On This Day

On This Day in History for April 24

Events in History

  • 1479 BC Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty)
  • 1184 BC The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date)
  • 858 Nicholas I succeeds Benedict III as pope
  • 1066 Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed
  • 1185 Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto's fleet beats the Taira during Japan's Genpei War
  • 1288 Jews of Troyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1311 General Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India
  • 1364 Pope Urban V names John V van Virneburg as Bishop of Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1503 Michelangelo undertakes to carve 12 Apostles for the Cathedral of Florence, each four and a quarter braccia high (248.2cm), at the rate of at least one completed statue per year. He produced only one, of St. Matthew, and that remained unfinished.

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1547 Battle of Muhlberg: Catholic forces under Emperor Charles V defeat Protestant princes John Frederick I and Philip I of Hesse

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1570 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1596 Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • 1704 1st continuously published newspaper in America - The Boston News-Letter published in Boston by John Campbell [1]

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is acquitted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of charges brought by the Girondin in Paris

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1800 US Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 1833 Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent 1st soda fountain
  • 1863 Skirmish at Okolona and Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • 1865 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation in San Francisco
  • 1867 Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond, Virginia streetcars
  • 1872 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts in Italy
  • 1877 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • 1877 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1883 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
  • 1884 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Eastman Kodak founded by George Eastman

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman

Around The World Alone In A Fishing BoatAround The World Alone In A Fishing Boat

1895 Canadian-American adventurer Joshua Slocum sets sail from Boston, Massachusetts on a solo around-the-world voyage aboard 'Spray', an 11.2-m oyster sloop [1]

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The Spray, in which Joshua Slocum sailed 46,000 miles around the world
The Spray, in which Joshua Slocum sailed 46,000 miles around the world
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  • 1897 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 US fleet under commodore George Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines

Admiral George Dewey
George Dewey

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 Spanish–American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid

Queen of the United Kingdom Queen Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen Victoria
  • 1901 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • 1908 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m
  • 1909 Harry Hillman and Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • 1910 German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms
  • 1913 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • 1914 A shipment of 35,000 rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland
  • 1915 German army fires chloroform gas in Ypres (Leper)
  • 1915 Leaders of the Armenian community in Constantinople (now Istanbul) are arrested by Ottoman authorities, and many later killed, marking the start of the Armenian Genocide
  • 1915 Pittsburgh Rebels' Frank Allen no-hits St Louis Terriers (Federal League), 2-0

IrelandEaster Proclamation of 1916

1916 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

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The Provisional Government of the Irish Republic to the people of Ireland
The Provisional Government of the Irish Republic to the people of Ireland
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DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

1916 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1917 US Congress passes the Liberty Loan Act, authorizing the Treasury to issue a public subscription for 2 billion in bonds for the war
  • 1920 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • 1920 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • 1921 1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium
  • 1921 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • 1923 General harbor strike begins in NYC
  • 1925 88°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
  • 1928 Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
  • 1929 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off
  • 1929 Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark
  • 1932 German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)
  • 1941 British army begins evacuation of Greece
  • 1941 Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
  • 1942 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • 1944 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • 1949 3rd Tony Awards: "Death of a Salesman" & "Kiss Me Kate" win
  • 1950 Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government
  • 1950 Jordan formally annexes the West Bank


1953 Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1954 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
  • 1954 Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations
  • 1955 Conference of Bandung against colonialism and for self determination, ends
  • 1955 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • 1960 14th Tony Awards: "Miracle Worker" and "Fiorello!" win
  • 1960 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • 1960 Record 4 grand slams hit today

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Sinking ShipThe Sinking of the Vasa

1961 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

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Swedish warship Vasa sinking in Stockholm harbor
Swedish warship Vasa sinking in Stockholm harbor
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  • 1962 1st Lockheed A-12 is taxi tested
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Mexico becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1965 Military coup under Donald Reid Cabral in Dominican Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily."

  • 1968 Leftist students take over Columbia University, NYC
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations.
  • 1969 Marshall Lin Biao named Mao's designated successor as the sole Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China
  • 1969 Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians
  • 1969 US B-52's drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary
  • 1969 Car firm British Leyland launch the Austin Maxi in Oporto Portugal
  • 1969 Loyalist members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers (UPV) explode a bomb at a water pipeline between Lough Neagh and Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 People's Republic of China launches its 1st satellite transmitting song "East is Red"
  • 1970 Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 returns to Earth
  • 1974 Dutch women hockey team becomes world champion
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
  • 1980 US military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran, fails, 8 die
  • 1981 US ends grain embargo against USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 150 Khomeini followers assault student dormitory in West Germany

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1982 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Durbin
  • 1983 Austrian socialist party loses parliamentary election
  • 1985 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carolyn Lizer for "Yin"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Howard Stern holds a free speech rally at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, NYC

Radio shock jock Howard Stern
Radio shock jock
Howard Stern
  • 1989 10s of thousands of student strikes in Beijing, China
  • 1989 Massachusetts declares today "New Kids on the Block Day"

Birthdays in History

  • 1533 William I, Prince of Orange (1544-84), born in Dillenburg, County of Nassau, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1584)
  • 1538 Gugliemo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat (1550-87), born in Mantua, Italy (d. 1587)
  • 1581 Vincent de Paul, French Roman Catholic Saint, born in Pouy, Gascony, France (d. 1660)
  • 1620 John Graunt, English statistician, founder of science of demography, born in London (d. 1674)
  • 1624 Jan Peeters (the Elder), Flemish Baroque painter of stormy seascapes, and draughtsman, born in Antwerp, United Provinces of the Netherlands (d. 1677)
  • 1660 Cornelis Dusart, Dutch painter and engraver, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1704)
  • 1718 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born portrait and miniature painter, born in Dublin (d. 1784)
  • 1743 Edmund Cartwright, English inventor (power loom), born in Marnham, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1823)
  • 1750 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1840)
  • 1766 Robert Bailey Thomas, American journalist and founder (The Farmer's Almanac), born in Grafton, Massachusetts (d. 1846)
  • 1773 Harman W. Muntinghe, Dutch lawyer and colonial director, born in Amsterdam (d. 1827)
  • 1784 Peter Vivian Daniel, American jurist, Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1841-60), born in Stafford County, Virginia (d. 1860)
  • 1791 Nikolaj Bestuzhev, Russian Navy officer, writer and painter (Decembrist revolt), born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1855)
  • 1796 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1840)
  • 1804 Thomas Oliver Selfridge, American Navy Officer (d. 1902)
  • 1807 Charles Ferguson Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1814 Vicente Fidel López, Argentine historian (La Novia del Hereje), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1903)
  • 1815 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), born in London (d. 1882)
  • 1815 James E. Harrison, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Greenville District, South Carolina (d. 1875)
  • 1822 Erastus Barnard Tyler, American businessman, merchant, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in West Bloomfield, New York (d. 1891)
  • 1824 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, born in Croix-de-Rozon, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • 1828 Robert Brank Vance, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina (1873-85), born in Buncombe, North Carolina (d. 1899)
  • 1829 George Peabody Estey, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire (d. 1881)
  • 1836 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • 1837 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), born in Schwedt, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1909)
  • 1845 Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919), born in Liestal, Switzerland (d. 1924)
  • 1849 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • 1851 Eduardo Acevedo Díaz, Uruguayan writer (Ismael, Grito de Gloria), born in Uruguay, Montevideo (d. 1921)

Person of interestPhilippe Pétain

1856 Philippe Pétain, French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), born in Cauchy-à-la-Tour, France (d. 1951)

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1864 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • 1864 George Foottit, English clown, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 1921)
  • 1867 Fannie Thomas, American who became the oldest known American at her death (113 years 273 days at death), born in Denver, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • 1873 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, 5th President of Austria (1951-57), born in Újszőny by Komorn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • 1874 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)
  • 1874 Willem Roelofs, Dutch painter and cartoonist (d. 1940)
  • 1876 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1878 Jean Crotti, Swiss-French artist, born in Bulle, Fribourg, Switzerland (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born in Moffat, Scotland (d. 1970)
  • 1883 Jaroslav Hašek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary [or April 30]
  • 1886 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, born in Erfurt (d. 1975)
  • 1887 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, born in Kensington, London (d. 1931)
  • 1889 Stafford Cripps, British Labour politician, born in London (d. 1952)
  • 1889 Lyubov Popova, Russian avant-garde artist and painter, born in Ivanovskoe, Moscow (d. 1924)
  • 1895 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal/people's commissioner
  • 1897 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), born in Winthrop, Massachusetts (d. 1941)
  • 1897 Manuel Ávila Camacho, 45th President of Mexico (1940-46), born in Teziutlán, Puebla, Mexico (d. 1955)
  • 1899 Oscar Zariski, Russian mathematician (algebraic geometry), born in Kobrin, Russian Empire (d. 1986)
  • 1903 Jose A Primo de Rivera, Spanish lawyer and politician (founder of Spanish Falange), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1903 Siegfried Frederick Nadel, Austrian-British anthropologist (Black Byzantium), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1956)
  • 1904 Willem De Kooning, Dutch artist (North Atlantic Light), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1997)
  • 1905 Robert Penn Warren, American poet and novelist (All the King's Men, Pulitzer 1946), born in Guthrie, Kentucky (d.1989)

Person of interestWilliam Joyce

1906 William Joyce, American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1946)

Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist William Joyce
Fascist Politician and Nazi Propagandist
William Joyce
  • 1909 Bernhard Grzimek, German zoologist (West Germany), born in Neisse, Prussian Silesia, German Empire (d. 1987)
  • 1911 Karl Schiller, German economist and politician (Minister of Economics), born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1994)
  • 1916 Stanley Kauffmann, American playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1924 Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2009)
  • 1926 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, born in Hogsjo (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Richard Donner [Schwartzberg], American television and film director (Twilight Zone; The Omen, Superman; Lethal Weapon; Scrooged), and producer (X-Men; Tales From The Crypt), born in The Bronx, New York City (d. 2021)
  • 1931 Bridget Riley, British painter (op-art), born in Norwood London, England
  • 1935 Louis Keith, physician (expert on multiple-births), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1940 Sue Grafton, American author of detective novels ("A" Is for Alibi), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2017)
  • 1942 Richard M. Daley, American politician, 43rd Mayor of Chicago (1989-2011), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1942 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian pilot cosmonaut, born in Yangiyul, Tashkent
  • 1945 Larry Tesler, American computer scientist (invented copy, cut, paste), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2020)
  • 1947 Josep Borrell, 22nd President of the European Parliament (2004-07), born in La Pobla de Segur, Lérida, Spain
  • 1947 Roger D. Kornberg, American biochemist (Nobel 2006), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1948 Benzion Freshwater, English multi-millionaire property investor, born in Sassov, Galicia, Poland
  • 1948 Paul Cellucci, American politician, 69th Governor of Massachusetts and former United States Ambassador to Canada, born in Hudson, Massachusetts (d. 2013)
  • 1951 Andrew John Fairclough, trade union educator
  • 1952 Jean Paul Gaultier, French fashion designer (Hermès), born in Arcueil, Val-de-Marne, France
  • 1953 John P. Hiler, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana (1981-91), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1954 Mumia Abu-Jamal, American journalist and political activist sentenced to death and then to life in prison, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1955 Jack Kingston, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia (1993-2015), born in Bryan, Texas
  • 1955 John de Mol Jr., Dutch media businessman, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1958 Brian Paddick, British former deputy assistant commissioner and most senior openly gay police officer, born in London
  • 1959 Yvonne Cagle, American astronaut and physician, born in West Point, New York
  • 1959 Malcolm Oastler, Australian engineer (Jaguar Racing), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1968 Hashim Thaçi, Kosovan politician, 1st Prime Minister of Kosovo (2008-14) and 4th President of Kosovo (2016-), born in Srbica, Yugoslavia
  • 1977 Siarhey Balakhonau, Belarusian writer, born in Gomel Region, Belarus
  • 1979 Laurentia Tan, Singaporean Paralympic equestrienne, born in Singapore
  • 1983 Princess Iman bint Al Hussein of Jordan, daughter of King Hussein and Queen Noor of Jordan, born in Amman, Jordan

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

1558 Mary, Queen of Scots (15) marries French dauphin Francis (14) at Notre Dame cathedral in Paris

Queen of Scotland Mary, Queen of Scots
Queen of Scotland
Mary, Queen of Scots
  • 1575 William (the Silent) of Orange marries 3rd wife Charlotte de Bourbon and former French nun

LoveWedding of Interest

1854 Austria's Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth A E "Sissi"

Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I

LoveWedding of Interest

1874 Outlaw Jesse James marries cousin Zerelda 'Zee' Mimms

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1963 English princess Alexandra marries Sir Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey
  • 2004 Prince Friso of Orange (35), 2nd son of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands marries Mabel Wisse Smit (35) without formal permission of parliament.

Deaths in History

  • 624 Mellitus, third Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 709 Wilfrid, English bishop and saint, dies at about 76
  • 729 Egbert[us], English bishop/saint, dies in Iona at 89
  • 1077 Geza I, King of Hungary (1074-7), dies
  • 1185 Antoku Taira, emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns
  • 1338 Marquis Theodore I of Montferrat (b. 1291)
  • 1530 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (De partu Virginis), dies at 74
  • 1617 Carlo Concino, French marquis of Ancre/state advisor, murdered
  • 1622 Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint, dies at 44
  • 1656 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)

Person of interestDaniel Defoe

1731 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • 1736 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
  • 1776 Carolus van de Abeele, Flemish Jesuit, dies at 84
  • 1779 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College, dies at 68
  • 1824 Herman Muntinghe, Dutch theologist (History of Mankind), dies at 71
  • 1852 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • 1891 Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian general and fieldmarshal, dies at 90
  • 1900 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), dies at 76
  • 1900 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1904 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist, dies at 77
  • 1912 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), dies at 81
  • 1917 Oskar Blumenthal, German playwright and critic, dies at 65
  • 1924 G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (b. 1844)
  • 1930 Henry Ernest Dudeney, English mathematician and puzzle maker, dies at 73
  • 1933 Felix Adler, German-American educator of political and social ethics, dies at 81
  • 1938 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, dies at 74
  • 1941 Karin Boye, Swedish writer (Kallocain) commits suicide at 40

Person of interestLucy Maud Montgomery

1942 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), dies at 67

  • 1942 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • 1943 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1944 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • 1945 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • 1945 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet and resistance fighter, dies at 51
  • 1947 Willa Cather, American writer (My Ántonia), dies at 73
  • 1952 Hans [Hendrik A] Kramers, physicist (quantum mechanics), dies at 57
  • 1952 Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State, dies at 82
  • 1955 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • 1956 Albrecht G Alt, German theologist (Small Schriften), dies at 72
  • 1957 Andries CD de Graeff, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1926-31), dies at 84
  • 1960 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, dies at 80
  • 1964 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist (Nobel Prize 1939 in Physiology or Medicine - first commercially available antibiotic and marketed under the brand name Prontosil), dies at 68
  • 1967 Vladimir Komarov, Soviet cosmonaut (Voshkod I, Soyuz 1) and the 1st human to die in a space flight, dies in Soyuz 1 at 40
  • 1976 Mark Tobey, US abstract painter, (Broadway Norm), dies at 85
  • 1980 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban/French writer (Guerra del Tiempo), dies at 75
  • 1985 Sergei Yutkevich, Russian director, (Otello, Banya), dies at 80

Person of interestWallis Simpson

1986 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, dies at 89

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1990 Joseph Leberman, entertainer, dies
  • 1991 J. de Graaf, Dutch ethicist, president church & peace, dies at 79

Person of interestOliver Tambo

1993 Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer, anti-apartheid politician and co-founder (African National Congress), dies of a stroke at 75

Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary Oliver Tambo
Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary
Oliver Tambo
  • 1995 Douglas Gunsekera, banker, dies at 77

Person of interestEugene Stoner

1997 Eugene Stoner, American firearms designer and inventor of the M16, dies of cancer at 74

Inventor Eugene Stoner
Eugene Stoner
  • 2001 Leon Sullivan, African-American civil rights leader and pastor (b. 1922)

Person of interestEstée Lauder

2004 Estée Lauder, American entrepreneur (Estée Lauder cosmetics), dies of cardiopulmonary arrest at 97

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder
  • 2005 Ezer Weizman, President of Israel (b. 1924)
  • 2005 Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (b. 1914)
  • 2009 John Michell, British writer, (b. 1933)
  • 2011 Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru, spiritual figure (b. 1926)
  • 2012 Nel Ginjaar-Maas, Dutch under-secretary of Education (VVD), dies at 80
  • 2017 Robert M. Pirsig, American author (Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance), dies at 88
  • 2017 Benjamin Barber, American political theorist (Jihad vs. McWorld), dies at 77
  • 2017 Agustín Edwards, Chilean media tycoon (El Mercurio), dies at 89
  • 2021 Sarolta Monspart, Hungarian orienteering competitor (first non-Scandinavian female to win World C'ship 1972; 14 x national titles), dies at 76