On This Day

On This Day in History for April 26

Events in History

  • 757 Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I
  • 1220 German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights
  • 1336 Italian Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch famously climbs Mont Ventoux
  • 1467 The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy
  • 1478 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de'Medici and kill Giuliano de'Medici in Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1514 Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1564 William Shakespeare is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England

  • 1607 Jamestown expedition makes first landing in America at a place named Cape Henry, in what would become Virginia, but they quickly depart for a better site
  • 1654 Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • 1655 Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant's desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
  • 1755 1st Russian university opens in Moscow
  • 1777 Sybil Ludington aged 16, rides 40 miles in New York to warn her father's militia of the approach of the British
  • 1803 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • 1819 Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • 1828 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1841 "Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1853 Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 1859 Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity - 1st time this defense used successfully in the US
  • 1865 Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders remaining forces to Union General William Sherman at Bennett Place in Durham, North Carolina, ending the US Civil War
  • 1887 Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1893 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • 1904 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • 1904 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1906 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • 1907 Jamestown, Virginia Tercentenary Exposition opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against President Yuan Shikai in China

General and President of the Republic of China Yuan Shikai
General and President of the Republic of China
Yuan Shikai
  • 1915 Italy secretly signs the "Treaty of London" with Britain, France and Russia, bringing Italy into World War I on the Allied side
  • 1920 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • 1925 Pulitzer prize awarded to Edna Ferber for "So big"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Artist Diego Rivera resigns from the Mexican Communist Party

Painter Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
  • 1926 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • 1926 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition reopens in London after a fire

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1929 1st non-stop England to India flight lands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris

Dramatist Jean Anouilh
Jean Anouilh
  • 1933 Jewish students are barred from school in Germany
  • 1937 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1938 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • 1941 Potatoes rationed in Holland
  • 1942 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
  • 1944 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • 1944 Papandreou government in Greece forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Marshal Philippe Pétain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during World War II, arrested for treason

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1945 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1949 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • 1951 Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum
  • 1952 US minesweeper Hobson rams aircraft carrier Wasp, kills 176
  • 1954 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva

Historic DiscoveryPolio

1954 Mass trials of Jonas Salk's anti-polio vaccine begin; the first shot is delivered in Fairfax County, Virginia; more than 443,000 children receive shots over three months

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Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
Children with polio in a US hospital, inside an iron lung. In about 0.5% of cases, patients suffered from paralysis, sometimes resulting in the inability to breathe. More often, limbs would be paralyzed.
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  • 1954 USSR Supreme Soviet transfer the Crimean oblast from Russian SFSR to Ukrainian SSR
  • 1956 First modern container ship, the Ideal X, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
  • 1957 Jamestown, Virginia 350th Anniversary Festival opens
  • 1961 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
  • 1962 1st Lockheed A-12 flies
  • 1962 Ariel 1 Launch (1st UK Satellite)
  • 1962 Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon
  • 1962 US and UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload
  • 1964 Tanganyika & Zanzibar form The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar
  • 1966 An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroys Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • 1967 San Marco 2 Launch (1st Equatorial Launch)
  • 1968 Students seize administration building at Ohio State
  • 1968 US underground nuclear test, "Boxcar," 1 megaton device
  • 1969 Firestone World Bowling Tournament (Mercury Open) won by Jim Godman
  • 1971 Heaviest rains ever in Bahia district of Brazil, 15" in 24 hrs
  • 1971 San Francisco lightship replaced by automatic buoy
  • 1971 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Landslide in Huancavelica Province Peru creates a natural dam
  • 1974 Malta adopts constitution
  • 1976 Pan Am begins non-stop flights NYC-Tokyo
  • 1977 Opening of Studio 54 in New York, N.Y.
  • 1978 France sends troops to Chad
  • 1978 NASA launches space vehicle S-201
  • 1980 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy
  • 1980 Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120 feet

UKArgentine Soldiers Surrender in the Falklands

1982 Argentina surrenders to Great Britain on South Georgia Island, near the Falkland Islands

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Argentinian prisoners of war are marched in Port Stanley after they surrendered in the Falklands War
Argentinian prisoners of war are marched in Port Stanley after they surrendered in the Falklands War
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  • 1983 Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time
  • 1984 Liverpool's Cavern Club reopens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 President Reagan visits China

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1986 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Marshall Holman
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test
  • 1986 Game between Angels & Twins delayed for 9 minutes by strong winds

Historic DiscoveryPripyat: Nuclear Wasteland

1986 World's worst nuclear disaster: 4th reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station in USSR explodes, 31 die, radioactive contamination reaches much of Western Europe

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'I Love You Pripyat, Forgive Me!' scrawled on the walls of a Pripyat clinic during its hasty evacuation after the Chernobyl disaster
'I Love You Pripyat, Forgive Me!' scrawled on the walls of a Pripyat clinic during its hasty evacuation after the Chernobyl disaster
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  • 1989 AT&T announces NJ's 201 area code will split into 908 & 201
  • 1990 126 die in a (6.9) earthquake in China
  • 1990 Danny Wood of New Kids, steps on a stuffed animal & twists his ankle
  • 1991 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Alex Haley (Roots) wins 1992 Ellis Island Award, posthumously

Writer Alex Haley
Alex Haley
  • 1993 Boeing 737 crashes at Aurangabad, kills 56
  • 1993 STS-55 (Columbia) launches into orbit
  • 1994 26.9°C in Prestebakke Norway (Norwegian April high temperature record)
  • 1994 Taiwan Airbus A-300 crashes at Nagoya Japan, 262 killed
  • 1994 1st day of voting in first ever multi-racial elections in South Africa, Dr Nomaza Paintin in NZ is 1st black South African to vote
  • 1994 Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.
  • 1995 Coors Field, opens in Denver, Rockies beat Mets 11-9 in 14 innings

Birthdays in History

Person of interestMarcus Aurelius

121 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180), born in Rome (d. 180)

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 570 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 1538 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter and poet (Trattato), born in Milan (d. 1600)
  • 1573 Marie de' Medici, Queen of France, born in Palazzo Pitti, Florence (d. 1642)
  • 1637 Philip Julius van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, born in Heusden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1674)
  • 1648 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1706)
  • 1662 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, born in Palais-Royal, Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1689)
  • 1707 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician, born in Amsterdam (d. 1779)
  • 1710 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher and founder of Scottish School of Common Sense, born in Strachan, Scotland (d. 1796)

Person of interestDavid Hume

1711 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland [NS 7 May] (d. 1776)

Philosopher David Hume
David Hume
  • 1718 Esek Hopkins, American Revolutionary War admiral and Commander in Chief of the Continental Navy, born in Scituate, Rhode Island (d. 1802)
  • 1726 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter, born in Stretta di Morosaglia, France (d. 1807)
  • 1774 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Stolpe an der Oder, Margraviate of Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1853)
  • 1776 Joan Melchior Kemper, Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book), born in Amsterdam (d. 1824)
  • 1782 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, French queen as wife of Louis Phillip of Austria, born in Caserta Palace, Naples (d. 1866)

Person of interestJohn James Audubon

1785 John James Audubon, American ornithologist and painter (The Birds of America), born in Les Cayes, Haiti (d. 1851)

Ornithologist John James Audubon
John James Audubon
  • 1787 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Eugène Delacroix, French painter and etcher (Journal), born in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France (d. 1863)
  • 1798 James Beckwourth, American fur trader and explorer, born in Frederick County, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • 1801 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat, born in Hanover Courthouse, Virginia (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Martha Finley, American children's book author (Elsie Dinsmore series), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1909)
  • 1812 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant, born in Essen, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)

Person of interestFrederick Law Olmsted

1822 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • 1826 George Hull Ward, American general and Union officer in the American Civil War, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General, born in Louisville, Georgia (d. 1872)
  • 1827 Charles Edward Hovey, American lobbyist and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Erminnie Adelle Platt, American anthropologist (first woman to specialize in ethnographic field work), born in Marcellus shale, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1839 Cyrus Hamblin, American attorney, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampden, Maine (d. 1867)
  • 1841 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, born in Schönborn, Austrian Empire (d. 1886)
  • 1846 Giuseppe Arimondi, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Savigliano (d. 1896)
  • 1856 Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1906-12), born in Melbourne, Victoria Colony (d. 1930)
  • 1863 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, born in Pori, Finland (d. 1931) [1]
  • 1868 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • 1873 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon), born in Essen, Germany (d. 1938)
  • 1878 Rafael Guízar y Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop (cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution), born in Cotija, Michoacán, Mexico (d. 1938)
  • 1879 Owen Williams Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (Oh My Mother Tongue!), born in Quşlawıç, Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1913)
  • 1889 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austrian English philosopher (Philosophical Investigations), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1951)

Person of interestRudolf Hess

1894 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1896 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, born in Frankfurt am Main, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • 1898 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Charles F. Richter, American physicist and seismologist (developed the Richter scale for measuring earthquake magnitude), born in Overpeck, Ohio (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Paul-Émile Léger, Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop (Montreal), born in Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec, Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1905 Charles K. Feldman, American producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1907 Theun de Vries, Dutch writer (The Girl with the Red Hair), born in Veenwouden, Friesland, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1910 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • 1912 A. E. van Vogt, Canadian sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn), born in Gretna, Manitoba, Canada (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Bernard Malamud, American novelist (The Fixer, The Natural, Pulitzer 1967), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1986)
  • 1914 H. L. Gold, American sci-fi writer and editor, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1914 James Rouse, American builder (founder of The Rouse Company), born in Easton, Maryland (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Morris West, Australian novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman), born in St Kilda, Victoria (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer (Magnum), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1954)
  • 1921 Margaret Gowing, English historian (Independence and Deterrence: Britain and Atomic Energy), born in Kensington, London (d. 1998)
  • 1922 J. C. Holt, English medieval historian, born in Yorkshire, England (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Jeanne Sauvé, 23rd Governor-General of Canada (1984-90), born in Prud'homme, Saskatchewan, Canada (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Oliver Millar, British art historian (served in the Royal Household for 41 years), born in Standon, Hertfordshire (d. 2007)
  • 1925 Frank Hahn, British economist (Hahn's Problem), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Michele Ferrero, Italian entrepreneur (Ferrero SpA - Nutella), born in Dogliani, Piedmont (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 2003)
  • 1927 Dame Anne McLaren, British biologist and leading researcher on human in vitro fertilisation (IVF), born in London, England (d. 2007)
  • 1929 Richard Mitchell, American professor and author (The Underground Grammarian), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Michael Smith, English-Canadian biochemist (Nobel 1993- Site-directed mutagenesis), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2000)
  • 1933 Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (Founder of FALN), born in Río Blanco, Naguabo, Puerto Rico (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Michael McCloskey, American environmentalist and chairman (Sierra Club), born in Eugene, Oregon
  • 1935 James Cecil "Humpy" Parker, American disgraced ex-Sheriff convicted of violating inmates civil rights and of torture, born in San Jacinto County, Texas (d. 1994)
  • 1936 Edward Cazalet, judge of the High Court of England and Wales, born in Marylebone, London
  • 1938 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • 1942 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Naifeld, Sumy (d. 1992)
  • 1943 Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect (Royal Gold Medal 2013), born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1944 David O'Brien Martin, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in St. Lawrence Co., New York
  • 1944 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician (leader of Muhammadiyah 1995-2000), born in Surakarta, Dutch East Indies
  • 1945 Sylvain Simard, Canadian politician (Parti Québécois), born in Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada
  • 1947 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust (d. 1995)
  • 1948 Gerry Sikorski, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Minnesota), born in Breckenridge, Minnesota
  • 1952 Popo Molefe, South African politician and secretary-general (South Africa UDF), born in Sophiatown, Gauteng, South Africa
  • 1959 Pedro Pierluisi, Puerto Rico politician, Governor of Puerto Rico (2019-), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1966 Yoshihiro Togashi, Japanese Manga artist who created YuYu Hakusho, born in Shinjō, Yamagata, Japan
  • 1982 Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet, born in Denigomodu, Nauru
  • 1983 Jessica Lynch, American prisoner of war (served in the 2003 invasion of Iraq by U.S. and allied forces), born in Palestine, Wirt County, West Virginia

Weddings in History

  • 1709 Frisian viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa

LoveWedding of Interest

1923 English prince Albert Duke of York (George VI) (27) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (22) at Westminster Abbey

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
King of the United Kingdom George VI
King of the United Kingdom
George VI
  • 1946 Father Divine, controversial religious leader claimed to be God, marries the much-younger Edna Rose Ritchings, a celebrated anniversary in the International Peace Mission movement

LoveWedding of Interest

1986 Writer Jorge Luis Borges (86) weds author Maria Kodama (49) in Paraguay

  • 2014 Actor Brian Baumgartner (41) weds Celeste Ackelson in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 757 Stephen II, Catholic Pope (752-757), dies at 43
  • 1192 Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, 77th Emperor of Japan, dies at 64
  • 1196 Alfonso II, King of Aragon (1162-96), dies at 39
  • 1444 Robert Campin, first great master of Flemish and Early Netherlandish painting, dies at ~65
  • 1476 Simonetta Vespucci, Italian noblewoman & inspiration of Botticelli, dies at 23
  • 1478 Giuliano de' Medici, Italian co-ruler of Florence with his brother Lorenzo, murdered in the Pazzi Conspiracy in Duomo of Florence at 24
  • 1489 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese 9th shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate, dies at 23
  • 1558 Jean Fernel, French physician (coined the term "physiology"), dies at 61
  • 1660 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, German princess & consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, dies at 62
  • 1716 John Somers, 1st Baron Somers, Lord Chancellor of England, dies at 65
  • 1717 John King, youngest known pirate (joined crew of pirate Samuel Bellamy ), lost in a shipwreck at sea aged 10 or 11
  • 1717 Samuel Bellamy "Black Sam", English pirate (ship Whydah Gally) lost in a storm at sea at 28
  • 1726 Jeremy Collier, English bishop & theatre critic, dies at 75
  • 1784 Nano Nagle, Irish convent founder, dies at 66
  • 1789 Peter Ivanovich Panin, Russian general (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at ~67
  • 1805 Jean-Baptiste-Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison, French classical scholar (Anecdota Graeca), dies at 55
  • 1881 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, Bavarian general, dies at 65
  • 1892 Provo Wallis, British Royal Navy officer, dies at 100
  • 1910 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author "Pa Guds Veje" and Nobel laureate 1903, dies at 77
  • 1920 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), dies of illness at 32
  • 1938 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), dies at 79
  • 1940 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1941 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician & physiologist, dies at 74
  • 1945 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician & general, dies at 71
  • 1945 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor, dies at 36
  • 1946 Hermann von Keyserling, Baltic German philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • 1950 G. Murray Hulbert, American politician, dies at 68
  • 1951 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist, dies at 82
  • 1957 Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo, dies at 88
  • 1958 Joan Collette, Dutch painter, dies at 68
  • 1960 Wander Johannes de Haas, Dutch physicist (Einstein-De Haas effect), dies at 82
  • 1964 Edwin John Pratt, Canadian poet (Towards the Last Spike), dies at 81
  • 1964 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Boulder Book), dies at 93
  • 1969 Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist & founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido, dies at 85
  • 1970 John Knittel, Swiss writer, dies at 79
  • 1970 Paul Celan, Romanian-born writer, dies at 49
  • 1970 Erik Bergman, Swedish pastor, dies at 83
  • 1972 Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter, dies at 79
  • 1981 Madge Evans, American TV panelist (Masquerade Party), dies at 71
  • 1986 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter, dies at 87
  • 1987 John Ernest Silkin, British politician, dies at 64
  • 1990 Carlos Pizarro Leongomez, Colombian presidential candidate, assassinated at 38
  • 1991 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), dies at 60
  • 1992 Clyde Hartley, American entertainer, dies at 68
  • 1994 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, dies at 70
  • 1995 Hugh Morton, Baron Morton of Shuna, Scottish lawyer & judge, dies at 65
  • 1996 Burton Stein, American historian, dies at 69
  • 1997 Peng Zhen, mayor of Beijing China (1951-66), dies at 94
  • 2002 Robert Steinhäuser, German spree killer, dies at 19
  • 2003 Rosemary Brown, Canadian politician, dies at 85
  • 2003 Max Nicholson, Irish environmentalist, dies at 98
  • 2003 Peter Stone, American writer, dies at 73
  • 2004 Hubert Selby Jr., American author (Last Exit to Brooklyn), dies at 75
  • 2005 Augusto Roa Bastos, Paraguayan author, dies at 87
  • 2017 Raj Bagri, Indian-British merchant in metal, dies at 86