On This Day

On This Day in History for April 2

Events in History

  • 999 Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope

Historic Event

1416 Alfonso V succeeds his father as King of Aragon

Historic Siege

1453 Turkish forces under Sultan Mehmed II begin the siege of Constantinople (İstanbul), which falls May 29

Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror
Ottoman Sultan
Mehmed the Conqueror

Historic Event

1513 Explorer Juan Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain as the first known European to reach Florida

Explorer and Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1550 Jewish physician Joseph Hacohen expelled from city of Genoa, all Jews soon after
  • 1559 England & France sign 1st Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1590 States-General appoints earl Mauritius, viceroy of Utrecht
  • 1595 Cornelis de Houtman's ships depart to Asia through Cape of Good Hope
  • 1645 Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
  • 1755 Commodore William James captures the pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India

Election of Interest

1783 William Cavendish-Bentinck becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after an opposition coalition of Henry Fox and Frederick North forces William Petty to resign

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
  • 1792 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime

Battle of Copenhagen

1801 Napoleonic Wars: The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet in the naval Battle of Copenhagen

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Nelson’s line anchored and in action against the Danish line, which lies between him and Copenhagen
Nelson’s line anchored and in action against the Danish line, which lies between him and Copenhagen
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  • 1804 Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.
  • 1819 1st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") first publishes
  • 1827 US inventor Joseph Dixon of Salem, Massachusetts, begins manufacturing lead pencils
  • 1845 H L Fizeau & Leon Foucault take 1st photo of the Sun
  • 1860 1st Italian Parliament meets at Turin
  • 1863 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • 1864 Skirmish at Spoonville, Antoine, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle of Petersburg ends as the Army of Northern Virginia is forced to retreat under heavy fire from a general Union offensive

Historic Event

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1865 Battle of Fort Blakely Alabama, last major battle of the US Civil War
  • 1865 Battle of Selma, Alabama, Union forces break Confederates defenses to secure the town

Historic Event

1866 US President Andrew Johnson ends civil war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee & Virginia

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1872 US engineer George Brayton patents an internal combustion engine (Brayton Cycle)
  • 1877 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn

Flash! Bang! It's the Human Cannonball!

1877 1st human cannonball act performed by 14-year-old Rossa Matilda Richter known as Zazel at the Royal Aquarium in London

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Zazel makes her spectacular entrance over an astonished crowd
Zazel makes her spectacular entrance over an astonished crowd
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  • 1878 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper

Historic Event

1881 Sixth Impressionist Exhibition opens in Paris organized by Edgar Degas and showing his famous "Little Dancer of Fourteen Years", the only sculpture shown in his lifetime

Impressionist Painter Edgar Degas
Impressionist Painter
Edgar Degas
  • 1883 Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 1884 London prison for debtors closed
  • 1900 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • 1902 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
  • 1905 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • 1912 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China

Historic Event

1912 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power

Captain of the Titanic Edward Smith
Captain of the Titanic
Edward Smith
  • 1916 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • 1916 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana

Historic Event

1917 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) begins her term as 1st woman member of US House of Reps

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin

Historic Event

1917 US President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Historic Event

1921 Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new "Theory of Relativity"

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1926 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1930 1st NY-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda

Historic Event

1930 Ras Tafari Makonnen becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Historic Event

1932 Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for his kidnapped son

Historic Invention

1935 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1941 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Historic Event

1942 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1944 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union
  • 1944 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established
  • 1947 Carlo Terron's "Il diamente del profeta" premieres in Rome
  • 1953 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • 1956 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • 1958 Antillean Brewery (Amstel beer) opens
  • 1958 Wind speed reaches a record 450 kph in tornado, Wichita Falls, Texas
  • 1960 Mabry Harper catches a world record 25lb Walleye at Cedar Bluff on the Cumberland River in Tennessee
  • 1960 Cuba buys oil from USSR
  • 1962 The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.
  • 1963 Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km)
  • 1963 USSR launches Luna 4; missed Moon by 8,500 km
  • 1964 Military coup in Brazil by Gen Castello Branco, President Goulart ousted
  • 1964 USSR launches Zond 1 to Venus; no data returned
  • 1965 Hochhuths play "Stellvertreter" banned in Italy
  • 1966 Soviet Union's Luna 10 becomes 1st spacecraft to orbit Moon
  • 1968 Chad creates Union of Central African States

Historic Event

1968 Senator Eugene McCarthy wins Democratic primary in Wisconsin

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy
  • 1970 Meghalaya becomes autonomous state within India's Assam state
  • 1970 2 men begin ascent of south face of Annapurna I, highest final stage in a wall climb in world
  • 1971 Libya concludes 5 weeks of negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli

Historic Event

1972 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin visits Cairo

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin

Historic Event

1972 Tennessee Williams' "Small Craft Warnings" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1973 ITT admits to asking CIA to influence Chilean presidential election
  • 1973 Launch of the LexisNexis computerized legal research service.
  • 1974 Arganat Comm publishes report concerning Yom Kippur War
  • 1975 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.
  • 1976 Cambodia Khieu Sampan succeeds Prince Sihanouk as Premier
  • 1976 Portuguese constitution assumed
  • 1978 Georges de Mestral's patent for "velvet type fabric" expires, puts "Velcro" in the open market
  • 1979 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in Cairo
  • 1981 Belgium's 4th government of Martens resigns
  • 1981 Heavy battle between Christian militia & Syrian army in East Lebanon
  • 1982 Several thousand Argentine troops seize the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands from Great Britain
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 4 US passengers killed by bomb at TWA counter Athens Airport Greece
  • 1986 George Corley Wallace (Gov-D-Ala) announces retirement plans

Historic Event

1986 NYC Mayor Ed Koch signs & brings the Gay Rights Bill into effect

Congressman and NYC Mayor Ed Koch
Congressman and NYC Mayor
Ed Koch
  • 1987 IBM introduces PS/2 & OS/2
  • 1991 Rotterdam Daily Newspaper begins publishing
  • 1992 Edith Cresson, France's 1st female premier, resigns

Murder of Interest

1992 Mafia boss John Gotti is found guilty of 5 murders (Paul Castellano, Thomas Bilotti, Robert DiBernardo, Liborio Milito and Louis Dibono), plus conspiracy to murder, loansharking, illegal gambling, obstruction of justice, bribery and tax evasion

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) lands
  • 1993 1st test flight of Fokker 70 (Amsterdam)
  • 1993 Venezuelan DC-10 crashes at Margarita, killing 10
  • 1995 NY Police Department & NY Transit Police merge into one organization
  • 1995 North & Western Colorado begins using new area code 970
  • 1995 Sunday NY Times raises price from $2.00 to $2.50
  • 2002 Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians had retreated. A siege ensues.

Birthdays in History


742 Charlemagne, 1st Holy Roman emperor (800-14), born in Liège, Frankish Kingdom (d. 814)

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1565 Cornelis de Houtman, Dutch navigator (1st Dutch trip to Java), born in Gouda, Holland (d. 1599)
  • 1602 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, born in Agreda, Spain (d. 1665)
  • 1618 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1663)
  • 1653 Prince George of Denmark, Prince Consort of Anne of England, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1708)
  • 1713 Onno Zwier van Haren, Frisian poet (Fatherland), born in St. Annaparochie, Netherlands (d. 1779)

Giacomo Casanova

1725 Giacomo Casanova, Italian writer, adventurer and famous lover, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1798)

Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover Giacomo Casanova
Adventurer, Writer and famous Lover
Giacomo Casanova
  • 1740 Armand-Gaston Camus, French revolutionist and Chairman of the Council of 500, born in Paris (d. 1804)
  • 1781 Bhagwan Swaminarayan, Indian yogi and religious leader, born in Chhapaiya, Uttar Pradesh, India (d. 1830)
  • 1788 Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (Florante at Laura), born in Barrio Panginay, Balagtas, Bulacan (d. 1862)
  • 1798 August Heinrich Hoffmann, German writer, born in Fallersleben, Electorate of Brunswick -Lüneburg (d. 1874)

Hans Christian Andersen

1805 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1875)

  • 1806 Giacomo Antonelli, Italian cardinal and assistant secretary of state of Pius IX, born in Sonnino, Italy (d. 1876)
  • 1814 Henry L. Benning, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia County, Georgia (d. 1875)
  • 1814 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, born in West Boylston, Massachusetts (d. 1879)
  • 1826 Philip Dale Roddey, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Moulton, Alabama (d. 1897)
  • 1827 William Holman Hunt, English painter (Light of the World), born in Cheapside, London (d. 1910)
  • 1833 Thomas Howard Ruger, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, New York (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse - I Accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)
  • 1862 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Eugen Sandow, German bodybuilder and circus performer, born in Königsberg, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1868 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1914)
  • 1878 Émilie Charmy, French avant-garde artist, born in Saint-Etienne, France (d. 1974)
  • 1884 Sir J. C. Squire, British poet, writer, and historian, born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 1958)
  • 1891 Max Ernst, German-French surrealist painter and sculptor (founded surrealism), born in Brühl, German Empire (d. 1976)
  • 1894 Rudolph Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer and professor of Law at Leiden University, born in Appingedam, Netherlands (d. 1980)
  • 1894 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air), born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1937)
  • 1900 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • 1902 Jan Tschichold, German typographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1903 Lionel Chevrier, Canadian politician (Canadian Member of Parliament), born in Cornwall, Ontario (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Edmond Jouhaud, French general, born in Aïn Boucefar, French Algeria (d. 1995)
  • 1905 Kurt Alfred Adler, therapist/writer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Irene Mayer Selznick, American socialite and theatrical producer (Tennessee Williams' "A Streetcar Named Desire"), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)
  • 1910 Joeri German, Russian writer
  • 1910 Paul Triquet, Canadian military officer, born in Cabano, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1915 Antony Dornhorst, British physician and Professor of Medicine, born in Woodford, Essex, England (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Arthur Ballard, artist
  • 1918 Charles White, American artist (The Contribution of the Negro to American Democracy), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1979)
  • 1919 Antoon Hubben, Dutch Mayor of Maasbree and trade union leader, born in Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1922 Nicolay G. Basov, Soviet physicist who specialized in quantum electronics (laser, maser) and 1964 Nobel laureate, born in Usman, Russia (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Hugh Overton, British diplomat
  • 1923 Jacob "Jaap" Firet, Dutch theologist (Agogisch Moment)
  • 1923 Clifford Scott Green, American Federal Judge, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Denis Rooke, British engineer and CEO (British Gas), born in New Cross, London (d. 2008)
  • 1925 George MacDonald Fraser, British poet and author (Flashman at the Charge), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2008)
  • 1926 Michael Rizzello, English sculptor and coin designer, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Joseph Bernardin, American Cardinal of the Catholic Church, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1996)
  • 1929 Catherine Gaskin, Irish-Australian romantic novelist (Fiona, Coporation Wife), born in Dundalk Bay, County Louth, Ireland (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Frans Andriessen, Dutch politician (KVP/CDA; European Commissioner, 1981-93), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2019)
  • 1934 Christopher France, British permanent secretary (Department of Health) (d. 2014)
  • 1934 Peter Middleton, British permanent secretary (Treasury)
  • 1934 Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (Cohen forcing, Continuum hypothesis), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Paul Kanjorski, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, born in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania
  • 1938 John Larsson, Swedish writer and 17th General of The Salvation Army, born in Sweden
  • 1939 Lise Thibault, 27th Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec, born in Saint-Roch-de-l'Achigan, Quebec
  • 1940 Peter Haining, British writer and editor (Anatomy of Witchcraft), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Graham Bright, British politician private secretary to British PM John Major, born in Horndon-on-the-Hill, Essex, England
  • 1942 Hiroyuki Sakai, Japanese chef who specializes in French cuisine (Iron Chef), born in Izumi, Kagoshima, Japan
  • 1945 Roger Bootle-Wilbraham, 7th Baron Skelmersdale, British politician
  • 1945 Anne Waldman, American poet, born in Millville, New Jersey
  • 1946 Lynda Carr, educationist
  • 1947 Camille Paglia, American author and social critic, born in Endicott, New York
  • 1948 Joan D. Vinge, American sci-fi author (2 Hugos, Dune), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1949 Paul Gambaccini, American-British disc jockey, born in Bronx, New York
  • 1951 Moriteru Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist, born in Tokyo
  • 1953 Jim Allister, Northern Irish politician, born in Listooder, Crossgar, Northern Ireland
  • 1955 Michael Stone, British terrorist (Ulster Defence Association), born in Harborne, Birmingham
  • 1962 Pierre Carles, French documentarist
  • 1962 Mark Shulman, American children's author (Scrawl), born in Rochester, New York

Rodney King

1965 Rodney King, African American motorist beaten by LA cops, born in Sacramento, California (d. 2012)

Victim of Police Violence Rodney King
Victim of Police Violence
Rodney King
  • 1971 ZEEBRA [Hideyuki Yokoi], Japanese hip hop artist, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1976 Evan McMullin, American independent candidate for President (2016), born in Provo, Utah
  • 1980 Adam Fleming, English news reporter (Daily Politics), born in Glasgow, Scotland

Weddings in History

Charles Dickens

1836 English novelist and social critic Charles Dickens (24) marries Catherine Thomson Hogarth (20)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens

Hans Frank

1925 Lawyer Hans Frank (24) weds secretary Brigitte Herbst (29) in Munich, Germany

Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal Hans Frank
Lawyer and Nazi War Criminal
Hans Frank

Jacqueline Susann

1939 Author Jacqueline Susann (20) weds Irving Mansfield at Har Zion Temple in Philadelphia

  • 2011 Former Alias star Michael Vartan (42) weds Lauren Skaar at Pelican Hill in Newport Beach, California

Divorces in History

Pierre Trudeau

1984 Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau (64) divorces Margaret Sinclair (35) due to irreconcilable differences, after 13 years of marriage

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau

Deaths in History

  • 1118 Boudouin I, of Bologne/Edessa, 1st crusader/king of Jerusalem, dies
  • 1272 Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1209)
  • 1335 Duke Henry of Carinthia (b. circa 1265)
  • 1412 Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, Spanish traveler and writer (b. ????)
  • 1416 Ferdinand I the Righteous, King of Aragon and Sicily, dies at 52
  • 1502 Arthur, Prince of Wales, English crown prince, son of King Henry VII of England, 1st husband of Catherine of Aragon, dies from an unknown illness at 15
  • 1507 Francis of Paola, Italian founder of the Order of the Minims (b. 1416)
  • 1640 Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45
  • 1657 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), dies at 48
  • 1657 Jean-Jacques Olier - French catholic priest, founder of the Society of Saint-Sulpice (b. 1608)
  • 1720 Joseph Dudley, colonial Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1647)
  • 1742 James Douglas, Scottish physician and anatomist (b. 1675)
  • 1747 Johann J Dillenius, German botanist, dies at 63
  • 1754 Thomas Carte, English historian (b. 1686)
  • 1787 Thomas Gage, British general (b. 1719)
  • 1787 Francisco Javier Clavijero, Mexican Jesuit teacher and writer, dies at 55

Comte de Mirabeau

1791 Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, Comte de Mirabeau, French revolutionary (influential member of the National Constituent Assembly), dies of natural causes at 42

Revolutionary and Politician Comte de Mirabeau
Revolutionary and Politician
Comte de Mirabeau
  • 1801 Thomas Dadford Junior, British canal engineer (b. circa 1761)
  • 1817 Johann Heinrich Jung, German author (Heinrich Stillings Leben), dies at 76
  • 1827 Ludwig Heinrich Bojanus, German physician and naturalist (b. 1776)
  • 1831 Charles Felix, blind King of Sardina (1821-31), dies at 74
  • 1845 Philip Charles Durham, Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1763)
  • 1852 Theodor Althaus, writer, dies
  • 1864 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, dies at 38
  • 1865 A. P. Hill, Confederate general, killed in action at 39
  • 1865 Richard Cobden, founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60

Samuel Morse

1872 Samuel Morse, American painter and inventor of the electric telegraph and Morse Code, dies at 80

Inventor Samuel Morse
Samuel Morse
  • 1876 Paul van Vlissingen, Dutch ship owner, dies at 78
  • 1890 Marinus Frederik Andries Gerardus Campbell, Dutch bibliographer, dies at 70
  • 1892 Willem J d'Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dutch baron and genealogist, dies at 79
  • 1902 Esther Morris [Esther Hobart McQuigg], American suffragist, anti-slavery activist, and 1st female justice of the peace in the US, dies at 87
  • 1910 Boyd Alexander, English explorer (Niger to the Nile), murdered at 37
  • 1910 Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, German theologist, dies at 79
  • 1914 Paul von Heyse, German writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1830)
  • 1922 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (inkblot test - Rorschach test), dies at 37
  • 1924 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Danish botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions), dies at 82
  • 1928 Theodore Richards, US chemist (atomic weight, Nobel 1914), dies
  • 1930 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), dies at 53
  • 1932 Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (invented bulldogging), dies after being kicked in the head by a bronco at 61
  • 1936 Jean-Baptiste Eugène Estienne, French general (Father of The Tank), dies at 75
  • 1937 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • 1938 Alice Berend, writer, dies
  • 1941 Pál Teleki, prime minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1 and 1939-41), dies at 61
  • 1948 Sabahattin Ali, Turkish poet, author and journalist (Esirler, Içimizdeki Şeytan), killed at 41
  • 1952 Bernard F Lyot, Fren astronomer (chronograph, Lyot-filter), dies at 55
  • 1953 Jean Epstein, French director (Vive la Vie), dies at 56
  • 1956 Albert Marie Leon Adolphe de Bassompierre, Belgium ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39), dies at 82
  • 1956 Philippo de Pisis, Italian painter, dies at 59
  • 1958 Josei Toda, Japanese second president of the Buddhist association Soka Gakkai (b. 1900)
  • 1964 Josef Klaus, Chancellor of Austria (1966-70), dies at 90
  • 1966 C. S. Forester, English historical novelist (Horatio Hornblower), dies at 66
  • 1972 Franz Halder, German general (b. 1884)

Georges Pompidou

1974 Georges Pompidou, French President (1969-1974) and Prime Minister (1962-1968), dies in Paris at 62

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1995 Hannes Alfven, physicist (Nobel prize), dies at 86
  • 2000 Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (b. 1928)
  • 2001 Charles Daudelin, Canadian artist (b. 1920)
  • 2002 Henry Slesar, American writer and playwright (The Edge of Night), dies at 74
  • 2004 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer (b. 1913)

John Paul II

2005 Pope Saint John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], Polish Roman Catholic Pope, dies of heart failure at 84

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 2006 Nina Schenk von Stauffenberg, German wife of Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Frank Springer, American comics artist (The Adventures of Phoebe Zeit-Geist), dies at 79
  • 2010 Thomas J. Moyer, American judge and Chief Justice of the Ohio Supreme Court (1987-2010), dies at 70
  • 2012 Elizabeth Catlett, African-American sculptor and print maker (Mother and Child), dies at 96
  • 2014 Urs Widmer, Swiss writer, dies at 75
  • 2015 Robert Schuller, American Christian televangelist (Glass Cathedral, Hour of Power), dies at 88

Winnie Mandela

2018 Winnie Mandela [Winnie Madikizela-Mandela], South African anti-apartheid activist and ANC politician, dies of a long illness at 81

Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician Winnie Mandela
Anti-Apartheid Activist and Politician
Winnie Mandela
  • 2020 Sergio Rossi, Italian shoe designer, dies of COVID-19 complications at 84