On This Day

On This Day in History for April 16

Events in History

Battle of InterestBattle of Megiddo

1457 BC Battle of Megiddo: Egyptian forces of Thutmose III defeat a large Canaanite coalition under King of Kadesh. First battle recorded with a reliable account.

Learn More
Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III battle a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the King of Kadesh
Egyptian forces under the command of Pharaoh Thutmose III battle a large rebellious coalition of Canaanite vassal states led by the King of Kadesh
Learn More
  • 1178 BC A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War
  • 73 Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt
  • 556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1071 Bari falls to Robert Guiscard's Norman forces, ending Byzantine rule in Italy
  • 1346 The Serbian Empire is proclaimed in Skopje at an Easter assembly and Stephen Uroš IV Dušan crowned Emperor over much of the Balkans
  • 1395 Azzo X d'Este is defeated at the Battle of Portomaggiore by Venetian-Ferrarese troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1509 French army under Louis XII enters the Alps

King of France Louis XII
King of France
Louis XII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Martin Luther arrives at the Diet of Worms assembly

Theologian and Founder of Protestantism Martin Luther
Theologian and Founder of Protestantism
Martin Luther
  • 1582 Spanish conquistador Hernando de Lerma founds the settlement of Salta in Argentina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1632 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed supreme military commander of the Holy Roman Empire

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein


1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1746 Jacobite Rising 1745: Battle of Culloden, the last battle on British soil: Royalist troops under the Duke of Cumberland defeat the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart

Pretender to the British throne Bonnie Prince Charlie
Pretender to the British throne
Bonnie Prince Charlie
  • 1780 The University of Münster in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 George Washington heads for 1st presidential inauguration

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1797 Spithead Mutiny begins: British Royal Navy sailors protest over living and working conditions and pay near Portsmouth

BattleBattle of Interest

1799 Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Mount Tabor - Napoleon drives Ottoman Turks across the River Jordan near Acre

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 1853 1st passenger railway opens in India, from Bori Bunder (Bombay) to Thane (34 km)
  • 1854 San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 1854 Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach, NY, 311 die
  • 1858 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln outlaws business with Confederate States (US Civil War)

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1862 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • 1862 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • 1865 Battle of Columbus & West Point, Georgia (Ft Tyler), Union forces win one of the last battles of the US Civil War
  • 1866 Nitroglycerine explodes at a Wells Fargo & Co office in San Francisco shattering glass for half a mile
  • 1868 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 1869 Ebenezer Bassett, 1st African American diplomat, begins service as Minister to Haiti
  • 1870 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1881 In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1883 Paul Kruger chosen as President of Transvaal

3rd President of the South African Republic Paul Kruger
3rd President of the South African Republic
Paul Kruger
  • 1888 Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on in the Netherlands
  • 1900 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • 1908 Natural Bridges National Monument forms (Lake Powell, Utah)
  • 1912 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • 1913 Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 [OS Apr 3] Lenin arrives back from exile in Russia at Finland Station, Petrograd to join the Russian Revolution

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1917 Vladimir Lenin issues his radical "April Theses" calling for Soviets to take power during the Russian Revolution [OS Apr 4]
  • 1918 The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking men up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
  • 1921 Liberal Freedom League forms in The Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Annie Oakley sets women's record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row

Sharp Shooter Annie Oakley
Sharp Shooter
Annie Oakley
  • 1922 Treaty of Rapallo between the German Republic and Soviet Union a is signed in Italy, normalizing diplomatic relations with each side renouncing their territorial and financial claims against the other
  • 1924 1st radio-transmission of wireless: Mattheus Passion
  • 1924 Child labor laws strengthened in Holland
  • 1925 During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 wounded
  • 1926 Book of the Month Club sends out its 1st selections "Lolly Willowes" & "Loving Huntsman" by Sylvia Townsend Warner
  • 1929 Cleveland Indian Earl Averill, becomes 1st AL to hit a HR on 1st at bat
  • 1935 1st radio broadcast of "Fibber McGee & Molly"
  • 1938 Great Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1939 The Soviet Union proposes an alliance with Britain and France to counter Nazi Germany; the Soviets would later sign a secret agreement with the Nazis

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1941 Little Theater at Adelphi Strand, London closes
  • 1942 Japanese occupying army on Java installs film censorship
  • 1943 40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem, Netherlands (85 killed)
  • 1943 Swiss scientist Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD
  • 1945 Battle of Okinawa: US Army invades and seizes the Ie Shima Airfield on Ie Shima island near Okinawa
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch town of Arnhem, site of failed Operation Market Garden, is freed by British and Canadian forces
  • 1945 German troops in Groningen surrender

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 Battle of Berlin: Red Army begins its attack on the capital of Nazi Germany

Learn More
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Learn More
  • 1945 US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1945 US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa
  • 1945 Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops
  • 1946 1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, New Mexicao; reaches altitude of 8 km
  • 1946 Dutch Special Court of Justice sentences Frederik Müller, Socialist mayor of Rotterdam, to 10 years in jail for his wartime support of Germany
  • 1947 -17] Explosions & fire on French ship Grandcamp
  • 1947 Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (NYC)
  • 1947 Massive explosion & fire kills 522 in Texas City, Tx
  • 1948 Organization for European Economic Cooperation (EEC) forms in Paris
  • 1951 British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 British royal yacht Britannia launched by Queen Elizabeth II

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1956 1st solar powered radios go on sale
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan
  • 1958 French government of Gaillard falls due to Tunisia crisis
  • 1959 Datu Abdul Rozak inaugurated as premier of Malaysia federation
  • 1961 15th Tony Awards: Becket & Bye Bye Birdie win
  • 1962 Brazil nationalizes US businesses
  • 1964 9 men sentenced 25-30 years for Britain's 1963 "Great Train Robbery"
  • 1965 Test flight of heavy Saturn S-1C-rocket
  • 1966 Rhodesian PM Ian Smith breaks diplomatic relations with Britain
  • 1970 70 die in a snow crush (France)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Protestant Unionist Ian Paisley wins seat formerly held by Terence O'Neill in the Stormont (North Ireland Parliament)

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • 1972 Two giant pandas arrive in US from China
  • 1972 Apollo 16 launched; 5th manned lunar landing (Decartes Highlands)
  • 1972 Two British soldiers are shot dead by the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA) in separate incidents in Derry
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Cambodian Red Khmer occupy Phnom Penh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Alex Haley finds his Roots in Juffure, Gambia

Writer Alex Haley
Alex Haley
  • 1979 Failed Palestinian attack on Zaventem Airport, Belgium
  • 1979 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sam Shepard for "Buried child"
  • 1980 Delhi beat Bombay by 240 runs to win Ranji Trophy final
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 Queen Elizabeth proclaims Canada's new constitution
  • 1984 Pulitzer prize awarded to Mary Oliver for "American Primitive"

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1986 To dispel rumors he's dead, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi appears on TV

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • 1986 West Indies complete 5-0 demolition of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 August Wilson's "Fences" wins 1987 Pulitzer Prize for drama

Playwright August Wilson
August Wilson
  • 1987 FCC imposes a broader definition of indecency over airwaves
  • 1987 Howard Stern & Infinity Broadcasting are warned by FCC
  • 1987 Peter Taylor's "Summons to Memphis" wins Pulitzer Prize for fiction

Birthdays in History

  • 778 Louis I the Pious, Holy Roman Emperor (814-840), born in Poitiers, Aquitaine (d. 840)
  • 1319 John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), born in Le Mans, France (d. 1364)
  • 1495 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, born in Leisnig, Saxony (d. 1552)
  • 1628 Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch vice admiral of Zealand, born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1679)
  • 1635 Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1681)
  • 1646 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1708)
  • 1648 John Luyken, Dutch poet and etcher (Duytse Lyre), born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • 1660 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (provided foundation of the British Museum), born in Killyleagh, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1753)
  • 1661 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, born in Horton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1715)
  • 1682 John Hadley, English mathematician and inventor (octant), born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1744)
  • 1693 Anne Sophie Reventlow, Queen of Denmark and Norway (1721-30), born in Clausholm Castle, Denmark (d. 1743)
  • 1728 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat and carbon dioxide, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1799)
  • 1738 Henry Clinton, British army officer and politician, born in Newfoundland, British Canada (d. 1795)
  • 1755 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • 1786 John Franklin, English rear admiral and explorer (Arctic), born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1847)
  • 1800 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), born in Peebles, Scotland (d. 1883)
  • 1800 George Bingham, 3rd Earl of Lucan, British army officer (Charge of the Light Brigade), born in London, England (d. 1888)
  • 1808 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1816 Edward Johnson, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Midlothian, Virginia (d. 1873)
  • 1820 Georg Curtius, German classical linguist, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1885)
  • 1821 Ford Madox Brown, British painter, born in Calais, France (d. 1893)
  • 1823 Mother Joseph of the Sacred Heart [Esther Pariseau], Canadian religious leader (US capitol), born in Saint-Elzéar, Quebec, Canada (d. 1902)
  • 1823 Orlando Bolivar Wilcox, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1907)
  • 1823 Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (number theory), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1852)
  • 1827 Octave Crémazie, French Canadian poet, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1879)
  • 1844 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • 1847 Hans Auer, Swiss-Austrian architect, born in Wädenswil, Switerland (d. 1906)
  • 1848 Kandukuri Veeresalingam, Indian social reformer from Andhra Pradesh, born in Rajahmundry, Andhra Pradesh, India (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Herbert Baxter Adams, American historian (American Historical Association), born in Shutesbury, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • 1851 Ernst Josephson, Swedish painter, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1906)
  • 1859 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • 1865 Harry Chauvel, Australian Imperial Force senior officer, born in Tabulam, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1945)
  • 1867 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., born in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico (d. 1918)

Person of interestWilbur Wright

1867 Wilbur Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Millville, Indiana (d. 1912)

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright
  • 1871 John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist and poet (Riders to the Sea), born in Rathfarnham, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1909)
  • 1881 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax and British ambassador to US (1940-46), born in Powderham Castle, Devon, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, born in Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1895 Robert Dean Frisbie, American writer of travel literature (Life on Puka Puka), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1948)
  • 1897 John Bagot Glubb, British commandant and writer (A soldier with the Arabs), born in Preston, Lancashire, England (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist, born in Bergaliszki (d. 1988)
  • 1900 Polly Adler, Russian bordello proprieter and author (House is not a Home), born in Yanow, Russia (d. 1962)
  • 1904 Clifford P. Case, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey, born in Franklin Park, New Jersey (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer and CEO (Philips), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1905 John Lee-Barber, British Royal Navy officer (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Cobina W "Coby" Molenaar, Dutch peace activist (d. 1994)
  • 1906 Marion Lloyd Vince, American fencer (National champ 1928, 31), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1907 August Eigruber, Austrian war criminal, born in Steyr, Austria (d. 1947)
  • 1907 Joseph-Armand Bombardier, French-Canadian inventor and businessman (Bombardier) (d. 1964)
  • 1909 Herman Uyttersprot, Flemish literature historian, born in Denderbelle (d. 1967)
  • 1911 William T. Stearn, British botanist, born in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire (d. 2001)
  • 1911 Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy, born in Devonport, England (d. 1963)
  • 1912 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Charles McLaren, 3rd Baron Aberconway, British industrialist and CEO (John Brown & Co) (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Dany Tuijnman, Dutch politician (Minister of Transport and Water Management), born in Middelburg, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1917 Charlotte Salomon, German-Jewish artist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1919 Merce Cunningham, American choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus), born in Centralia, Washington (d. 2009)
  • 1919 Tom Willmore, English geometer, born in Gillingham, England (d. 2005)
  • 1920 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1920 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Christopher Samuel Youd, British sci-fi author (Tripods Trilogy), born in Huyton, Lancashire, England (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Kingsley Amis, English novelist (Lucky Jim, James Bond Dossier), born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Leo Tindemans, Belgian statesman, Prime Minister of Belgium (1974-78), born in Zwijndrecht, Belgium (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Geoffrey Johnson Smith, Scottish Conservative politician (1959-2001), born in Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • 1924 John Harvey-Jones, English businessman and chairman of ICI (1982-87), born in Hackney, London (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Barbara Tizard, British educator and author, born in London (d. 2015)

Person of interestBenedict XVI

1927 Pope Benedict XVI [Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger], Catholic Pope (2005-2013), born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany

265th Pope Benedict XVI
265th Pope
Benedict XVI
  • 1931 Piet de Visser, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Geoffrey Owen, British editor (Financial Times)
  • 1935 Sarah Kirsch, German poet, born in Limlingerode, Prussian Saxony (d. 2013)
  • 1938 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician (Leader of the Scottish National Party), born in Govan, Glasgow (d. 2017)
  • 1939 Margaretha de Boer, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Amsterdam
  • 1939 Reinier Lucassen, Dutch painter (Kuifje contra James Union), born in Amsterdam
  • 1940 Thomas Stonor, 7th Baron Camoys, British banker and deputy CEO (Barclays de Zoete Wedd), born in England

Person of interestMargrethe II

1940 Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark (1972 - present), born in Copenhagen, Denmark

Queen of Denmark Margrethe II
Queen of Denmark
Margrethe II
  • 1940 Paul Cox, Dutch-born Australian director (Lonely Hearts), born in Venlo, the Netherlands (d. 2016)
  • 1940 Benoît Bouchard, French-Canadian public official and former politician, born in Roberval, Quebec
  • 1941 Cliff Stearns, American businessman and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1943 Ewald Vanvugt, Dutch author (Kiss of Delight, Seed of Love), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands
  • 1945 Tom Allen, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maine), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1946 Margot Adler, American journalist, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Lynne Franks, British public relations consultant, born in London
  • 1951 Pierre Toutain-Dorbec, French photographer, born in Orbec, Normandy, France
  • 1951 Ioan Mihai Cochinescu, Romanian writer and photographer, born in Timişoara, Romania
  • 1953 J. Neil Schulman, American writer (Alongside Night), born in Forest Hills, New York
  • 1955 Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in Castle Betzdorf, Betzdorf, Luxembourg
  • 1956 David M. Brown, U.S. Navy Captain and NASA astronaut, born in Arlington, Virginia (d. 2003)
  • 1956 Lise-Marie Morerod, Swiss skier, born in Les Diablerets, Vaud, Switzerland
  • 1959 Scott McKinsey, American television director, born in California
  • 1960 Wahab Akbar, Filipino politician and Congressman, born in Lantawan, Basilan, Philippines (d. 2007)
  • 1962 Antony Blinken, American government official, US Secretary of State (2021-), born in Yonkers, New York
  • 1963 John Delaney, American politician (Rep (D) Maryland 2013-19), born in Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
  • 1971 Frederik Nilsson, IHL forward (Team Sweden, KC (IHL)), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1972 Tracey K. Smith, American poet (Pulitzer prize 2011, Poet Laureate), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts
  • 1976 Dan Kellner, American fencer, born in Livingston, New Jersey
  • 1978 Matthew Lloyd, Australian rules footballer, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1982 Barry Jones, Scottish magician, born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1984 Amelia Atwater-Rhodes, American author, born in Silver Spring, Maryland
  • 1985 Mark Baker, Welsh author and historian
  • 1992 Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg, Prince of Luxembourg, born in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg

Weddings in History

  • 2005 "Survivor: All-Stars" winner Amber Mariano (26) weds The Amazing Race star Rob Mariano (29) at the Atlantis Resort on Paradise Island in the Bahamas

Divorces in History

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1816 Leading Romantic poet Lord Byron signs Deed of Separation dissolving his marriage with Lady Byron at her request after 1 year of marriage

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron

Deaths in History

  • 69 Marcus Salvius Otho, Roman Emperor, dies at 36
  • 744 al-Walid II, Umayyad caliph (743-744), killed at 35
  • 924 Berengar of Friuli, King of Italy, Holy Roman Emperor (915-924) (b c. 845)
  • 1090 Sikelgaita, Lombard princess, wife of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia and Calabria, who often went into battle, armed, dies at about 50
  • 1113 Sviatopolk II of Kiev, Russian prince (b. 1050)
  • 1118 Adelaide del Vasto, wife of Roger II of Sicily
  • 1198 Duke Frederick I of Austria
  • 1446 Filippo Brunelleschi, Italian Renaissance architect (dome of Florence cathedral), dies at 68 or 69
  • 1496 David van Bourgondie, Bishop of Utrecht (1456-96), dies at about 69
  • 1529 Louis de Berquin, French humanist, reformer and heretic, burned at stake
  • 1619 Denijs Calvaert/Caluwaert [Dionisio Fiamingo], Flemish painter, dies
  • 1687 George Villiers, 2nd duke of Buckingham, English statesman and poet, dies at 59
  • 1689 Aphra Behn, English dramatist and novelist, dies at 48
  • 1743 Cornelis van Bijnkershoek, Dutch jurist who helped develop international law along positivist lines, dies at 69
  • 1756 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer, dies at 79
  • 1760 Laurence, 4th Earl Ferrers, executed for murder of his steward
  • 1783 Christian Mayer, Czech Catholic priest and astronomer, dies at 63
  • 1788 George-Louis Leclerc, count de Buffon, French naturalist and writer on natural history (Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière), dies at 80
  • 1825 Henry Fuseli, Swiss-born painter and art writer (Tracks in the Snow), dies at 84
  • 1828 Francisco Goya y Lucientes, Spanish painter and printmaker (The Third of May 1808), dies at 82

Person of interestMadame Tussaud

1850 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, dies at 88

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1859 Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
  • 1860 Carolina, duchess of Berry/daughter of crown prince of Naples, dies
  • 1865 Robert C. Tyler, US Confederate brigadier general, dies during the Battle of West Point, at 32
  • 1870 Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
  • 1879 Bernadette Soubirous, French saint (saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies from tuberculosis at 35 in Nevers, France
  • 1888 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, dies at 42
  • 1899 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, dies at 23
  • 1904 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet, dies at 16
  • 1904 Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer and reformer (b. 1812)
  • 1914 George William Hill, American astronomer (moon orbit), considered to be the greatest master of celestial mechanics of his time, dies at 76
  • 1914 S. R. Crockett, Scottish novelist (The Stickit Minister), dies at 54
  • 1915 Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, dies at 73
  • 1928 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, dies at 87
  • 1929 Abraham van Stolk Jzn, Dutch art collector, dies at 57
  • 1930 José Carlos Mariátegui, Peruvian journalist, political philosopher and activist (b. 1894)
  • 1931 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • 1938 Bertram Mills, British circus proprietor (Bertram Mills Circus), dies at 70
  • 1941 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, dies at 60
  • 1947 Rudolf Höss, German commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, dies at 45
  • 1955 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded

Person of interestRosalind Franklin

1958 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, dies of ovarian cancer at 37

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1967 Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist who helped identify the Guillain-Barré-Strohl syndrome, dies at 86
  • 1968 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), dies at 82
  • 1970 Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
  • 1972 Yasunari Kawabata, Japanese novelist (Thousand Cranes) and Nobel laureate (1968), dies at 72
  • 1978 Lucius du Bignon Clay, American WWII general and military governor of West Germany, dies at 80
  • 1988 Jacques de Kadt, Dutch politician and writer (Fascism is War!), dies at 90
  • 1988 Khalil al-Wazir, PLO leader, assassinated by Israeli commandos at 52
  • 1988 Warde Donovan, dies at 72
  • 1989 Tawfieq Yusuf Awwaad, Lebanese writer, dies
  • 1992 Frank Killmond, dies at 58
  • 1993 John P W Meefout, sculptor (Laying wife), dies at 77
  • 1994 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man), dies at 80
  • 1994 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonely Londoners), dies at 70
  • 1995 Cheyenne Brando, daughter of Marlon, commits suicide
  • 1995 Iqbal Masih, Pakistani child slave labourer, activist (b. 1982)
  • 1996 Madeleine Bourdouxhe, Belgian writer, dies at 89
  • 1996 Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping magnate (Those Fabulous Greeks), dies at 86
  • 1997 Emilio Azcarraga Milmo, American Mexican media tycoon (Televisa), dies at 66
  • 1997 Roland Topor, French illustrator (b. 1938)
  • 1997 Doris Angleton, American socialite, murdered at 46
  • 1998 Alberto Calderón, Argentine mathematician, dies at 77
  • 2002 Ruth Fertel, American restaurateur (b. 1927)
  • 2003 Graham Stuart Thomas, English author and garden designer (b. 1909)
  • 2005 Marla Ruzicka, American humanitarian worker and peace activist (b. 1976)
  • 2007 Seung-Hui Cho, Korean American murderer (b. 1984), see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre
  • 2007 Jocelyne Couture-Nowak, American instructor of French (b. 1958)
  • 2007 Kevin Granata, American professor of Engineering (b. 1961)
  • 2007 Liviu Librescu, American Jewish-Romanian professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics (b. 1930)
  • 2007 G. V. Loganathan, Indian American professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering (b. 1954)
  • 2007 Frank Bateson, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1909)
  • 2008 Joseph Solman, American painter
  • 2008 Edward Norton Lorenz, American mathematician and meteorologist, dies at 90
  • 2010 Rasim Delic, Bosnian military chief of staff and war criminal (b. 1949)
  • 2010 Daryl Gates, LAPD Chief, dies at 83
  • 2010 Marion Ladewig, American ten-pin bowler (9 time woman bowler of year 1950-63), dies at 95
  • 2011 Harold Volkmer, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Missouri, dies at 80
  • 2011 Bijan, Iranian men's apparel designer (Bijan), dies of stroke at 71
  • 2011 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, dies at 87
  • 2011 Allan Blakeney, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Saskatchewan), dies at 85
  • 2012 Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping Magnate, dies at 98
  • 2020 Luis Sepúlveda, Chilean writer and political activist (The Old Man Who Read Love Stories), dies of COVID-19 at 70
  • 2020 Gene Deitch, American illustrator (Tom Terrific, Nudnik), dies at 95