On This Day

On This Day in History for April 25

Events in History

  • 1185 Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family
  • 1362 Muhammad VI ruler of Granada killed with a lance personally by Peter I of Castile, along with 36 followers and his head sent to Muhammad V (or 27 April)
  • 1449 Anti-pope Felix V resigns
  • 1507 German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller first to use the name America on his world map "Universalis Cosmographia"
  • 1541 -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour
  • 1604 Count Maurits' army lands at Cadzand
  • 1607 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish Portuguese fleet
  • 1607 Shortly before making landfall in America, Captain Edward Maria Wingfield is named President of the Jamestown governing council
  • 1614 Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1626 Battle of Dessau Bridge: Albrecht von Wallenstein at head of Holy Roman Empire forces defeats Danish attempt led by Ernst von Mansfeld's to cross Elbe River (Thirty Years' War)

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1644 Last Ming Emperor Chongzhen hangs himself from a tree on Jing Mountain, Beijing, rather than be captured by forces of Li Zicheng

Chinese Emperor Chongzhen
Chinese Emperor

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1660 English Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1678 French troops conquer Ypres
  • 1684 Patent granted for thimble
  • 1707 Battle of Almansa; Franco-Spanish forces defeat British and Portuguese

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1719 Daniel Defoe publishes "Robinson Crusoe", regarded as the 1st English novel

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1742 Elizabeth of Russia crowns herself Empress in the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1747 Prince Willem V appointed viceroy of Zealand
  • 1792 Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier
  • 1829 Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom
  • 1846 Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican–American War
  • 1849 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • 1850 Paul Julius Reuter sets up carrier-pigeon service, using 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices between Aachen and Brussels
  • 1859 Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 1861 Battle of Lavaca, fought in Texas, Union victory (US Civil War)
  • 1861 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1864 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • 1867 Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • 1875 Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • 1881 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison

Spain Declares War Against the United StatesSpain Declares War Against the United States

1898 Spanish–American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April

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Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Colonel ‘Teddy’ Roosevelt (centre, with glasses and holstered gun) with his ‘Rough Riders’ after victory at the Battle of San Juan Hill.
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  • 1901 New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee)
  • 1902 Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
  • 1905 Whites win right to vote in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1925 Paul von Hindenburg is elected the President of Germany

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1926 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
  • 1927 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)
  • 1928 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen Morris Frank
  • 1932 Rose Franken's "Another Language" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • 1943 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket instituted
  • 1944 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • 1945 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in San Francisco
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • 1945 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • 1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • 1945 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany

Victory in BattleRaising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 Soviet forces complete their encirclement of Berlin, cutting off all access points west of the German capital

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Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
Soldiers Raqymzhan Qoshqarbaev and Georgij Bulatov raise the Soviet Union flag on the roof of the Reichstag building in Berlin
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  • 1945 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • 1946 "Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48
  • 1946 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • 1947 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins
  • 1949 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse" premieres in Basel
  • 1950 Republik Maluku Selatan (also known as the Republic of the South Moluccas) declared on Ambon
  • 1952 American Bowling Congress approves use of an automatic pinsetter
  • 1952 German state of Bathe-Wurttemberg forms

InventionScientific Discovery

1953 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson

Historic InventionFirst Solar Battery

1954 Bell labs announces the 1st solar battery made from silicon. It has about 6% efficiency.

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Magazine advert for Bell Labs' new invention, the solar battery
Magazine advert for Bell Labs' new invention, the solar battery
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  • 1954 British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test above Bikini Island
  • 1957 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated
  • 1957 Ibrahim Hashim forms Jordanian government
  • 1959 St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic and the Great Lakes opens to shipping
  • 1960 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed by USS submarine Triton in 60 days, 21 hours

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law

Prime Minister of Belgium Gaston Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
Gaston Eyskens
  • 1961 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1961 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
  • 1961 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
  • 1961 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
  • 1961 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
  • 1962 Cleve sends Harry Chiti to Mets for a player to be named later, on June 15 the Mets send Chiti back to Cleveland
  • 1962 Lion & Tiger Veldt at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated (Cleveland, Ohio)
  • 1962 US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon
  • 1962 US resumes above ground nuclear testing, at Christmas Island
  • 1966 Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse, Belgium
  • 1967 Abortion legalized in Colorado
  • 1967 Britain grants internal self-government to Swaziland
  • 1967 Jules Feiffer's "Little Murders" premieres in NYC
  • 1969 5,400th & last episode of BBC Radio serial "The Dales" (formerly "Mrs Dale's Diary")
  • 1970 Freda Payne releases "Band of Gold"
  • 1970 Melanie (Safka) releases "Lay Down"
  • 1971 About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 US canal rights in Nicaragua & rights to Corn Islands expire
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Northern Ireland census is held
  • 1972 Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Günter Guillaume, an aide to West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, is exposed as a Stasi spy (East German secret service)

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1974 Leo Tindemans forms Belgium government
  • 1974 Portuguese Prime Minister Marcello Caetano is overthrown in the Carnation revolution, bringing Portugal's authoritarian Estado Novo (New State) government to an end
  • 1975 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925 following the Carnation Revolution of 1974

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1975 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1975 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden

Birthdays in History

  • 1214 Louis IX (Saint Louis), King of France (1226-70), born in Poissy, France (d. 1270)
  • 1228 Conrad IV, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily, born in Andria, Sicily (d. 1254)

Person of interestEdward II

1284 Edward II, King of England (1307-27), born in Caernarfon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales (d. 1327)

King of England Edward II
King of England
Edward II
  • 1287 Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England, born in Wigmore Castle, Herefordshire, England (d. 1330)
  • 1502 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 1574)

Person of interestOliver Cromwell

1599 Oliver Cromwell, Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58), born in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England (d. 1658)

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1608 Gaston, Duke of Orleans, brother of French King Louis XIII, born in Palace of Fontainebleau, France (d. 1660)
  • 1614 Hieronymus van Beverningk, Dutch general, born in Gouda, Netherlands (1690)
  • 1621 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist, born in Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland (d. 1679)
  • 1677 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly), born in Lyon, France (d. 1746)
  • 1694 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, born in London (d. 1753)
  • 1710 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, born in Banffshire, Scotland (d. 1776)
  • 1725 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral, born in Caversham, Reading, England (d. 1786)
  • 1767 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal, born in Bar-le-Duc, France (d. 1847)
  • 1769 Marc Isambard Brunel, French-born English engineer (Thames Tunnel), born in Hacqueville, France (d. 1849)
  • 1770 Georg Sverdrup, Norwegian statesman, born in Nærøy, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway (d. 1850)
  • 1776 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1857)
  • 1792 John Keble, Anglican priest and founder (Oxford Movement), born in Fairford, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1886)
  • 1824 Gustave Boulanger, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • 1825 Charles Dowd, American principal who was the 1st to propose standardized time zones (for America's railways), born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 1904)
  • 1840 James Dearing, U.S. Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • 1842 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer and poet (Il santo, Leila), born in Vicenza, Italy (d. 1911)
  • 1843 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1878)
  • 1849 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
  • 1851 Leopoldo Alas, Spanish novelist (La Regenta), born in Zamora, Spain (d. 1901)
  • 1862 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon and Minister of Foreign Affairs, born in London (d. 1933)
  • 1867 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician and physiologist, born in Etterbeek, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • 1868 John Bevins Moisant, American pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him, born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • 1873 Walter de la Mare, British poet and author (The Listeners, Memoirs of a Midget), born in Charlton, Kent (d. 1956)

Person of interestGuglielmo Marconi

1874 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor and electrical engineer who pioneered work on long distance radio transmission (Nobel 1909), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1937)

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1881 Hans Windisch, German New Testament scholar, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1935)
  • 1897 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, born in York Cottage, Sandringham (d. 1965)
  • 1900 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat, born in Firbeck Hall, England (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss-American theoretical physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • 1902 Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist, one of the main organizers of Nazi Germany's T-4 Euthanasia Program, born in Forst, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (theory of probability), born in Tambov, Russia (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Walter Hassan, British automotive engineer, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Sally Salminen, Finnish writer (Katrina), born in Vårdö, Finland (d. 1976)
  • 1906 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Gladys Presley, mother of Elvis, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1958)
  • 1914 Claude Mauriac, French writer (Le Temps immobile), born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Marcos Pérez Jiménez, President of Venezuela (1953-58), born in Michelena, Venezuela (d. 2001)
  • 1914 Ross Lockridge, Jr., American novelist (Raintree County), born in Bloomington, Indiana (d. 1948)
  • 1915 Aksel Quintus Bosz, Surinamese lawyer, born in Pasuruan, Java, Indonesia (d. 1993)
  • 1915 William Goyen, American writer, born in Trinity, Texas (d. 1983)
  • 1918 Gérard de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer, born in Paris (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Jean Mogin, Belgian poet, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1921 Karel Appel, Dutch painter (Vragende Children), born in Amsterdam (d. 2006)
  • 1923 Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer, 13th Astronomer Royal (1982-90)
  • 1926 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (Social Democratic Party of Austria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2008)

Person of interestAlbert Uderzo

1927 Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist and script writer (Asterix comic books), born in Fismes, Marne, France (d. 2020)

Cartoonist Albert Uderzo
Albert Uderzo
  • 1927 Corín Tellado, Spanish romance novelist, sold the most books in Spanish (400 million), born in El Franco, Spain (d. 2009)
  • 1929 José Ángel Valente, Spanish poet (A modo the esperanza), born in Orense, Spain (d. 2000)
  • 1930 Paul Mazursky, American writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson), born in Brooklyn, New York, (d. 2014)
  • 1931 David Shepherd, British painter (paintings of steam locomotives), born in Hendon, London (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Felix Berezin, Russian physicist and mathematician (Berezin integral), born in Moscow (d. 1980)
  • 1935 James Peebles, Canadian American astrophysicist (Ostriker–Peebles criterion), 2019 Nobel Prize for Physics, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • 1938 Ton Schulten, Dutch painter (landscapes using bright blocks of colour), born in Ootmarsum, Overijssel, Netherlands
  • 1938 Roger Boisjoly, American aerodynamicist (anticipated challenger disaster), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Patrick Anson, 5th Earl of Lichfield, English photographer (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Ted Kooser, American poet and US Poet Laureate, born in Ames, Iowa
  • 1941 Lawrence J. Smith, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Florida (1983-93), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1941 Princess Muna al-Hussein, mother of King Abdullah II of Jordan, born in Chelmondiston, Suffolk, England
  • 1942 Jon Kyl, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona (1987-95), born in Oakland, Nebraska
  • 1945 Jean Purdy, British embryologist and nurse (pioneer in developing IVF), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1985)
  • 1946 Peter Sutherland, Irish businessman (Allied Irish Banks) and politician (Fine Gael), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 2018)
  • 1946 Vladimir Zhirinovsky, Russian nationalist and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party, born in Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • 1948 Yu Shyi-kun, Premier of the Republic of China (2002-05), born in Dongshan, Yilan County, China
  • 1949 Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician, born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1949 James Fenton, English poet and journalist, born in Lincoln, England
  • 1951 Ian McCartney, British MP for Makerfield (1987-10), born in Lennoxtown, Scotland

Person of interestHaider al-Abadi

1952 Haider al-Abadi, Iraqi politician, Prime Minister of Iraq (2014-present), born in Baghdad, Iraq

Prime Minister of Iraq Haider al-Abadi
Prime Minister of Iraq
Haider al-Abadi
  • 1953 Ron Clements, American animation director (Moana), born in Sioux City, Iowa
  • 1961 Dinesh D'Souza, Indian-American author (2016: Obama's America), born in Mumbai, India
  • 1969 Jon Olsen, American 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96), born in New Britain, Connecticut
  • 1980 Kazuhito Tadano, Japanese basaball player, born in Tokyo
  • 1983 DeAngelo Williams, American National Football League runningback, born in Wynne, Arkansas

Person of interestGedhun Choekyi Nyima

1989 Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama, born in Lhari County, Tibet, China

11th Panchen Lama Gedhun Choekyi Nyima
11th Panchen Lama
Gedhun Choekyi Nyima
  • 1994 Samuel Carvalho, British activist and mental health advocate, born in Cambridge, England

Weddings in History

  • 1981 Maureen Reagan (40) marries 3rd husband, Dennis Revell (28)

Divorces in History

  • 1991 Designer Mary McFadden (52) announces divorce of Kohie Yohannan (23)

Deaths in History

  • 68 Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa
  • 974 Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84
  • 1265 Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader
  • 1271 Master Gerhard, first master mason of Cologne Cathedral, falls to his death from scaffolding during the building of the cathedral (b. c. 1210)
  • 1295 Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies
  • 1342 Benedict XII [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies
  • 1362 Muhammad VI, ruler of Granada (1360-62), killed with a lance by Peter I of Castile (b. 1333) or 27 April
  • 1516 John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)
  • 1566 Diane de Poitiers, French mistress of French King Henry II, dies at 66
  • 1566 Louise Labé, French poet
  • 1595 Torquato Tasso, Italian poet (Gerusalemme liberata), dies at 51
  • 1605 Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)
  • 1607 Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1607 Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle
  • 1635 Alessandro Tassoni, Italian political writer (Rape of Bucket), dies at 69

Person of interestChongzhen

1644 Chongzhen, last Ming Emperor of China, commits suicide at 33

Chinese Emperor Chongzhen
Chinese Emperor
  • 1647 Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo and Duke of Lucerna, dies at 62
  • 1660 Henry Hammond, English churchman, dies at 54
  • 1690 David Teniers the Younger, Flemish painter (Pictorium), dies at 79
  • 1728 John Woodward, geologist/physician, dies
  • 1740 Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhat, also known as Baji Rao I, a general and Peshwa (b. 1699)

Person of interestAnders Celsius

1744 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), dies at 42

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius
  • 1770 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), dies at 69
  • 1792 Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined
  • 1828 John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman, dies at 64
  • 1840 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (Poisson distribution) and physicist, dies at 58
  • 1845 Thomas Duncan, Scottish painter, dies at 37

Person of interestWilliam Beaumont

1853 William Beaumont, physiologist, dies at 67

  • 1862 Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55
  • 1873 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (VP: Imperial Academy of Arts 1828-68), dies at 90
  • 1875 Trinley Gyatso, 12th Dalai Lama of Tibet, dies at 18
  • 1878 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), dies at 58
  • 1891 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (b. 1811)
  • 1892 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (b. 1840)
  • 1905 Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
  • 1911 Emilio Salgari, Italian novelist (b. 1862)
  • 1915 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)
  • 1923 Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician, dies at 82
  • 1926 Ellen Key, Swedish author and feminist (Courageous Woman), dies at 76
  • 1928 Pyotr Nikolayevich, Baron Wrangel, Russian baron general (White Armies, WW II), dies at 49
  • 1937 Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open
  • 1937 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (Drzymała's wagon), dies at 79
  • 1942 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
  • 1949 Jankel Adler, Polish painter and printmaker, dies at 53
  • 1954 Joseph Hergesheimer, novelist (Java Head), dies
  • 1955 Paul Basilius Barth, Swiss painter and lithographer, dies at 73
  • 1960 Amanullah, emir/king of Afhanistan (1919-28), dies at 67
  • 1961 Hans F Blunck, writer, dies
  • 1966 Maurice Roelants, Flemish novelist and poet (Komen en gaan, Prayer for a Good End), dies at 70
  • 1974 Pamela Courson, American woman and long-term companion of Jim Morrison, dies of a heroin overdose at 27
  • 1978 Lee Kim Lai, Singaporean police officer (b. 1960)
  • 1982 John Cody, US cardinal/archbishop of Chicago (1965-82), dies at 74
  • 1982 Paul de Vree, Flemish author (Round Table), dies at 72
  • 1982 W. R. Burnett, American writer (Asphalt Jungle), dies at 82
  • 1988 Clifford D. Simak, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83
  • 1988 Valerie Solanas, American radical feminist and author of SCUM Manifesto who attempted to assassinate Andy Warhol in 1968, dies of pneumonia at 52
  • 1992 Dany Tuijnman, Dutch politician (Minister of Transport and Water Management), dies at 77
  • 1992 Panos Christi, entertainer, dies of AIDS at 54
  • 1994 George Gennimatas, Greek minister of National Economy, dies at 55
  • 1994 Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Muslim leader, shot dead at 32
  • 1995 Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74
  • 1996 John Eustace Theodore Brancker, Barbadian lawyer, civil rights activist and parliamentarian, dies at 87
  • 1996 John Lorne Campbell, Scottish folklorist, dies at 90
  • 1998 Wright Morris, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 2000 David Merrick, American theatrical producer (Hello Dolly), dies at 88
  • 2000 Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)
  • 2002 Indra Devi, yoga teacher (b. 1899)
  • 2004 Thom Gunn, British poet (The Wound), dies at 74
  • 2005 Swami Ranganathananda, Indian monk (b. 1908)
  • 2006 Jane Jacobs, American-Canadian author and urbanologist (The Death and Life of Great American Cities), dies at 89
  • 2009 John Marchi, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2010 Dorothy Provine, loving grandmother, (b. 1935)
  • 2010 Alan Sillitoe, English writer (Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner), dies at 82
  • 2019 Manuel Lujan Jr., American politician (Rep-R-NM, 1969-89), dies at 90
  • 2020 Richard Divila, Brazilian motorsports designer (Fittipaldi Automotive; Ligier, Nissan), dies at 74
  • 2020 Per Olov Enquist, Swedish writer (Hour of the Lynx, The Royal Physician’s Visit), dies at 85