

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The assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Lithograph by Gibson & Co., published in 1870
The assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Lithograph by Gibson & Co., published in 1870
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  • 1868 SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • 1871 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • 1872 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • 1872 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • 1881 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1890 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1900 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 J. C. Penney opens his first store, The Golden Rule Store, in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
Author John Bunyan
John Bunyan
  • 1909 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
  • 1910 Pan American Union forms

Sinking ShipThe Titanic Sinks

1912 RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland

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The wreck of the RMS Titanic at the bottom of the ocean, photographed in 2004
The wreck of the RMS Titanic at the bottom of the ocean, photographed in 2004
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  • 1913 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • 1914 Dr. Harry Plotz isolates the bacteria that causes Typhus Fever (Mt. Sinai Hospital, New York City)
  • 1914 Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
  • 1915 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • 1915 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • 1915 Turkey invades Armenia.
  • 1918 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • 1921 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1922 Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
  • 1923 Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
  • 1927 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1928 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
  • 1930 Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Spain becomes a republic with the overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • 1935 Black Sunday: Severe dust storm ravages the US Midwest, led to the region being named "the Dust Bowl"

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1939 John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published

  • 1940 Allied troops land in Norway
  • 1940 RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
  • 1941 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • 1942 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC

BattleBattle of Interest

1943 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • 1944 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • 1944 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • 1944 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • 1945 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • 1945 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945 US Marines attack Yae-Take, the tallest mountain on Okinawa's Motobu Peninsula
  • 1948 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • 1948 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1949 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1950 1st edition of British comic "Eagle"
  • 1950 Doorne's Auto factory opens in Netherlands
  • 1953 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • 1954 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • 1957 Leah Neuberger wins her 8th women's singles ping pong championship

Space Dog Laika Launched to her DeathSpace Dog Laika Launched to her Death

1958 Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 with space dog Laika aboard burns up during reentry into Earth's atmosphere

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Laika in her space box, from which she was never to emerge
Laika in her space box, from which she was never to emerge
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  • 1959 (Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1960 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
  • 1961 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
  • 1961 US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
  • 1962 Demonstration for sovereign status of New Guinea in Amsterdam

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1962 Georges Pompidou becomes Prime Minister of France after the resignation of Michel Debré

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 General Gnassingbé Eyadéma becomes President of Togo

General and President of Togo Gnassingbé Eyadéma
General and President of Togo
Gnassingbé Eyadéma

Birthdays in History

  • 1527 Abraham Ortelius, Flemish cartographer and dealer in maps, books, and antiquities (Theatrum orbis terrarum), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1598)
  • 1572 Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher, born in Innsbruck, Austria (d. 1632)
  • 1578 Philip III, King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1621)
  • 1592 Abraham Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1652)
  • 1629 Christiaan Huygens, Dutch mathematician, astronomer (discovered Saturn's rings) and scientist (dynamics), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1695)
  • 1668 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1714 Adam Gib, Scottish religious leader, born in Muckhart, Perthshire (d. 1788)
  • 1721 William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, English army leader, born in London (d. 1765)

Person of interestWilliam Cavendish-Bentinck

1738 William Cavendish-Bentinck, British 3rd Duke of Portland, Whig Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1783, 1807-09), born in Nottinghamshire, (d. 1809)

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
  • 1741 Emperor Momozono, 116th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1762)
  • 1762 Giuseppe Valadier, Italian architect and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1839)
  • 1788 David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1870)
  • 1797 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), born in Bouc-Bel-Air, France (d. 1877)
  • 1803 Friedrich von Amerling, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1887)
  • 1809 George Willem Vreede, Dutch lawyer and politician, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Junius Spencer Morgan, American merchant and philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), born in Holyoke, Massachusetts (d. 1890)
  • 1818 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, born in Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1907)
  • 1820 Harry T. Hays, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1876)
  • 1827 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist, born in Bramham cum Oglethorpe, Wetherby, Yorkshire (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, born in Vegesack, Bremen, Germany (d. 1896)
  • 1832 James Hewett Ledlie, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Utica, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1857 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • 1862 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • 1866 Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • 1868 Peter Behrens, German architect, born in Hamburg, North German Confederation (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter, born in Saratov, Russia (d. 1905)
  • 1872 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1953)
  • 1874 Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Canada, born in Kensington Palace, London (d. 1957)
  • 1876 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • 1877 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar, born in Schiedam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1879 James Branch Cabell, American novelist and essayist (Restless Heads), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • 1886 Edward C. Tolman, American psychologist (behaviorism), born in West Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ernst Robert Curtius, German literature historian, born in Thann, Haut-Rhin (d. 1956)

Person of interestArnold J. Toynbee

1889 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

Person of interestB.R. Ambedkar

1891 B.R. Ambedkar [Baba Saheb], Indian politician, jurist (architect of the Constitution of India) and social reformer who inspired the Dalit Buddhist Movement, born in Mhow, India (d. 1956)

Jurist and Social Reformer B.R. Ambedkar
Jurist and Social Reformer
B.R. Ambedkar
  • 1892 V. Gordon Childe, British archaeologist and prehistorian, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1957)
  • 1897 Barbara Wootton, Baroness Wootton of Abinger, British sociologist and criminologist, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Russian-American rabbi (head of Lubavitcher Jews), born in Nikolaev, Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Reinout Willem van Bemmelen, Dutch geologist, born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Sonia Gaskell, Russian-Dutch choreographer (Diaghilev), born in Vilkaviškis, Lithuania (d. 1974)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator, born in Hamburg, Arkansas (d. 1999)

Person of interestFaisal of Saudi Arabia

1906 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia (1964-75), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (d. 1975)

Person of interestFrançois Duvalier

1907 François Duvalier "Papa Doc", Dictator and President of Haiti (1957-71), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 1971)

Dictator and President of Haiti François Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
François Duvalier
  • 1907 Otto Frans Antoine Hubert van Nispen, Dutch mayor (Pannerden), born in Pannerden, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), born in Gentilly, Val-de-Marne, France (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), born in Oakland, California (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Rosanell Eaton, American voting rights advocate, born near Louisburg, North Carolina (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Abel Muzorewa, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979-80), born in Umtali, Manicaland, Southern Rhodesia (d. 2010)
  • 1926 Frank Daniel, Czech-born writer, director and teacher (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Barbara Anderson, New Zealand author, born in Hastings, New Zealand (d. 2013)
  • 1929 William Edgar Thornton, American medical doctor, USAF officer, and NASA astronaut (STS-8; STS-51-B), born in Faison, North Carolina (d. 2021)
  • 1930 George Gekas, American politician (Rep-R-PA, 1983-2003), born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1932 Bill Bennett, Canadian politician, Premier of British Columbia (1975-86), born in Kelowna, British Columbia (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Fredric Jameson, American philosopher, cultural theorist
  • 1935 Erich von Däniken, Swiss writer (Chariots of the Gods), born in Zofingen, Aargau
  • 1936 Frank Serpico, American policeman who blew whistle on NYPD corruption, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1938 Gloria Randle Scott, American educator/President of Beaumont College, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1942 Valentin Vitaliyevich Lebedev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 35, T-5)
  • 1943 Clarice Elaine Gaylord, director of research grants (EPA)
  • 1943 Yvonne Vriens-Auerbach, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1945 Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, 8th Prime Minister of Samoa, born in Lepa, Samoa
  • 1946 Tom Monteleone, American writer (Dark Star & Illumination)
  • 1948 Chester G. Atkins, American politician (Rep-D-Mass 1985-93)
  • 1948 Anastasios Papaligouras, Greek lawyer and politician
  • 1949 DeAnne Julius, American/English economist
  • 1950 Francis Collins, American scientist who led the Human Genome Project, born in Staunton, Virgibia
  • 1951 Gregory "Greg" Winter, British biochemist (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2018) known for the therapeutic use of antibodies, born in Leicester, England
  • 1953 David Buss, American Evolutionary psychologist
  • 1954 Bruce Sterling, American sci-fi author (Involution Ocean, Schismatrix)
  • 1963 Thomas W. Libous, American politician (Senate-R-New York 1989-2015) brought down by scandal, born in Johnson City, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1966 André Boisclair, Quebec politician (Parti Québécois)
  • 1971 Peter Gibson, American writer, born in Greenwich, Connecticut
  • 1979 Randal McCloy, Survivor of the Sago Mine Disaster
  • 1983 William Obeng, American football offensive lineman, born in Accra, Ghana

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1880 Philosopher John Muir (41) weds Louisa Strentzel

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir

LoveWedding of Interest

1890 Painter Pierre Auguste Renoir (49) weds Aline Victorine Charigot

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1978 Novelist Danielle Steel (30) divorces Danny Zugelder after almost 3 years of marriage

Novelist Danielle Steel
Danielle Steel

Deaths in History

  • 711 Childebert III, king of French, dies at about 27
  • 911 Sergius III, Italian Pope (904-11), dies
  • 1099 Conrad, bishop of Utrecht, stabbed to death
  • 1132 Mstislav of Kiev (b. 1076)
  • 1279 Boleslaw the Pious, Polish duke
  • 1279 Boleslaus of Greater Poland
  • 1322 Bartholomew de Badlesmere, 1st Lord Badlesmere, English soldier (b. 1275)
  • 1345 Richard Aungerville, English bishop and writer (b. 1287)
  • 1433 Lidwina, Dutch mystic (Christ's Bride) and saint, dies at 53
  • 1471 Richard Neville [16th Earl of Warwick], English nobleman and military commander known as Warwick the Kingmaker, slain in battle at 42
  • 1552 Laurentius Andreae [Lars Andersson], Swedish church reformer, dies
  • 1574 Christoffel Palts, German general strategist, dies in battle
  • 1574 Hendrik, count of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle
  • 1574 Louis, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, dies in battle at 35
  • 1578 James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, consort of Mary I of Scotland
  • 1599 Henry Wallop, English statesman
  • 1662 William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele, English statesman, dies at 79
  • 1682 Avvakum, Russian Orthodox archpriest and writer, dies at 60
  • 1692 Carlos de Gurrea, Spanish viceroy (Spanish Netherlands), dies
  • 1716 Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington, British admiral
  • 1721 Michel Chamillart, French statesman (b. 1652)
  • 1722 Pieter Erberveld, German-Thai merchant on Java, Indonesia. He was accused of plotting a rebellion with the Javanese, tortured and executed at around 62
  • 1764 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer, dies at 84
  • 1785 William Whitehead, English writer and poet, British Poet Laureate (1757-85), dies at about 70
  • 1792 Maximilian Hell, Slovakian astronomer (b. 1720)
  • 1874 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch author/engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • 1894 Adolf Friedrich von Schack, German poet, dies at 78
  • 1910 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (b. 1856)
  • 1911 Henri Elzéar Taschereau, French Canadian jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (b. 1836)
  • 1912 Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)
  • 1913 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), dies at 68
  • 1914 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist, dies at 58
  • 1914 Hubert Bland, English co-founder of the Fabian Society (b. 1855)
  • 1915 James Hutton Brew, Pioneer of West African Journalism, dies
  • 1917 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), dies at 57

Person of interestLouis Sullivan

1924 Louis Sullivan, American architect (father of skyscrapers), dies at 67

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • 1924 Roland Napoléon Bonaparte, French prince and president of the Société de Géographie, dies at 65
  • 1925 Pieter D van Essen, Dutch artillery officer, dies at 54
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), dies at 36
  • 1935 Amalie Emmy Noether, German mathematician (b. 1882)
  • 1941 Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies
  • 1941 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, dies at 69
  • 1943 Asser B Kleerekoper, SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
  • 1949 Joseph A Cushman, US paleontologist, dies at 68
  • 1950 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Indian philosopher (b. 1879)
  • 1953 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84

Person of interestRachel Carson

1964 Rachel Carson, American marine biologist, conservationist and author (Silent Spring), dies at 56

Marine Biologist and Writer Rachel Carson
Marine Biologist and Writer
Rachel Carson
  • 1964 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), dies at 87
  • 1965 Perry E Smith, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged
  • 1965 Robert E Hickok, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged
  • 1971 Armand Spitz, developer of small educational planetarium, dies
  • 1973 Minna Gombell, dies in Santa Monica CA
  • 1976 José Revueltas, Mexican writer (b. 1914)
  • 1977 Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, dies at 44

Person of interestSimone de Beauvoir

1986 Simone de Beauvoir, French author and feminist (The Mandarins, The Second Sex, She Came to Stay), dies of pneumonia at 78

  • 1988 John Stonehouse, British politician (b. 1925)
  • 1990 Martin Kessel, writer, dies on 89th birthday
  • 1992 David Miller, dies of cancer at 82
  • 1993 Jo Boer, Dutch painter and author (Catharina & the Magnolias), dies at 85
  • 1993 Sam Ntombani, ANC-secretary in Soweto South-Africa, shot to death
  • 1994 Selometsi Baholo, vice-premier of Lesotho, murdered
  • 1994 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (b. 1897)
  • 1995 Brian Coffey, Irish poet (Advent), dies at 89
  • 1995 Donald Keech, entrepreneur, dies at 74
  • 1995 Michael Scott Montague Fordham, English child psychiatrist and Jungian analyst, dies at 89
  • 1996 Mervyn Levy, artist/critic, dies at 81
  • 1996 James Sargent Russell, US pilot and admiral (WW II Pacific Ocean), dies at 93
  • 1998 Maurice Stans, American politician, Secretary of Commerce and Watergate figure, dies at 90
  • 2000 Phil Katz, American computer programmer (Zip file format), dies from the effects of alcoholism at 37
  • 2001 Hiroshi Teshigahara, Japanese director (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Mahmut Bakalli, Kosovo politician (b. 1936)
  • 2007 June Callwood, Canadian journalist, author and social activist (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Maurice Druon, French writer and journalist (Prix Goncourt), dies at 90
  • 2011 Walter Breuning, American supercentenarian (b. 1896)
  • 2011 William Lipscomb, American chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry (Nobel 1976), dies at 91
  • 2013 Dennis Moran, American computer hacker, dies from overdose at 30

Person of interestBernie Madoff

2021 Bernard "Bernie" Madoff, American fraudster and financier who committed the largest fraud in US history, dies in prison of natural causes at 82

Financier and Fraudster Bernie Madoff
Financier and Fraudster
Bernie Madoff