On This Day

On This Day in History for April 1 (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 187 of 187

  • 1955 Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
  • 1955 EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus
  • 1956 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win
  • 1956 Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
  • 1957 Trial begins in Budapest against participants of the Hungarian Uprising of October 1956
  • 1957 World's biggest glass oven used
  • 1958 Marshal Nikolai Bulganin becomes director of Soviet State Bank
  • 1960 Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
  • 1960 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
  • 1960 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria
  • 1960 U Nu elected premier of Burma
  • 1960 1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1)
  • 1963 NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
  • 1964 10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
  • 1964 Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno" premieres in NYC
  • 1965 South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years

  • 1965 Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control
  • 1966 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Loyalist led by Ian Paisley, a Protestant fundamentalist preacher, founded the Ulster Constitution Defence Committee to challenge the civil rights movement; it set up a paramilitary-style wing called the Ulster Protestant Volunteers

First Minister of Northern Ireland Ian Paisley
First Minister of Northern Ireland
Ian Paisley
  • 1967 1st British ombudsman Sir Edward Compton begins work
  • 1967 The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
  • 1969 Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corporation
  • 1969 The Hawker Siddeley Harrier (vertical take-off fighter) enters service with the RAF.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 US President Richard Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements from 1st Jan 1971

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1970 Serious riots continue in the Ballymurphy estate in Belfast between Catholic residents and the British Army
  • 1971 US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
  • 1971 United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
  • 1973 Japan allows its citizens to own gold
  • 1973 OPEC increases price of petroleum by 5.7 percent

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1974 Yourdon Inc consulting formed by Edward Yourdon
  • 1974 In the England the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being.
  • 1975 Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs' parents house in Cupertino, California

Co-founder of Apple Steve Wozniak
Co-founder of Apple
Steve Wozniak
Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs
Apple Co-founder
Steve Jobs
  • 1976 Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
  • 1976 Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.

  • 1977 Attempt for Muslim state in Chad fails
  • 1978 Philippine College of Commerce becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines by presidential decree
  • 1979 Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
  • 1980 Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.
  • 1981 Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
  • 1982 Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution
  • 1982 US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama
  • 1983 Anti-nuclear demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England
  • 1983 Iraq increases missile attacks on Iran
  • 1984 14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000
  • 1984 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours
  • 1986 US submarine Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea
  • 1986 World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel
  • 1991 Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years
  • 1991 US Supreme Court rules jurors cannot be barred from serving due to race
  • 1991 US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour
  • 1991 Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
  • 1992 Battleship USS Missouri, on which the Japanese surrender took place, decommissioned

  • 1992 Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 yrs probation
  • 1992 World's 7 wealthiest nations agree on $24B aid for former USSR

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1993 Alan Bennett's play "The Madness of George III" premieres in London

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III
  • 1995 Carlson Wagonlit Travel Agency begins charging $15 service fee
  • 1996 The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created.
  • 1997 69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch
  • 1997 Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)
  • 1997 Shell Oil confirms it will declare force majeure at its Nigerian Bonny terminal due to local protests which disrupted 210 million barrels per day of the company's oil production
  • 1999 Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
  • 2001 Netherlands becomes the first country in the world to make same-sex marriage legal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2001 Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.

President of Serbia and Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević
President of Serbia and Yugoslavia
Slobodan Milošević
  • 2002 The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
  • 2002 "Stop to Love" compilation album by Luther Vandross is released
  • 2004 Google introduces Gmail: the launch is met with skepticism on account of the launch date
  • 2006 The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the 'British FBI', is created in the United Kingdom.
  • 2009 Croatia and Albania join NATO
  • 2011 After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers.
  • 2012 Plane crash in Western Siberia kills at least 31 people (UTair Aviation ATR-72)
  • 2013 9 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Tikrit, Iraq
  • 2013 The world’s first smelling TV screen is unveiled in Japan
  • 2014 NATO suspends all practical civilian and military cooperation with Russia
  • 2015 56 people are killed after the Russian trawler Dalniy Vostok sinks off the coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula
  • 2017 Chinese leaders announce plans to build city in Xiongan New Area, 3x size of New York
  • 2019 China announces new laws against fentanyl-related substances to come into effect 1 May
  • 2019 Saudi Arabian oil company Saudi Aramco revealed to be world's most profitable company when its earnings released - $111.1 billion in the last year

JapanReiwa Era

2019 Japanese government announces the name of a new era 'Reiwa' for the next Emperor, Crown Prince Naruhito

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Japanese chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga announcing the new imperial era
Japanese chief cabinet secretary Yoshihide Suga announcing the new imperial era "Reiwa" to reporters
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  • 2019 Major archaeological site announced discovered on a reef in the middle of Lake Titicaca, in Andes, dated 8th and 10th centuries AD from Tiwanaku state
  • 2019 Methane, a gas usually made by living things, detected on Mars in 2013 by European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter reported in "Nature Geoscience"
  • 2019 US online sales overtake retail sales for the first time, with 11.813% online compared with 11.807% for general merchandise stores

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2020 US President Donald Trump says the US Strategic National Stockpile is almost depleted amid widespread shortages of medical equipment to fight COVID-19

45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality Donald Trump
45th US President, Businessman and TV Personality
Donald Trump

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2021 Seven democracy protesters convicted for unauthorized assembly in Hong Kong including Martin Lee and Jimmy Lai

Entrepreneur and Pro-Democracy Activist Jimmy Lai
Entrepreneur and Pro-Democracy Activist
Jimmy Lai

Birthdays in History

Weddings in History

Deaths in History