On This Day

On This Day in History for April 20

Events in History

  • 295 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 850 Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne
  • 1139 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1505 Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
  • 1551 John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1611 First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London, recorded by Simon Forman

  • 1650 Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1653 Oliver Cromwell routes English parliament to house

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1657 Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
  • 1689 The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry
  • 1702 Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1715 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London

Queen of England Jane Grey
Queen of England
Jane Grey

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1736 French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins Lapland expedition to measure latitude and shape of the earth, joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 Captain James Cook arrives in New South Wales

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
  • 1777 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Thomas Warton appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III

King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover George III
King of Great Britain, Ireland and Hanover
George III

BattleDeclaration of War

1792 Amidst the French Revolution, France declares war on Austria and Prussia, beginning the French Revolutionary Wars

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton
  • 1799 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1810 The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain
  • 1818 Napoleon Bonaparte bids emotional farewell to his old guard at Palace of Fontainebleau
  • 1828 Frenchman René Caillié is the first non-Muslim to enter Timbuktu, returns to win 10,000 franc prize from Société de Géographie
  • 1836 Territory of Wisconsin created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • 1871 US 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • 1879 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1884 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1894 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
  • 1898 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1899 David Beatty is appointed executive officer of the HMS Barfleur, a small battleship and flagship of the China Station

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Marie and Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive compound radium chloride

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
  • 1910 Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
  • 1914 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
  • 1914 US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
  • 1915 The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed

  • 1916 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1919 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • 1919 King Nicholas of Montenegro abdicates under duress

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1920 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • 1926 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • 1935 "Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • 1936 Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • 1940 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania [1]
  • 1941 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • 1942 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • 1944 Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death
  • 1945 German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer
  • 1945 Soviet artillery begins shelling Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1945 US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • 1947 Frederik IX becomes King of Denmark
  • 1948 NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents

  • 1948 Walter P. Reuther UAW President shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1951 Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
  • 1958 Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
  • 1961 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North
  • 1962 OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers
  • 1963 -30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda
  • 1964 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools
  • 1965 People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid
  • 1967 French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia
  • 1967 US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon
  • 1967 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1967 A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126.
  • 1968 South African Airways Boeing 707 crashes at Windhoek, 122 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 British politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial "Rivers of Blood" speech

British Politician Enoch Powell
British Politician
Enoch Powell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1969 23rd Tony Awards: Great White Hope & 1776 win
  • 1969 Bombs planted by Loyalists members of the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers explode at Silent Valley reservoir in County Down and at an electricity pylon at Kilmore, County Armagh

  • 1970 Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria
  • 1971 US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation
  • 1972 Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2
  • 1973 Mass murderer Ed Kemper attempts to dispose of his mother's vocal chords in a domestic waste disposal unit
  • 1973 Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit
  • 1974 'The Troubles', the Northern Ireland conflict between republican and loyalist paramilitaries, British security forces, and civil rights groups, claims its 1000th victim
  • 1975 29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win
  • 1977 Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses

USAJimmy Carter Attacked by a Rabbit

1979 President Jimmy Carter is attacked by a swamp rabbit which swam up to his fishing boat in Plains, Georgia

Learn More
Jimmy Carter shoos away the infamous rabbit as he goes fishing in his hometown in Georgia
Jimmy Carter shoos away the infamous rabbit as he goes fishing in his hometown in Georgia
Learn More
  • 1980 Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift
  • 1980 Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria sees hundreds of Berber political activists arrested

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Cuban President Fidel Castro announces he is opening the Mariel Port for Cubans to leave, about 125,00 leave in next 5-6 months

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1982 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode bombs in Belfast, Derry, Armagh, Ballymena, Bessbrook and Magherafelt; 2 civilians are killed and 12 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 President Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock (lands 2 days later)
  • 1984 Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan
  • 1985 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mark Williams
  • 1985 Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift
  • 1985 ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland
  • 1987 Sri Lankan Civil War: Tamils shoot 122 Sinhalese dead
  • 1987 US deports Karl Linnas to USSR, charged with Nazi war crimes
  • 1988 US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians

Birthdays in History

  • 702 Jafar al-Sadiq, Muslim scholar and scientist, born in Medina, Umayyad Empire (d. 765)
  • 1494 John Agricola [Schneider], German theologian, a friend of Martin Luther, born in Eisleben, Germany (d.1566)
  • 1586 Saint Rose of Lima [Isabel Flores de Olivia], Peruvian saint, a member of the Third Order of Saint Dominic, born in Lima, Peru (d. 1617)
  • 1633 Emperor Go-Kōmyō, 110th emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1654)
  • 1646 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), born in Marseille, France (d. 1704)
  • 1650 William Bedloe, English fraudster and Popish Plot informer, born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire (d. 1680)
  • 1668 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
  • 1718 David Brainerd, American missionary to the Native Americans, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1747)
  • 1723 Cornelius Harnett, American delegate to the Continental Congress, born in Edenton, Chowan County, North Carolina (d. 1781)
  • 1726 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, born in Lunéville, France (d. 1814)
  • 1745 Philippe Pinel, French physician (the father of modern psychiatry), born in Jonquières, France (d. 1826)
  • 1807 (Louis) "Aloysius" Bertrand, French poet (Gaspard de la Nuit - Gaspard of the Night), and playwright, born in Ceva, Piedmont, France (now in Italy) (d. 1841)

Person of interestNapoleon III

1808 Napoleon III, Emperor of France (1852-70), born in Paris (d. 1873)

Emperor of France Napoleon III
Emperor of France
Napoleon III
  • 1809 John S. Preston, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Abingdon, Virginia (d. 1881)
  • 1818 Heinrich Göbel, German-born mechanic and inventor, born in Springe, Germany (d. 1893)
  • 1824 Alfred H. Colquitt, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Monroe, Georgia (d. 1894)
  • 1826 Dinah Craik, English writer (John Halifax, Gentleman), born in Stoke-on-Trent (d. 1887)
  • 1827 John Gibbon, American Major General (Union Army), born in Holmesburg, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1896)
  • 1839 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914), born in Sigmaringen, Germany (d. 1914)
  • 1840 Odilon Redon [Bertrand-Jean Redon], French symbolist painter, born in Bordeaux (d. 1916)
  • 1850 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1931)
  • 1857 Charles Louis Philippe Zilcken, Dutch painter and author (HW Knife Day), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1857 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, born in Asserballe, Denmark (d. 1912)
  • 1860 Charles Gordon Curtis, American inventor (Curtis-steam turbine), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • 1860 Pieter Jelles Troelstra, Dutch politician (SDAP), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • 1870 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar, Father of Modern Urdu, born in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh (d. 1961)
  • 1879 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (Pleasures of Ignorance), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1949)
  • 1879 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • 1882 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Seale, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • 1884 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1966)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

1889 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1889 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist, born in Milas, Turkey (d. 1996)
  • 1890 Maurice Duplessis, 16th Premier of Quebec, born in Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada (d. 1959)
  • 1893 Hermann Ungar, Moravian writer, born in Boskovice (d. 1929)
  • 1893 Edna Parker, American supercentenarian, the oldest person in the world following the death of Yone Minagawa of Japan on August 13, 2007, born in Morgan County, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • 1893 Joan Miró, Spanish painter and sculptor, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)
  • 1894 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1953)
  • 1896 Wop May, Canadian aviator, flying ace in the WWI, born in Carberry, Manitoba (d. 1952)
  • 1900 Kees Verwey, Dutch painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1995)
  • 1901 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist, born in Paris (d. 1990)
  • 1904 George Stibitz, American mathematician and scientist, born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Wilhelmus Marinus Bekkers, Dutch Roman Catholic bishop of Hertogenbosch, born in Sint-Oedenrode, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1910 Robert F. Wagner Jr., Mayor of New York City (Democrat: 1954-65), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • 1911 Kukrit Pramoj, Thai politician (13th Prime Minister of Thailand) and scholar, born in In Buri, Singburi, Siam (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Ed Jones, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee, born in Yorkville, Tennessee (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Frederick Craig Riddle, British violist, born in Liverpool (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Soewarsih Djojopoespito, Indonesian writer (Toe the Line), born in Bogor, Indonesia (d. 1977)
  • 1915 Joseph Wolpe, South African psychotherapist, born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (The Last Enemy), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1943)
  • 1920 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer and 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • 1920 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Donald Gunn MacRae, sociologist, born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Paul Van Buren, American theologist (Theological Explorations), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1998)
  • 1926 Harriet Elizabeth Byrd, American politician, Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives (1998-88), born in Cheyenne, Wyoming (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Karl Alexander Müller, Swiss superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987), born in Basel. Switzerland
  • 1928 Gerald S. Hawkins, English-American astronomer (archaeoastronomy), born in Great Yarmouth, England (d. 2003)
  • 1929 Bob Braun, American TV and radio personality (Dotty Mack Show), born in Ludlow, Kentucky (d. 2001)
  • 1931 Lee H. Hamilton, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana, born in Daytona Beach, Florida
  • 1934 Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian (d. 1995)
  • 1934 Robert G. Wilmers, American banker (M&T Bank), billionaire and philanthropist, born in New York (d. 2017)
  • 1936 Pat Roberts, US Senator (Rep-R-KS, 1981-1997), born in Topeka, Kansas
  • 1936 Pauli Ellefsen, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (1981-85), born in Miðvágur, Vágar, Faroe Islands (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Gro Harlem Brundtland, Norwegian Prime Minister (1981-82, 1986-89, 1990-96) and Director-General of the World Health Organisation, born in Bærum, Norway
  • 1940 Jan Cremer, Dutch writer (I, John Cremer), born in Enschede, Netherlands
  • 1941 Joni Evans, American publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 Ian Watson, British sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon), born in North Shields, England
  • 1947 Andrew Tobias, American journalist and author (The Best Little Boy in the World), born in NYC, New York
  • 1948 Rémy Trudel, French Canadian politician, born in Sainte-Thècle, Quebec, Canada
  • 1950 Itumeleng J. Mosala, South African president (Azanian People's Org)
  • 1950 Steve Erickson, American novelist (American Nomad), born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1950 Nara Chandrababu Naidu, Indian politician, born in Naravaripalli, India
  • 1952 Tamara Sergeyevna Zakharova, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1953 Sebastian Faulks, British novelist (The Girl at the Lion d'Or), born in Donnington, Berkshire
  • 1955 Donald Pettit, American chemical engineer and NASA astronaut, born in Silverton, Oregon
  • 1956 Beatrice Ask, Swedish politician (Moderate Party), born in Sveg, Sweden
  • 1960 Miguel Díaz-Canel, Cuban politician, President of Cuba (2018-), born in Placetas, Cuba
  • 1963 Aubrey de Grey, British biomedical gerontologist, born in London
  • 1963 Rachel Whiteread, English artist (House), born in Ilford, England
  • 1965 Kostas Hatzidakis, Greek politician (New Democracy Party), born in Rethymno, Greece
  • 1965 Adrian Fernández, Mexican racing driver and co-owner of the Fernandez Racing team, born in Mexico City
  • 1966 David Chalmers, Australian philosopher and cognitive scientist, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1970 Adriano Moraes, Brazilian rodeo performer, born in Quintana, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 1973 Geoff Lloyd, British radio presenter (Geoff Lloyd with Annabel Port), born in Withington, Lancashire, England
  • 1973 Isabel Dos Santos, Angolan businesswoman, daughter of ex-President José Eduardo dos Santos, Africa's richest woman, born in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR
  • 1978 Mirei Kuroda, Japanese gravure idol, born in Saitama Prefecture, Japan
  • 1984 Tyson Griffin, American professional mixed martial artist, born in Sacramento, California

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1914 Poet and critic Ezra Pound (28) weds Dorothy Shakespear

  • 1968 The Washington Post reporter Carl Bernstein (24) weds fellow reporter Carol Honsa
  • 2013 "Hart of Dixie" actor Scott Porter (33) weds Kelsey Mayfield in Austin, Texas

Deaths in History

  • 1164 Victor IV [Ottaviano Montecello], Italian antipope (1159-64), dies
  • 1176 Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English soldier (b. 1130)
  • 1314 Clement V [Bertrand Got], pope (1305-14) moved papacy to Avignon, dies
  • 1317 Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic and saint, dies
  • 1521 Zhengde, 10th Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, dies at 29
  • 1534 Elizabeth Barton [St Magd van Kent], English nun, prophet and only woman whose head was on a spike on London Bridge, hanged for treason
  • 1558 Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer, dies at 72
  • 1632 Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake
  • 1662 Gerard Terborch, the elder, Dutch painter, dies
  • 1703 Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)
  • 1765 Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (b. 1674)
  • 1769 Pontiac, Ottawa Indian leader, murdered by a Peoria warrior at 48 or 49
  • 1786 John Goodricke, English deaf astronomer (first to notice that some variable stars were periodic), dies at 21

Person of interestGeorge Clinton

1812 George Clinton, American soldier and 4th Vice President (1805-12), dies at 73 and 1st Vice President to die in office

US Vice President George Clinton
US Vice President
George Clinton
  • 1820 Arthur Young, English writer on agriculture (Annals of Agriculture), dies at 78
  • 1821 Franz Karl Achard, German physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • 1831 John Abernethy, English surgeon, dies at 67
  • 1836 Johan I Jozef, Monarch of Liechtenstein and fieldmarshal, dies at 75
  • 1872 Ljudwit Gaj, Croatian writer/poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
  • 1873 William Tite, English architect (The Royal Exchange), dies at 75
  • 1874 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 56
  • 1887 Muhammad Sharif Pasha, Egyptian statesman (b. 1826)
  • 1899 Joseph Wolf, German artist (b. 1820)
  • 1900 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, dies at 68
  • 1906 Australian wombat; oldest known marsupial, dies in London Zoo at 26 (London, England)
  • 1910 Samuel Gibbs French, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 91

Person of interestBram Stoker

1912 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager and writer (Dracula), dies at 64

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker
  • 1918 Karl Ferdinand Braun, German inventor, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909), dies at 67
  • 1932 Giuseppe Peano, Italian mathematician and glottologist, dies at 73
  • 1935 Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter, dies at 92
  • 1935 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, dies at 71
  • 1941 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49
  • 1947 Christian X, King of Denmark (1912-47), dies at 76
  • 1951 Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1873)
  • 1953 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • 1962 Jesse G Vincent, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82
  • 1968 Mabel Stark, American tiger trainer "crazy Mabel", found dead after her suicide at 79
  • 1973 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal philosopher and political philosopher, dies at 91
  • 1974 Mohammed Ayub Khan, premier/president (Pakistan), dies
  • 1974 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, dies at 81
  • 1977 Sepp Herberger, German football coach and manager (West German National Team), dies at 80
  • 1982 Archibald MacLeish, American lawyer and writer (Conquistador), dies at 89
  • 1984 Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer (b. 1943)
  • 1986 Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer, dies at 73
  • 1990 Horst Sinderman, RDA 1st minister (1973-76), dies
  • 1991 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician (Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (President), 1974-84; Prime Minister, 1952-74; General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party, 1940-54), dies at 74
  • 1991 Sean O'Faolain [J Whelan], Irish writer (Nest of Simple), dies at 91

Person of interestMilovan Djilas

1995 Milovan Djilas, Yugoslavian politician and writer (The New Class), dies at 83

Politician and Writer Milovan Djilas
Politician and Writer
Milovan Djilas
  • 1995 Sunil Jayasinghe, Sri Lankan wicketkeeper (1979 World Cup), suicide
  • 1995 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Christopher Robin Milne, bookseller, dies at 75
  • 1996 Tran Van Tra, soldier, dies at 77
  • 1999 Victims and shooters of the Columbine High School massacre
  • 1999 Eric Harris, American mass murderer (Columbine High School shooter), dies at 18
  • 2003 Bernard Katz, German-born Australian biophysicist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1970), dies at 82
  • 2005 Fumio Niwa, Japanese novelist (b. 1904)
  • 2006 Anna Svidersky (b. 1988)
  • 2007 Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (b. 1931).
  • 2008 Monica Lovinescu, Romanian essayist, literary critic and journalist (b. 1923)

Person of interestDorothy Height

2010 Dorothy Height, American civil rights and women's rights activist (National Council of Negro Women), dies at 98

Women's and Civil Rights Activist Dorothy Height
Women's and Civil Rights Activist
Dorothy Height
  • 2011 Tim Hetherington, British-American photojournalist (b. 1970)
  • 2011 Chris Hondros, American photographer (b. 1970)
  • 2011 Zoltán Sztáray, Hungarian writer, dies at 92
  • 2013 Howard Phillips, American politician, dies from dementia and Alzheimer's disease at 72
  • 2013 Struther Arnott, Scottish molecular biologist and chemist (cancer research), dies at 78
  • 2015 Sir Raymond Carr, English historian and warden (St Antony's College Oxford), dies at 96
  • 2015 Aharon Lichtenstein, Orthodox Jewish rabbi, dies at 81
  • 2016 Guy Hamilton, British director (Goldfinger), dies at 93
  • 2021 Idriss Déby, Chadian politician and military officer (President of Chad, 1990–2021), dies of injuries inflicted on a battlefield at 68