On This Day

On This Day in History for April 18

Events in History

  • 310 St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 387 Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus
  • 1025 Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland

Papal VisitSt. Peter's Basilica

1506 The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid in the Vatican by Pope Julius II

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St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City, Rome
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  • 1518 Bona Sforza is crowned queen consort of Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther

Founder of Protestanism Martin Luther
Founder of Protestanism
Martin Luther
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz
  • 1663 Osman declares war on Austria
  • 1666 Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
  • 1676 Sudbury, Massachusetts, attacked by Indians
  • 1688 "Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery": Francis Daniel Pastorius authors 1st formal written protest against African-American slavery in English colonies in Germantown, Pennsylvania
  • 1738 Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere and William Dawes ride from Charlestown to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1783 Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day when it began
  • 1797 France & Austria sign ceasefire

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1835 William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after Robert Peel resigns out of frustration

British Prime Minister William Lamb
British Prime Minister
William Lamb
British Prime Minister Robert Peel
British Prime Minister
Robert Peel

  • 1848 American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico
  • 1856 Russian Chancellor Count Nesselrode resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Battle of Fort Jackson, Fort St Philip & New Orlean's, Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Poison Springs, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • 1864 Battle of Dybbøl: Denmark is defeated by Prussian and Austrian forces storming Dybbol fort in the deciding battle of the Second Schleswig War

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1865 Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

US Army Officer and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston
US Army Officer and Confederate General
Joseph E. Johnston
Union General William Tecumseh Sherman
Union General
William Tecumseh Sherman
  • 1868 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • 1876 Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • 1879 Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • 1880 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • 1881 Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
  • 1890 NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton
  • 1899 John McGraw, at 36, has his managerial debut as Oriole manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1904 L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing
  • 1906 Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht

Historic CommunicationSan Francisco Earthquake of 1906

1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city

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Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
Arnold Genthe's famous photograph, looking toward the fire on Sacramento Street
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  • 1906 The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement

  • 1907 Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour" premieres in NYC
  • 1907 Fairmont Hotel opens in San Francisco
  • 1912 Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City
  • 1912 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • 1915 French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I.
  • 1916 US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1916 Edith Wharton is appointed Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, France’s highest award, for her contribution to the war effort

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1921 Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring
  • 1921 Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Poland annexes Central Lithuania
  • 1924 1st crossword puzzle book published by Simon & Schuster
  • 1925 World's Fair opens in Chicago
  • 1926 Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf, Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Chiang Kai-shek forms anti-government in China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1929 Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire
  • 1930 Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da
  • 1934 1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Texas)

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1934 Adolf Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

Foreign Minister of the German Reich Joachim von Ribbentrop
Foreign Minister of the German Reich
Joachim von Ribbentrop
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1935 Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters
  • 1935 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • 1936 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu
  • 1938 Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • 1939 Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey
  • 1939 Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government
  • 1942 "Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle

Sinking ShipAttack on Pearl Harbor

1943 Operation Vengeance: US Army Air Force P-38G fighter aircraft from Kukum Field on Guadalcanal ambush and shoot down the transport bomber aircraft of Isoroku Yamamoto, commander-in-chief of the Imperial Japanese Navy and mastermind behind the Pearl Harbor attack

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USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona ablaze and sinking after the attack on Pearl Harbor
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  • 1944 Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • 1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propaganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia established
  • 1946 League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government

President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary Josip Broz Tito
President of Yugoslavia and Revolutionary
Josip Broz Tito
  • 1948 International Court of Justice opens at The Hague Netherlands
  • 1949 Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth
  • 1950 1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2
  • 1950 Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations
  • 1951 Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms
  • 1951 France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community
  • 1954 Colonel Gamal Abdal Nasser seizes power & becomes Prime Minister of Egypt
  • 1955 1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed
  • 1955 1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens
  • 1956 Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire
  • 1958 Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia
  • 1958 NL single-game record of 78,682, Giants lose to Dogers 6-5, in LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

  • 1961 CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule
  • 1963 Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant
  • 1964 Artisans strike in Belgium ends
  • 1964 Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches
  • 1964 Van Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr Sloane"
  • 1967 Jonathan Frid makes his 1st appearance as 200-year-old vampire Barnabas Collins on TV's "Dark Shadows", show becomes a huge hit
  • 1968 178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System go on strike
  • 1968 Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms
  • 1968 London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona)
  • 1968 Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band" premieres in NYC
  • 1968 Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII" premieres in London
  • 1968 San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 The Widgery Report on 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland is published, causing outrage among the people of Derry who call it the "Widgery Whitewash"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1974 Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi
  • 1976 30th Tony Awards: "Travesties" & "A Chorus Line" win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Alex Haley author of "Roots" awarded Pulitzer Prize

Writer Alex Haley
Writer
Alex Haley

Birthdays in History

  • 1480 Lucrezia Borgia, Italian noblewoman, daughter of Pope Alexander VI, born in Subiaco, Lazio, Italy (d. 1519)
  • 1521 François de Coligny d'Andelot, French general (Jarnac) and Ruler of van Andelot, born in Châtillon-sur-Loing, France (d. 1569)
  • 1580 Thomas Middleton, English playwright (A Game at Chess), born in London (d. 1627)
  • 1590 Ahmed I, 14th Sultan of the Ottoman Emperor (1603-17); constructed the Blue Mosque, born in Manisa Palace, Manisa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1617)
  • 1732 George Colman the Elder, English dramatist, born in Florence (d. 1794)
  • 1740 Francis Baring, English merchant and banker, born in Larkbeare House, Exeter
  • 1744 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist and patriot (Neder-Rhijn), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1771 Karl Philipp, Prince of Schwarzenberg, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1820)
  • 1803 Charles Ferdinand Pahud, Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (1856-61), born in Amsterdam (d. 1873)
  • 1813 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • 1817 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), born in London (d. 1878)
  • 1819 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban revolutionary hero, born in Bayamo, Spanish Cuba (d. 1874)
  • 1838 Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist, born in Cognac, France (d. 1912)
  • 1839 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet (Bell Birds), born in Yatte Yattah, New South Wales (d. 1882)
  • 1842 Antero Tarquínio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice), born in Ponta Delgada, Portugal (d. 1891)
  • 1852 George Clausen, English painter, born in London (d. 1944)
  • 1855 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Jan Steen), born in Amsterdam (d. 1946)
  • 1857 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, born in Kinsman, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • 1859 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (Sanatorium High-Laren), born in Roermond, The Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • 1864 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • 1868 Didericus van Epen, Dutch genealogist (Dutch Patriarch), born in Amsterdam (d. 1930)
  • 1872 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, born in Mauston, Wisconsin (d. 1960)
  • 1874 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), born in Bischofswerda, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1875 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), born in Ogulin, Croatian Military Frontier, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • 1877 Vicente Sotto, Filipino politician and author (Sotto Law, Republic Act No. 53), born in Cebu City, Spanish Empire (d. 1950)
  • 1881 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, born in Białystok, Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1888 Arnold Lunn, British skier (created the modern Alpine slalom race), born in Madras, India (d. 1974)
  • 1889 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, born in Ranchi, Bihar, Bengal Presidency, British Raj (d. 1970)
  • 1896 Eugene Wegmann, Swiss geologist (Le Jura plisse), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1982)
  • 1897 Ardito Desio, Italian explorer and topographer, born in Palmanova, Friuli, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1898 Charles Leatherland, Baron Leatherland, British journalist and Labour Party politician, born in Aston, Birmingham (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Giuseppe Pella, 31st Prime Minister of Italy, born in Valdengo, Piedmont, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1981)
  • 1905 George H. Hitchings, American scientist (Nobel laureate 1988), born in Hoquiam, Washington (d. 1998)
  • 1906 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • 1907 Stephen Longstreet, American writer (All or Nothing), born in New York (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Jamie Whitten, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi), born in Cascilla, Mississippi (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Francis Johnson, English architect, born in Bridlington (d. 1995)
  • 1911 George Huntington Hartford II, American heir (A&P), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Susan Bosence, British textile designer and blockprinter, born in Luton, Bedfordshire (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Henk [Hendrik Johannes] Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PSP), born in Amsterdam (d. 1976)
  • 1915 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, born in NYC, New York (d. 1960)
  • 1917 Frederica of Hanover, Queen Consort of Greece, born in Blankenburg am Harz, Duchy of Brunswick (d. 1981)
  • 1918 Roger de Grey, British landscape painter and President of Royal Academy (1984-93) (d. 1995)
  • 1918 Cliff Hillegass, American publisher (Cliffsnotes), born in Rising City, Nebraska (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Beryl Platt, Baroness Platt of Writtle, British engineer, politician and CEO (Equal Opportunities Comm), born in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex (d. 2015)
  • 1923 Leif Panduro, Danish writer ('k Have varnish on traditions), born in Frederiksberg, Denmark (d. 1977)
  • 1924 Henry Hyde, American politician (Rep-R-Illinois 1975-2007), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Roy Mason [Baron Mason of Barnsley], British defense secretary and Labour MP, born in Royston, England (d. 2015)
  • 1924 Raf de Linde [Raphael van Hecke], author (Vaarwel on Gertrude), born in Evergem, Belgium
  • 1927 Tadeusz Mazowiecki, 1st Prime Minister of Poland (1989-90), born in Płock, Poland (d. 2013)

Person of interestSamuel P. Huntington

1927 Samuel P. Huntington, American political scientist (The Clash of Civilizations) and presidential adviser, born in NYC, New York (d. 2008)

Political Scientist and Presidential Adviser Samuel P. Huntington
Political Scientist and Presidential Adviser
Samuel P. Huntington
  • 1929 Peter Hordern, British Conservative Party politician
  • 1933 Alan Devereux, British industrialist and CEO (Scottish Tourist Board), born in Frinton-on-Sea, England
  • 1935 Joel Hefley, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado), born in Ardmore, Oklahoma
  • 1937 Jan Kaplický, British architect of Czech origin, born in Prague, Czechoslovakia (d. 2009)
  • 1938 Andreas Liebenberg, South African military commander, born in Upington, Cape Province, South Africa (d. 1998)
  • 1939 Thomas J. Moyer, American judge and Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court (1987-2010), born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Joseph L. Goldstein, American biochemist and physician (Nobel-1985), born in Kingstree, South Carolina
  • 1941 Michael D. Higgins, Irish politician (9th President of Ireland 2011-), born in Limerick, Ireland

Person of interestRobert Hanssen

1944 Robert Hanssen, American FBI agent and Soviet spy, born in Chicago, Illinois

FBI Agent and Soviet Spy Robert Hanssen
FBI Agent and Soviet Spy
Robert Hanssen
  • 1945 Margaret Hassan, Irish aid worker in Iraq, born in Dalkey, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 2004)
  • 1946 Harvey Kagan, American muscian (Sir Douglas Quintet)
  • 1947 Kathy Acker, American experimental novelist (Blood and Guts in High School), born in NYC, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1947 Herbert Mullin, American serial killer (killed thirteen people in California in the early 1970s), born in Salinas, California
  • 1950 Bill Sudderth III, American trumpeteer (Atlantic Star-Touch 4 Leaf Clover)
  • 1951 Pierre Pettigrew, Canadian politician (Minister for International Trade), born in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
  • 1955 Amschel Rothschild, British banker (executive chairman of Rothschild Asset Management of the Rothschild banking family of England), born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1961 Pamella Bordes, British parliament escort, former Miss India and photographer, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1964 Niall Ferguson, British historian (Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World, Civilisation: the West and the Rest), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1965 Rob Stenders, Dutch radio discjockey (Stenders Latevermaak & RobRadio), born in Oisterwijk, Netherlands
  • 1969 Sayako Kuroda, Japanese Imperial Shinto priestess and Supreme Priestess of the Ise Grand Shrine who gave up her imperial title for marriage, born in Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • 1970 Saad Hariri, Lebanese-Saudi Prime Minister of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1974 Edgar Wright, British director (A Fistful of Fingers), born in Poole, Dorset, England
  • 1976 Justin Ross, American politician (Member of the Maryland House of Delegates from the 22nd district 2003-12), born in Bowie, Maryland
  • 2007 Princess Haya Bint Al Hamzah, Princess of Jordan, born in Amman, Jordan

Weddings in History

  • 1599 Valencia arch duke Albrecht of Austrian marries Isabella of Spain

LoveWedding of Interest

1951 Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz (28) weds Joyce Halverson

Cartoonist Charles M. Schulz
Cartoonist
Charles M. Schulz
  • 1973 American sci-fi writer "Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?" Philip K Dick marries 5th wife Leslie (Tessa) Busby
  • 1993 Beirut-hostage Terry Anderson marries Madeleine Bassil

Deaths in History

  • 1161 Theobald of Bec, Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 71
  • 1504 Filippino Lippi, Italian renaissance painter, dies at ~52
  • 1530 Francois Lambert d'avignon, French church reformer, dies at ~43
  • 1552 John Leland, English poet & antiquarian, dies at 49
  • 1556 Luigi Alamanni, Italian poet (Flora, Antigone), dies at 61
  • 1558 Roxelana, wife of Otttoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, dies at ~54
  • 1567 Wilhelm von Grumbach, German adventurer, dies at 63
  • 1587 John Foxe, English historian (Book of Martyrs), dies
  • 1610 Robert Parsons, English jesuit (A Letter Disclosure), dies at 63
  • 1612 Emanuel Van Meteren, Flemish merchant & historian, dies at 76
  • 1636 Julius Caesar, English lawyer & judge, dies at 78
  • 1650 Simonds d'Ewes, English antiquarian, dies at 47
  • 1674 John Graunt, English statistician & founder of science of demography, dies at 53
  • 1679 Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau, German poet, dies at 62
  • 1684 Gonzales Coques, Flemish painter, dies at 69
  • 1689 George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, Welsh judge, dies at 43
  • 1690 Charles V, Duke of Lorraine & Austrian field marshal, dies at 47
  • 1732 Louis Feuillée, French explorer, dies at 72
  • 1794 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • 1796 Johan Wilcke, Swedish physicist, dies at 63
  • 1800 Pieter Fouquet, Dutch art merchant (Atlas of Fouquet), dies at 71
  • 1802 Erasmus Darwin, English physician writer & botanist (grandfather of Charles Darwin), dies at 70
  • 1803 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), dies at 43
  • 1818 Quint Ondaatje, Dutch jurist & politician, dies at 59
  • 1845 Nicolas Théodore de Saussure, Swiss chemist, dies at 77
  • 1853 William R. King, American politician (Vice President 1853), dies at 67 one month after his inauguration
  • 1855 Jean-Baptiste Isabey, French painter, dies at 88
  • 1867 Robert Smirke, English architect, dies at 86
  • 1871 Omar Pasha [Michael Lats], Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 1873 Justus von Liebig, German agricultural & biological chemist who is considered the founder of organic chemistry, dies at 69
  • 1879 Anthony Pannizi, Italian-born British librarian (British Museum), dies at 81
  • 1882 Henry Cole, English inventor & civil servant, 1st director of the V&A Museum, promoter of 1851 Great Exhibition, dies at 73
  • 1888 Roscoe Conkling, American politician (U.S. Senator from New York 1867-81), dies at 58
  • 1898 Gustave Moureau, French illustrator, dies at 72
  • 1906 Luis Martín, Spanish Superior-General of the Society of Jesus, dies at 59
  • 1917 Moritz von Bissing, Prussian general, dies at 73
  • 1917 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist, dies at 59
  • 1935 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist & archaeologist, dies at 90
  • 1935 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer, dies at 50
  • 1940 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian & politician, dies after being hit by a car during London blackout at 75
  • 1941 Alexandros Koryzis, Prime Minister of Greece in 1941, commits suicide at about 65 as German troops closed in on Athens
  • 1942 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor & art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), dies at 67

Person of interestIsoroku Yamamoto

1943 Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese WWII Marshall Admiral & Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet who led the attack on Pearl Harbor, killed in action at 59 by a US ambush after the "Magic" code-breaking team intercepted and decoded his flight plan

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto
  • 1945 John Ambrose Fleming, English electrical engineer & physicist, dies at 95
  • 1945 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), dies at 44
  • 1947 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (President of the First Slovak Republic), dies at 59
  • 1949 Leonard Bloomfield, American linguist, dies at 62
  • 1951 António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal & 11th President of Portugal, dies at 81
  • 1955 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher & scholar, dies in Germany at 70

Person of interestAlbert Einstein

1955 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist & Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), dies of an abdominal aortic aneurysm at 76

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1958 Maurice-Gustave Gamelin, French general (WW1, WW2), dies at 85
  • 1958 Richard B. Goldschmidt, German-American zoologist (butterflies), dies at 80
  • 1958 Maurice Gamelin, French general (unable to stop the German assault on France, May 1940), dies at 85
  • 1963 Meyer Jacobstein, American politician, dies at 83
  • 1964 Ben Hecht, American playwright (Child of the Century), dies at 71
  • 1965 Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor, dies at 48
  • 1976 Mahmoud Younis, Suez Canal nationalization engineer, dies at 65
  • 1981 James H. Schmitz, American sci-fi author (Lion Game), dies at 69
  • 1984 Arvi Kivimaa, Finnish writer (Groenende Cross), dies at 79
  • 1986 Marcel Dassault [Bloch], French airplane builder, dies at 94
  • 1993 Masahiko Kimura, Japanese judoka, dies at 75
  • 1993 Dame Elisabeth Frink, English sculptor & printmaker, dies of cancer aged 62
  • 1994 Ken Oosterbroek, South African press photographer, shot dead at 32
  • 1995 Arturo Frondizi, 35th President of Argentina (1958-62), dies at 86
  • 1996 Kalim Siddiqui, Pakistani-British writer & Islamic activist, dies at 62
  • 1996 Piet Hein, Danish polymath, dies at 80
  • 1997 Edward Barker, English cartoonist, dies at 46
  • 1998 Terry Sanford, American politician, dies at 80
  • 1999 Gian-Carlo Rota, Italian-born American mathematician & philosopher, dies at 66

Person of interestThor Heyerdahl

2002 Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian anthropologist & explorer (Kon Tiki, Aku-Aku), dies of a brain tumor at 87

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 2003 Edgar F. Codd, English-American computer scientist who contributed to the theory and practice of database management systems, dies at 79
  • 2004 Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara, first Prime Minister of Fiji & President of Fiji, dies at 83
  • 2007 Iccho Itoh, mayor of Nagasaki, dies at 61
  • 2011 William Donald Schaefer, American politician (Gov-D-Md), dies at 89
  • 2015 Joseph Lechleider, American electrical engineer (invented DSL/high speed internet technology), dies at 82
  • 2019 Lyra McKee, Northern Irish journalist, shot by the New IRA in a terrorist attack at 29

Person of interestLorraine Warren

2019 Lorraine Warren, American paranormal investigator (Amityville haunting), dies in her sleep at 92

Paranormal Investigator Lorraine Warren
Paranormal Investigator
Lorraine Warren
  • 2020 Takuo Aoyagi, Japanese engineer who invented the pulse oximeter, dies at 84