On This Day

On This Day in History for April 19

Events in History

  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1591 Chartres surrenders to King Henry IV in France

  • 1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1713 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction, decreeing that Habsburg possessions could be inherited by a daughter

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • 1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Explorer James Cook
Explorer
James Cook
  • 1775 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon

USAThe Shot Heard Round the World

1775 American Revolution begins in Lexington, Massachusetts. The "Shot Heard Round the World" took place in Concord later that day

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'Battle on Lexington Green' as painted by William Barnes Wollen
'Battle on Lexington Green' as painted by William Barnes Wollen
Learn More
  • 1775 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots - 4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1892 Charles Duryea takes the 1st American-made automotive for a test drive

Philippine <b>Revolution</b>Philippine Revolution

1901 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452

BeatificationBeatification

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1909 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence

  • 1910 Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1911 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • 1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes first premeditated free-fall parachute jump
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • 1928 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • 1928 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR announces US will leave gold standard

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • 1938 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls, New York
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege
  • 1941 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Children" premieres in Zurich
  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Mordecai Anielewicz
Leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
Mordecai Anielewicz
  • 1943 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
  • 1947 French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1955 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network
  • 1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1960 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m
  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1965 "Whipped Cream & Other Delights", fourth full album by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass Band, is released
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1970 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of the British Commonwealth
  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1982 Guinon Bluford announced as 1st African American NASA astronaut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Sally Ride is named the 1st American woman astronaut

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 1982 USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature magazine)
  • 1985 16th Space Shuttle Mission (51-D)-Discovery 4 returns to Earth

Birthdays in History

  • 1501 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer, born in Annaberg, Saxony (d. 1559)
  • 1603 Michel le Tellier, French statesman, born in Paris (d. 1685)
  • 1658 Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (1690-1716), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer, born in Paris (d. 1721)
  • 1686 Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman, born in Pskov, Russia (d. 1750)

Person of interestRoger Sherman

1721 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • 1728 Francisco Albergati Capacelli, Italian writer and playwright, born in Bologna (d. 1804)
  • 1737 Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder and inoculation propagandist, born in Bedum, Netherlands (d. 1815)
  • 1768 Adrian Hardy Haworth, English entomologist and botanist, born in Hull, England (d. 1833)
  • 1772 David Ricardo, English economist (On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation), born in London (d. 1823)
  • 1787 Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary, born in Dutchess County, New York (d. 1837)
  • 1793 Ferdinand I, Emperor of Austria (1835-48), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1875)
  • 1795 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, German naturalist and zoologist (micro-organisms), born in Delitzsch, Germany (d. 1876)
  • 1798 Heinrich Maria von Hess, German historical painter, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1863)
  • 1801 Gustav Fechner, German philosopher and physicist (Weber–Fechner law), born in Żarki Wielkie, Poland (d. 1887)
  • 1814 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), born in Marseille, France (d. 1875)
  • 1817 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1821 Mortimer Dormer Leggett, American Major General (Union Army), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Karl Josef Rudolph Cornely, German Jesuit biblical scholar, born in Breyell, Germany (d. 1908)
  • 1832 José Echegaray, Spanish dramatist (Nobel 1904), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1916)
  • 1832 Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States as the wife of James A. Garfield (1881), born in Garrettsville, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1850 Edward John Gregory, British painter and engraver, born in Southampton, England (d. 1909)
  • 1857 Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French scholar and philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1939)
  • 1861 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, born in Beselare, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • 1866 Henri Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell), born in Amsterdam (d. 1939)
  • 1874 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium (d. 1943)
  • 1874 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss-German psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • 1876 Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of the Netherlands (1901-34), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1934)
  • 1877 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), born in Gjøvik, Norway (d. 1934)
  • 1879 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1964)

Person of interestGetulio Vargas

1883 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1883 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), born in Lemberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1889 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), born in Wurzen, Kingdom of Saxony, German Empire (d. 1946)
  • 1890 Lou Bandy [Lodewijk Ferdinand Dieben], Dutch revue-artist (Look for the Sun), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • 1891 Ricardo Bacchelli, Italian playwright and poet (La Ronda), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1985)
  • 1895 Anton Pieck, Dutch illustrator (Efteling, Kaatsheuvel), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist, born in India (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Sybil Andrews, English-Canadian painter, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England (d. 1992)
  • 1900 Richard Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth), born in Weybridge, Surrey (d. 1976)
  • 1900 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), born in Lacombe, Alberta, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1903 Eliot Ness, US Federal agent "The Untouchables" (put away Al Capone), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1957)
  • 1905 John Thach, American WWII Naval aviator (developed the Thach Weave) and USN admiral, born in Pine Bluff, Arkansas (d. 1981)
  • 1910 Andrew Gilchrist, British ambassador (Ireland, Indonesia, Iceland), born in Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951), born in Ishpeming, Michigan (d. 1999)
  • 1912 William Murray, British teacher and educationalist, born in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Andrew Wilkinson, British pediatrician and the first Professor of Paediatric Surgery in the UK, born in Taunton, England (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Glyn England, British electrical engineer and CEO (CEGB, Windcluster Ltd), born in Llantrisant, Cardiff, South Wales (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircraft), born in Weissach, Württemberg, Weimar Republic (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Luigi Barbarito, Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Atripalda, Italy (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Kim Bok-dong, Korean sex slave activist, born in Yangsan, Korea (d. 2019)
  • 1928 John Horlock, British vice-chancellor (Open College), born in Edmonton, Middlesex (d. 2015)
  • 1931 Denis Henry, British High Court judge, born in Margate, Kent, England (d. 2010)
  • 1931 Kobie Coetsee, South African Minister of Defense (1993-94) and Minister of Justice (1980-93), born in Ladybrand, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1931 Walter Stewart, Canadian writer and journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2004)
  • 1936 Wilfried Martens, 44th Prime Minister of Belgium (1979-81, 1981-92), Sleidinge, Belgium (d. 2013)
  • 1939 Clay Shaw, American politician (Rep-R-FL, 1981-2007), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2013)

Person of interestAli Hosseini Khamenei

1939 Ali Khamenei [Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Hosseini Khamenei], 2nd Supreme Leader of Iran (1989-) and the 3rd President of Iran (1981-89), born in Mashhad, Khorasan, Iran

2nd Supreme Leader of Iran Ali Hosseini Khamenei
2nd Supreme Leader of Iran
Ali Hosseini Khamenei
  • 1941 Michel Roux, French chef and restaurateur (opened Le Gavroche, 1st three Michelin starred restaurant in Britain), born in Charolles, Saône-et-Loire, Vichy France
  • 1942 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist and photographer, born in Winschoten, Netherlands (disappeared in 1975).
  • 1942 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur (founder, CEO, and co-owner of Roush Fenway Racing), born in Covington, Kentucky
  • 1944 James Heckman, American economist (Nobel Prize 2000), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1946 Leon Wessels, South African lawyer and Minister of Local Government, born in Kroonstad, South Africa
  • 1947 Frits Castricum, Dutch journalist and politician (PvdA), born in Boxtel, Netherlands (d. 2011)
  • 1949 Larry Walters, American "lawn chair" pilot, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1993)
  • 1951 Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (2004-08), born in Tvøroyri, Suðuroy
  • 1957 Mukesh Ambani, Indian businessman and chairman of Reliance Industries, born in Aden, Yemen
  • 1967 Steven H. Silver, American sci-fi editor, born in Hinsdale, Illinois
  • 1968 Mswati III [Prince Makhosetive], King of Swaziland (1986- ), born in Manzini, Swaziland
  • 1978 Amanda Sage, American visionary artist, born in Denver, Colorado

Weddings in History

  • 1941 Youngest Mitford sister Deborah Mitford marries Andrew Cavendish, son of the Duke of Devonshire in London
  • 2005 "Extra" co-host Dayna Devon (35) weds plastic surgeon Dr. Brent Moelleken at the Hans Fahden Winery in Calistoga, California
  • 2014 Brooklyn Nine-Nine actor Joe Lo Truglio (43) weds Beth Dover in Santa Barbara, California

Deaths in History

  • 843 Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies
  • 1012 Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 954)
  • 1044 Gothelo, duke of Neth-Lotharingen, dies
  • 1054 Pope Leo IX [Bruno, Graf von Egisheim und Dagsburg], Catholic Church's 151st pope (1049-54), dies at 51
  • 1390 King Robert II of Scotland, first monach of the House of Stewart (1371-90), dies at 74
  • 1529 John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55
  • 1560 Philipp Melanchton (Schwazerd), church reformer, dies at 63
  • 1567 Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79
  • 1578 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1588 Paolo Veronese (Cagliari), painter, dies
  • 1608 Earl of Dorset, poet/statesman, dies
  • 1618 Thomas Bastard, clergyman and epigrammatist (b. 1565 or 1566)
  • 1627 John Beaumont, English poet (b. 1583)
  • 1645 Anton van Diemen, gov-gen (Neth East Indies), dies at about 51

Person of interestRoger Williams

1684 Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist, dies at 80

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1686 Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)
  • 1689 Christina, Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic (1644-54), dies at 62
  • 1706 Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist pastor (Lambs' War), dies at 83
  • 1733 Elizabeth Villiers, mistress of William III of England
  • 1739 Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies
  • 1751 Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (b. 1678)
  • 1768 Filippo della Valle, Italian sculptor, dies at about 70
  • 1768 Giovanni Antonio Canal [Canaletto], Italian painter and printmaker (Rialto), dies at 70
  • 1776 Jacob Israel Emden [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi, dies at 78
  • 1791 Richard Price, nonconformist minister/writer (Alabi's World), dies
  • 1813 Benjamin Rush, physician/abolotionist (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 67

Person of interestLord Byron

1824 Lord Byron [George Gordon Byron], British romantic poet (Childe Harold's Pilgrimage), dies at 36

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1831 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician, dies at 65
  • 1840 Jean-Jacques Lartigue, Roman catholic bishop of Montreal (b. 1777)
  • 1852 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 1854 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • 1862 Louis Powell Harvey, US governor of Wisconsin, drowns
  • 1862 Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies
  • 1867 Robert Smirke, British architect, dies
  • 1870 Andreas Schelfhout, painter/etcher/lithographer, dies at 83
  • 1874 Owen Jones, architect, dies

Person of interestBenjamin Disraeli

1881 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, dies of bronchitis at 76

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • 1881 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53

Person of interestCharles Darwin

1882 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1889 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • 1892 Fr. Thomas Dale SSC, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (b. 1821)
  • 1893 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), dies at 52
  • 1895 George Scharf, critic, dies
  • 1895 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT-stempels), dies at 70
  • 1901 Alfred Horatio Belo, American newswriter and businessman (b. 1839)
  • 1906 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, dies in a cart accident at 46
  • 1914 Charles Peirce, American scientist and philosopher known as "the father of pragmatism", dies at 74
  • 1916 Ephraim Shay, American inventor of Shay type of geared steam locomotive, dies at 76
  • 1926 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1930 Georges-Casimir Dessaulles, Canadian senator (b. 1827)
  • 1937 William Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, English historian and explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81
  • 1938 Henry John Newbolt, English poet and author (Studies Green & Gray), dies at 75
  • 1943 Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943 Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1944 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • 1945 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • 1949 Stephen Samuel Wise, American Rabbi and President of Zionist Org of America, dies at 75
  • 1956 Ernst Robert Curtius, German literature historian, dies at 70
  • 1956 Leon N H Jungschlaeger, head milt intelligence Neth-Indies, dies at 52
  • 1957 Charles Earle Funk, American lexicographer (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 76
  • 1957 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch SDAP minister (1939-45), dies at 79

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

1967 Konrad Adenauer, West Germany chancellor (1949-63), dies at 91

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1972 Adolf Bach, German philologist/sociologist, dies at 82

Person of interestPercy Lavon Julian

1975 Percy Lavon Julian, African American chemist who received 130 patents, pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants, dies at 76

  • 1977 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, dies at 48
  • 1978 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1979 Rogers Morton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), dies at 64
  • 1983 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes and Diamonds), dies at 73
  • 1987 Maxwell D Taylor, American commander 101st airborne (WWII), dies at 85
  • 1988 Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (b. 1901)
  • 1989 Daphne Du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), dies at 82
  • 1990 Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 52
  • 1992 Alice Mary Riley, entertainer, dies of cancer at 51
  • 1993 David Koresh, [Vernon Howell], American cult leader (Davidians), dies shot at 33
  • 1993 George Mickelson, Gov of SD, & 7 others, die in a plane crash
  • 1994 Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member, dies at 81
  • 1994 Louis Simmonds, bookseller, dies at 87
  • 1995 Igor Hajek, translator/writer, dies at 64
  • 1995 J. Peter Grace, American businessman and industrialist,, dies from cancer at 81
  • 1995 Kenneth Burslam Gardner, librarian/Orientalist, dies at 70
  • 1996 Peg Ridge, peace campaigner, dies at 72
  • 1998 Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
  • 1999 David Sanes, US Navy employee
  • 1999 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, dies at 79
  • 2004 Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)
  • 2004 John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Clement Meadmore, Australian sculptor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Scott Crossfield, American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2 (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Zola Levitt, Messianic Jewish preacher (b. 1938)
  • 2006 Ian Morrow, British company director, best known for saving Rolls Royce, dies at 93
  • 2006 Ellen Kuzwayo, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman"), dies at 91
  • 2007 Helen Walton, wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)
  • 2008 Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 72
  • 2009 J.G. Ballard, British novelist. (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Carl Williams, Australian criminal (b. 1970)
  • 2013 Patrick Garland, British director (Doll House), dies at 78
  • 2013 François Jacob, French biologist and bacteriologist (Nobel 1965), dies at 92
  • 2015 Roy Mason [Baron Mason of Barnsley], British defense secretary and Labour MP, dies at 91
  • 2016 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer, politician and President of Chile (1990-94), dies at 97