On This Day

On This Day in History for April 21

Events in History

  • 753 BC Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

43 BC Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Republican Politician Marcus Junius Brutus
Roman Republican Politician
Marcus Junius Brutus
  • 953 Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights
  • 1420 Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike
  • 1453 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1521 Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards

Battle of InterestFirst Battle of Panipat

1526 First Battle of Panipat: Central Asian conqueror Babur defeats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, establishing the Mughal Empire in India

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The Battle of Panipat, fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Kingdom
The Battle of Panipat, fought between the invading forces of Babur and the Lodi Kingdom
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 Thomas Cromwell begins to plot Anne Boleyn's downfall while feigning illness

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
Queen Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn
  • 1572 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1600 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS)
  • 1649 Maryland Toleration Act passed in the American colony, allowing freedom of worship for Christians but sentencing to death anyone who rejected the divinity of Jesus
  • 1654 England & Sweden sign trade agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1689 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • 1739 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 John Adams sworn in as 1st US Vice President (9 days before Washington)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams


1792 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro

Brazilian Revolutionary Tiradentes
Brazilian Revolutionary
  • 1794 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publicly owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1820 Danish scientist Hans Christian Ørsted is the first to identify electromagnetism, when he observes a compass needle

Physicist, Chemist Hans Christian Ørsted
Physicist, Chemist
Hans Christian Ørsted
  • 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • 1855 1st train crosses Mississippi River's 1st bridge, from Rock Island, Illinois to Davenport, Iowa
  • 1857 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • 1862 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorodo
  • 1862 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston
  • 1863 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters garden of Rivden near Baghdad. He makes his declaration as a Messenger of God during the 12 days spent there

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1878 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 1878 NY installs 1st firehouse pole

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili

256th Pope Leo XIII
256th Pope
  • 1878 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 1884 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 1892 Black longshoremen strike for higher wages in St Louis, Missouri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 Spanish–American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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  • 1905 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • 1908 American polar explorer Frederick Cook claims to have been the 1st person reach North Pole on this date (disputed)
  • 1913 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • 1914 US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months
  • 1916 Ulster Protestant and Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement lands at Tralee Bay, Ireland from a German submarine; discovered at McKenna's Fort and arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • 1916 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour

BattleBattle of Interest

1918 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • 1922 The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year
  • 1925 Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR
  • 1930 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid" premieres in Moscow

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1933 German philosopher Martin Heidegger elected rector of University of Freiburg

Philosopher Martin Heidegger
Martin Heidegger
  • 1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • 1941 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • 1945 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • 1945 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • 1946 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1952 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 1952 Secretaries' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Georgi Malenkov becomes premier of USSR

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • 1954 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1955 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die

BeatificationCatholic Encyclical

1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum

260th Pope Pius XII
260th Pope
Pius XII
  • 1959 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" great white shark off the coast of Ceduna, Australia
  • 1960 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • 1960 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • 1961 French army revolts in Algeria
  • 1961 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • 1962 Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington
  • 1963 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time
  • 1965 New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd & final season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1967 Evangelical Broadcasting begins in Netherlands
  • 1967 Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier
  • 1967 Joseph Stalin's daughter Svetlana Allilueva arrives in New York City after defecting to the US
  • 1968 22nd Tony Awards: Rosencranz & Guilderstern & Hallelujah Baby! win
  • 1969 The Ministry of Defence in London announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings
  • 1970 The Principality of Hutt River (previously Hutt River Province) secedes from Australia - it remains unrecognised by Australia or other nations
  • 1970 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is formed; it attempts to appeal to Catholics and Protestant to unite in support of moderate policies
  • 1971 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
  • 1972 John Young & Charles Duke explores the Moon as part of mission Apollo 16
  • 1972 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched
  • 1974 28th Tony Awards: River Niger & Raisin win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

President of South Vietnam Nguyen Van Thieu
President of South Vietnam
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • 1976 Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh
  • 1980 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit Mich
  • 1981 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982 Dr Michael E Bakey performs 1st successful heart implant
  • 1982 Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses US Congress
  • 1983 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom
  • 1984 Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS
  • 1984 Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph
  • 1984 Montreal Expo David Palmer no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0 in a perfect 5 inn game
  • 1985 Bomb attacks in NATO/AEG-Telefunken building in Brussels
  • 1987 Dow Jones Average soared 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history
  • 1987 Tamil bomb attack in Colombo Sri Lanka, 115 killed

Birthdays in History

  • 1488 Ulrich von Hutten, German scholar and poet, born in Schlüchtern, Hesse
  • 1555 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1619)
  • 1619 Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Colony (Cape Town), born in Culemborg (d. 1677)
  • 1651 Joseph Vaz, Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon, born in Benaulim, Goa, Portuguese India (d. 1711)
  • 1652 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), born in Ambert, Basse-Auvergne (d. 1719)
  • 1671 John Law, Scottish economist and author (Money and Trade Considered), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1729)
  • 1673 Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1742)
  • 1713 Louis de Noailles, Marshal of France, born in Versailles, France (d. 1793)

Person of interestCatherine the Great

1729 Catherine the Great [Catherine II], German-born Empress of Russia (1762-96) who expanded the Russian empire, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1796)

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1774 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist (Biot-Savart law), born in Paris (d. 1862)
  • 1775 Alexander Anderson, American engraver and illustrator (Shakespeare), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • 1795 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint (founder of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate), born in Rome (d. 1850)
  • 1803 Levin Minn Powell, American Commander (Union Navy), born in Winchester, Winchester City, Virginia (d. 1885)
  • 1806 Peter van Schendel, Dutch-Belgian painter (Monsieur Chandelle), born in Terheijden, Netherlands (d. 1870)
  • 1809 Robert M. T. Hunter, American lawyer and politician (2nd Confederate States Secretary of State), born in Loretto, Virginia (d. 1887)
  • 1810 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), born in Bradford, Vermont (d. 1864)
  • 1811 Alson Sherman, American politician (8th Mayor of Chicago 1844-45), born in Barre, Vermont (d. 1903)
  • 1814 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", born in London (d. 1906)

Person of interestCharlotte Brontë

1816 Charlotte Brontë, English novelist (Jane Eyre), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1855)

  • 1816 Louis Wigfall, American politician (Confederate States Senator from Texas 1862-85), born in Edgefield, South Carolina (d. 1874)
  • 1828 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher and historian (Voyage in Italy), born in Vouziers, Ardennes, France (d. 1893)
  • 1834 William Rufus Terrill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Covington City, Virginia (d. 1862)
  • 1837 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), born in Næstved, Denmark (d. 1922)

Person of interestJohn Muir

1838 John Muir, Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar (d. 1914)

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1849 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist (discovered fertilization), born in Friedberg, Germany (d. 1922)
  • 1851 Charles Barrois, French geologist and palaeontologist, born in Lille, France (d. 1939)
  • 1854 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • 1854 William Stang, German Roman Catholic Bishop, born in Bad Schönborn, Germany (d. 1907)
  • 1864 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • 1868 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Common lot), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1872 Billy Bitzer, American cinematography pioneer, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1944)
  • 1878 Albert Weisgerber, German painter and graphic artist, born in Sankt Ingbert, Germany (d. 1915)
  • 1879 Kartini, Indonesian national heroine, born in Jepara, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1904)
  • 1881 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter and caricaturist (Rocks of Oran), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • 1889 Paul Karrer, Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1937), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Henry de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte), born in Paris (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Ben Stroman, Dutch writer (Jomtof & Blue Beard), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (1947-50, 53-55), born in Århus, Denmark (d. 1955)
  • 1904 Gijs van Hall, Dutch politician and Mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), born in Amsterdam (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Edmund Gerald "Pat" Brown, American politician and Governor of California (D: 1959-67), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Rollo May, American psychologist (Love & Will), born in Ada, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Ivan Combe, American inventor of personal care products (Clearasil), born in Fremont, Iowa (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Eve Arnold, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1913 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1913 Kai-Uwe von Hassel, German politician
  • 1913 Norman Parkinson, English fashion photographer (Harper's Bazaar), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Frick [W Groebli], Swiss clown, Frick & Frack)
  • 1917 Emanuel Vardi, Jerusalem Israel, violist, SD Symph 1978-82)
  • 1919 Franc [Franklin E] Essed, Suriname agricultural eng, Oper Grasshopper)
  • 1923 John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
  • 1924 Daniel Melnick, American producer, Get Smart), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestElizabeth II

1926 Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, 1952- ), born in London, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1927 Robert Brustein, American dean, Yale School of Drama), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 Don Tyson, American businessman, founder of Tyson Foods, born in Olathe, Kansas (d. 2011)
  • 1935 Thomas Kean, American politician
  • 1936 James Dobson, American evangelist
  • 1937 Charles Lee Herron, Ky, FBI most wanted fugitive (Jan 1 1986)
  • 1939 Helen Prejean, American writer
  • 1940 Souleymane Cisse, director (Waati, Yeelen, Finye, Baara)
  • 1941 David Lyle Boren, American politician, Governor and Senator from Oklahoma, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1947 Alan Warner, rocker (Foundations)
  • 1948 Gary A Condit, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1948 Max Wyndham, 2nd Baron Egremont, English peer and author
  • 1951 Aleksandr Ivanovich Laveykin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-2)
  • 1951 Tony Danza, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who's the Boss), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1951 Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • 1956 Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • 1958 Michael Zarnock, American author and columnist
  • 1958 Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
  • 1959 Tim Jacobus, American artist (Goosebumps)
  • 1962 Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin, Russian major/cosmonaut
  • 1965 Fiona Kelleghan, American academic and critic
  • 1969 Robin Meade, American reporter
  • 1971 Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player
  • 1971 Hasan Akbar, American convicted murderer
  • 2007 Princess Isabella of Denmark

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1920 Future UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (26) weds daughter of the 9th Duke of Devonshire Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (19) at St. Margaret's, Westminster

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Deaths in History

  • 586 Liuvigild, Visigothic King of Hispania and Septimania (568-586), dies
  • 1073 Alexander II [Anselmo da Baggio], Pope (1061-73), dies
  • 1109 Anselmus, philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies
  • 1142 Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)
  • 1329 Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
  • 1509 Henry VII, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509), dies at 52, Henry VIII succeeds him aged 17
  • 1551 Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1552 Petrus Apianus [Peter Apian], German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, dies at 57
  • 1574 Cosimo de Medici, Italian duke of Toscane, dies at about 54

Person of interestJean Racine

1699 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre, Athalie), dies of liver cancer at 59

Dramatist and Playwright Jean Racine
Dramatist and Playwright
Jean Racine
  • 1701 Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (daimyō), dies at 33
  • 1719 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
  • 1720 Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • 1722 Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • 1730 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79
  • 1736 Frans Eugenius, duke/prince of Savoye, dies at 72


1792 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary and independence fighter (Inconfidência Mineira) considered a national hero, hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro at 45

Brazilian Revolutionary Tiradentes
Brazilian Revolutionary
  • 1793 John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • 1815 Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • 1821 Thursday October Christian, son of Fletcher Christian (leader of the historical mutiny on the Bounty), dies at 40
  • 1825 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • 1836 Samuel Slater, English-American industrialist who brought the textile industrial revolution to America, dies at 67
  • 1852 Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1868 Henry James O'Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1871 Elisabeth Grube, writer, dies
  • 1899 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80

Person of interestMark Twain

1910 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn), dies at 74

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain

Person of interestThe Red Baron

1918 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, dies at 25 after his plane is shot down

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1922 Alessandro Moreschi, Italian castrato (b. 1858)
  • 1930 Robert Bridges, English poet (Testament of beauty) and British Poet Laureate (1913-30), dies at 85
  • 1938 Muhammad Iqbal, British East Indies lawyer and Pakistan national hero, dies at 65
  • 1938 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, dies at 60
  • 1945 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25

BattleJohn Maynard Keynes

1946 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, dies of a heart attack at 62

  • 1952 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, dies at 62
  • 1962 Frederick Handley Page, designer of 1st big airplane (40 seats), dies
  • 1965 Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72
  • 1967 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer, dies at 77

Person of interestFrançois Duvalier

1971 François Duvalier "Papa Doc", Dictator and President of Haiti (1957-71), dies of heart disease and diabetes at 64

Dictator and President of Haiti François Duvalier
Dictator and President of Haiti
François Duvalier
  • 1973 Arthur Fadden, 13th Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 79
  • 1977 Milton "Gummo" Marx, American comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 84
  • 1980 Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1980 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)
  • 1985 Rudi Gernreich, US designer (miniskirt), dies at 62
  • 1985 Tancredo Neves, president-elect of Brazil, dies at 75
  • 1985 Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio broadcaster (Hockey Night in Canada), dies at 82
  • 1986 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist, dies at 55
  • 1987 Edith S Green, (Rep-D-Ore), dies at 77
  • 1989 Princess Deokhye of Korea, last princess of the Korean Empire, dies at 76
  • 1990 Johnny Beagley, winner of two 1942 World Series games, dies
  • 1990 Erté, French artist
  • 1991 Richard Bolling, American politician (Rep-D-Missouri 1949-83), dies at 74
  • 1992 Robert Harris, American criminal and murderer, executed in a gas chamber at 39 in San Quentin State Prison, California
  • 1992 Vladimir K Romanov, Grand Duke/Rus pretender to the throne, dies at 74
  • 1994 Clement Merk, animal trainer, dies at 93
  • 1996 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), dies at 52
  • 1996 Robert Hersant, press baron, dies at 76
  • 1996 Rodney Meredith Thomas, English architect and painter, dies at 93
  • 1996 Zora Arkus-Duntov, engineer, dies at 86
  • 1997 Andres Rodriguez, Paraguayan president (1989-93), dies
  • 1997 Diosdado Macapagal, President of the Philippines (1961-65), dies at 86
  • 1998 Jean Francois Lyotard, French philosopher and sociologist (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Mary McGrory, American journalist and columnist, dies at 85
  • 2006 T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2009 Vivian Maier, American street photographer unknown until her death, dies at 83
  • 2012 Charles Colson, Nixon adviser (Watergate), dies from a brain hemorrhage at 80
  • 2013 Leopold Engleitner, Austrian Holocaust survivor, dies at 107

Person of interestShakuntala Devi

2013 Shakuntala Devi, Indian writer and mental calculator known as the "Human Computer", stops calculating at 83 due to complications from severe respiratory problems

Writer and Mathematician Shakuntala Devi
Writer and Mathematician
Shakuntala Devi
  • 2014 George H. Heilmeier, American engineer (helped invent LCD displays), dies at 77
  • 2016 Peter Ruckman, American Baptist minister and founder of Pensacola Bible Institute in Pensacola, dies at 94
  • 2018 Nabi Tajima, Japanese supercentenarian and the last living person certified to have been born in the 19th century, dies at 117
  • 2020 Teruyuki Okazaki, Japanese karate master (10th degree black belt Shotokan Karate; founder International Shotokan Karate Federation), dies from COVID-19 at 88